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Showing "SIDA plus vers vaccin anti" PubMed Articles 76–100 of 7,200+

Dechlorane Plus flame retardant in a contaminated frog species: Biomagnification and isomer-specific transfer from females to their eggs.

While flame retardant Dechlorane Plus (DP) and its dechlorinated analogs have been frequently detected in wildlife, knowledge is limited on their bioaccumulation and maternal transfer in amphibians. In the present study, the occurrence of syn- and anti-DP isomers and a DP dechlorinated compound, anti-Cl-DP, were investigated in frogs and insects collected from the paddy field of a highly contaminated site. The concentrations of ∑DP (the sum concentrations of syn- and anti-DP) in the frog muscle, liver, an...

Occult Hepatitis B Virus Infection in Patients with Leprosy.

Leprosy patients may present with immune system impairment and have a higher HBV seroprevalence, justifying the investigation of occult HBV infection in these individuals. The aim of this study is to verify the frequency and the clinical factors associated with occult HBV infection in leprosy patients. Between 2015 and 2016, leprosy patients from a Reference Center in Brazil were interviewed to assess clinical data. Blood samples were collected for the screening of HBV serological markers by enzyme-linked i...

Thyroid Function and Autoimmune Indications in Patients with Anti-N-Methyl-D-Aspartate Receptor Encephalitis.

Previous studies have shown that functional abnormalities of the thyroid are associated with the pathogenesis of several neurological diseases. However, their relationship in patients with anti-N-methyl-D-aspartate receptor (anti-NMDAR) encephalitis remains to be defined.

Rheumatic immune-related adverse events secondary to anti-programmed death-1 antibodies and preliminary analysis on the impact of corticosteroids on anti-tumour response: A case series.

Rheumatic immune-related adverse events (irAEs) occur in approximately 10-20% of anti-programmed death 1 (anti-PD1)-treated cancer patients. There are limited data on the natural history, optimal treatment and long-term oncological outcomes of patients with rheumatic irAEs.

Chitosan encapsulated nanocurcumin induces GLUT-4 translocation and exhibits enhanced anti-hyperglycemic function.

The present study was undertaken to develop a Curcumin nanoparticle system with chitosan as a hydrophilic carrier. In addition, the anti-diabetic potential of curcumin loaded chitosan nanoparticles were assessed in comparison to those of free curcumin by examining the anti-hyperglycemic efficacy using in vitro assays.

2,6-Dimethoxy-1,4-benzoquinone, isolation and identification of anti-carcinogenic, anti-mutagenic and anti-inflammatory component from the juice of Vitis coignetiae.

Previously we demonstrated the anti-tumorigenic, anti-mutagenic and anti-inflammatory effects of the juice of Vitis coignetiae (yamabudo), and identified caftaric acid as an anti-mutagenic component from the juice. In the present study, we investigated the isolation of anti-inflammatory components in yamabudo juice supposing that the anti-inflammatory components in yamabudo are also responsible for the anti-tumorigenic activity. The suppressing effect on nitric oxide production in mouse leukemic monocyte wi...

Trans-chalcone increases p53 activity via DNAJB1/HSP40 induction and CRM1 inhibition.

Naturally-occurring chalcones and synthetic chalcone analogues have been demonstrated to have many biological effects, including anti-inflammatory, anti-malarial, anti-fungal, and anti-oxidant/anti-cancerous activities. Compared to other chalcones, trans-chalcone exhibits superior inhibitory activity in cancer cell growth as shown via in vitro assays, and exerts anti-cancerous effects via the activation of the p53 tumor suppressor protein. Thus, characterization of the specific mechanisms, by which trans-ch...

A simple and high-throughput luciferase immunosorbent assay for both qualitative and semi-quantitative detection of anti-HIV-1 antibodies.

In this study, we described an ultrasensitive and high-throughput luciferase immunosorbent assay (LISA) for qualitative and quantitative detection of anti-HIV-1 antibody. Anti-HIV antibody in serum or plasma samples was captured by protein A/G-coated microtiter plate and detected with crude cell lysates expressing Nanoluc luciferase (Nluc) enzyme fused with HIV-1 p24 or gp41 antigen without the need of protein purification. After the addition of furimazine substrate, anti-HIV antibodies were quantitatively ...

Sensitive and specific assay for the serological diagnosis of anti-laminin 332 mucous membrane pemphigoid.

Anti-laminin 332 mucous membrane pemphigoid (MMP) is an autoimmune subepidermal blistering disease with predominant mucosal involvement and autoantibodies against laminin 332. Malignancies have been associated with this disease but however, no standardized detection system for anti-laminin 332 serum antibodies is widely available.

Adjuvant Anti-angiogenic Therapy Enhances Chemotherapeutic Uptake in a Murine Model of Head and Neck Cancer.

Intratumoral metabolic demands result in excessive angiogenic cytokine release leading to unorganized vasculature. Resultant fluid dynamics oppose blood flow and drug penetration due to a marked increase in interstitial fluid hydrostatic pressure. It is hypothesized that anti-angiogenic therapy may function to "prune" vasculature and lead to improved chemotherapeutic penetration. Subcutaneous, OSC19 tumor bearing mice (n = 5/dose/agent) were administered varying doses of an anti-mouse VEGFR2 (DC101) or ...

Clinical characterization of colitis arising from anti-PD-1 based therapy.

Colitis is a frequent, clinically-significant immune-related adverse event caused by anti-programmed death-1 (PD-1). The clinical features, timing, and management of colitis with anti-PD-1-based regimens are not well-characterized. Patients with advanced melanoma that received either anti-PD-1 monotherapy ("monotherapy") or combined with ipilimumab ("combination therapy") were screened from 8 academic medical centers, to identify those with clinically-relevant colitis (colitis requiring systemic steroids). ...

Anti-proliferative applications of laccase immobilized on super-magnetic chitosan-functionalized halloysite nanotubes.

Owing to the ubiquitous availability and simple biocatalysis, the anti-proliferative laccase holds enormous opportunities for anti-cancer applications. However, accessing efficient and specific (super-magnetically targetable) new delivery system for anti-proliferative laccase is vital step towards laccase based anti-cancer approach. Therefore, in this investigation, super-magnetized (FeO) and chitosan (CS) functionalized halloysite nanotubes (HNTs) (termed as FeO-HNTs-CS) was facile synthesized. Further, la...

Vitiligo and autoantibodies: a systematic review and meta-analysis.

Many studies have reported the prevalence of autoantibodies in patients with vitiligo; however, results were inconsistent for some autoantibodies. This study aimed to conduct a systematic review and meta-analysis of the prevalence of autoantibodies in vitiligo patients. A systematic review and meta-analysis of the literature published from inception to Dec 31, 2016 was conducted. Case-control studies with vitiligo patients and a control group were included. The prevalence of anti-thyroperoxidase (ATPO) anti...

Exploring Amino Acid-Capped Nanoparticles for Selective Anti-Parasitic Action and Improved Host Biocompatibility.

Toxoplasma gondii causes toxoplasmosis, a common infection against which better drugs are needed. Recently, we showed that inorganic nanoparticles have anti-Toxoplasma activity. Here, we sought to enhance the anti-parasitic efficacy and host biocompatibility of these nanoparticles by modifying their surface with amino acids. The amino acids used were selected based on the nutritional requirements of Toxoplasma gondii. Amino acid-capped nanoparticles (amino-NPs) were synthesized, purified, and then screened ...

Anti-D from alloimmunization versus RhIG: detective work in the blood bank and transfusion medicine services.

The blood bank and transfusion medicine services (BBTMS) engages with electronic health records (EHRs), clinicians, and outside hospitals (OHs) to obtain comprehensive patient history to optimize care. Detection of anti-D in a pregnant patient underscores this work. Differentiating passive anti-D due to RhIG administration versus alloanti-D affects clinical decision making. The objectives of this study were to identify the required steps, barriers, and outcomes of anti-D investigations in obstetric patients...

EGFR gene copy number decreases during anti-EGFR antibody therapy in colorectal cancer.

Epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) gene copy number (GCN) increase is associated with a favourable anti-EGFR antibody treatment response in RAS wild-type metastatic colorectal cancer. However, there are limited comparative data regarding the EGFR GCN in primary colorectal cancer tumours and corresponding metastases or the effect of anti-EGFR antibody treatment on EGFR GCN in recurrent disease. Additionally, little is known about the potential EGFR GCN changes during anti-EGFR therapy in comparison to o...

The natural plant compound carvacrol as an antimicrobial and anti-biofilm agent: mechanisms, synergies and bio-inspired anti-infective materials.

Carvacrol (5-isopropyl-2-methyl phenol) is a natural compound that occurs in the leaves of a number of plants and herbs including wild bergamot, thyme and pepperwort, but which is most abundant in oregano. The aim of this review is to analyse the scientific data from the last five years (2012-2017) on the antimicrobial and anti-biofilm activities of carvacrol, targeting different bacteria and fungi responsible for human infectious diseases. The antimicrobial and anti-biofilm mechanisms of carvacrol and its ...

Anti-Inflammatory Activity of Dehydroandrographolide by TLR4/NF-κB Signaling Pathway Inhibition in Bile Duct-Ligated Mice.

Clinically, biliary obstruction is often accompanied by progressive inflammation. Dehydroandrographolide (DA) possesses anti-inflammatory properties. However, the anti-inflammatory activities of DA in cholestatic liver injury remain unclear.

The Efficacy and Safety of Azelaic Acid 15% Foam in the Treatment of Facial Acne Vulgaris.

Azelaic acid demonstrates anti-inflammatory, anti-oxidative, anti-comedogenic, and anti-microbial effects. Azelaic acid 20% cream is currently approved for the treatment of acne vulgaris, and azelaic acid 15% foam has recently been approved for rosacea. Given the favorable tolerability profile of foam preparations, it is reasonable to assume that azelaic acid 15% foam could serve as a viable treatment option for facial acne.

Targeting immunotherapy for bladder cancer using anti-CD3× B7-H3 bispecific antibody.

B7-H3 is attractive for cancer immunotherapy with B7-H3 overexpressed tumors. To explore whether B7-H3 is an effective target for patients with bladder cancer, anti-CD3× anti-B7-H3 bispecific antibodies (B7-H3Bi-Ab) was armed with activated T cells (ATC) to kill bladder cancer cells.

Immune-modulation via IgD B-cell receptor suppresses allergic skin inflammation in experimental contact hypersensitivity models despite of a Th2-favoured humoral response.

Atopic dermatitis (AD) and allergic contact dermatitis (ACD) are common skin inflammatory conditions. B and T cells are strongly implicated in allergic contact hypersensitivity (CHS) conditions. Activation of IgD B-cell receptor (BCR) by anti-IgD stimulation depletes mature B cells and modulates T-helper cell type 1/2 (Th1/2) responses in vivo. It is not known whether these effects by anti-IgD exacerbates or ameliorates chronic skin inflammations. This study investigated the effects of anti-IgD and B-cell d...

Ischemic colitis associated with intravitreal administration of aflibercept: a first case report.

In patients with age-related macular degeneration (AMD), the intravitreal injection of anti-vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) agents reduces disease progression and choroidal neovascularization. We report on a first case of ischaemic colitis associated with intravitreal injection of the anti-VEGF agent aflibercept in an 80-year-old female patient. Conservative treatment resulted in a favourable clinical outcome. The anti-VEGF agent was discontinued, and the symptoms did not recur. Although the intra...

Japanese Encephalitis Virus-Induced Anti-N-Methyl-D-Aspartate Receptor Encephalitis: A Case Report and Review of Literature.

Anti-N-methyl-D-aspartate receptor encephalitis (anti-NMDARe) was originally described as a paraneoplastic disease with more than 50% cases involving a tumor. However, tumor incidence in anti-NMDARe in children is much lower. Herpes simplex virus-induced anti-NMDARe has been well-described; however, findings on Japanese encephalitis virus (JEV)-induced anti-NMDARe are scarce. Here, we describe a 7-year-old boy who presented with fever and headache that progressed to seizures and disturbance of consciousness...

Anti-inflammatory and cytotoxic withanolides from Physalis minima.

Six undescribed withanolides were isolated and characterized during the investigation of anti-inflammatory and cytotoxic constituents from the whole plants of Physalis minima L. Their structures were elucidated by extensive spectroscopic analyses (IR, UV, HR-ESI-MS, 1D-NMR, and 2D-NMR), and their anti-inflammatory and cytotoxic activities were evaluated in vitro. All the compounds exhibited anti-inflammatory ability via inhibiting the production of nitric oxide (NO) in lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-stimulated mu...

Presence of both anti-contactin 1 and anti-neurofascin 140 antibodies in a case of chronic inflammatory demyelinating polyneuropathy.

Chronic inflammatory demyelinating polyneuropathy (CIDP) is an acquired disorder of peripheral nerves and nerve roots. Its cause is unknown, but recently antibodies to nodal and paranodal proteins have been discovered in a small subset of CIDP patients. These contactin and neurofascin-related immune-mediated neuropathies are thought to be variants of CIDP and often respond suboptimally to standard therapy. Here, we report a patient with both anti-contactin 1 and anti-neurofascin 140 antibodies whose present...

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