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PubMed Journals Articles About "Human Sodium Balance Study" - Page: 4 RSS

19:08 EST 16th February 2020 | BioPortfolio

Human Sodium Balance Study PubMed articles on BioPortfolio. Our PubMed references draw on over 21 million records from the medical literature. Here you can see the latest Human Sodium Balance Study articles that have been published worldwide.

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Showing "Human Sodium Balance Study" PubMed Articles 76–100 of 73,000+

A black phosphorus/TiC MXene nanocomposite for sodium-ion batteries: a combined experimental and theoretical study.

A black phosphorus (BP)/Ti3C2 MXene composite was prepared by compositing small BP nanoparticles with exfoliated Ti3C2 layers. When used as an anode for sodium-ion batteries, the BP/Ti3C2 composite electrode exhibited higher specific capacity and better electrode stability than a BP electrode and a Ti3C2 electrode. The results of experimental and density functional theory (DFT) calculations illustrated that the synergy of BP and Ti3C2 based on a stable interfacial interaction simultaneously reduces the resi...


Insight Into Differences in Dietary Sodium Adherence Between Men and Women With Heart Failure.

Men with heart failure are reported to be less adherent to low-sodium diets than women are. One potential reason may be that men consume more food and, consequently, more sodium than women do.

A Comparison of the Responsiveness of the Postural Assessment Scale for Stroke and the Berg Balance Scale in Patients With Severe Balance Deficits After Stroke.

Previous evidence that the Postural Assessment Scale for Stroke (PASS) and the Berg Balance Scale (BBS) have similar responsiveness is doubtful. Compared with the BBS, the PASS has more items assessing basic balance abilities (such as postural transition during lying and sitting), so it should be more likely to detect changes in patients with severe balance deficits. We aimed to compare the responsiveness of the PASS and the BBS in patients with stroke who have severe balance deficits.


ELMO Domain Containing 1 (ELMOD1) Gene Mutation Is Associated with Mental Retardation and Autism Spectrum Disorder.

ELMO domain containing 1 (ELMOD1) encodes a protein with GTPase-activating functions. Previous studies have confirmed its overexpression in brain tissues. Although no previous study has reported mutations in this gene in human subjects, spontaneous inactivating mutations in the mouse homolog of this gene have been associated with deafness and balance problems. In the current study, we have performed whole exome sequencing (WES) in a patient with intellectual disability. We found a novel mutation in ELMOD1 g...

Sodium chromium hexacyanoferrate as a potential cathode material for aqueous sodium-ion batteries.

Sodium chromium hexacyanoferrate (NaCrHCF) is obtained here using a facile co-precipitation method at room temperature. The powder was investigated in terms of potential use as a cathode material for aqueous sodium-ion batteries under neutral conditions. The highest achieved discharge capacity of NaCrHCF was around ∼64 mA h g-1 at C/3 current rate.

Effect of habitual cigarette smoking on the index of cardiac electrophysiological balance in apparently healthy individuals.

Chronic cigarette smoking has been suggested to portend risk for cardiac arrhythmia generation. Index of cardiac electrophysiological balance (iCEB) is a relatively new ECG parameter indicating balance between ventricular depolarization and repolarization, thereby providing more insight concerning ventricular arrhythmogenesis (VA) than other classical ECG parameters such as QT and corrected QT (QTc) intervals. The present study aimed to assess the status of iCEB in healthy habitual smokers.

China's natural resources balance sheet from the perspective of government oversight: Based on the analysis of governance and accounting attributes.

One of the top priorities of the Chinese government's oversight is to address the conflicts between economic growth and resource consumption and between economic development and ecological damage. In this regard, the advocacy and compilation of the natural resources balance sheet can boost the efficiency of the government's oversight and improve the quality of resource management. However, China's natural resources balance sheet is still at an exploratory stage, lacking the theoretical framework of balance ...

Sodium alginate potentiates antioxidant defense and PR proteins against early blight disease caused by Alternaria solani in Solanum lycopersicum Linn.

The use of biopolymers as elicitors in controlling plant diseases is gaining momentum world-wide due to their eco-friendly and non-toxic nature. In the present study, we have used an algal biopolymer (sodium alginate) and tested its applicability as an elicitor in inducing resistance factors against Alternaria solani, which causes early blight disease in Solanum lycopersicum (tomato plant). We have pre-treated tomato plants with different concentrations of sodium alginate (0.2%, 0.4%, and 0.6%) before A. so...

Lipid oxidation and its implications to meat quality and human health.

Lipid oxidation not only negatively influences the sensory characteristics but also the functional characteristics of meat. During the process, various primary and secondary by-products are formed depending upon the types of fatty acids, oxygen availability, and the presence of pro- and antioxidants. Some of the lipid oxidation products only influence the quality of meat but others are implicated to various diseases and human health. Therefore, prevention of lipid oxidation in meat is important for meat qua...

The reliability and validity of the Turkish version of Brunel Balance Assessment (BBA-T).

: The Brunel Balance Assessment Scale (BBA) is a valid, reliable scale for evaluating functional balance and mobility in patients with stroke. It should also be fast, simple, portable and inexpensive for use in clinical practice. :The aim of this study was to evaluate the reliability and validity of the Turkish version of Brunel Balance Assessment (BBA-T) in post-stroke patients. : One hundred and five stroke patients (49 female, 56 male) with a mean age of 65.45 ± 11.33 years were included. Standardize Mi...

Effect of sodium content on the electrochemical performance of Li-substituted, manganese-based, sodium-ion layered oxide cathodes.

Li-substituted, manganese-based, layered oxides NaxLi0.18Mn0.66Co0.17Ni0.17O2+ (x=0.54, 0.66, 0.78 and 0.90) have been investigated as one kind of high-performance cathode materials for sodium ion batteries (NIBs). Phase compositions and local structures of the cathode materials with varying sodium content were elucidated by powder X-ray diffraction (PXRD) and atomic-scale high angle annular dark field scanning transmission electron microscope (HAADF-STEM), which demonstrates that a Li2MnO3-like (Li-O'3)...

Training-, muscle- and task-specific up- and downregulation of cortical inhibitory processes.

Motor cortical contribution was shown to be important for balance control and for ballistic types of movements. However, little is known about the role of cortical inhibitory mechanisms and even less about long(er)-term adaptations of these inhibitory processes. Therefore, the aim of the present study was to investigate the role of intracortical inhibition before and after four weeks of explosive or balance training. Two groups of subjects participated for four weeks either in an explosive training program ...

Markers of systemic inflammation in response to osmotic stimulus in healthy volunteers.

Hyperosmolality, osmotic stimulus or stress results in vasopressin release. Animal and human in vitro studies have shown that inflammatory parameters such as interleukin-8 (IL-8) and tumour necrosis factor-α (TNF-α) increase in parallel in the central nervous system and bronchial, corneal or intestinal epithelial cell lines in response to osmotic stimulus. Whether osmotic stimulus directly causes a systemic inflammatory response in humans is unknown. We therefore investigated the influence of osmotic stim...

High Mobility Group Box-1 Increases Epithelial Sodium Channel Activity and Inflammation via the Receptor for Advanced Glycation End Products.

Cystic fibrosis (CF) lung disease persists and remains life-limiting for many patients. Elevated high mobility group box-1 protein (HMGB-1) levels and hyperactive epithelial sodium channel activity (ENaC) are hallmark features of the CF lung. The objective of this study was to better understand the pathogenic role of HMGB-1 signaling and ENaC in CF airway cells. We hypothesize that HMGB-1 links airway inflammation (via signaling to the receptor for advanced glycation end products; RAGE) and airway surface l...

Effect of Core Stability Exercises and Treadmill Training on Balance in Children with Down Syndrome: Randomized Controlled Trial.

Core stability exercises and treadmill training play a crucial role in physical therapy interventions and have an effect on balance in children with Down Syndrome (DS); however, whether core stability exercises or treadmill training has more effect on improving balance has not been investigated yet. The aim of the study was to investigate the effect of core stability training versus treadmill exercises on balance in children with Down Syndrome.

Is sodium excretion a reliable marker of sodium intake?

Relative importance of vision and proprioception in maintaining standing balance in people with multiple sclerosis.

Balance impairment is common and a risk factor of falls in people with multiple sclerosis (MS). The purpose of this study was to evaluate the relative importance between vision and proprioception in maintaining standing body balance among individuals with MS compared with healthy individuals.

The effects of distraction on threat-related changes in standing balance control.

Research indicates that threat-induced changes in standing balance are associated with shifts in attention focus. This study investigated whether distracting attention modifies threat-induced changes in standing balance. Twenty-five healthy young adults stood without (No Threat) and with (Threat) the possibility of receiving a temporally unpredictable anteroposterior support surface translation. In both conditions, participants completed a distractor task that consisted of counting how often a pre-selected ...

Abnormal sodium and water homeostasis in mice with defective heparan sulfate polymerization.

Glycosaminoglycans in the skin interstitium and endothelial surface layer have been shown to be involved in local sodium accumulation without commensurate water retention. Dysfunction of heparan sulfate glycosaminoglycans may therefore disrupt sodium and water homeostasis. In this study, we investigated the effects of combined heterozygous loss of heparan sulfate polymerization genes (exostosin glycosyltransferase 1 and 2; Ext1+/-Ext2+/-) on sodium and water homeostasis. Sodium storage capacity was decrease...

A New Route for Indirect Mineralization of Carbon Dioxide-Sodium Oxalate as a Detergent Builder.

Here, we bridge the gap between carbon mineralization and laundry detergent builder with sodium oxalate. Daily laundry can help mineralize carbon dioxide. First, we screen an environment-friendly process to produce sodium oxalate, using CO as a raw material. Then, we evaluate the properties of sodium oxalate as a detergent builder and prove the formation of calcium oxalate under laundry conditions. Our data suggest that sodium oxalate has excellent calcium-removing properties. Detergents based on sodium oxa...

Sodium and potassium excretion predict increased depression in urban adolescents.

This study examined the prospective role of urinary sodium and potassium excretion in depressive symptoms among urban, low-income adolescents, and whether these relationships vary by gender. A total of 84 urban adolescents (mean age 13.36 years; 50% male; 95% African American) self-reported on their depressive symptoms at baseline and 1.5 years later. At baseline, the youth also completed a 12-h (overnight) urine collection at home which was used to measure sodium and potassium excretion. After adjusting ...

Interdependence of balance mechanisms during bipedal locomotion.

Our main interest is to identify how humans maintain upright while walking. Balance during standing and walking is different, primarily due to a gait cycle which the nervous system must contend with a variety of body configurations and frequent perturbations (i.e., heel-strike). We have identified three mechanisms that healthy young adults use to respond to a visually perceived fall to the side. The lateral ankle mechanism and the foot placement mechanism are used to shift the center of pressure in the dire...

Simultaneous sulfamethoxazole biodegradation and nitrogen conversion by Achromobacter sp. JL9 using with different carbon and nitrogen sources.

This study investigated sulfamethoxazole (SMX) biodegradation and nitrogen conversion by Achromobacter sp. JL9 using different carbon and nitrogen sources. Results showed that SMX and sodium acetate could be co-metabolized as carbon sources for bacterial growth and nitrogen conversion with highest removal efficiencies of 82.44%, 80.2%, and 79.45% for NH-N, NO-N, and SMX, respectively. Strain JL9 was able to utilize SMX as its sole nitrogen source for growth, with an SMX biodegradation efficiency of 63.10%. ...

Ligand-Dependent Sodium Ion Dynamics within the A-Adenosine Receptor: A Molecular Dynamics Study.

Sodium ions have long been known reduce the binding of agonists in many class-A GPCRs while having little effect on antagonist binding. Here, using long-timescale classical all-atom molecular dynamics simulations, we explore, in atomic detail, the motion of sodium ions within the ligand-binding pocket of the A2A adenosine receptor (A2A-AR) both in the presence and absence of ligands and in the active and inactive state. We identify novel secondary ion binding sites within the pocket and find that the types ...

Effects of Simulated Horseback Riding on Balance, Postural Sway, and Quality of Life in Older Adults With Parkinson's Disease.

The purpose of this study was to determine changes in balance, postural sway, and quality of life after 6 wk of simulated horseback riding in adults diagnosed with Parkinson's disease. Eight older adults completed two 60-min riding sessions weekly for 6 wk. Variables of balance, postural sway, and quality of life were measured 6 wks before and within 1 wk before and after the intervention. Berg Balance Scale scores decreased from baseline to preintervention (48.36 ± 5.97 vs. 45.86 ± 6.42, p = .050) and in...


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