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PubMed Journals Articles About "Quotation Newborn Behavioral Observation Scale Premature Newborn" - Page: 3 RSS

19:57 EDT 21st August 2018 | BioPortfolio

Quotation Newborn Behavioral Observation Scale Premature Newborn PubMed articles on BioPortfolio. Our PubMed references draw on over 21 million records from the medical literature. Here you can see the latest Quotation Newborn Behavioral Observation Scale Premature Newborn articles that have been published worldwide.

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Showing "quotation newborn behavioral observation scale Premature Newborn" PubMed Articles 51–75 of 10,000+

Isolation and characterization of A Highly Pathogenic Strain of Porcine enteric alphacoronavirus Causing Watery Diarrhea and High Mortality in Newborn Piglets.

Porcine enteric alphacoronavirus (PEAV) was first discovered in China in February 2017, and the origin and virulence of this novel porcine coronavirus were not fully characterized. Here, we isolated a strain of PEAV, named GDS04 that is identified by immunofluorescence and typical crown-shaped particles observed with electron microscopy. Genomic analysis reveals that PEAV GDS04 shares a close relationship with SADS-CoV and SeACoV. Furthermore, newborn piglets orally challenged with PEAV GDS04 developed typi...


Bacterial DNA is present in the fetal intestine and overlaps with that in the placenta in mice.

Bacterial DNA has been reported in the placenta and amniotic fluid by several independent groups of investigators. However, it's taxonomic overlap with fetal and maternal bacterial DNA in different sites has been poorly characterized. Here, we determined the presence of bacterial DNA in the intestines and placentas of fetal mice at gestational day 17 (n = 13). These were compared to newborn intestines (n = 15), maternal sites (mouth, n = 6; vagina, n = 6; colon, n = 7; feces, n = 8), and negative controls t...

Anti-Vel alloimmunization and severe hemolytic disease of the fetus and newborn.

Only rare cases of anti-Vel-associated mild-to-moderate hemolytic disease of the fetus and newborn have been previously reported. No case of fetal anemia requiring prenatal therapy has been noted to date. We report such a case recently encountered at our Fetal Center. Strategies are discussed for managing pregnancy complicated with alloimmunization to an antibody to a high-prevalence antigen, including sources of red blood cells for intrauterine transfusions.


Feasibility and acceptability of an early home visit intervention aimed at supporting a positive mother-infant relationship for mothers at risk of postpartum depression.

Perinatal depression is associated with difficulties in the early mother-child interaction and negative child outcome. The aim of this study was to assess the feasibility and acceptability of the Newborn Behavioral Observation (NBO) System included in a home visiting programme at well-baby clinics in Norway and to examine compliance with the study protocol for a future clinical trial. The target group was pregnant women at risk for postpartum depression and their partners.

Neonatal mortality and associated factors in newborn infants admitted to a Neonatal Care Unit.

The increasing survival rate of preterm infants has altered the epidemiology of neonatal diseases; however, neonatal mortality is still the main component of child mortality. The objective of this study was to evaluate neonatal mortality and associated factors in newborn infants admitted to a neonatal care unit.

Screening and identification of RhD antigen mimic epitopes from a phage display random peptide library for the serodiagnosis of haemolytic disease of the foetus and newborn.

Identification of RhD antigen epitopes is a key component in understanding the pathogenesis of haemolytic disease of the foetus and newborn. Research has indicated that phage display libraries are useful tools for identifying novel mimic epitopes (mimotopes) which may help to determine antigen specificity.

Higher versus lower amino acid intake in parenteral nutrition for newborn infants.

Sick newborn and preterm infants frequently are not able to be fed enterally, necessitating parenteral fluid and nutrition. Potential benefits of higher parenteral amino acid (AA) intake for improved nitrogen balance, growth, and infant health may be outweighed by the infant's ability to utilise high intake of parenteral AA, especially in the days after birth.

Are trained delivery assistants better than non-trained personnel in practicing essential newborn care in home deliveries? Evidence from a nationally representative survey in Bangladesh.

In Bangladesh, the neonatal mortality rate has remained relatively high at 23 deaths per 1000 live births. Consistent adoption of essential newborn care (ENC) practices should lower this rate significantly. This study assessed whether the presence of skilled birth attendants (SBAs) in home deliveries improved ENC practices in Bangladesh.

Early planned removal versus expectant management of peripherally inserted central catheters to prevent infection in newborn infants.

Duration of use may be a modifiable risk factor for central venous catheter-associated bloodstream infection in newborn infants. Early planned removal of peripherally inserted central catheters (PICCs) is recommended as a strategy to reduce the incidence of infection and its associated morbidity and mortality.

Analysis of risk factors associated with unilateral hearing loss in children who initially passed newborn hearing screening.

To analyze 2007 Joint Committee on Infant Hearing (JCIH) risk factors in children with confirmed unilateral hearing loss (UHL) who initially passed newborn hearing screening.

Insulin therapy and its consequences for the mother, foetus, and newborn in gestational diabetes mellitus.

Gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) is a disease characterised by glucose intolerance and first diagnosed in pregnancy. This condition relates to an anomalous placental environment and aberrant placental vascular function. GDM-associated hyperglycaemia changes the placenta structure leading to abnormal development and functionality of this vital organ. Aiming to avoid the GDM-hyperglycaemia and its deleterious consequences in the mother, the foetus and newborn, women with GDM are firstly treated with a cont...

Course-, dose-, and stage-dependent toxic effects of prenatal dexamethasone exposure on long bone development in fetal mice.

Dexamethasone is routinely used for treating those mothers at risk for preterm delivery. However, overexposure to exogenous glucocorticoids induces bone loss in offspring, and the "critical window" and safe dose of this treatment are largely unknown. In this study, we found that femoral length, and the length of the primary ossification center were significantly reduced in fetal mice after repeated prenatal dexamethasone exposure (PDE). Compared with single-course exposure on gestational day (GD)15, newborn...

Maternal Bereavement: Mothers' Lived Experience of Losing a Newborn Infant in Jordan.

The death of a newborn infant is one of the most devastating situations a mother could experience. The aim of this study was to understand bereavement and its associated meanings as lived and experienced by the mothers who lost their newborn infants in the intensive care units of hospitals in Jordan. Data were generated using semistructured face-to-face interviews with 12 mothers who had the experience. A qualitative phenomenological approach was used for data analysis. Three main themes emerged from the an...

Care Through the Newborn's Eyes.

Separation of mothers and infants after birth is standard practice for many hospitals, yet not evidence-based. Nonseparation clearly has numerous benefits. However, newborns lack a voice to make choices to direct their course of care. The evidence supports nonseparation strategies for mothers and infants that promote attachment, physiologic regulation, nutrition, sleep, communication, and management of stress/pain. Moreover, the evidence is compelling that nonseparation is essential. The time has come to ac...

Recommendations on the environment for hospitalised newborn infants from the French neonatal society- Rationale and first recommendation on NICU design.

Hospitalised newborn infants may be stressed due to inappropriate sensory stimuli and early separation from their families, that can negatively impact their neurodevelopment. The French Group of Reflection and Evaluation of the Environment of Newborns (GREEN) issues guidelines based on environmental neonatology and family centred care. The first recommendation focuses on private family rooms versus large shared rooms.

Predicting anti-Kell mediated hemolytic disease of the fetus and newborn, diagnostic accuracy of laboratory management.

There is controversy on critical cut-off values of laboratory testing to select pregnancies at increased risk for anti-Kell (K) mediated HDFN (hemolytic disease of the fetus and newborn). Without early detection and treatment, Anti-K mediated HDFN may result in progressive fetal anemia, fetal hydrops, asphyxia and perinatal death.

Rapid diagnosis of respiratory distress syndrome by oral aspirate in premature newborns.

The stable microbubble test on gastric aspirate and on amniotic fluid has been used for the diagnosis of respiratory distress syndrome in the newborn. However, no study has performed this test on oral aspirates from premature infants. The objective of this study was to evaluate the performance of the stable microbubble test on oral aspirates from preterm newborns to predict respiratory distress syndrome.

Elafin treatment rescues EGFR-Klf4 signaling and lung cell survival in ventilated newborn mice.

Mechanical ventilation with O-rich gas (MV-O) inhibits alveologenesis and lung growth. We showed that MV-O increases elastase activity and apoptosis in lungs of newborn mice; elastase inhibition by elafin suppressed apoptosis and enabled lung growth. In pilot studies, MV-O reduced lung expression of pro-survival factors, pEGFR and Klf4.

Disruption of the Igf2 gene alters hepatic lipid homeostasis and gene expression in the newborn mouse.

Newborns with intrauterine growth-restriction are at increased risk of mortality and life-long co-morbidities. Insulin-like growth factor-II (IGF2) deficiency in humans as well as in mice leads to intrauterine growth restriction and decreased neonatal glycogen stores. The present study aims to further characterize the metabolic and transcriptional consequences of Igf2 deficiency in the newborn. We found that, despite being born significantly smaller than their wild-type (Igf2) littermates, brain size was pr...

Improving immediate newborn care practices in Philippine hospitals: impact of a national quality of care initiative 2008-2015.

To determine whether intrapartum and newborn care practices improved in 11 large hospitals between 2008 and 2015.

Pilot study of population-based newborn screening for spinal muscular atrophy in New York state.

PurposeTo determine feasibility and utility of newborn screening for spinal muscular atrophy (SMA) in New York State.MethodsWe validated a multiplex TaqMan real-time quantitative polymerase chain reaction assay using dried blood spots for SMA. From January 2016 to January 2017, we offered, consented, and screened 3,826 newborns at three hospitals in New York City and tested newborns for the deletion in exon 7 of SMN1.ResultsNinety-three percent of parents opted in for SMA screening. Overall the SMA carrier ...

Identification of Primary Congenital Hypothyroidism Based on Two Newborn Screens - Utah, 2010-2016.

Newborn screening for primary congenital hypothyroidism is part of the U.S. Recommended Uniform Screening Panel (1,2). Untreated congenital hypothyroidism can result in cognitive impairment and growth complications (decreased height/length). Initial newborn screening for congenital hypothyroidism is typically performed 24-48 hours after birth. Fourteen states, including Utah, perform a routine second screen at approximately 2 weeks of age.* During 2010-2016, a total of 359,432 infants in Utah were screened ...

Red patches on a newborn.

Urgency to End Newborn Deaths.

Placental lipoprotein lipase activity is positively associated with newborn adiposity.

Recent data suggest that in addition to glucose, fetal growth is related to maternal triglycerides (TG). To reach the fetus, TG must be hydrolyzed to free fatty acids (FFA) and transported across the placenta, but regulation is uncertain. Placental lipoprotein lipase (pLPL) hydrolyzes TG, both dietary chylomicron TG (CM-TG) and very-low density lipoprotein TG (VLDL-TG), to FFA. This may promote fetal fat accretion by increasing the available FFA pool for placental uptake. We tested the novel hypothesis that...


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