PubMed Journals Articles About "Early Exclusive Enteral Nutrition In Early Preterm Infants" - Page: 4 RSS

06:02 EST 7th December 2019 | BioPortfolio

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Showing "Early Exclusive Enteral Nutrition Early Preterm Infants" PubMed Articles 76–100 of 13,000+

Comparison of long-term outcomes between enteral nutrition via gastrostomy and total parenteral nutrition in older persons with dysphagia: A propensity-matched cohort study.

The long-term outcomes of artificial nutrition in older people with dysphagia remain uncertain. Enteral nutrition via percutaneous endoscopic gastrostomy (PEG) is one of the major methods of artificial nutrition. Enteral feeding is indicated for patients with a functional gastrointestinal tract. However, total parenteral nutrition (TPN) is often inappropriately chosen for artificial nutrition in Japan, even in patients with a functional gastrointestinal tract, as PEG has recently been viewed as an unnecessa...

The Effect of Maternal Multiple Micronutrient Supplementation on Female Early Infant Mortality Is Fully Mediated by Increased Gestation Duration and Intrauterine Growth.

Maternal micronutrient supplementation in pregnancy (MMS) has been shown to improve birth weight among infants in low- and middle-income countries. Recent evidence suggests that the survival benefits of MMS are greater for female infants compared to male infants, but the mechanisms leading to differential effects remain unclear.

The impact of preterm adversity on cardiorespiratory function.

Preterm birth is one of the leading causes of neonatal mortality. Babies that survive early life stress associated with immaturity, have significant prevailing short- and long-term morbidities. Oxygen dysregulation in the first few days and weeks after birth is a primary concern as the cardiorespiratory system slowly adjusts to extra-uterine life. Infants exposed to rapid alterations in oxygen tension, including exposures to hypoxia and hyperoxia, have altered redox balance and active immune signalling lead...

More than words: methodological potentials of graphical-elicitation with parents of preterm infants.

Word-based tools, such as interviews, can only partially provide access to the lived experience of parents of preterm infants. This study explores the lived experience of parents of preterm infants between 3 and 6 months after discharge by means of visual method (i.e., graphical elicitation).

Nurturing Care Framework and Implementation Science: Promoting Nutrition, Health and Development among Infants and Toddlers Globally.

The first 1,000 days are a critical period in children's early growth and development, with long lasting negative consequences for children who do not reach their developmental potential. The nurturing care framework has been proposed as a blueprint for policies, programs, and services to provide an enabling environment for caregivers and communities to ensure that young children receive the nutrition, healthcare, early learning opportunities, responsive caregiving, and safety and security that they need to...

Influence of own mother's milk and different proportions of formula on intestinal microbiota of very preterm newborns.

To determine the differences in preterm infants' stool microbiota considering the use of exclusive own mother's milk and formula in different proportions in the first 28 days of life.

Calmer: a robot for managing acute pain effectively in preterm infants in the neonatal intensive care unit.

For preterm infants in the neonatal intensive care unit, early exposure to repeated procedural pain is associated with negative effects on the brain. Skin-to-skin contact with parents has pain-mitigating properties, but parents may not always be available during procedures. Calmer, a robotic device that simulates key pain-reducing components of skin-to-skin contact, including heart beat sounds, breathing motion, and touch, was developed to augment clinical pain management.

Vitamin D supplementation and T Cell Regulation In Preterm Infants: A Randomized Controlled Trial.

The objective of this study was to evaluate the effect of two different doses of vitamin D on the expression of T regulatory cells (Treg) in premature infants. A double blinded randomized controlled trial was conducted on preterm infants born with gestational age (GA) between 28 and 33weeks. Subjects were randomly assigned to receive 400 or 800 IU/day of vitamin D3 when they achieved 100 ml/kg of enteral feeds. Percent increase in Treg cell counts were measured by flow cytometry at enrollment, and after...

Erythropoietin treatment is associated with a reduction in moderate to severe bronchopulmonary dysplasia in preterm infants. A regional retrospective study.

Erythropoietin treatment is associated with a reduction in moderate to severe bronchopulmonary dysplasia in preterm infants. A regional retrospective study.

Development and predictors of childhood mental health problems in former extremely preterm infants.

To investigate development and predictors of mental health problems from five to eleven years of age in children born extremely preterm (EP).

The Effect of Individualized Developmental Care Practices in Preterm Infants.

Preterm infants are vulnerable humans requiring much care and attention. They may be exposed to irregular noise, light, and odor in the neonatal intensive care unit for a period of several weeks or months. This study was carried out to determine the effect of individualized developmental care on physiological parameters, growth, and transition to oral feeding in preterm infants.

Corrigendum to "Postnatal N-acetylcysteine does not provide neuroprotection in extremely low birth weight infants: A follow-up of a randomized controlled trial" Early Hum. Dev. 132(2019) 13-17.

Enteral Nutrition in Pediatric High-risk Head and Neck Cancer Patients Receiving Proton Therapy: Identifying Risk Factors and Quality of Life Concerns to Optimize Care.

Radiotherapy for pediatric head and neck tumors often results in mucositis and pain, limiting oral intake and compromising patients' nutrition. There are little pediatric data available regarding enteral tube use and risk factors. Our objective was to estimate nutrition needs, identify risk factors contributing to nutritional decline and explore quality of life measures regarding enteral nutrition during proton radiotherapy.

Nutrient-enriched formula versus standard formula for preterm infants.

Preterm infants may accumulate nutrient deficits leading to extrauterine growth restriction. Feeding preterm infants with nutrient-enriched rather than standard formula might increase nutrient accretion and growth rates and might improve neurodevelopmental outcomes.

Dilated hypertrophy: a distinct pattern of cardiac remodeling in preterm infants.

Young adults born preterm have remodeled hearts, i.e., altered cardiac shape and size with impaired cardiac function. At present, the natural history and pattern of prematurity related cardiac remodeling are not clearly established. The aim of this study was to compare the left ventricle (LV) geometry and function of preterm infants at 36 weeks postmenstrual age (PMA) with gestation matched newborn infants.

Admission hypothermia, neonatal morbidity, and mortality: evaluation of a multicenter cohort of very low birth weight preterm infants according to relative performance of the center.

This prospective cohort study aimed to assess the association of admission hypothermia (AH) with death and/or major neonatal morbidities among very low birth weight (VLBW) preterm infants based on the relative performance of 20 centers of the Brazilian Network of Neonatal Research. This is a retrospective analysis of prospectively collected data using the database registry of the Brazilian Network on Neonatal Research. Center performance was defined by the relative mortality rate using conditional inference...

Improving the Transition of Intravenous to Enteral Antibiotics in Pediatric Patients with Pneumonia or Skin and Soft Tissue Infections.

Despite national recommendations for early transition to enteral antimicrobials, practice variability has existed at our hospital.

Breastfeeding experiences and perspectives on support among Chinese mothers separated from their hospitalized preterm infants: a qualitative study.

Chinese mothers of preterm infants often face obstacles to breastfeeding and commonly experience prolonged maternal-infant separation when their high-risk infants are hospitalized in a Neonatal Intensive Care Unit (NICU). This separation hinders mother-infant attachment and the establishment of breastfeeding. Currently, little is known about Chinese mothers' experiences breastfeeding their preterm infants, or their support needs. The aim of this study was to develop an understanding of mothers' experiences ...

Higher fat mass and fat mass accretion during the first six months of life in exclusively breastfed infants.

Early nutrition influences infant growth and body composition, which may play a role in the infant's metabolic programming. Breastfed infants appear to have higher fat mass than formula-fed infants, but most comparisons have been cross-sectional, and evidence is scarce. The aim of this study was to describe fat mass and fat mass accretion during the first six months of life and evaluate differences by type of feeding (OMS).

Macronutrient analysis of preterm human milk using mid-infrared spectrophotometry.

Background Human milk is the optimal source of nutrition for preterm infants. However, breast milk alone is often not sufficient to satisfy the high nutritional needs for growth and development in preterm infants. Fortified human breast milk is the best way to meet the nutritional needs of preterm infants. Human breast milk is fortified according to the estimated nutrient content of mature breast milk; however, because the content of breast milk is highly variable, the macronutrient support may be more or l...

Comment on "Improved Nutrition Status in Patients with Advanced Heart Failure Implanted with a Left Ventricular Assist Device" and Correlation Between Venous Congestion and Nutrition State.

Effects of early family-centered interventions on the development of children born preterm and/or at social risk: a meta-analysis.

To verify whether early family-centered intervention improves the cognitive, motor, and language development of children born preterm and/or at social risk in the first 3 years of life.

Cardiorespiratory Physiology following Minimally Invasive Surfactant Therapy in Preterm Infants.

Surfactant replacement therapy through the endotracheal tube has been shown to improve lung compliance and reduce pulmonary pressures. Minimally invasive surfactant therapy (MIST) combines the benefits of continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP) and surfactant for spontaneously breathing preterm infants. We aimed to characterize the haemodynamic changes accompanying the first dose of MIST in preterm infants.

Five-year single center experience on surfactant treatment in preterm infants with respiratory distress syndrome: LISA vs INSURE.

Surfactant administration traditionally involved endotracheal intubation and mechanical ventilation, which is associated with a risk of barotrauma and volutrauma.

Unpasteurised maternal breast milk is positively associated with growth outcomes in extremely preterm infants.

Extrauterine growth restriction is common among extremely preterm infants. We explored whether intake of unpasteurised maternal milk (MM) and pasteurised donor milk (DM) were associated with longitudinal growth outcomes and neonatal morbidities in extremely preterm infants.

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