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Showing "Study Evaluate ALKS 5461 Subjects With Major Depressive" PubMed Articles 76–100 of 73,000+

Oxidative Stress Contributes to Microvascular Endothelial Dysfunction in Men and Women with Major Depressive Disorder.

In rodent models of depression, oxidative stress-induced reductions in nitric oxide (NO) bioavailability contribute to impaired endothelium-dependent dilation. Endothelial dysfunction is evident in Major Depressive Disorder (MDD); however, the molecular mediators remain undefined.

Passive and mentally-active sedentary behaviors and incident major depressive disorder: A 13-year cohort study.

Regular physical activity reduces the risk of depression onset and is an effective treatment for mood disorders. Recent studies have reported that sedentary behavior (SB) increases the risk of depression in adults, but relationships of different types of SBs with depression have not been examined systematically. We explored longitudinal relationships of passive (e.g. watching TV) and mentally-active (e.g. office-work) SBs with incident major depressive disorder (MDD).

Effects of cognitive-behavioral therapy on neurotrophic factors in patients with major depressive disorder.

To correlate neurotrophic factors - brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF), glial cell line-derived neurotrophic factor (GDNF), and beta-nerve growth factor (beta-NGF) - and severity of depressive symptoms in patients diagnosed with major depressive disorder (MDD) undergoing cognitive-behavioral therapy (CBT).

Accelerated Magnetic Seizure Therapy for Treatment of Major Depressive Disorder: A Report of 3 Cases.

Major depressive disorder is a prevalent and debilitating condition that afflicts millions of people worldwide. Magnetic seizure therapy (MST) is a promising convulsive neurostimulation treatment for depression with fewer cognitive adverse effects than electroconvulsive therapy.

Neuron-related blood inflammatory markers as an objective evaluation tool for major depressive disorder: An exploratory pilot case-control study.

Neuroinflammation is suggested to be a crucial factor in the pathophysiology of major depressive disorder (MDD). Analysis of neuron-derived exosomes (NDE) in peripheral blood has recently been highlighted to reveal the pathophysiology of brain diseases without using brain biopsy. Currently, human NDE studies require a considerable amount of peripheral blood to measure multiple substances inside exosomes. Previously, NDE-based clinical studies focusing on MDD have not been reported.

Neural Response to Reward and Psychosocial Risk Factors Independently Predict Antenatal Depressive Symptoms.

While psychosocial risk factors for peripartum depression are well-researched, studies on neural risk factors are scarce. Previous studies suggest a blunted neural response to reward may be a biomarker of depression and risk. In a sample of 86 pregnant women, the present study examined whether a reduced Reward Positivity (RewP), an event-related potential (ERP) elicited to feedback indicating monetary reward, relates to greater antenatal depressive symptoms. We also examined whether the RewP explains unique...

Efficacy of Sertraline in Patients With Major Depressive Disorder Naive to Selective Serotonin Reuptake Inhibitors: A 10-Week Randomized, Multicenter, Placebo-Controlled, Double-Blind, Academic Clinical Trial.

The aim of this study was to assess the efficacy and safety of sertraline compared with placebo in a good clinical practice trial conducted with major depressive disorder patients naive to selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors.

Effect of electroconvulsive therapy on brain-derived neurotrophic factor levels in patients with major depressive disorder.

Brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) has been associated with depression and its treatment response. The aim of the present study was to explore the effect of electroconvulsive therapy (ECT) on serum and plasma BDNF levels and change of Montgomery-Asberg Depression Rating Scale (MADRS) and their associations in patients with major depressive disorder (MDD).

Correlation between depression/anxiety symptom severity and quality of life in patients with major depressive disorder or bipolar disorder.

To study the correlation between depression/anxiety severity and the quality of life (QOL) in patients with major depressive disorder (MDD) or bipolar disorder (BP).

Assessment of the psychometric properties of the 17- and 6-item Hamilton Depression Rating Scales in major depressive disorder, bipolar depression and bipolar depression with mixed features.

Assessing therapeutic response in depression requires scales that adequately measure the core symptoms of depressive symptomatology. The main goal of this study was to assess the psychometric properties of the 17-item Hamilton Depression Rating Scale (HAM-D17) and the 6-item Hamilton Depression Rating Scale (HAM-D6) in patients with Major Depressive Disorder (MDD), bipolar depression and bipolar depression with mixed features. We conducted a reanalysis of a pragmatic clinical trial in an outpatient clinic f...

HCN channels: New targets for the design of an antidepressant with rapid effects.

Major depressive disorder (MDD) is a prevalent neuropsychiatric disease that carries a staggering global burden. Although numerous antidepressants are available on the market, unfortunately, many patients die by committing suicide as a result of the therapeutic lag between treatment initiation and the improvement of depressive symptoms. This therapeutic lag highlights the need for new antidepressants that provide rapid relief of depressive symptoms.

Meta-analyses of cavum septum pellucidum in mood disorders in comparison with healthy controls or schizophrenia.

The cavum septum pellucidum (CSP) is a neurodevelopmental abnormality significantly more prevalent in subjects with schizophrenia (SCZ) than in healthy controls (HC). Using meta-analyses, we tested the hypotheses whether CSP would be more frequent in subjects with mood disorders when compared with HC or SCZ. We performed a search in MEDLINE and EMBASE followed by 10 meta-analyses of magnetic resonance imaging studies which examined the association of CSP in bipolar disorders (BD), major depressive disorder ...

Incident chronic spinal pain and depressive disorders: Data from the National Comorbidity Survey.

This study examined pre-existing depression as a risk factor for the development of chronic spinal pain, and pre-existing chronic spinal pain as a risk factor for the development of depression. Data from the National Comorbidity Survey, a stratified sample of 5001 participants evaluated in 1990-1992 (NCS-1) and again in 2000-2001 (NCS-2) were used to address these associations. Cox regression was used to estimate hazard ratios and time-to-incidence after NCS-1. Participants with antecedent acute or chronic ...

Problematic eating behaviours, changes in appetite, and weight gain in Major Depressive Disorder: The role of leptin.

Appetite and weight changes are core symptoms of Major Depressive Disorder (MDD), and those with MDD are at increased risk of obesity, cardiovascular disease and metabolic disorders. Leptin promotes satiety, with leptin dysregulation and resistance noted in obesity. However, the role of leptin in weight changes in MDD is not established. This study investigates leptin levels in relation to appetite and weight changes and problematic eating behaviours in MDD.

Forced expiratory volume in one second: A novel predictor of work disability in subjects with suspected obstructive sleep apnea.

Whether the association of work disability with obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) is mainly due to the disease, i.e. the number and frequency of apneas-hypoapneas, or to coexisting factors independent from the disease, is not well-established. In this study, we aim to evaluate work ability in a group of subjects undergoing OSA workup and to identify the major contributors of impaired work ability. In a cross-sectional study, we enrolled 146 consecutive subjects who have been working for the last five years and ...

Depression and physical health, the therapeutic alliance and antidepressants.

In a two-year study we compared the efficacy of noradrenergic (duloxetine D) and serotonergic (escitalopram E) antidepressants with and without the addition of 100 mg acetylsalicylic acid (ASA) in subjects suffering from a major depressive episode (MDE). The results showed that the D + ASA (DASA) group improved more rapidly than the E + placebo (EP) subgroup. In particular, Hamilton Depression Scale (HDS) scores improved as early as two months, Clinical Global Impression (CGI) scores improved at five months...

Neurognitive function and symptom remission 2 years after ECT in major depressive disorders.

There is a lack of knowledge of possible cognitive side effects of electroconvulsive therapy (ECT) beyond the first few months after treatment. We aim to describe cognitive effects and symptom remission 2 years after ECT in major depressive disorders.

Cognitive control neuroimaging measures differentiate between those with and without future recurrence of depression.

Major Depressive Disorder (MDD) is a prevalent, disruptive illness. A majority of those with MDD are at high risk for recurrence and increased risk for morbidity and mortality. This study examined whether multimodal baseline (and retest) Cognitive Control performance and neuroimaging markers (task activation and neural connectivity between key brain nodes) could differentiate between those with and without future recurrence of a major depressive (MD) episode within one year. We hypothesized that performance...

Glabellar Botulinum Toxin Injections in Major Depressive Disorder: A Critical Review.

To provide a critical appraisal of the primary clinical trials exploring the use of glabellar botulinum toxin type A (BTA) injections in the treatment of major depressive disorder (MDD) and propose future directions for research on this topic.

Double screening for dual disorder, alcoholism and depression.

Comorbidity of alcohol use disorder and major depressive disorder has been reported in samples. The aim of this study was to examine the relationship between alcoholism and depression in undiagnosed patients by simultaneously applying screening tests for both disorders. A total of 421 subjects were included in the study, of which 246 were female. Two screening tests, the Michigan Alcoholism Screening Test and the Beck Depression Inventory, were used. In the total sample, 28.03% of the respondents engaged in...

Response letter: Retinal changes in patients with major depressive disorder - a controlled optical coherence tomography study.

Association Between Norepinephrine Transporter Gene rs2242446, rs5569 Polymorphisms and Risk of Major Depressive Disorder. A Meta-analysis.

The association between norepinephrine transporter (NET) gene polymorphisms and the risk of major depressive disorder (MDD) has been investigated extensively, but with contradictory findings.

The association between somatic symptoms and suicidal ideation in Chinese first-episode major depressive disorder.

Somatic symptoms are prevalent in patients with major depressive disorder (MDD) and often associated with a high risk of suicide. However, which somatic symptoms display as significant risk factors for suicidal ideation (SI) is still poorly understood in MDD.

Depressive symptom prevalence after intracerebral hemorrhage: a multi-center study.

Depressive symptoms in patients with intracerebral hemorrhage (ICH) are common and are associated with worse outcomes. It is not well described how often depressive symptoms are ascertained and treated in large unselected cohorts of patients, and whether depressive symptoms would be a potential target for improving outcomes.

Depressive symptoms among women with endometriosis: a systematic review and meta-analysis.

To evaluate whether endometriosis is associated with depressive symptoms, and whether the association is modulated by pelvic pain.

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