PubMed Journals Articles About "Quotation Newborn Behavioral Observation Scale Premature Newborn" - Page: 3 RSS

10:33 EDT 19th June 2018 | BioPortfolio

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Showing "quotation newborn behavioral observation scale Premature Newborn" PubMed Articles 51–75 of 10,000+

Bacterial DNA is present in the fetal intestine and overlaps with that in the placenta in mice.

Bacterial DNA has been reported in the placenta and amniotic fluid by several independent groups of investigators. However, it's taxonomic overlap with fetal and maternal bacterial DNA in different sites has been poorly characterized. Here, we determined the presence of bacterial DNA in the intestines and placentas of fetal mice at gestational day 17 (n = 13). These were compared to newborn intestines (n = 15), maternal sites (mouth, n = 6; vagina, n = 6; colon, n = 7; feces, n = 8), and negative controls t...

Anti-Vel alloimmunization and severe hemolytic disease of the fetus and newborn.

Only rare cases of anti-Vel-associated mild-to-moderate hemolytic disease of the fetus and newborn have been previously reported. No case of fetal anemia requiring prenatal therapy has been noted to date. We report such a case recently encountered at our Fetal Center. Strategies are discussed for managing pregnancy complicated with alloimmunization to an antibody to a high-prevalence antigen, including sources of red blood cells for intrauterine transfusions.

Co-occurrence of early gut colonization in neonatal piglets with microbiota in the maternal and surrounding delivery environments.

The early development of gut microbiota plays a fundamental role in host health; so far, the main origins of the first colonization in newborn piglets are largely unclear. This study aimed to investigate the early development of gut microbiota in newborn piglets during lactation and their co-occurrence with microbes in the maternal and surrounding environments by Illumina MiSeq sequencing of 16S ribosomal RNA genes. The results showed that the microbial richness and diversity in piglets' feces (PF) signific...

Neonatal mortality and associated factors in newborn infants admitted to a Neonatal Care Unit.

The increasing survival rate of preterm infants has altered the epidemiology of neonatal diseases; however, neonatal mortality is still the main component of child mortality. The objective of this study was to evaluate neonatal mortality and associated factors in newborn infants admitted to a neonatal care unit.

Screening and identification of RhD antigen mimic epitopes from a phage display random peptide library for the serodiagnosis of haemolytic disease of the foetus and newborn.

Identification of RhD antigen epitopes is a key component in understanding the pathogenesis of haemolytic disease of the foetus and newborn. Research has indicated that phage display libraries are useful tools for identifying novel mimic epitopes (mimotopes) which may help to determine antigen specificity.

Higher versus lower amino acid intake in parenteral nutrition for newborn infants.

Sick newborn and preterm infants frequently are not able to be fed enterally, necessitating parenteral fluid and nutrition. Potential benefits of higher parenteral amino acid (AA) intake for improved nitrogen balance, growth, and infant health may be outweighed by the infant's ability to utilise high intake of parenteral AA, especially in the days after birth.

Are trained delivery assistants better than non-trained personnel in practicing essential newborn care in home deliveries? Evidence from a nationally representative survey in Bangladesh.

In Bangladesh, the neonatal mortality rate has remained relatively high at 23 deaths per 1000 live births. Consistent adoption of essential newborn care (ENC) practices should lower this rate significantly. This study assessed whether the presence of skilled birth attendants (SBAs) in home deliveries improved ENC practices in Bangladesh.

Analysis of risk factors associated with unilateral hearing loss in children who initially passed newborn hearing screening.

To analyze 2007 Joint Committee on Infant Hearing (JCIH) risk factors in children with confirmed unilateral hearing loss (UHL) who initially passed newborn hearing screening.

Insulin therapy and its consequences for the mother, foetus, and newborn in gestational diabetes mellitus.

Gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) is a disease characterised by glucose intolerance and first diagnosed in pregnancy. This condition relates to an anomalous placental environment and aberrant placental vascular function. GDM-associated hyperglycaemia changes the placenta structure leading to abnormal development and functionality of this vital organ. Aiming to avoid the GDM-hyperglycaemia and its deleterious consequences in the mother, the foetus and newborn, women with GDM are firstly treated with a cont...

Course-, dose-, and stage-dependent toxic effects of prenatal dexamethasone exposure on long bone development in fetal mice.

Dexamethasone is routinely used for treating those mothers at risk for preterm delivery. However, overexposure to exogenous glucocorticoids induces bone loss in offspring, and the "critical window" and safe dose of this treatment are largely unknown. In this study, we found that femoral length, and the length of the primary ossification center were significantly reduced in fetal mice after repeated prenatal dexamethasone exposure (PDE). Compared with single-course exposure on gestational day (GD)15, newborn...

Care Through the Newborn's Eyes.

Separation of mothers and infants after birth is standard practice for many hospitals, yet not evidence-based. Nonseparation clearly has numerous benefits. However, newborns lack a voice to make choices to direct their course of care. The evidence supports nonseparation strategies for mothers and infants that promote attachment, physiologic regulation, nutrition, sleep, communication, and management of stress/pain. Moreover, the evidence is compelling that nonseparation is essential. The time has come to ac...

Early neonatal mortality and neurological outcomes of neonatal resuscitation in a resource-limited setting on the Thailand-Myanmar border: A descriptive study.

Of the 4 million neonatal deaths worldwide yearly, 98% occur in low and middle-income countries. Effective resuscitation reduces mortality and morbidity but long-term outcomes in resource-limited settings are poorly described. This study reports on newborn neurological outcomes following resuscitation at birth in a resource-limited setting where intensive newborn care including intubation is unavailable.

Elafin treatment rescues EGFR-Klf4 signaling and lung cell survival in ventilated newborn mice.

Mechanical ventilation with O-rich gas (MV-O) inhibits alveologenesis and lung growth. We showed that MV-O increases elastase activity and apoptosis in lungs of newborn mice; elastase inhibition by elafin suppressed apoptosis and enabled lung growth. In pilot studies, MV-O reduced lung expression of pro-survival factors, pEGFR and Klf4.

Rapid diagnosis of respiratory distress syndrome by oral aspirate in premature newborns.

The stable microbubble test on gastric aspirate and on amniotic fluid has been used for the diagnosis of respiratory distress syndrome in the newborn. However, no study has performed this test on oral aspirates from premature infants. The objective of this study was to evaluate the performance of the stable microbubble test on oral aspirates from preterm newborns to predict respiratory distress syndrome.

Improving immediate newborn care practices in Philippine hospitals: impact of a national quality of care initiative 2008-2015.

To determine whether intrapartum and newborn care practices improved in 11 large hospitals between 2008 and 2015.

Pilot study of population-based newborn screening for spinal muscular atrophy in New York state.

PurposeTo determine feasibility and utility of newborn screening for spinal muscular atrophy (SMA) in New York State.MethodsWe validated a multiplex TaqMan real-time quantitative polymerase chain reaction assay using dried blood spots for SMA. From January 2016 to January 2017, we offered, consented, and screened 3,826 newborns at three hospitals in New York City and tested newborns for the deletion in exon 7 of SMN1.ResultsNinety-three percent of parents opted in for SMA screening. Overall the SMA carrier ...

Red patches on a newborn.

Cholestasis and hypercalcemia secondary to panhypopituitarism in a newborn.

Dursun F, Gerenli N, Kırmızıbekmez H. Cholestasis and hypercalcemia secondary to panhypopituitarism in a newborn. Turk J Pediatr 2017; 59: 100-103. Cholestatic hepatitis and hypercalcemia are rare features of hypopituitarism in newborns. So diagnosis of hypopituitarism is frequently delayed. The most frequent symptoms of congenital hypopituitarism are hypoglycemia, prolonged jaundince and micropenis. A patient with congenital hypopituitarism associated with cholestasis and hypercalcemia is reported here....

Urgency to End Newborn Deaths.

Health care at birth and infant mortality: Evidence from nighttime deliveries in Nigeria.

High rates of home births in developing countries are often linked to high rates of newborn deaths, but there is considerable debate about how much of this is causal. This paper weighs in on this question by analyzing data on the timing of birth, health care utilization, and mortality for a sample of births between 2009-2014 in 7021 rural Nigerian households. First, we show that timing of birth is strongly linked to use of institutional care: women with a nighttime birth are significantly less likely to use...

Placental lipoprotein lipase activity is positively associated with newborn adiposity.

Recent data suggest that in addition to glucose, fetal growth is related to maternal triglycerides (TG). To reach the fetus, TG must be hydrolyzed to free fatty acids (FFA) and transported across the placenta, but regulation is uncertain. Placental lipoprotein lipase (pLPL) hydrolyzes TG, both dietary chylomicron TG (CM-TG) and very-low density lipoprotein TG (VLDL-TG), to FFA. This may promote fetal fat accretion by increasing the available FFA pool for placental uptake. We tested the novel hypothesis that...

Identifying maternal and infant factors associated with newborn size in rural Bangladesh by partial least squares (PLS) regression analysis.

Birth weight, length and circumferences of the head, chest and arm are key measures of newborn size and health in developing countries. We assessed maternal socio-demographic factors associated with multiple measures of newborn size in a large rural population in Bangladesh using partial least squares (PLS) regression method. PLS regression, combining features from principal component analysis and multiple linear regression, is a multivariate technique with an ability to handle multicollinearity while simul...

Oxytocin Receptor Antagonist (Atosiban) in the Threat of Preterm Birth: Does It Have Any Effect on Breastfeeding in the Term Newborn?

Oxytocin is a hormone involved in the mechanism of breastfeeding, uterine contractions, and social relationships. Atosiban (competitive oxytocin antagonist) is one of the most commonly used tocolytics for the threat of preterm labor in Europe. The aim of this study is to determinate if the administration of atosiban has any influence in the type of feeding in the term newborn at discharge. The secondary objective is to verify its effectiveness for the prevention of preterm delivery and in the possibility of...

Association between Vitamin Intake during Pregnancy and Risk of Small for Gestational Age.

Pregnancy increases the requirements of certain nutrients, such as vitamins, to provide nutrition for the newborn. The aim was to analyze the association between dietary intake of vitamins during pregnancy and risk of having a small for gestational age (SGA) newborn. A matched case-control study was conducted (518 cases and 518 controls of pregnant women) in Spain. Dietary vitamin intake during pregnancy was assessed using a validated food frequency questionnaire, categorized into quintiles. Odds ratios (OR...

Trenchlike Ulcer on a Newborn's Scalp.

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