PubMed Journals Articles About "Sub-chronic Neurostimulation Delivered In The Middle Ear For Tinnitus Suppression" - Page: 4 RSS

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Showing "chronic Neurostimulation Delivered Middle Tinnitus Suppression" PubMed Articles 76–100 of 12,000+

HIV-Related Stigma and Viral Suppression Among African-American Women: Exploring the Mediating Roles of Depression and ART Nonadherence.

We used baseline data from a sample of African-American women living with HIV who were recruited to participate in a stigma-reduction intervention in Chicago and Birmingham (2013-2015) to (1) evaluate the relationship between HIV-related stigma and viral suppression, and (2) assess the role of depression and nonadherence to antiretroviral therapy (ART) as mediators. Data from women were included in this secondary analysis if they were on ART, had viral load data collected within 8-weeks of study entry and h...

Matter Over Mind: A Responsive Neurostimulation System for the Control of Undesirable Impulses.

Comment: Noninvasive neurostimulation for migraine should be part of the general neurologist's therapeutic armamentarium.

ZNF224 is a transcriptional repressor of AXL in chronic myeloid leukemia cells.

ZNF224 is a KRAB-zinc finger transcription factor that exerts a key tumor suppressive role in chronic myelogenous leukemia. In this study, we identify the receptor tyrosine kinase Axl as a novel target of ZNF224 transcriptional repression activity. Axl overexpression is found in many types of cancer and is frequently associated with drug resistance. Interestingly, we also found that sensitivity to imatinib can be partly restored in imatinib-resistant chronic myelogenous leukemia cells by ZNF224 overexpressi...

Multidisciplinary care model for HIV improves treatment outcome: a single-centre experience from the Middle East.

Multidisciplinary team (MDT) care models have been shown to improve clinical outcomes among HIV patients. We aim to assess the impact of adopting MDT approach in a tertiary HIV clinic in Muscat, Sultanate of Oman. We introduced MDT approach in our HIV centre in January 2016 where existing team members (counsellors, nurses, social workers, pharmacists and doctors) worked together, through care pathways, to support patients as they go through the HIV care continuum from diagnosis to viral suppression. Notes w...

Guided graded Exercise Self-help for chronic fatigue syndrome: patient experiences and perceptions.

This study explored patient experiences of Guided graded Exercise Self-help (GES) delivered as part of a randomised controlled trial for people with chronic fatigue syndrome/myalgic encephalomyelitis. The trial found that GES was better than specialist medical care at reducing fatigue and improving physical functioning.

Strategies for managing the costs of chronic illness in the context of limited financial resources: a qualitative study in Dominican persons with arthritis.

Persons in low- and middle-income countries often have insufficient resources to pay for treatments prescribed for their medical conditions. We aimed to determine, using qualitative methods, how people with arthritis in the Dominican Republic manage the costs of chronic illnesses.

Arab female and male perceptions of factors facilitating and inhibiting their physical activity: Findings from a qualitative study in the Middle East.

Physical inactivity is a leading global risk to health by contributing to obesity and other chronic diseases. Many chronic non-communicable diseases, such as cancer, diabetes, and cardiovascular diseases (CVDs), can be prevented and controlled by modifying lifestyle behaviors such as physical activity [PA]. However, prevalence of insufficient physical activity and obesity is high in the Middle East Region. In Qatar, the incidence rates of CVDs, diabetes, colon, and breast cancer have been rising rapidly. Th...

The role of the endoscopic assistance in the surgical treatment of the children presenting with chronic suppurative otitis media and cholesteatoma.

The present study was designed to elucidate the possibilities for the application of angled endoscopes in the sanation of those compartments of the middle ear which are difficult to access for visual control with the use of a microscope, such as the retrotympanic structures (e.g. tympanic and facial retraction pockets), anterior epitympanum, etc. To this effect, we have undertaken the analysis of the results of surgical interventions on the children presenting with chronic suppurative otitis media and conco...

Chronic intracranial artery stenosis: Comparison of whole-brain arterial spin labeling with CT perfusion.

To evaluate the potential clinical value of Arterial spin-labeled (ASL) through comparison with computed tomography perfusion (CTP) in patients with chronic intracranial artery (middle cerebral artery, MCA) stenosis.

Chronic inflammation in end-stage renal disease and dialysis.

Under normal conditions, inflammation is a protective and physiological response to various harmful stimuli. However, in several chronic debilitating disorders, such as chronic kidney disease, inflammation becomes maladaptive, uncontrolled and persistent. Systemic persistent inflammation has, for almost 20 years, been recognized as a major contributor to the uraemic phenotype (such as cardiovascular disease, protein energy wasting, depression, osteoporosis and frailty), and a predictor of cardiovascular a...

A review of pediatric middle ear tumors and analysis of the demographics, management, and survival of pediatric rhabdomyosarcomas of the middle ear.

To examine the types of pediatric middle ear tumors and review the demographics, management, and survival of pediatric patients with rhabdomyosarcoma (RMS) of the middle ear.

Oxygen versus air-driven nebulisers for exacerbations of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease: a randomised controlled trial.

In exacerbations of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, administration of high concentrations of oxygen may cause hypercapnia and increase mortality compared with oxygen titrated, if required, to achieve an oxygen saturation of 88-92%. Optimally titrated oxygen regimens require two components: titrated supplemental oxygen to achieve the target oxygen saturation and, if required, bronchodilators delivered by air-driven nebulisation. The effect of repeated air vs oxygen-driven bronchodilator nebulisation i...

HBsAg seroclearance further reduces hepatocellular carcinoma risk after complete viral suppression with nucleos(t)ide analogues.

In treated patients with chronic hepatitis B (CHB) who have achieved complete viral suppression, it is unclear if functional cure as indicated by hepatitis B surface antigen (HBsAg) seroclearance confers additional clinical benefit. We compared the risk of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) and hepatic events in nucleos(t)ide analogue (NA)-treated patients with and without HBsAg seroclearance.

Viral suppression among HIV-infected methadone-maintained patients: The role of ongoing injection drug use and adherence to antiretroviral therapy (ART).

Methadone maintenance therapy (MMT) is associated with improved virologic outcomes, yet no studies have explored factors associated with viral suppression in HIV-infected patients on MMT. Given the critical role of sustained viral suppression in maximizing benefits of antiretroviral therapy (ART), we sought to assess factors associated with viral suppression in patients stabilized on MMT.

In Vitro Flow Rate Dependency of Delivered Dose and Fine Particle Dose of Salmeterol/Fluticasone Propionate Easyhaler and Seretide Diskus with Patient Flow Rates Collected in a Randomized Controlled Trial.

The Easyhaler device-metered dry powder inhaler containing Salmeterol and Fluticasone propionate (S/F) has been developed for the treatment of patients with asthma and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). We report two studies which evaluated the in vitro flow rate dependence of delivered dose (DD) and fine particle dose (FPD) of S/F Easyhaler versus Seretide Diskus.

Adversarial relationship between combined medial olivocochlear (MOC) and middle-ear-muscle (MEM) reflexes and alarm-in-noise detection thresholds under negative signal-to-noise ratios (SNRs).

The role of auditory efferent feedback from the medial olivocochlear system (MOCS) and the middle-ear-muscle (MEM) reflex in tonal detection tasks for humans in the presence of noise is not clearly understood. Past studies have yielded inconsistent results on the relationship between efferent feedback and tonal detection thresholds. This study attempts to address this inconsistency. Fifteen human subjects with normal hearing participated in an experiment where they were asked to identify an alarm signal in ...

Effects of lifetime noise exposure on the middle-age human auditory brainstem response, tinnitus and speech-in-noise intelligibility.

Recent animal studies have shown that the synapses between inner hair cells and the dendrites of the spiral ganglion cells they innervate are the elements in the cochlea most vulnerable to excessive noise exposure. Particularly in rodents, several studies have concluded that exposure to high level octave-band noise for 2 h leads to an irreversible loss of around 50% of synaptic ribbons, leaving audiometric hearing thresholds unaltered. Cochlear synaptopathy following noise exposure is hypothesized to degr...

Patient with glossopharyngeal schwannoma of cerebellopontine angle.

We present a case of a man diagnosed with a rare tumour of cerebellopontine angle-glossopharyngeal schwannoma. First symptoms started at the beginning of January 2014, patient complained of tinnitus in his right ear. He had a magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) and it revealed a tumour of cerebellopontine angle. The patient underwent a surgery in September 2014. In this case tinnitus was the only symptoms of glossopharyngeal schwannoma. After surgery patient suffered from hoarseness and mild difficulty in swal...

A randomised controlled trial to test the efficacy of an m-health delivered physical activity and sleep intervention to improve sleep quality in middle-aged adults: The Refresh Study Protocol.

Poor sleep health is common and has a substantial negative health impact. Physical activity has been shown to improve sleep health. Many sleep interventions do not explicitly target physical activity, potentially limiting changes in activity and also sleep. Few intervention target those with poor sleep health but without a diagnosed disorder. This study aims to examine the efficacy of a combined physical activity and sleep intervention to improve sleep quality in middle-aged adults and its effect on physica...

Pain Intensity, Disability, and Quality of Life in Patients with Chronic Low Back Pain: Does Age Matter?

Nonspecific chronic low back pain (CLBP) is a frequent medical condition among middle-aged and older adults. Its detrimental consequences for functional ability and quality of life are well known. However, less is known about associations of chronological age with disability and well-being among CLBP patients. Coping with pain may be harder with advancing age due to additional age-associated losses of physical, sensory, and other resources, resulting in higher disability and lower quality of life. Alternati...

Time dependent neuroprotection of dexamethasone in experimental focal cerebral ischemia: the involvement of NF-κB pathways.

We propose that the neuroprotective effect of glucocorticoid in ischemic damage may be time dependent. The present study was designed to test the proposal and its possible mechanismin cerebral ischemia/reperfusion (I/R) injury model. Reperfusion injury was induced after 120 minutes of middle cerebral artery occlusion (MCAO) in male Sprague-Dawley rats. Atdifferenttimepoints after MCAO, rats were treated with high dose dexamethasone (10mg/kg), and neurological deficit and infarct sizes were measured 2 h, 24 ...

God, I Can't Stop Thinking About Sex! The Rebound Effect in Unsuccessful Suppression of Sexual Thoughts Among Religious Adolescents.

The rebound effect of thought suppression refers to attempts to suppress thoughts that result in an increase of those thoughts. The aim of this three-study research was to investigate the suppression of thoughts and its possible importance in the cognitive model of predicted compulsive sexual behavior (CSB) among Israeli Jewish religious and secular adolescents. Study 1 (N = 661): Do religious and secular adolescents differ in CSB and related psychopathology? Study 2 (N = 522): Does CSB mediate the link...

The eNOS-NO pathway attenuates kidney dysfunction via suppression of inflammasome activation in aldosterone-induced renal injury model mice.

Hypertension causes vascular complications, such as stroke, cardiovascular disease, and chronic kidney disease (CKD). The relationship between endothelial dysfunction and progression of kidney disease is well known. However, the relationship between the eNOS-NO pathway and chronic inflammation, which is a common pathway for the progression of kidney disease, remains unexplored. We performed in vivo experiments to determine the role of the eNOS-NO pathway by using eNOS-deficient mice in a hypertensive kidney...

An audit of chronic oedema within the care home setting.

This articles outlines the important issue of chronic oedema, its definition and the physiology of the three main categories. The care delivered in the care home (nursing) sector was the subject of a printed questionnaire and the results are presented here. They are discussed and the implications for practice and an evidenced-based approach to care delivery are considered. Several conclusions can be drawn from this study but would be strengthened by a larger study. Care for patients with chronic oedema coul...

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