PubMed Journals Articles About "Epithelial Healing And Visual Outcomes Using Omega-3 Therapy Before And After Photorefractive Keratectomy (PRK) Surgery" - Page: 4 RSS

13:41 EDT 24th March 2019 | BioPortfolio

Epithelial Healing And Visual Outcomes Using Omega-3 Therapy Before And After Photorefractive Keratectomy (PRK) Surgery PubMed articles on BioPortfolio. Our PubMed references draw on over 21 million records from the medical literature. Here you can see the latest Epithelial Healing And Visual Outcomes Using Omega-3 Therapy Before And After Photorefractive Keratectomy (PRK) Surgery articles that have been published worldwide.

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Showing "Epithelial Healing Visual Outcomes Using Omega Therapy Before" PubMed Articles 76–100 of 17,000+

Relating Photophobia, Visual Aura, and Visual Triggers of Headache and Migraine.

This study investigated a potential association between visual factors and symptoms related to migraine. It was predicted that photophobia and visual aura would be positively associated with interictal light sensitivity and visual headache triggers (flicker, glare, and eyestrain), and that these 2 visual symptoms would also be associated.

Effects of supplying omega-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids to gilts after weaning on metabolism and ovarian gene expression.

Omega-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFA) may benefit sow reproductive performance, but effects on weaned gilts are unknown. This study evaluated the effects of supplementing omega-3 PUFA to gilts after weaning on growth, metabolic markers and gene expression of steroidogenic enzymes and hormone receptors. For 52 d, gilts in the control group were fed 100 g/d of regular diets, whereas gilts in the omega-3 group were fed 75 g/d of such diets plus 25 g/d of the microalgae Schizochytium sp. (3.5 g/d of omega-...

Non-invasive Oxygen-Ozone therapy in treating digital ulcers of patients with systemic sclerosis.

Digital ulcers (DUs) in Systemic sclerosis (SSc) result from recurrent Raynaud's phenomenon (RP) and microtrauma with high impact on quality of life. Medical use of ozone (triatomic oxygen) was initiated in the 19th century. Ozone has multiple therapeutic effects in wound healing due to the property of releasing nascent oxygen, which has been shown to stimulate antioxidant enzymes. We aimed to assess the effects of ozone therapy on the healing of scleroderma DUs and determine levels of expression of vascula...

Omega-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids and IVF treatment.

Omega-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFAs) are essential fatty acids, derived mostly from fish oil, that have a significant anti-inflammatory effect. Data from animal studies support their role in the reproductive mechanism, and recent human studies suggest a positive effect on sperm quality and natural conception. Their general role in human fertility, and specifically in IVF treatment, however, is not clear. A few small, prospective cohort studies have examined the relationship between serum PUFAs and ou...

An MMP/TIMP ratio scoring system as a potential predictive marker of diabetic foot ulcer healing.

The mechanism of matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs) and their tissue inhibitors (TIMPs) in diabetic foot ulcers (DFUs) is unclear. The purpose of this study was to describe changes in MMP-1, MMP-9, and TIMP-1 levels during DFU healing, and to search for any correlation in the changes in MMP levels with wound healing, in order to find possible predictors of healing.

Varicella Zoster Virus Induces Differential Cell-Type Specific Responses in Human Corneal Epithelial Cells and Keratocytes.

While VZV DNA and antigen have been detected in acute and chronic VZV keratitis, it is unclear whether productive infection of corneal cells is ongoing or whether residual, noninfectious VZV antigens elicit inflammation. Herein, we examined VZV-infected primary human corneal epithelial cells (HCECs) and keratocytes (HKs) to elucidate the pathogenesis of VZV keratitis.

A High-Throughput Method for the Analysis of Erythrocyte Fatty Acids and the Omega-3 Index.

Omega-3 long-chain polyunsaturated fatty acids (n-3 LCPUFA) have several health benefits. In particular, low n-3 LCPUFA status is associated with cardiovascular disease (CVD) and led to the development of the omega-3 index that is the proportion of eicosapentaenoic acid and docosahexaenoic acid in the erythrocyte membranes, as a marker of CVD risk. Most methods used to measure the omega-3 index are laborious and time consuming. Therefore, the aim of this study was to develop a high-throughput method for the...

Revised Self-Report Assessment of Functional Visual Performance (R-SRAFVP)-Part I: Content Validation.

We describe the development and content validation of the revised Self-Report Assessment of Functional Visual Performance (R-SRAFVP).

Omega-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids attenuate inflammatory activation and alter differentiation in human adipocytes.

Omega-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids, specifically the fish-oil-derived eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA) and docosahexaenoic acid (DHA), have been proposed as inflammation-resolving agents via their effects on adipose tissue.

ELF3 is an antagonist of oncogenic-signalling-induced expression of EMT-TF ZEB1.

Epithelial-to-mesenchymal transition (EMT) is a key step in the transformation of epithelial cells into migratory and invasive tumour cells. Intricate positive and negative regulatory processes regulate EMT. Many oncogenic signalling pathways can induce EMT, but the specific mechanisms of how this occurs, and how this process is controlled are not fully understood.

Type VI collagen promotes lung epithelial cell spreading and wound-closure.

Basement membrane (BM) is an essential part of the extracellular matrix (ECM) that plays a crucial role in mechanical support and signaling to epithelial cells during lung development, homeostasis and repair. Abnormal composition and remodeling of the lung ECM have been associated with developmental abnormalities observed in multiple pediatric and adult respiratory diseases. Collagen VI (COL6) is a well-studied muscle BM component, but its role in the lung and its effect on pulmonary epithelium is largely u...

Influence of Omega-3 Fatty Acid on Orthodontic Tooth Movement in Rats: A Biochemical, Histological, Immunohistochemical and Gene Expression Study.

The aim of this study was to investigate the effects of omega-3 fatty acids on orthodontic tooth movement.

Cold Plasma to Treat Therapy-Refractive Corneal Ulcers.

The integrity of the ocular surface and the transparency of the cornea is crucial to obtain a good visual acuity - a requirement to actively participate in both social and professional environments. The homeostasis of the ocular surface is constantly endangered by microbes and by intrinsic factors with negative influence on wound healing. Furthermore, widespread use of contact lenses obtain a risk of corneal infection even resulting in corneal perforation and loss of the eye. Current therapies include topic...

Aquaporins differentially regulate cell-cell adhesion in MDCK cells.

Plasticity of epithelial cell-cell adhesion is vital in epithelial homeostasis and is regulated in multiple processes associated with cell migration, such as embryogenesis and wound healing. In cancer, cell-cell adhesion is compromised and is associated with increased cell migration and metastasis. Aquaporin (AQP) water channels facilitate water transport across cell membranes and are essential in the regulation of body water homeostasis. Increased expression of several AQPs, especially AQP5, is associated ...

Apolipoprotein D overexpression alters hepatic prostaglandin and omega fatty acid metabolism during the development of a non-inflammatory hepatic steatosis.

Apolipoprotein D (ApoD) is a secreted lipocalin associated with neuroprotection and lipid metabolism. Overexpression of ApoD in mouse neural tissue induces the development of a non-inflammatory hepatic steatosis in 12-month-old transgenic animals. Previous data indicates that accumulation of arachidonic acid, ApoD's preferential ligand, and overactivation of PPARγ are likely the driving forces in the development of the pathology. However, the lack of inflammation under those conditions is surprising. Hence...

Towards control of cellular decision-making networks in the epithelial-to-mesenchymal transition.

We present the epithelial-to-mesenchymal transition (EMT) from two perspectives: experimental/technological and theoretical. We review the state of the current understanding of the regulatory networks that underlie EMT in three physiological contexts: embryonic development, wound healing, and metastasis. We describe the existing experimental systems and manipulations used to better understand the molecular participants and factors that influence EMT and metastasis. We review the mathematical models of the r...

Measuring Visual Acuity.

This article reviews the basic physiology of visual acuity and the principles for its clinical measurement. It describes visual acuity and its limits as a function of the human eye. Referring to the new international standard ISO/FDIS8596:2017 it explains the conditions for standardized visual acuity testing. Furthermore, it gives detailed instruction on measuring visual acuity at distance and near, as well as in children, in low vision patients and for scientific purposes.

Myopic shift and lens turbidity following hyperbaric oxygen therapy - a prospective, longitudinal, observational cohort study.

To examine visual acuity, refraction and ocular status before, during and after hyperbaric oxygen therapy (HBOT).

Patients' prediction of their wound healing time.

Understanding and managing patients' expectations can help improve their adherence to treatment for chronic wounds; however, little is known concerning about their expectations regarding healing time. Recruited subjects were asked to predict how long their wounds would take to heal and their charts were reviewed to retrieve real time of healing. We recruited 100 subjects from which 77% have healed. Fifty-three subjects (68.8%) had a longer healing time than they predicted (underestimated), and 17 (22.1%) ha...

Nuclear morphological changes in gingival epithelial cells of patients with periodontitis.

This study assessed the frequency of nuclear morphological changes in gingival epithelial cells, as a biomarker for DNA damage, in individuals with periodontitis, before and after implementation of periodontal therapy, and compared the morphology to those with healthy periodontal tissues.

Therapeutic implications of cancer epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT).

The epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT) comprises an essential biological process involving cancer progression as well as initiation. While the EMT has been regarded as a phenotypic conversion from epithelial to mesenchymal cells, recent evidence indicates that it plays a critical role in stemness, metabolic reprogramming, immune evasion and therapeutic resistance of cancer cells. Interestingly, several transcriptional repressors including Snail (SNAI1), Slug (SNAI2) and the ZEB family constitute key pl...

Observation and mechanism study of bladder wound healing after transurethral holmium laser resection of bladder tumor.

This research aims to observe and compare the wound healing process of urethral bladder after transurethral holmium laser resection of bladder tumor (HoLRBT) and transurethral resection of bladder tumor (TURBT) and explore the possible mechanism of wound healing and bladder re-epithelialization after HoLRBT. An animal model of canine achieving HoLRBT and TURBT was established. Cystoscopy was performed at different time points (3 days and 1, 2, 3, and 4 weeks) after operation to observe the wound healing a...

A comprehensive evaluation of omega-3 fatty acid supplementation in cystic fibrosis patients using lipidomics.

The evaluation of the benefits of omega-3 fatty acid supplementation in humans requires the identification and characterization of suitable biomarkers of its incorporation in the body. The reference method for the evaluation of omega-3, gas chromatography, is difficult to apply in clinical practice because of its low throughput and does not provide information about the incorporation of specific fatty acids in lipid species and the potential effects of supplementation on lipid classes. We used a quantitativ...

Effect of omega-3 fatty acids supplementation combined with lifestyle intervention on adipokines and biomarkers of endothelial dysfunction in obese adolescents with hypertriglyceridemia.

Obesity in adolescents is considered a major public health problem; combined interventional approaches such as omega-3 supplementation with lifestyle intervention (LI) might exert synergistic effects and exceed the impact of each individual strategy. The purpose of the present study was to evaluate if the supplementation of omega-3 with LI could improve metabolic and endothelial abnormality in obese adolescents with hypertriglyceridemia. The study involved sixty-nine adolescents with normal weight and seven...

Visual acuity assessment in diabetes.

Optometric or visual acuity assessment is an essential part of ophthalmologic examination. Visual acuity measurement serves as a tool for screening of ophthalmic disorders, as well as diagnosis and monitoring of refractive errors and other causes of reduced acuity. Persons with diabetes may experience situations which impair visual acuity, or which impact the utility of refractive visual acuity assessment. This communication shares guidance as to when and when not to perform visual acuity charting in person...

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