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Quotation Newborn Behavioral Observation Scale Premature Newborn PubMed articles on BioPortfolio. Our PubMed references draw on over 21 million records from the medical literature. Here you can see the latest Quotation Newborn Behavioral Observation Scale Premature Newborn articles that have been published worldwide.
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This paper aims to evaluate the prevalence of breastfeeding among premature infants following hospital discharge. Cohort (< 33 gestation weeks) followed up to 12 months (adjusted age).
Newborns with anemia are at increased risk of persistent pulmonary hypertension of the newborn (PPHN), yet reports on the association between fetomaternal hemorrhage (FMH) and PPHN are rare. To optimize care for pregnancies complicated by FMH, clinicians should be aware of the risks of FMH and the possible diagnostic and therapeutic options. To increase the current knowledge, the incidence of PPHN and short-term neurologic injury in FMH cases were studied.
Patent ductus arteriosus (PDA) is prevalent in premature newborns and has been linked to the development of bronchopulmonary dysplasia (BPD), a serious pulmonary complication of premature birth. Although a causal relationship has not been proven, the link is greatest among infants born at lower gestational age who are treated with mechanical ventilation in the presence of a large ductal shunt. Despite strong association in epidemiological studies, treatment of a patent ductus arteriosus has not been shown t...
RhD DEL variants may show complete or partial expression of RhD epitopes. There have been only rare reports of anti-D causing hemolytic disease of the fetus and newborn (HDFN) in this context. We report a case of severe HDFN associated with a recently described DEL variant.
The overall aim of this project was to assess compliance with evidence-based criteria regarding newborn resuscitation among healthcare workers in the maternity units in Maragua District Hospital (a busy district hospital in Kenya).
Grade V post-circumcision penile injury is known as "total phallic loss". It is usually seen with the use of mono-polar electro-cautery for circumcision resulting in penile necrosis. We report on a newborn treated by release of the subcutaneous corporal remnant and explain why this option should be considered of choice in cautery-related Grade V injuries.
A term newborn, who underwent lotus birth, developed Staphylococcus lugdunensis sepsis and endocarditis on the 1st day of life. This case reports an uncommon pathogen known to cause destructive endocarditis in the adult and paediatric populations, causing endocarditis in a neonate. We speculate that lotus birth, an atypical birthing practice, may have contributed to the development of this infection.
To evaluate the prevalence of middle ear disease in infants referred for failed newborn hearing screening (NBHS) and to review patient outcomes after intervention in order to propose an evidence-based protocol for management of newborns with otitis media with effusion (OME) who fail NBHS.
The recent approval of raltegravir granules for suspension in the newborn population offers a new option for the antiretroviral prophylaxis of newborns for the prevention of perinatal transmission. However, there are little data on its use in preterm infants, nor on outcomes following its use as empiric HIV therapy for newborns subsequently found to be infected. We describe here the use of RAL granules for suspension in these cases.
To investigate the effects in adolescence of bilateral permanent childhood hearing loss (PCHL) > 40 dB and of exposure to universal newborn hearing screening (UNHS) on societal costs accrued over the preceding 12 months.
Most studies examining the best mechanical ventilation strategies in newborn infants have been performed in premature infants with respiratory distress syndrome.
Genetic inactivation of synaptosomal-associated protein 25 (SNAP-25) in adult hippocampal neural progenitors impairs pattern discrimination learning but not survival or structural maturation of newborn dentate granule cells.
Adult neurogenesis is necessary for proper cognition and behavior, however, the mechanisms that underlie the integration and maturation of newborn neurons into the pre-existing hippocampal circuit are not entirely known. In this study, we sought to determine the role of action potential (AP)-dependent synaptic transmission by adult-generated dentate granule cells (DGCs) in their survival and function within the existing circuitry. We utilized a triple transgenic mouse (NestinCreER :Snap25 : tdTomato) to ind...
Perinatal depression (PND) is one of the leading complications associated with childbirth. Early detection and treatment of depression, particularly during the perinatal period, is essential for the promotion of positive maternal-child outcomes. Gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) has been suggested as a confounding factor associated with PND. Concerns associated with PND include interference with maternal-newborn bonding and long-term effects of neurobehavioral consequences. An exemplar case describing one...
Porcine enteric alphacoronavirus (PEAV) was first discovered in China in February 2017, and the origin and virulence of this novel porcine coronavirus were not fully characterized. Here, we isolated a strain of PEAV, named GDS04 that is identified by immunofluorescence and typical crown-shaped particles observed with electron microscopy. Genomic analysis reveals that PEAV GDS04 shares a close relationship with SADS-CoV and SeACoV. Furthermore, newborn piglets orally challenged with PEAV GDS04 developed typi...
Bacterial DNA has been reported in the placenta and amniotic fluid by several independent groups of investigators. However, it's taxonomic overlap with fetal and maternal bacterial DNA in different sites has been poorly characterized. Here, we determined the presence of bacterial DNA in the intestines and placentas of fetal mice at gestational day 17 (n = 13). These were compared to newborn intestines (n = 15), maternal sites (mouth, n = 6; vagina, n = 6; colon, n = 7; feces, n = 8), and negative controls t...
The case of atypical myopathy (AM) in newborn Haflinger foal with clinical signs of depression and weakness appearing 6 hours after birth resulting in recumbency 12 hours after birth is described. The foal's dam was diagnosed with AM in the 6th month of gestation based on clinical signs of a myopathy, elevated serum activity of creatine kinase, metabolomic analysis and the presence of methylenecyclopropyl acetyl carnitine (MCPA-carnitine) in the blood. At the time of delivery, the mare was grazing on a past...
Perinatal depression is associated with difficulties in the early mother-child interaction and negative child outcome. The aim of this study was to assess the feasibility and acceptability of the Newborn Behavioral Observation (NBO) System included in a home visiting programme at well-baby clinics in Norway and to examine compliance with the study protocol for a future clinical trial. The target group was pregnant women at risk for postpartum depression and their partners.
Duration of use may be a modifiable risk factor for central venous catheter-associated bloodstream infection in newborn infants. Early planned removal of peripherally inserted central catheters (PICCs) is recommended as a strategy to reduce the incidence of infection and its associated morbidity and mortality.
Gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) is a disease characterised by glucose intolerance and first diagnosed in pregnancy. This condition relates to an anomalous placental environment and aberrant placental vascular function. GDM-associated hyperglycaemia changes the placenta structure leading to abnormal development and functionality of this vital organ. Aiming to avoid the GDM-hyperglycaemia and its deleterious consequences in the mother, the foetus and newborn, women with GDM are firstly treated with a cont...
Dexamethasone is routinely used for treating those mothers at risk for preterm delivery. However, overexposure to exogenous glucocorticoids induces bone loss in offspring, and the "critical window" and safe dose of this treatment are largely unknown. In this study, we found that femoral length, and the length of the primary ossification center were significantly reduced in fetal mice after repeated prenatal dexamethasone exposure (PDE). Compared with single-course exposure on gestational day (GD)15, newborn...
The death of a newborn infant is one of the most devastating situations a mother could experience. The aim of this study was to understand bereavement and its associated meanings as lived and experienced by the mothers who lost their newborn infants in the intensive care units of hospitals in Jordan. Data were generated using semistructured face-to-face interviews with 12 mothers who had the experience. A qualitative phenomenological approach was used for data analysis. Three main themes emerged from the an...
Hospitalised newborn infants may be stressed due to inappropriate sensory stimuli and early separation from their families, that can negatively impact their neurodevelopment. The French Group of Reflection and Evaluation of the Environment of Newborns (GREEN) issues guidelines based on environmental neonatology and family centred care. The first recommendation focuses on private family rooms versus large shared rooms.
There is controversy on critical cut-off values of laboratory testing to select pregnancies at increased risk for anti-Kell (K) mediated HDFN (hemolytic disease of the fetus and newborn). Without early detection and treatment, Anti-K mediated HDFN may result in progressive fetal anemia, fetal hydrops, asphyxia and perinatal death.
The stable microbubble test on gastric aspirate and on amniotic fluid has been used for the diagnosis of respiratory distress syndrome in the newborn. However, no study has performed this test on oral aspirates from premature infants. The objective of this study was to evaluate the performance of the stable microbubble test on oral aspirates from preterm newborns to predict respiratory distress syndrome.
Mechanical ventilation with O-rich gas (MV-O) inhibits alveologenesis and lung growth. We showed that MV-O increases elastase activity and apoptosis in lungs of newborn mice; elastase inhibition by elafin suppressed apoptosis and enabled lung growth. In pilot studies, MV-O reduced lung expression of pro-survival factors, pEGFR and Klf4.