PubMed Journals Articles About "Congo Ebola Outbreak Reports Confirmed Urban Case Daily" - Page: 4 RSS

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Showing "Congo Ebola outbreak reports confirmed urban case Daily" PubMed Articles 76–100 of 24,000+

Monkeypox - Enhancing Public Health Preparedness for an Emerging Lethal Human Zoonotic Epidemic Threat in the Wake of the Smallpox Post-Eradication Era.

The identification of monkeypox in 3 separate patients in the United Kingdom in September raised media and political attention on an emerging public health threat. Nigeria, whose last confirmed case of monkeypox was in 1978, is currently experiencing an unusually large and outbreak of human monkeypox cases, a 'One Human-Environmental-Animal Health' approach is being effectively used to define and tackle the outbreak. As of 13th October 2018, there have been one hundred and sixteen confirmed cases the majori...

Hip arthroscopic Surgery after a Diagnosis of Premature Osteoarthritis of the Hip in Three Unicyclists: A Case Series.

Although an association between femoroacetabular impingement (FAI) and sports has been reported, there are no reports regarding arthroscopic findings of osteoarthritis due to FAI in adolescent unicyclists.

Food poisoning caused by scombroids: A case-control study.

The aim of this study is to report the epidemiological characteristics of a food poisoning outbreak due to scombroid fish in a hospital. A case-control study (1:4) was conducted. Patients either symptomatic of food poisoning (cases) or asymptomatic (controls) eating at the hospital cafeteria were included. To identify the source of the outbreak, sanitary control factors were assessed. Microbiological studies and the mast cell tryptase test were performed. All cases and controls received a questionnaire enqu...

Isolated Tear of the Teres Major Muscle.

Rotator cuff tears are frequently treated in daily clinical practice. However, there have been few reports of tears around the shoulder involving the latissimus dorsi and teres major muscles. The author reports the rare case of an isolated tear of the teres major muscle with symptom onset during ordinary sports activities without a clear traumatic mechanism. The patient received conservative treatment, and satisfactory results were obtained. [Orthopedics. 201x; xx(x):xx-xx.].

Molecular detection of dengue virus in patients suspected of Ebola virus disease in Ghana.

Dengue fever is known to be one of the most common arthropod-borne viral infectious diseases of public health importance. The disease is now endemic in more than 100 countries in Africa, the Americas, the Eastern Mediterranean, Southeast Asia and the Western Pacific with an estimated two fifths of the world's population being at risk. The notable endemic viral hemorrhagic fevers (VHFs) found in West Africa, including yellow fever, Lassa fever, Rift Valley fever, dengue fever and until recently Ebola have be...

A Longitudinal Study of Ebola Sequelae in Liberia.

Multiple health problems have been reported in survivors of Ebola virus disease (EVD). Attribution of these problems to the disease without a control group for analysis is difficult.

Genomic epidemiological investigation of a Streptococcus suis outbreak in Guangxi, China, 2016.

In June 2016, a Streptococcus suis outbreak occurred in Guangxi, China. We determined the genetic characteristics of six clinically isolated strains by serotyping, PCR, and whole-genome sequencing, performing genome epidemiology analysis on these and 961 public available S. suis genomes. We also classified the first sequence type ST665 human case. Sporadic and outbreak cases were distinguished by whole-genome sequencing and phylogenomics. This approach could help to prevent and control S. suis epidemics in ...

Differences in perceptions of e-cigarettes across daily and non-daily users.

E-cigarette use has increased significantly over the past decade. Among the growing population of e-cigarette users, several pattern-based subgroups have emerged, including daily and non-daily users. Daily users are at greater risk for experiencing negative health consequences from use. Yet, little is understood about underlying e-cigarette processes that may be related to daily use relative to non-daily use.

Massive systemic arterial air embolism caused by an air shunt after blunt chest trauma: A case report.

Systemic arterial air embolism (SAAE) is a rare but fatal condition, with only a few cases reported, and the detailed etiology underlying SAAE remains unknown. We report a first case of massive SAAE after blunt chest injury, wherein the presence of traumatic air shunt was confirmed by direct observation during surgery. We also summarize our experience with six other SAAE cases.

Cerebral Infarction in Young Marijuana Smokers - Case Reports.

Causality of marijuana abuse with development of ischemic stroke has been indicated by numerous case reports and epidemiological studies. As a possible pathophysiological mechanism, the most common consideration is cardiac embolization during paroxysmal atrial fibrillation, systemic hypotension or multifocal intracerebral vasoconstriction.

Pulsatile nystagmus secondary to semicircular canal dehiscence.

We report the case of a 69-year-old man with a history of mastoidectomy for cholesteatoma, who developed spontaneous spinning vertigo on debridement of his cavity. Subsequent CT confirmed a lateral semicircular canal fistula, which was surgically closed with mastoid cavity obliteration. Following surgery, he developed a spontaneous, pulse-synchronous horizontal pendular nystagmus. We discuss the pathophysiology of this rare clinical sign.

A field investigation of an African horse sickness outbreak in the controlled area of South Africa in 2016.

An outbreak of African horse sickness (AHS) caused by AHS virus type 1 occurred within the South African AHS surveillance zone during April and May 2016. The index case was detected by a private veterinarian through passive surveillance. There were 21 cases in total, which is relatively low compared to case totals during prior AHS outbreaks in the same region (and of the same AHS virus type) in 2004, 2011 and 2014. The affected proportion of horses on affected properties was 0.07 (95% CI 0.04, 0.11). Weathe...

Online estimation of the case fatality rate using a run-off triangle data approach: An application to the Korean MERS outbreak in 2015.

This work is motivated by the recent Korean Middle East respiratory syndrome outbreak. We propose an easy online estimation procedure for the case fatality rate, ie, the proportion of deaths among the total cases during the course of an epidemic disease, which is an important indicator of the severity of a disease. The key step in our procedure is representing the data with the run-off triangle, which simultaneously takes into account two time axes, namely, the calendar and disease-duration times. We restru...

Palygorskite-template amorphous carbon nanotubes as a superior adsorbent for removal of dyes from aqueous solutions.

The carbon-coated palygorskite (Pal@C) was prepared by impregnation and carbonization using modified palygorskite (Pal) as a hard template and glucose as the carbon source. The amorphous carbon nanotubes (ACNTs) could be finally obtained by removing Pal template using acid and alkali treatment. In comparison with pure Pal@C nanocomposite, the maximum adsorption capacity of Congo red dye onto the ACNTs could be improved by over 13-fold (467.97 mg/g vs. 34.40 mg/g, ACNTs vs. Pal@C), which was attributed t...

Outbreak Of Chikungunya Virus In Karachi, Pakistan.

In this report, aim is to highlight the recent outbreak of Chikungunya virus in Karachi, the largest city of Pakistan. Chikungunya virus is transmitted by infected Aedes mosquitoes. Firstly, described as an outbreak in southern Tanzania in 1952 and later spread in Africa, Asia, Europe, and Pacific and Indian Oceans. In late 2016, the virus has been reported to cause severe morbidity and fatality among patients reporting to the local government hospital in Malir region of Karachi. Patients came to emergency ...

Systematic comparison of the influence of cool wall versus cool roof adoption on urban climate in the Los Angeles basin.

This study for the first time assesses the influence of employing solar reflective "cool" walls on the urban energy budget and summertime climate of the Los Angeles basin. We systematically compare the effects of cool walls to cool roofs, a heat mitigation strategy that has been widely studied and employed, using a consistent modeling framework (Weather Research and Forecasting model). Adoption of cool walls leads to increases in urban grid cell albedo that peak in the early morning and late afternoon, when...

A manual corpus of annotated main findings of clinical case reports.

Clinical case reports are the `eyewitness reports' of medicine and provide a valuable, unique, albeit noisy and underutilized type of evidence. Generally a case report has a single main finding that represents the reason for writing up the report in the first place. In the present study, we present the results of manual annotation carried out by two individuals on 500 randomly sampled case reports. This corpus contains main finding sentences extracted from title, abstract and full-text of the same article t...

Urbanization alters predator avoidance behaviors.

1.Urbanization is considered the fastest growing form of global land use change, and can dramatically modify habitat structure and ecosystem functioning. While ecological processes continue to operate within cities, urban ecosystems are profoundly different from their more natural counterparts. Thus, ecological predictions derived from more natural ecosystems are rarely generalizable to urban environments. 2. In this study we used data from a large-scale and long-term camera trap project in Chicago IL, USA ...

Could coenzyme Q10 be the treatment for Dupuytren's disease?

A patient with Dupuytren's disease noted progressive disappearance of the contractures of both hands over a 3-year period while taking coenzyme Q10 daily for an unrelated condition. The function and appearance of his hands were restored to almost normal.

Type C botulism outbreak in feedlot cattle fed contaminated corn silage.

A large outbreak of botulism in feedlot steers fed corn silage contaminated with Clostridium botulinum neurotoxin type C (BoNT/C) is reported occurring in Midwestern Brazil in August 2017. The onset of the outbreak occurred 15 days after 1,700 steers started to be fed the contaminated corn silage. Affected steers were alert and afebrile with varying degrees of flaccid paralysis in various muscle groups. A total of 1,100 steers were affected, 1,090 of which died within four days. Ten steers recovered after t...

Surviving Ebola: A historical cohort study of Ebola mortality and survival in Sierra Leone 2014-2015.

While a number of predictors for Ebola mortality have been identified, less is known about post-viral symptoms. The identification of acute-illness predictors for post-viral symptoms could allow the selection of patients for more active follow up in the future, and those in whom early interventions may be beneficial in the long term. Studying predictors of both mortality and post-viral symptoms within a single cohort of patients could also further our understanding of the pathophysiology of survivor sequela...

Assessment of phytotoxicity, environmental and health risks of historical urban park soils.

Urban soil areas can be contaminated with potentially dangerous heavy metals (HM), which might have got there by means of the human activity. The aim of the present study was to determine the contamination level of the city park soils and its impact on urban ecosystem. The indices assessing soil contamination such as Enrichment Factor (EF), Geoaccumulation Index (Igeo), Nemerow Pollution Index (IPI), and indices assessing health risks, namely Hazard Index (HI) and Carcinogenic Risk (CR), have been calculate...

Multi-step genomic dissection of a suspected intra-hospital Helicobacter cinaedi outbreak.

Helicobacter cinaedi is an emerging pathogen causing bacteraemia and cellulitis. Nosocomial transmission of this microbe has been described, but detailed molecular-epidemiological analyses have not been performed. Here, we describe the results of a multi-step genome-wide phylogenetic analysis of a suspected intra-hospital outbreak of H. cinaedi that occurred in a hospital in Japan. The outbreak was recognized by the infectious control team (ICT) of the hospital as a sudden increase in H. cinaedi bacteraemia...

Unusual case of unilateral conductive hearing loss: chronic lymphocytic leukaemia.

This presentation reports a novel case of chronic lymphocytic leukaemia (CLL), presenting with an early cutaneous lesion within the external auditory canal, in a patient being assessed for conductive hearing loss. It has previously been reported that infiltrative CLL can involve the head and neck; however, isolated external ear canal involvement is rare. Given that the incidence of CLL in Australia is rising, this case highlights the importance of considering CLL as a differential diagnosis for presentation...

Monitoring the urban green spaces and landscape fragmentation using remote sensing: a case study in Osmaniye, Turkey.

Urban green spaces play a significant role in management of physical activity, psychological well-being, and public health of urban residents. With the expansion of urban areas in Turkey during the past decades, urban green spaces have been fragmented and dispersed causing impairment and environmental degradation. The purpose of this study is to model urban green space distribution by focusing on the landscape fragmentation in city of Osmaniye using remote sensing and geographic information system technolog...

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