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A Study Evaluating The Pharmacokinetics Of Ceftobiprole When Taken By Obese Patients PubMed articles on BioPortfolio. Our PubMed references draw on over 21 million records from the medical literature. Here you can see the latest A Study Evaluating The Pharmacokinetics Of Ceftobiprole When Taken By Obese Patients articles that have been published worldwide.
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Prolyl carboxypeptidase (PRCP) is involved in the regulation of body weight, likely by hydrolysing alpha-melanocyte-stimulating hormone and apelin in the hypothalamus and in the periphery. A link between PRCP protein concentrations in plasma and metabolic disorders has been reported. In this study, we investigated the distribution of circulating PRCP activity and assessed its relation with body weight and adipose tissue in obese patients and patients who significantly lost weight.
This study aimed to screen key genes and pathways involved in obese polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS), and predict drugs for treatment of obese PCOS via bioinformatics approaches.
We aimed to evaluate choroidal per-fusion changes in obese patients using optical coherence tomography and dynamic contour tonometry, to determine whether these changes are associated with body mass index, and to assess the ocular effects of insulin resistance.
BACKGROUND The aim of this study was to observe apolipoprotein M (ApoM) level in obese patients and to explore its correlation with inflammatory factors. MATERIAL AND METHODS A total number of 96 participants were recruited and divided into 2 groups: the control group (or healthy group) whose participants had normal body weight (n=58), and the obese group with all its participants diagnosed with obesity (n=38). Data on blood pressure, body weight, height, body mass index, diastolic function of brachial arte...
Eltrombopag is indicated in patients with severe aplastic anemia (SAA) refractory to prior immunosuppressive therapy. The combination of eltrombopag and immunosuppressive therapy (such as cyclosporine) is currently being evaluated in patients with treatment-naive SAA. Cyclosporine is a human breast cancer resistance protein (BCRP) inhibitor, and can potentially alter plasma exposure to eltrombopag, a BCRP substrate. This phase 1, open-label, randomized, 3-period, crossover study evaluated the effect of cycl...
The effect of time-of-flight (TOF) and point spread function (PSF) modeling in image reconstruction has not been well studied for cardiac PET. This study assesses their separate and combined influence on Rb myocardial perfusion imaging in obese patients.
Accumulation of fat in renal sinus and hilum is associated with hypertension development. We evaluated the relationship between perirenal fat and hypertension in a population of morbidly obese patients and the potential variations after sleeve-gastrectomy. Two hundred and eighty-four morbidly obese patients were included in the study, and 126 underwent sleeve-gastrectomy. At baseline and 10-12 months after surgery, we evaluated anthropometric parameters, blood pressure, glycometabolic, and lipidic assessme...
With population ageing, more older patients would benefit from the reduced comorbidities associated with laparoscopic Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (LRYGB). However, health care providers are still reluctant to offer bariatric surgery to older obese patients due to the perceived increased risk and possible reduced benefit. Here, we report the outcomes of first UK series of LRYGB in patients (> 60 years) with emphasis on quality of life (QoL).
The aim of this prospective study was to compare scrotal ultrasonographic findings in obese and normal weight infertile men and correlate these findings with semen parameters and hormonal profile.
Despite their widespread use in this population, data on the pharmacodynamic (PD) properties of the insulin analogs detemir and glargine in severely obese patients with type 2 diabetes are lacking.
The aim of this study was to investigate the relationship between serum ferritin level and antioxidative status and metabolic dysregulation in young adult obese population. This cross-sectional study included three hundred subjects of either sex, grouped as obese and non-obese subjects. The Body Mass Index (BMI), serum ferritin, Iron, Total Iron Binding Capacity (TIBC), Fasting Blood Glucose (FBS), Total cholesterol (TC), High-Density Lipoprotein Cholesterol (HDL-C), Low-Density Lipoprotein Cholesterol (LDL...
Mucus production and hypersecretion are important pathophysiological features of asthma. Airway mucus secretion is more serious in obese asthma. Therefore, it is of great significance to elucidate the mechanism of asthma airway mucus high secretion in improving the control of asthma and the prognosis of obese asthmatic patients.
Although validating resting metabolic rate (RMR) prediction equations in different populations is warranted to estimate total energy requirements, there are no data about the accuracy and applicability of RMR predictive equations in young healthy Jordanians. This study aimed to test the validity of predicted RMR using four prediction equations and its agreement with RMR measured using indirect calorimetry in healthy young obese and non-obese Jordanian adults.
The aim of this study was to determine whether preoperative nutritional counseling and exercise (prehabilitation) in obese patients with ventral hernia repair (VHR) results in more hernia-free and complication-free patients.
Population pharmacokinetics of carboplatin, etoposide and melphalan in children: A re-evaluation of paediatric dosing formulas for carboplatin in patients with normal or mild impairment of renal function.
Carboplatin is dosed by the glomerular filtration rate (GFR) to achieve target plasma area under the curve (AUC). The aims of this study were to investigate factors that influence the pharmacokinetics of carboplatin in children with high-risk neuroblastoma and to investigate whether target exposures for carboplatin were achieved using current treatment protocols.
Dexmedetomidine (DEX) is an α-2 adrenergic agonist with sedative and analgesic properties. Although not approved for pediatric use by the Food and Drug Administration, DEX is increasingly used in pediatric anesthesia and critical care. However, very limited information is available regarding the pharmacokinetics of DEX in children. The aim of this study was to investigate DEX pharmacokinetics and pharmacodynamics (PK-PD) in Mexican children 2-18 years of age who were undergoing outpatient surgical procedur...
The effects of body fat mass on the elimination of 2,3,7,8-tetrachlorodibenzo-p-dioxin (TCDD) was examined in mice. When male C57BL/6J mice are fed a high-fat, simple carbohydrate diet (HFD) for 13 weeks, they develop an obese phenotype. In contrast, A/J mice fed a HFD do not become obese. After 13 weeks on a normal diet (ND) or HFD, male C57BL/6J and A/J mice received a single dose by gavage of 0.1 or 5.0 µg of 2,3,7,8-tetrachloro[1,6-3H] dibenzo-p-dioxin ([3H]TCDD) per kg bw. Using classical pharmacokine...
The relationship between higher body mass index (BMI), decreased morbidity and mortality is known as the "obesity paradox", and has been described in cohorts of patients with hypertension, diabetes, heart failure, coronary and peripheral artery diseases, non-cardiac surgery, and end-stage renal disease. Here we investigated the relationship between BMI and short-term outcomes after adult cardiac surgery to explore the existence of an obesity paradoxical effect. A secondary objective was to perform an update...
Dose-escalation of epertinib (S-222611), a new potent oral EGFR/HER2 inhibitor, has established a recommended daily dose of 800 mg in patients with solid tumours. In this study, we have recruited a larger number of patients to assess further the safety, tolerability, pharmacokinetics (PKs) and antitumour activity.
Despite rising rates of obesity among patients with HIV, the potential role for weight loss surgery in this population remains less clear. The primary aim of this study was to evaluate the role of bariatric surgery on relevant clinical outcomes among hospitalized obese patients with HIV.
Accurate identification of the cricothyroid membrane (CTM) has paramount importance in the event of a 'cannot intubate, cannot oxygenate' scenario. We sought to determine the ability of anesthesiologists to correctly identify the CTM in obese and non-obese children. Anesthesiologists were asked to mark the entry point of the cricothyroidotomy device with an ultraviolet invisible pen on obese and non-obese (BMI
Airway management in severely obese patients remains a challenging issue for anaesthetists and may lead to life-threatening situations. Supraglottic airway devices, such as the i-gel™ or the AuraGain™, were developed, with the possibility to ventilate the patient or use them as a conduit for endotracheal intubation.
Older patients have frailty characteristics that impair the transposition of treatment results found in younger patients. Predictive factors are needed to help with treatment choices for older patients. The PRODIGE 20 study is a randomized phase II study that evaluated chemotherapy associated with bevacizumab (BEV) or not (CT) in patients aged 75 years or older.
Weight-based dosing of intravenous busulfan is widely used in hematopoietic cell transplantation. However, a variety of dosing weights have been described. The objective of this retrospective study was to determine the pharmacokinetic impact of using ideal body weight as the initial dosing weight in obese as compared to non-obese transplant recipients. The secondary objectives were to describe the use of alternative dosing weights, the impact on survival, and the rates of toxicities. The mean steady-state c...
Effect of Age-Related Factors on the Pharmacokinetics of Lamotrigine and Potential Implications for Dose Optimisation in Epilepsy Patients should read.