PubMed Journals Articles About "A FMRI Study Of The Treatment Of Danish Veterans With PTSD With Prolonged Exposure Therapy" - Page: 4 RSS

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Showing "fMRI Study Treatment Danish Veterans With PTSD With" PubMed Articles 76–100 of 79,000+

Veterans Caregiving for Others: Caregiving as a Factor in the Health of America's Military Veterans.

Caregiving has become an important world-wide concern due to the increasing number of people living to old age who need day to day functional support. Many caregivers report moderate to high levels of caregiver burden, which has been associated with increased morbidity and mortality for both the caregiver and care recipient. There are numerous research publications on people who are caregivers for military veterans. However, there is little information on military veterans who are themselves caregivers. Thi...

Treatment of Low Back Pain With Opioids and Nonpharmacologic Treatment Modalities for Army Veterans.

In the Veterans Health Administration (VHA) there is growing interest in the use of nonpharmacologic treatment (NPT) for low back pain (LBP) as pain intensity and interference do not decrease with opioid use.

Distance to threat and risk of acute and posttraumatic stress disorder following bank robbery: A longitudinal study.

Identifying pathways through which environmental risk factors influence PTSD is important for understanding PTSD etiology. Here, we hypothesized that the physical proximity to threat influences PTSD risk by increasing ASD following trauma. One hundred six bank employees who had experienced a bank robbery participated in the study. A longitudinal design assessing ASD at day 2 and PTSD at day 30 was used to test the hypothesis. Participants also indicated their location in the bank at the time of the robbery....

Posttraumatic Stress Disorder Diagnosis is Associated with Reduced Parasympathetic Activity during Sleep in United States Veterans and Military Service Members of the Iraq and Afghanistan Wars.

To determine whether high frequency heart rate variability (HF-HRV) during sleep differs between those with and without PTSD as a function of sleep type (NREM versus REM), and to explore this relationship across successive sleep cycles. Participants with PTSD were hypothesized to have lower HF-HRV across both REM and NREM sleep.

The Relationship Between Traumatic Brain Injury and Rates of Chronic Symptomatic Illness in 202 Gulf War Veterans.

Although not a "signature injury" of Operation Desert Shield/Desert Storm (i.e., Gulf War, GW), some GW veterans have a history traumatic brain injury (TBI). For example, a previous study found that 12.2% of the GW veterans from the Fort Devens Cohort Study had self-reported TBIs. The present study sought to build upon this finding by examining the relationship between TBI and chronic symptomatic illness in a different sample of GW veterans.

Safety and psychological impact of sailing adventure therapy among Veterans with substance use disorders.

Many Veterans suffer from substance use disorders (SUDs). Treatment challenges include poor treatment engagement and high relapse rates. Complementary interventions have the potential to enhance both. This study was a preliminary evaluation of sailing adventure therapy (SAT) for this population.

Lagged effects of substance use on PTSD severity in a randomized controlled trial with modified prolonged exposure and relapse prevention.

To advance understanding of the effectiveness of evidence-based treatments for comorbid posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and substance use disorder (SUD), research must provide a more nuanced picture of how substance use affects change in PTSD symptoms over the course of treatments and whether prolonged exposure techniques can be efficacious during active substance use. A data set that included patients with PTSD/subthreshold-PTSD and SUD treated with an exposure-based intervention provided an opportuni...

Inpatient Treatment of Complex PTSD Following Childhood Abuse: Effectiveness and Predictors of Treatment Outcome.

There is a lack of studies investigating the effectiveness of inpatient trauma-focused psychotherapy of complex post-traumatic stress disorder. The first aim of this retrospective investigation was to analyze the course of PTSD. Second, possible predictors of treatment response were investigated.

Adolescent and nurse perspectives of psychotherapeutic interventions for PTSD delivered through task-shifting in a low resource setting.

This investigation compared the perceived effectiveness of supportive counselling (SC) and prolonged exposure for adolescents (PE-A) by treatment users (adolescents with PTSD) and non-specialist treatment providers (supervised nurses).

Association among Anterior Cingulate Cortex Volume, Psychophysiological Response, and PTSD Diagnosis in a Veteran Sample.

Posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) is associated with fear response system dysregulation. Research has shown that the anterior cingulate cortex (ACC) may modulate the fear response and that individuals with PTSD have abnormalities in ACC structure and functioning. Our objective was to assess whether ACC volume moderates the relationship between PTSD and fear-potentiated psychophysiological response in a sample of Gulf War Veterans. 142 Veteran participants who were associated with a larger study associate...

Predictors of Outcome and Residual Symptoms Following Trauma-Focused Psychotherapy in Police Officers With Posttraumatic Stress Disorder.

Police officers exposed to potentially traumatic events (PTE) are at a heightened risk of developing posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD). Little is known about trauma-focused psychotherapy outcomes in the police. In this naturalistic study, we evaluated whether PTE exposure and baseline clinical characteristics predicted PTSD symptom reduction during treatment and residual PTSD symptoms posttreatment. In consecutive referrals to a specialized mental health service for police officers (N = 665), PTSD was me...

Obsessive-compulsive disorder in the Veterans Health Administration.

Little is known about the diagnosis and treatment of obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) in the Veterans Health Administration (VHA). This study examined diagnostic rates of OCD in a national sample of veterans as well as clinical comorbidities and mental health service use following an OCD diagnosis. This study used administrative data extracted from VHA medical records to identify patients with an OCD diagnosis between 2010 and 2011 (N = 20,364). Descriptive analyses examined demographic, clinical, and sy...

An Open Trial of Morning Bright Light Treatment Among US Military Veterans with Chronic Low Back Pain: A Pilot Study.

To examine the feasibility, acceptability, and effects of a home-based morning bright light treatment on pain, mood, sleep, and circadian timing in US veterans with chronic low back pain.

Posttraumatic Stress Disorder Symptoms, Temperament, and the Pathway to Cellular Senescence.

Traumatic stress is thought to be associated with shortened telomere length (TL) in leukocytes, an age-related marker of increased risk for cellular senescence, although findings thus far have been mixed. We assessed associations between posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) symptom severity, temperament, and TL in a sample of 453 White, non-Hispanic, middle-aged, trauma-exposed male and female veterans and civilians. Given that prior research has suggested an association between PTSD and accelerated cellula...

Emotional intelligence in patients with posttraumatic stress disorder, borderline personality disorder and healthy controls.

Emotional intelligence as a part of social cognition has, to our knowledge, never been investigated in patients with Posttraumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD), though the disorder is characterized by aspects of emotional dysfunctioning. PTSD often occurs with Borderline Personality Disorder (BPD) as a common comorbidity. Studies about social cognition and emotional intelligence in patients with BPD propose aberrant social cognition, but produced inconsistent results regarding emotional intelligence. The present ...

Blast-Induced "PTSD": Evidence from an animal model.

A striking observation among veterans returning from the recent conflicts in Iraq and Afghanistan has been the co-occurrence of blast-related mild traumatic brain injury (mTBI) and post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD). PTSD and mTBI might coexist due to additive effects of independent psychological and physical traumas experienced in a war zone. Alternatively blast injury might induce PTSD-related traits or damage brain structures that mediate responses to psychological stressors, increasing the likelihood...

Negative posttraumatic cognitions among military sexual trauma survivors.

Unique aspects of military sexual trauma (MST) may result in specific maladaptive cognitions among survivors. Understanding which posttraumatic cognitions are particularly strong among MST survivors could help clinicians target and improve treatment for these individuals. This study explored the impact of experiencing MST on posttraumatic cognitions among veterans with posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD).

Post-traumatic stress and gambling related cognitions: Analyses in inpatient and online samples.

Individuals with gambling disorder (GD) report much higher rates of post-traumatic stress symptoms and post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSS/D) than the general population, and individuals with both PTSS/D and GD often report much greater distress and impairment in daily life in comparison to individuals with GD alone (Grubbs, Chapman, Milner, Gutierrez, & Bradley, 2018). Despite these associations, little is known about the specific ways in which PTSS/D and GD might influence each other. To address this gap...

The Walking Wounded: Emerging Treatments for PTSD.

We review the published literature over the last 24 months in the treatment of PTSD for our military men and women. We examined the updated clinical practice guidelines published in June 2017 by the Veteran's administration and Department of Defense and contrasted the guidelines with the most recent literature. We also discuss new directions in PTSD research.

Joint Mobility and Physical Function of Danish Hemophilia Patients: A Three-Wave Panel Study Spanning 24 Years.

The positive effects of factor treatment of hemophilia are well established, but the long-term outcomes are not well documented. This panel study evaluated changes in bleeding frequency, joint mobility, physical function, and symptoms in Danish patients with moderate to severe hemophilia A or B over 24 years.

Health-related register-based research in Denmark.

Danish researchers have a unique possibility for producing high-quality observational studies through the Danish registers. The intention of this review is to provide an introduction to data sources, access and linkage of the Danish registers, primarily from Statistics Denmark, the Danish Health Data Authority and the Danish clinical quality databases. Authorisation to data access is given by each institution separately and requires permission by the Danish Data Protection Agency. Data can be linked by the ...

Resting-state pulvinar-posterior parietal decoupling in PTSD and its dissociative subtype.

Key evidence points toward alterations in the neurocircuitry of large-scale networks among patients with posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD). The pulvinar is a thalamic region displaying reciprocal connectivity with the cortex and has been shown to modulate alpha synchrony to facilitate network communication. During rest, the pulvinar displays functional connectivity with the posterior parietal cortex (PPC), a heteromodal network of brain areas underlying multisensory integration and socioaffective functio...

Stress-Generative Effects of Posttraumatic Stress Disorder: Transactional Associations Between Posttraumatic Stress Disorder and Stressful Life Events in a Longitudinal Sample.

Longitudinal studies have demonstrated transactional associations between psychopathology and stressful life events (SLEs), such that psychopathology predicts the occurrence of new SLEs, and SLEs in turn predict increasing symptom severity. The association between posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD), specifically, and stress generation remains unclear. This study used temporally sequenced data from 116 veterans (87.9% male) to examine whether PTSD symptoms predicted new onset SLEs, and if these SLEs were a...

Posttraumatic stress disorder after a first-ever intracerebral hemorrhage in the Chinese population: A pilot study.

The objective of this study was to reveal the prevalence, associated risk factors, and long-term outcomes of Posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) in patients after intracerebral hemorrhage (ICH). Consecutive patients admitted to our institute from January 2016 to September 2016 for a first-ever ICH were asked to participate in our study. PTSD was determined with Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (fifth edition; DSM-5), and questionnaires on mental and physical status were used. Patients ...

Post-traumatic stress disorder and risk of osteoporosis: A nationwide longitudinal study.

Several studies suggested a relationship between stress and related mental illnesses, such as depression and osteoporosis. However, it was unclear whether patients with post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) were at risk of developing osteoporosis in later life. In this study, 6,041 patients with PTSD and 24,164 age- or sex-matched controls were enrolled between 2002 and 2009 in our study and followed up to the end of 2011. Cases of osteoporosis were identified during the follow-up. Patients with PTSD had an...

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