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Damon Runyon Cancer Research Foundation PubMed articles on BioPortfolio. Our PubMed references draw on over 21 million records from the medical literature. Here you can see the latest Damon Runyon Cancer Research Foundation articles that have been published worldwide.
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Cancer survivors who undergo chemotherapy for non-CNS tumours often report substantial cognitive disturbances that adversely affect quality of life, during and after treatment. The neurotoxic effects of anti-cancer drugs have been confirmed in clinical and pre-clinical research. Work with animals has also identified a range of factors and underlying mechanisms that contribute to chemotherapy-induced cognitive impairment. However, there is a continuing need to develop standard cognitive testing procedures fo...
Triple-negative breast cancer (TNBC) is associated with worse outcomes relative to other breast cancer subtypes. Chemotherapy remains the standard-of-care systemic therapy for patients with localized or metastatic disease, with few biomarkers to guide benefit.
Pancreatic cancer is characterized by an extensive fibroinflammatory reaction that includes immune cells, fibroblasts, extracellular matrix, vascular and lymphatic vessels, and nerves. Overwhelming evidence indicates that the pancreatic cancer microenvironment regulates cancer initiation, progression, and maintenance. Pancreatic cancer treatment has progressed little over the past several decades, and the prognosis remains one of the worst for any cancer. The contribution of the microenvironment to carcinog...
Table 2 of the original article was incorrect. The correct table is shown below.
The Brain Trauma Foundation (BTF) guidelines reflect evidence-based best practices in the management of traumatic brain injury (TBI) however compliance varies.
Tissue factor (TF) expression increases cancer stem cell (CSC) activity in breast and lung cancer. There are ongoing studies focused on targeting CSCs via anti-TF treatment, for breast and lung cancer therapy. Herein, the aim was to determine whether targeting TF could have an anti-CSC therapeutic role in colorectal cancer (CRC).
Gastric cancer remains the second most common cause of cancer-related death worldwide. Because of the poor prognosis of late-stage gastric cancer patients, it is imperative to develop new strategies to improve the survival rate of this disease. Currently, immunotherapy is considered as an innovative approach for cancers such as lung cancer, gastric cancer and breast cancer. In fact, previous works have revealed promising results in this field. With further understanding of immunogenomics of gastric cancer, ...
To find evidence to suggest the best approach in patients admitted as an emergency for complicated colorectal cancer.
Mutations in the BRCA1 and BRCA2 genes constitute a risk factor for breast cancer development. BRCA mutation research has been an active field since the discovery of the genes, and new mutations in both genes are constantly described and classified according to several systems.
Bladder cancer has numerous genomic features that are potentially actionable by targeted agents. Nevertheless, both pre-clinical and clinical research using molecular targeted agents have been very limited in bladder cancer.
Matrix metalloproteinase-9 (MMP9) is implicated in pro-tumorigenic processes. Andecaliximab (GS-5745, a monoclonal antibody targeting MMP9) was evaluated as monotherapy and in combination with mFOLFOX6.
Since physical activity (PA) has been shown to be associated with better prognosis and quality of life (QOL) in colorectal cancer (CRC) patients, this study focuses on the barriers of PA among CRC survivors.
Birt-Hogg-Dubé (BHD) syndrome is a hereditary kidney cancer syndrome, which predisposes patients to develop kidney cancer, cutaneous fibrofolliculomas and pulmonary cysts. The responsible gene FLCN is a tumor suppressor for kidney cancer which plays an important role in energy homeostasis through the regulation of mitochondrial oxidative metabolism. However, the process by which FLCN-deficiency leads to renal tumorigenesis is unclear. In order to clarify molecular pathogenesis of BHD-associated kidney canc...
In this article, the importance of social factors for cancer survivorship has been theoretically considered and empirically studied. This commentary and Kroenke's narrative review highlight how social network theory and methods may innovatively expand this substantive body of work. First, we add to a new understanding of cancer survivorship through: (a) discussing the delineation and differences between multiple social factors of interest across existing conceptual models; (b) characterizing their relations...
Pim kinases are highly conserved serine/threonine kinases, and different expression patterns of each isoform (Pim-1, Pim-2, and Pim-3) have been observed in various types of human cancers, including gastric cancer. AZD1208 is a potent and selective inhibitor that affects all three isoforms of Pim. We investigated the effects of AZD1208 as a single agent and in combination with an Akt inhibitor in gastric cancer cells.
Pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma (PDAC) is a devastating disease, lacking relevant prognostic and predictive biomarkers. DNA polymerase epsilon (POLE) has important functions in the maintenance of genetic stability during DNA replication and has previously been associated with favorable prognosis in endometrial and colorectal cancer. However, its relevance in advanced pancreatic cancer (aPDAC) has not been examined to date.
The relationship between host and gut microbiota has been the topic of research in recent decades, with particular emphasis on various species of bacteria and their distinct role in health promotion. Early promising research led to the new term probiotic, coined to describe these beneficial bacteria. This early research has laid the foundation for various proposed mechanisms of probiotic effects on health. This article describes current areas of established probiotic use and introduces areas of current inve...
Although cancer disparities among American Indian (AI) women are alarming, research on spiritual coping among this population is virtually nonexistent. This is particularly problematic, given the importance of medical practitioners' discussing the topic with cancer patients, along with the centrality of spirituality to many AI patients. The purpose of this article was to explore AI women cancer survivors' spiritual coping with their experiences. Using a community-based participatory research approach, this ...
Bulk tumor tissue samples are used for generating gene expression profiles in most research studies, making it difficult to decipher the stroma-cancer crosstalk networks. In the present study, we describe the use of microdissected transcriptome profiles for the identification of cancer-stroma crosstalk networks with prognostic value, which presents a unique opportunity for developing new treatment strategies for ovarian cancer.