PubMed Journals Articles About "Post Treatment Alpha Fetoprotein Response Predicts Prognosis Patients" - Page: 3 RSS

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Showing "Post treatment alpha fetoprotein response predicts prognosis patients" PubMed Articles 51–75 of 69,000+

What Are Factors Contributing to Improvement of Overactive Bladder Symptoms after Alpha-1 Blocker Treatment in Patients with Both Storage and Voiding Symptoms?

To determine the pre-treatment factors related to the improvement of overactive bladder (OAB) symptom after alpha-1 blocker monotherapy in patients with benign prostatic hyperplasia complicated by OAB (BPH/OAB).

Baseline and kinetics of serum HBV RNA predict response to pegylated interferon-based therapy in patients with HBeAg-negative chronic hepatitis B.

Serum hepatitis B virus (HBV) RNA has emerged as a novel biomarker of treatment response. This study aimed to investigate the role of this marker in predicting long-term outcome of patients with HBeAg-negative chronic hepatitis B (CHB) receiving pegylated interferon (PEG-IFN)-based therapy. Serial serum samples from 91 patients with HBeAg-negative CHB previously treated with PEG-IFN alone or combined with entecavir in a randomized trial were retrospectively analyzed. HBV RNA quantification was examined by d...

Methylmalonic Acidemia Complicated by Homocystinuria Diseases: a Report of Three Cases.

This study aims to improve our understanding of methylmalonic acidemia (MMA) complicated by homocystinuria disease by analyzing the clinical characteristics, treatment response and prognosis of three patients. Hyperhomocysteinemia and developmental retardation were present in all patients, epilepsy was present in one patient, and hemolytic uremic syndrome was present in one patient. The conditions of two patients were complicated by pulmonary arterial hypertension, one patient by left pulmonary vein ectopic...

Interleukin-36 family dysregulation drives joint inflammation and therapy response in psoriatic arthritis.

IL-36 agonists are pro-inflammatory cytokines involved in the pathogenesis of psoriasis. However, their role in the pathogenesis of arthritis and treatment response to DMARDs in PsA remains uncertain. Therefore, we investigated the IL-36 axis in the synovium of early, treatment-naïve PsA, and for comparison RA patients, pre- and post-DMARDs therapy.

Individualized Treatment Strategy for Depressive Disorder.

The goal of treatment for depressive disorders is complete remission of depressive symptoms with full recovery of social function and prevention of recurrence. However, a large proportion of patients do not experience symptomatic remission after the initial treatment, with even lower rates of remission in the longer treatment term. The main objective of individualized treatment applied in psychiatry is to improve precision in disease diagnosis, prognosis, treatment choices, and treatment response. Diverse a...

Radiation-induced circulating miRNA expression in blood of head and neck cancer patients.

In recent years, scientists have found evidence confirming the aberrant expression of miRNAs in cancer patients compared to healthy individuals. The growing interest in the identification of non-invasive and specific diagnostic and prognostic molecular markers has identified microRNAs as potential candidates in cancer diagnosis, prognosis and treatment response. In the present study, we have analyzed the expression profile of circulating miR-21, -191 and -421 in peripheral blood of head and neck cancer pati...

Craving mediates the effect of impulsivity on lapse-risk during alcohol use disorder treatment.

Rash impulsiveness, the propensity for approach behaviour despite potential negative consequences, is associated with stronger alcohol craving in patients with Alcohol Use Disorder (AUD). This relationship is poorly understood and implications for treatment response are unexamined. This study explored the relationship between rash impulsiveness, craving, and treatment response among 304 outpatients enrolled in a 12-week abstinence-based Cognitive-Behavioural Therapy (CBT) program for AUD. Assessments were c...

Positive Response to Galcanezumab Following Treatment Failure to OnabotulinumtoxinA in Patients With Migraine: Post hoc Analyses of 3 Randomized Double-Blind Studies.

Humanized monoclonal antibody galcanezumab, which binds to calcitonin gene-related peptide, has shown efficacy for episodic and chronic migraine prevention. These analyses evaluated galcanezumab response for migraine headache prevention in patients who previously failed onabotulinumtoxinA ("nonresponse" or "inadequate response" or safety reasons).

The MAGIC algorithm probability is a validated response biomarker of treatment of acute graft-versus-host disease.

The Mount Sinai Acute GVHD International Consortium (MAGIC) algorithm probability (MAP), derived from 2 serum biomarkers, measures damage to crypts in the gastrointestinal tract during graft-versus-host disease (GVHD). We hypothesized that changes in MAP after treatment could validate it as a response biomarker. We prospectively collected serum samples and clinical stages of acute GVHD from 615 patients receiving hematopoietic cell transplantation in 20 centers at initiation of first-line systemic treatment...

Use of Machine Learning for Predicting Escitalopram Treatment Outcome From Electroencephalography Recordings in Adult Patients With Depression.

Social and economic costs of depression are exacerbated by prolonged periods spent identifying treatments that would be effective for a particular patient. Thus, a tool that reliably predicts an individual patient's response to treatment could significantly reduce the burden of depression.

Treatment Response and Complications after Intradetrusor Onabotulinumtoxin A Injection in Male Patients with Idiopathic Overactive Bladder Syndrome.

To assess treatment response, complications, and treatment continuation after onabotulinumtoxin A (BoNT-A) in male patients.

Inducible Nitric Oxide Synthase Polymorphism In Hepatitis C Patients Treated With Interferon Based-Treatment As A Predictor of Early Virological Response.

HCV infection represented a foremost communal health trouble and Egypt has the largest epidemic of HCV in the world with prevalence of 14.7% for HCV antibody and 9.8% HCV-RNA. Nitric oxide (NO) is a signaling molecule participated in inhibiting of microbial diseases. Pro-inflammatory stimuli can trigger resting cells to produce inducible nitric oxide synthase ((iNOS) also referred to as (NOS2), which is very crucial for host response to contagious agents. NOS2A gene haplotypes has been associated with a num...

Immunoproteasome expression is associated with better prognosis and response to checkpoint therapies in melanoma.

Predicting the outcome of immunotherapy treatment in melanoma patients is challenging. Alterations in genes involved in antigen presentation and the interferon gamma (IFNγ) pathway play an important role in the immune response to tumors. We describe here that the overexpression of PSMB8 and PSMB9, two major components of the immunoproteasome, is predictive of better survival and improved response to immune-checkpoint inhibitors of melanoma patients. We study the mechanism underlying this connection by anal...

Circulating CD16+CD56+ nature killer cells indicate the prognosis of colorectal cancer after initial chemotherapy.

As the prognosis of colorectal cancer (CRC) does not always coincide with the pathology and/or surgical findings, a reliable noninvasive prediction tool for the prognosis of CRC is needed. Patients admitted for initial treatment of CRC between January 1, 2015 and December 31, 2015 were retrieved and reviewed. Records of circulating CD16+ CD56+ natural killer (NK) cells were analyzed before and after the initial chemotherapy of FOLFOX plan. Patients were followed up until June 30, 2019. One hundred and t...

Lymphopenia predicts poor prognosis in older gastric cancer patients after curative gastrectomy.

Total lymphocyte count in preoperative peripheral blood is associated with prognosis in various cancers. The predictive value of preoperative total lymphocyte count for survival was assessed in older gastric cancer patients after gastrectomy.

A Retrospective Study of the Combination of Rituximab, Cyclophosphamide and Dexamethasone for the Treatment of Relapsed/Refractory Warm Antibody Autoimmune Hemolytic Anemia.

The combination of rituximab, cyclophosphamide, and dexamethasone (RCD) is highly effective in the treatment of warm autoimmune hemolytic anemia (WAIHA) associated with chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL). We treated a cohort of patients with relapsed/refractory WAIHA, without CLL, with RCD. The primary objective was to evaluate the overall response (OR) of RCD therapy. Complete response (CR) was defined as a hemoglobin (Hgb) ≥12 g/dL. Partial response (PR) was defined as Hgb 10-11.9 g/dL or ≥2 g/dL incr...

Role of α-Fetoprotein in Regulation of Proliferation and Functional Activity of Naïve T Cells and Immune Memory T Cells.

We studied the role of native α-fetoprotein preparation in the regulation of proliferation and functional activity of naïve T cells and immune memory T cells in vitro. The study was carried out on separated fractions of naïve T cells (CD45RA) and immune memory T cells (CD45R0) incubated with α-fetoprotein under conditions of TCR activation. At the level of naïve T cells, α-fetoprotein in a concentration of 100 U/ml reduced the expression of CD28, but increased the expression of CD25, while at the leve...

Upregulation of miR-552 Predicts Unfavorable Prognosis of Gastric Cancer and Promotes the Proliferation, Migration, and Invasion of Gastric Cancer Cells.

Accumulating evidence indicates that micro-RNAs play a key role in tumor progression and prognosis. However, the overall biological role and clinical significance of microRNA-552 (miR-552) in the pathogenesis of gastric cancer (GC) remain unclear.

The Relationship between Plasma Serotonin and Kynurenine Pathway Metabolite Levels and the Treatment Response to Escitalopram and Desvenlafaxine.

The response of patients with major depressive disorders (MDD) to antidepressant treatments have been shown to be affected by multiple factors, including disease severity and inflammation. Increasing evidence indicates that the kynurenine metabolic pathway is activated by inflammation in MDD patients and plays a role in the pathophysiology of depression. Antidepressant treatments have been reported to affect kynurenine pathway metabolite levels as well. This study investigates differential associations betw...

Incremental value of FDG-PET/CT to monitor treatment response in infectious spondylodiscitis.

To assess the added value of serial 2-deoxy-2-[18F]fluoro-D-glucose (FDG) uptake analysis in predicting clinical response to treatment in infectious spondylodiscitis (IS). We sought to analyze changes in quantitative FDG-PET/CT parameters among patients with clinical response or treatment failure and to compare the sensitivity and specificity of serial FDG-PET/CT and MRI in predicting treatment response in IS.

Quantification of Functional MR Predicts Early Response in Post-doxorubicin Drug-Eluting Beads Chemoembolization for Hepatocellular Carcinoma.

The purpose of this study was to assess the value of functional MRI (fMRI) of post-doxorubicin drug-eluting beads transcatheter arterial chemoembolization (DEB-TACE) for hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) as an early imaging biomarker of response to therapy.

Plasma monoamines change under dopamine supersensitivity psychosis in patients with schizophrenia: A comparison with first-episode psychosis.

Patients with first-episode psychosis respond well to initial antipsychotic treatment, but among patients experiencing a relapse of psychosis, the response rate falls to approximately 30%. The mechanism of this discrepancy has not been clarified, but the development of dopamine supersensitivity psychosis with the underlying up-regulation of post-synaptic dopamine D2 receptors could be involved in this lesser response. It is uncertain whether elevated dopamine synthesis and release occurs in patients with do...

Imaging challenges of immunotherapy and targeted therapy in patients with brain metastases: Response, Progression, and Pseudoprogression.

The advent of immunotherapy using immune checkpoint inhibitors (ICI) and targeted therapy (TT) has dramatically improved the prognosis of various cancer types. Following ICI therapy or TT, either alone (especially ICI) or in combination with radiotherapy, however, imaging findings on anatomical contrast-enhanced MRI can be unpredictable, highly variable, and are often difficult to interpret regarding treatment response and outcome. This review aims at summarizing the imaging challenges related to TT and ICI...

F-FDG PET/CT radiomic predictors of pathologic complete response (pCR) to neoadjuvant chemotherapy in breast cancer patients.

Pathologic complete response (pCR) to neoadjuvant chemotherapy (NAC) is commonly accepted as the gold standard to assess outcome after NAC in breast cancer patients. F-Fluorodeoxyglucose positron emission tomography/computed tomography (PET/CT) has unique value in tumor staging, predicting prognosis, and evaluating treatment response. Our aim was to determine if we could identify radiomic predictors from PET/CT in breast cancer patient therapeutic efficacy prior to NAC.

Analysis of the efficacy and influencing factors of nilotinib or dasatinib as second- or third-line treatment in patients with chronic myeloid leukemia in the chronic phase and accelerated phase.

To explore the efficacy and prognosis of nilotinib or dasatinib as second- or third-line treatment in patients with chronic myeloid leukemia (CML) in the chronic phase (CP) and accelerated phase (AP) . From January 2008 to November 2018, the data of CML patients who failed first- or second-line tyrosine kinase inhibitor (TKI) -therapy received nilotinib or dasatinib as second-line and third-line therapy were retrospectively reviewed. A total of 226 patients receiving nilotinib or dastinib as second-line (...

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