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PubMed Journals Articles About "Sub-chronic Neurostimulation Delivered In The Middle Ear For Tinnitus Suppression" - Page: 4 RSS

08:10 EST 20th January 2019 | BioPortfolio

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Showing "chronic Neurostimulation Delivered Middle Tinnitus Suppression" PubMed Articles 76–100 of 12,000+

Responsive neurostimulation: Review of clinical trials and insights into focal epilepsy.

The responsive neurostimulator (RNS ®, NeuroPace Inc.) has been available clinically since 2013 for the treatment of medically refractory partial epilepsy. Using intracranial electrodes and a cranially implanted device, RNS ® provides on-demand electrical cortical stimulation to reduce seizures. A randomized, multicenter, double-blind clinical trial demonstrated seizure reduction compared with sham stimulation. Seizure reduction was improved and sustained over years in a long-term treatment trial. The RNS...


Facilitators and Barriers to Implementation of a Peer Support Intervention for Patients with Chronic Pain: A Qualitative Study.

Pain self-management information and support, delivered by peers, are a potentially useful approach to help patients who are struggling to manage their chronic pain. Before implementation into clinical settings, it is important to understand factors that may influence the success of implementation. The purpose of this study was to explore facilitators and barriers to implementation of peer support for chronic pain.

Natural product-derived compounds in HIV suppression, remission, and eradication strategies.

While combination antiretroviral therapy (cART) has successfully converted HIV to a chronic but manageable infection in many parts of the world, HIV continues to persist within latent cellular reservoirs, which can become reactivated at any time to produce infectious virus. New therapies are therefore needed not only for HIV suppression but also for containing or eliminating HIV reservoirs. Compounds derived from plant, marine, and other natural products have been found to combat HIV infection and/or target...


Study of steroid effects on graft and inner ear outcomes in tympanoplasty: Randomized controlled trial.

More studies are needed to investigate the side effects of steroids in tympanoplasty, owing to the paucity of such studies in the literature. This randomized, controlled clinical trial included 59 patients with chronic otitis media who underwent tympanoplasty and were randomized after surgery to a systemic steroid or no steroid treatment. Patients were randomized into two groups. Perforation size, graft outcome, and complications such as tinnitus and hearing loss were compared between the two groups. Postsu...

Comparing monovalent and combination hepatitis B vaccine outcomes in children delivered by mothers with chronic hepatitis B.

We compared the vaccine effectiveness of monovalent and combination hepatitis B vaccine regimens in infants born to chronic hepatitis B carrier mothers.

Distinctive tics suppression network in Gilles de la Tourette syndrome distinguished from suppression of natural urges using multimodal imaging.

Gilles de la Tourette syndrome (GTS) is a neuropsychiatric disorder characterized by tics. A hallmark of GTS is the ability to voluntarily suppress tics. Our aim was to distinguish the neural circuits involved in the voluntary suppression of ocular tics in GTS patients from blink suppression in healthy subjects.

Chronic pain treatment with spinal cord neurostimulation.

The Guidelines Project, an initiative of the Brazilian Medical Association, aims to combine information from the medical field in order to standardize producers to assist the reasoning and decision-making of doctors. The information provided through this project must be assessed and criticized by the physician responsible for the conduct that will be adopted, depending on the conditions and the clinical status of each patient.

Incidence of intraoperative hearing loss during middle cranial fossa approach for repair of superior semicircular canal dehiscence.

Superior semicircular canal dehiscence is a rare inner ear disorder characterized by an abnormal third opening between the superior semicircular canal and middle fossa. Symptoms include amplification of internal sounds, aural fullness, tinnitus, hearing loss, autophony, sound-induced vertigo (Tullio phenomenon), pressure-induced vertigo (Hennebert sign), disequilibrium, nystagmus, oscillopsia, and headache. While no cure exists for SSCD, surgical treatment has proven to effectively minimize these symptoms. ...

Endoscopic evaluation of middle ear anatomic variations in autopsy series: analyses of 204 ears.

Microsurgery of the ear requires complete evaluation of middle ear surgical anatomy, especially the posterior tympanic cavity anatomy. Preoperative assessment of the middle ear cavity is limited by the permeability of eardrum and temporal bone density. Therefore, middle ear exploration is an extremely useful method to identify structural abnormalities and anatomical variations.

HIV-Related Stigma and Viral Suppression Among African-American Women: Exploring the Mediating Roles of Depression and ART Nonadherence.

We used baseline data from a sample of African-American women living with HIV who were recruited to participate in a stigma-reduction intervention in Chicago and Birmingham (2013-2015) to (1) evaluate the relationship between HIV-related stigma and viral suppression, and (2) assess the role of depression and nonadherence to antiretroviral therapy (ART) as mediators. Data from women were included in this secondary analysis if they were on ART, had viral load data collected within 8-weeks of study entry and h...

An inpatient educational program for chronic kidney disease.

Chronic kidney disease (CKD) is a significant health problem in Japan, and prevention programs to slow disease progression are necessary. In this study, we evaluated the effectiveness of a 1-week inpatient education program, delivered during the predialysis stage of CKD, in slowing the deterioration in renal function over the subsequent 2 years, and identified factors influencing the program's effectiveness.

Electroencephalogram dynamics during general anesthesia predict the later incidence and duration of burst-suppression during cardiopulmonary bypass.

Electroencephalogram burst-suppression during general anesthesia is associated with post-operative delirium (POD). Whether burst-suppression causes POD or merely reflects susceptibility to POD is unclear. We hypothesized decreased intraoperative alpha (8-12 Hz) and beta (13-33 Hz) power prior to the occurrence of burst-suppression in susceptible patients.

ZNF224 is a transcriptional repressor of AXL in chronic myeloid leukemia cells.

ZNF224 is a KRAB-zinc finger transcription factor that exerts a key tumor suppressive role in chronic myelogenous leukemia. In this study, we identify the receptor tyrosine kinase Axl as a novel target of ZNF224 transcriptional repression activity. Axl overexpression is found in many types of cancer and is frequently associated with drug resistance. Interestingly, we also found that sensitivity to imatinib can be partly restored in imatinib-resistant chronic myelogenous leukemia cells by ZNF224 overexpressi...

Guided graded Exercise Self-help for chronic fatigue syndrome: patient experiences and perceptions.

This study explored patient experiences of Guided graded Exercise Self-help (GES) delivered as part of a randomised controlled trial for people with chronic fatigue syndrome/myalgic encephalomyelitis. The trial found that GES was better than specialist medical care at reducing fatigue and improving physical functioning.

The influence of treatment expectations on clinical outcomes and cortisol levels in patients with chronic neck pain: an experimental study.

The role of contextual factors like pre-existing treatment expectations has been established. However, the effect of verbally-delivered treatment expectations in patient-therapist communication has not been considered, nor the role of cortisol changes within the placebo/nocebo response in people with chronic neck pain.

Strategies for managing the costs of chronic illness in the context of limited financial resources: a qualitative study in Dominican persons with arthritis.

Persons in low- and middle-income countries often have insufficient resources to pay for treatments prescribed for their medical conditions. We aimed to determine, using qualitative methods, how people with arthritis in the Dominican Republic manage the costs of chronic illnesses.

Arab female and male perceptions of factors facilitating and inhibiting their physical activity: Findings from a qualitative study in the Middle East.

Physical inactivity is a leading global risk to health by contributing to obesity and other chronic diseases. Many chronic non-communicable diseases, such as cancer, diabetes, and cardiovascular diseases (CVDs), can be prevented and controlled by modifying lifestyle behaviors such as physical activity [PA]. However, prevalence of insufficient physical activity and obesity is high in the Middle East Region. In Qatar, the incidence rates of CVDs, diabetes, colon, and breast cancer have been rising rapidly. Th...

Chronic Abdominal Wall Pain: A Common Yet Overlooked Etiology of Chronic Abdominal Pain.

Chronic abdominal wall pain is a common, yet often overlooked, cause of chronic abdominal pain in both the outpatient and inpatient settings. This disorder most commonly affects middle-aged adults and is more prevalent in women than in men. In chronic abdominal wall pain, the pain occurs due to entrapment of the cutaneous branches of the sensory nerves that supply the abdominal wall. Although the diagnosis of chronic abdominal wall pain can be made using patient history, physical examination, and response t...

Comment: Noninvasive neurostimulation for migraine should be part of the general neurologist's therapeutic armamentarium.

The role of the endoscopic assistance in the surgical treatment of the children presenting with chronic suppurative otitis media and cholesteatoma.

The present study was designed to elucidate the possibilities for the application of angled endoscopes in the sanation of those compartments of the middle ear which are difficult to access for visual control with the use of a microscope, such as the retrotympanic structures (e.g. tympanic and facial retraction pockets), anterior epitympanum, etc. To this effect, we have undertaken the analysis of the results of surgical interventions on the children presenting with chronic suppurative otitis media and conco...

Chronic intracranial artery stenosis: Comparison of whole-brain arterial spin labeling with CT perfusion.

To evaluate the potential clinical value of Arterial spin-labeled (ASL) through comparison with computed tomography perfusion (CTP) in patients with chronic intracranial artery (middle cerebral artery, MCA) stenosis.

Orientation Tuning and Contrast Dependence of Continuous Flash Suppression in Amblyopia and Normal Vision.

Suppression in amblyopia may be an unequal form of normal interocular suppression or a distinct pathophysiology. To explore this issue, we examined the orientation tuning and contrast dependence of continuous flash suppression (CFS) in adults with amblyopia and visually normal controls.

Chronic inflammation in end-stage renal disease and dialysis.

Under normal conditions, inflammation is a protective and physiological response to various harmful stimuli. However, in several chronic debilitating disorders, such as chronic kidney disease, inflammation becomes maladaptive, uncontrolled and persistent. Systemic persistent inflammation has, for almost 20 years, been recognized as a major contributor to the uraemic phenotype (such as cardiovascular disease, protein energy wasting, depression, osteoporosis and frailty), and a predictor of cardiovascular a...

A review of pediatric middle ear tumors and analysis of the demographics, management, and survival of pediatric rhabdomyosarcomas of the middle ear.

To examine the types of pediatric middle ear tumors and review the demographics, management, and survival of pediatric patients with rhabdomyosarcoma (RMS) of the middle ear.

Oxygen versus air-driven nebulisers for exacerbations of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease: a randomised controlled trial.

In exacerbations of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, administration of high concentrations of oxygen may cause hypercapnia and increase mortality compared with oxygen titrated, if required, to achieve an oxygen saturation of 88-92%. Optimally titrated oxygen regimens require two components: titrated supplemental oxygen to achieve the target oxygen saturation and, if required, bronchodilators delivered by air-driven nebulisation. The effect of repeated air vs oxygen-driven bronchodilator nebulisation i...


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