PubMed Journals Articles About "A FMRI Study Of The Treatment Of Danish Veterans With PTSD With Prolonged Exposure Therapy" - Page: 4 RSS

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Showing "fMRI Study Treatment Danish Veterans With PTSD With" PubMed Articles 76–100 of 78,000+

Early death in Danish stage I lung cancer patients: a population-based case study.

Clinical stage (c-stage) at diagnosis is the most significant prognostic marker for patients with cancer, where 1- and 5-year survival rates as main landmarks when assessing outcomes. This is a population-based case study of Danish c-stage I lung cancer patients who were considered candidates for curative therapy and then died within 1 year after diagnosis (cases). Cases were identified in the Danish Lung Cancer Register (DLCR), and medical records were used to retrieve treatment details and cause of death...

Detecting PTSD in a traumatically injured population: The diagnostic utility of the PTSD Checklist for DSM-5.

The posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) Checklist for DSM-5 (PCL-5) is among few validated measures of PTSD severity in line with the DSM-5. Validation efforts among veteran samples have recommended cut scores of 33 and 38 to indicate PTSD; cut scores vary across populations depending on factors such as trauma type. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the diagnostic utility of and identify optimal cut scores for the PCL-5 in relation to the gold standard Clinician-Administered PTSD Scale for DSM-5 (C...

Social isolation as a promising animal model of PTSD comorbid suicide: neurosteroids and cannabinoids as possible treatment options.

Post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) is a psychiatric condition characterized by drastic alterations in mood, emotions, social abilities and cognition. Notably, one aspect of PTSD, particularly in veterans, is its comorbidity with suicide. Elevated aggressiveness predicts high-risk to suicide in humans and despite the difficulty in reproducing a complex human suicidal behavior in rodents, aggressive behavior is a well reproducible behavioral trait of suicide. PTSD animal models are based on a peculiar phen...

Veterans Caregiving for Others: Caregiving as a Factor in the Health of America's Military Veterans.

Caregiving has become an important world-wide concern due to the increasing number of people living to old age who need day to day functional support. Many caregivers report moderate to high levels of caregiver burden, which has been associated with increased morbidity and mortality for both the caregiver and care recipient. There are numerous research publications on people who are caregivers for military veterans. However, there is little information on military veterans who are themselves caregivers. Thi...

Distance to threat and risk of acute and posttraumatic stress disorder following bank robbery: A longitudinal study.

Identifying pathways through which environmental risk factors influence PTSD is important for understanding PTSD etiology. Here, we hypothesized that the physical proximity to threat influences PTSD risk by increasing ASD following trauma. One hundred six bank employees who had experienced a bank robbery participated in the study. A longitudinal design assessing ASD at day 2 and PTSD at day 30 was used to test the hypothesis. Participants also indicated their location in the bank at the time of the robbery....

Posttraumatic Stress Disorder Diagnosis is Associated with Reduced Parasympathetic Activity during Sleep in United States Veterans and Military Service Members of the Iraq and Afghanistan Wars.

To determine whether high frequency heart rate variability (HF-HRV) during sleep differs between those with and without PTSD as a function of sleep type (NREM versus REM), and to explore this relationship across successive sleep cycles. Participants with PTSD were hypothesized to have lower HF-HRV across both REM and NREM sleep.

Treatment of Low Back Pain With Opioids and Nonpharmacologic Treatment Modalities for Army Veterans.

In the Veterans Health Administration (VHA) there is growing interest in the use of nonpharmacologic treatment (NPT) for low back pain (LBP) as pain intensity and interference do not decrease with opioid use.

Lagged effects of substance use on PTSD severity in a randomized controlled trial with modified prolonged exposure and relapse prevention.

To advance understanding of the effectiveness of evidence-based treatments for comorbid posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and substance use disorder (SUD), research must provide a more nuanced picture of how substance use affects change in PTSD symptoms over the course of treatments and whether prolonged exposure techniques can be efficacious during active substance use. A data set that included patients with PTSD/subthreshold-PTSD and SUD treated with an exposure-based intervention provided an opportuni...

Safety and psychological impact of sailing adventure therapy among Veterans with substance use disorders.

Many Veterans suffer from substance use disorders (SUDs). Treatment challenges include poor treatment engagement and high relapse rates. Complementary interventions have the potential to enhance both. This study was a preliminary evaluation of sailing adventure therapy (SAT) for this population.

Complex PTSD in ICD-11: A Case Report on a New Diagnosis.

The World Health Organization (WHO) has included complex post-traumatic stress disorder (C-PTSD) in the final draft of the 11th edition of the International Statistical Classification of Diseases and Related Health Problems (ICD-11), which was published in June, 2018 and is scheduled to be submitted to WHO's World Health Assembly for official endorsement in 2019. Mental health providers will want to be informed about this diagnosis in order to provide effective treatment. Complex PTSD, or developmental PTSD...

Association among Anterior Cingulate Cortex Volume, Psychophysiological Response, and PTSD Diagnosis in a Veteran Sample.

Posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) is associated with fear response system dysregulation. Research has shown that the anterior cingulate cortex (ACC) may modulate the fear response and that individuals with PTSD have abnormalities in ACC structure and functioning. Our objective was to assess whether ACC volume moderates the relationship between PTSD and fear-potentiated psychophysiological response in a sample of Gulf War Veterans. 142 Veteran participants who were associated with a larger study associate...

Adolescent and nurse perspectives of psychotherapeutic interventions for PTSD delivered through task-shifting in a low resource setting.

This investigation compared the perceived effectiveness of supportive counselling (SC) and prolonged exposure for adolescents (PE-A) by treatment users (adolescents with PTSD) and non-specialist treatment providers (supervised nurses).

A Brief Screening Tool for PTSD: Validation of the Korean Version of the Primary Care PTSD Screen for DSM-5 (K-PC-PTSD-5).

The purpose of this study was to develop and evaluate psychometrically the Korean version of the Primary Care Posttraumatic Stress Disorder Screen for the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual-fifth edition (K-PC-PTSD-5). In total, 252 participants were interviewed with the Structured Clinical Interview for Diagnostic and Statistical Manual-fifth edition-research version (SCID-5-RV). The K-PC-PTSD-5 showed good internal consistency (α = 0.872), test-retest reliability ( = 0.89), and concurrent validity ( = 0.8...

Predictors of Outcome and Residual Symptoms Following Trauma-Focused Psychotherapy in Police Officers With Posttraumatic Stress Disorder.

Police officers exposed to potentially traumatic events (PTE) are at a heightened risk of developing posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD). Little is known about trauma-focused psychotherapy outcomes in the police. In this naturalistic study, we evaluated whether PTE exposure and baseline clinical characteristics predicted PTSD symptom reduction during treatment and residual PTSD symptoms posttreatment. In consecutive referrals to a specialized mental health service for police officers (N = 665), PTSD was me...

Posttraumatic Stress Disorder Symptoms, Temperament, and the Pathway to Cellular Senescence.

Traumatic stress is thought to be associated with shortened telomere length (TL) in leukocytes, an age-related marker of increased risk for cellular senescence, although findings thus far have been mixed. We assessed associations between posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) symptom severity, temperament, and TL in a sample of 453 White, non-Hispanic, middle-aged, trauma-exposed male and female veterans and civilians. Given that prior research has suggested an association between PTSD and accelerated cellula...

Blast-Induced "PTSD": Evidence from an animal model.

A striking observation among veterans returning from the recent conflicts in Iraq and Afghanistan has been the co-occurrence of blast-related mild traumatic brain injury (mTBI) and post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD). PTSD and mTBI might coexist due to additive effects of independent psychological and physical traumas experienced in a war zone. Alternatively blast injury might induce PTSD-related traits or damage brain structures that mediate responses to psychological stressors, increasing the likelihood...

Post-traumatic stress and gambling related cognitions: Analyses in inpatient and online samples.

Individuals with gambling disorder (GD) report much higher rates of post-traumatic stress symptoms and post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSS/D) than the general population, and individuals with both PTSS/D and GD often report much greater distress and impairment in daily life in comparison to individuals with GD alone (Grubbs, Chapman, Milner, Gutierrez, & Bradley, 2018). Despite these associations, little is known about the specific ways in which PTSS/D and GD might influence each other. To address this gap...

An Open Trial of Morning Bright Light Treatment Among US Military Veterans with Chronic Low Back Pain: A Pilot Study.

To examine the feasibility, acceptability, and effects of a home-based morning bright light treatment on pain, mood, sleep, and circadian timing in US veterans with chronic low back pain.

Complex PTSD and intergenerational transmission of distress and resilience among Tutsi genocide survivors and their offspring: A preliminary report.

The research on survivors of genocide has focused on PTSD, but complex PTSD (CPTSD) and its potential effect on intergenerational transmission are understudied. This study assessed complex PTSD and resilience among Tutsi genocide survivors (n = 60, mean age = 52.27 [SD = 6.27]) and their offspring (n = 60, mean age = 21.21 [SD = 1.78]). Offspring of parents suffering from PTSD or CPTSD reported more secondary traumatization symptoms relative to offspring of parents without PTSD (p 

The Walking Wounded: Emerging Treatments for PTSD.

We review the published literature over the last 24 months in the treatment of PTSD for our military men and women. We examined the updated clinical practice guidelines published in June 2017 by the Veteran's administration and Department of Defense and contrasted the guidelines with the most recent literature. We also discuss new directions in PTSD research.

Resting-state pulvinar-posterior parietal decoupling in PTSD and its dissociative subtype.

Key evidence points toward alterations in the neurocircuitry of large-scale networks among patients with posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD). The pulvinar is a thalamic region displaying reciprocal connectivity with the cortex and has been shown to modulate alpha synchrony to facilitate network communication. During rest, the pulvinar displays functional connectivity with the posterior parietal cortex (PPC), a heteromodal network of brain areas underlying multisensory integration and socioaffective functio...

Joint Mobility and Physical Function of Danish Hemophilia Patients: A Three-Wave Panel Study Spanning 24 Years.

The positive effects of factor treatment of hemophilia are well established, but the long-term outcomes are not well documented. This panel study evaluated changes in bleeding frequency, joint mobility, physical function, and symptoms in Danish patients with moderate to severe hemophilia A or B over 24 years.

Health-related register-based research in Denmark.

Danish researchers have a unique possibility for producing high-quality observational studies through the Danish registers. The intention of this review is to provide an introduction to data sources, access and linkage of the Danish registers, primarily from Statistics Denmark, the Danish Health Data Authority and the Danish clinical quality databases. Authorisation to data access is given by each institution separately and requires permission by the Danish Data Protection Agency. Data can be linked by the ...

Transgender And Cisgender US Veterans Have Few Health Differences.

Transgender people have been able to serve openly in the military since June 2016. However, the administration of President Donald Trump has signaled its interest in reinstating a ban on transgender military service. In March 2018 President Trump issued a revised memorandum that stated, in part, that people with a "history or diagnosis of gender dysphoria" who "may require substantial medical treatment, including medications and surgery-are disqualified from military service except under certain limited c...

Spiritually integrated care for PTSD: A randomized controlled trial of "Building Spiritual Strength".

Previous literature documents important cross-sectional and longitudinal relationships between spiritual distress and posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) outcomes. This study tests the efficacy of a spiritually integrated intervention "Building Spiritual Strength" (BSS) that can be delivered by trained chaplains. The intervention addresses spiritual concerns expressed by trauma survivors, including concerns in relationship with a Higher Power, difficulty with forgiveness, and theodicy. In a randomized cont...

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