PubMed Journals Articles About "Women Getting Adequate Nutrition During Preconception Pregnancy" - Page: 4 RSS

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Showing "women getting adequate nutrition during preconception pregnancy" PubMed Articles 76–100 of 9,900+

Pregnancy Preferences and Contraceptive Use among US Women.

An understanding of the relationship between individuals' pregnancy preferences and contraceptive use is essential for appropriate patient-centered counseling and care. We examined the relationship between women's pregnancy preferences and contraceptive use using a new prospective measure, the Desire to Avoid Pregnancy (DAP) scale. Study Design As part of a study examining women's suspicion and confirmation of new pregnancies, we recruited patients aged 15 - 45 from seven reproductive health and primary hea...

Quantifying adherence to antihypertensive medication for chronic hypertension during pregnancy.

Estimates of adherence to antihypertensive treatment in pregnancy are limited; identifying non-adherence could facilitate intervention and optimise blood pressure control. This study aimed to evaluate adherence to antihypertensive treatment amongst pregnant women with chronic hypertension using high-performance liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry instrumentation. Spot urine samples collected from women who were randomised to labetalol or nifedipine were assessed. Samples from 74 women were includ...

Pregnancy Outcomes among Women Receiving rVSVΔ-ZEBOV-GP Ebola Vaccine during the Sierra Leone Trial to Introduce a Vaccine against Ebola.

Little information exists regarding Ebola vaccine rVSVΔG-ZEBOV-GP and pregnancy. The Sierra Leone Trial to Introduce a Vaccine Against Ebola (STRIVE) randomized participants without blinding to immediate or deferred (18-24 weeks postenrollment) vaccination. Pregnancy was an exclusion criterion, but 84 women were inadvertently vaccinated in early pregnancy or became pregnant

Daily perceived stress and time to pregnancy: A prospective cohort study of women trying to conceive.

Prior studies among women with impaired fecundity have consistently demonstrated a positive association between daily perceived stress and the ability to conceive. However, the effects of daily stress on time to pregnancy (TTP) among women with proven fertility is not known.

Autoimmune diseases and pregnancy.

Pregnancy in autoimmune diseases remains an argument of debate. In last years great improvements were done and with the correct medical support women with disease such as Systemic Lupus Erythematosus or Antiphospholipid Syndrome can afford a pregnancy and have healthy babies. The starting point is a good counselling. Women should be informed about risks that can occur taking some medications while pregnant and, on the other hand, that there are medications that can be safety assumed during pregnancy. Furthe...

Contraception and Unintended Pregnancy in the Military Healthcare System.

The number of women serving in the Armed Forces is growing and readiness has been decreed as the number 1 priority for the total Army. Provision of contraception and unintended pregnancy rates higher than the general population are two key factors in readiness of female soldiers. An in-depth review of women's healthcare in the military identified these two areas of women's health as greatly understudied. Long-acting reversible contraception provides effective and cost-efficient method for contraception and ...

Innovative approaches to reduce unintended pregnancy and improve access to contraception among women who use opioids.

Dramatic increases in the rate of OUD during pregnancy have been paralleled by substantial increases in the number of neonates diagnosed with neonatal abstinence syndrome (NAS). Women with OUD have reliably reported high rates of unintended pregnancy and a number of studies also indicate they desire easier access to contraception. Recent statements from the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention and the American Academy of Pediatrics/American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists have drawn increas...

Guidance for Evaluation and Management of Blunt Abdominal Trauma in Pregnancy.

Blunt abdominal trauma is the leading type of traumatic injury in pregnancy, with motor vehicle crashes, falls, and assault being the most common etiologies. Several adverse outcomes can occur in pregnancy, including placental abruption, preterm labor and preterm delivery, uterine rupture, and pelvic fracture. Understanding and integration of key anatomic and physiologic changes in pregnancy are key when evaluating a pregnant trauma patient. Pregnant women should be managed in a medical center with the abil...

NK and trophoblast cells interaction: cytotoxic activity on recurrent pregnancy loss.

The trial objective was to determine the peripheral blood NK cells cytotoxic activity effect on trophoblast cells at recurrent pregnancy loss (RPL). The investigation involved non-pregnant women with PRL in proliferating and secretory menstrual cycle phases (PMCPh and SMCPh, respectively); women of 6-7 weeks pregnancy with RPL in past medical history; healthy fertile non-pregnant women in PMCPh and SMCPh, women of 6-7 weeks physiological pregnancy, nulliparity healthy women with regular menstrual function...

The plasma metabolome of women in early pregnancy differs from that of non-pregnant women.

In comparison to the non-pregnant state, the first trimester of pregnancy is characterized by systemic adaptation of the mother. The extent to which these adaptive processes are reflected in the maternal blood metabolome is not well characterized.

Brief Report: High Programmatic Isoniazid Preventive Therapy (IPT) Use in Pregnancy Among HIV-Infected Women.

The World Health Organization recommends isoniazid preventive therapy (IPT) for people living with HIV (PLHIV) to prevent tuberculosis (TB), including pregnant women. Recent trial results suggest increased adverse pregnancy outcomes associated with IPT during pregnancy. Data are limited regarding programmatic IPT use in pregnant PLHIV.

Treatment and Management of Depression Symptoms in Pregnant Veterans: Varying Experiences of Mental Health Care in the Prenatal Period.

Depression screening is recommended for all pregnant veterans; however, little is known on how often symptomatic women receive care, how depression treatment presents in practice, and whether women veterans are utilizing treatment during the appreciable perinatal period. Our sample included 142 pregnant veterans from 15 Veterans Health Administration (VA) medical facilities with Edinburgh Postnatal Depression Scale (EPDS) scores ≥10. Sociodemographic characteristics, military service, health utilization, ...

Association between gut microbiota composition and glycoalbumin level during pregnancy in Japanese women: Pilot study from Chiba Study of Mother and Child Health.

Gut microbiota have various effects on human health. Some previous reports have indicated that gut microbiota change during pregnancy and affect metabolism, but others have indicated that microbiota do not change. Here, we examined the gut microbiota and glycoalbumin levels of 45 healthy Japanese women during pregnancy.

Combined consumption of a single high-dose vitamin A supplement with provision of vitamin A fortified oil to households maintains adequate milk retinol concentrations for 6 months in lactating Moroccan women.

In Morocco, post-partum women systematically receive a single high-dose of vitamin A (VA) (200 000 IU) within the first month of giving birth and vegetable oil is fortified to increase the VA intake. The efficacy of this combined approach of supplementation and fortification for increasing maternal VA status during lactation is not known. The purpose of the study is to evaluate the effect of post-partum high dose VA supplementation and provision of VA fortified oil for household consumption on plasma and mi...

Dialysis in Pregnancy: Role of the Underlying Cause of Renal Failure on Peripartum Outcomes.

 Pregnancy on dialysis is rare and few studies in this population exist. Currently, pregnancy outcomes are thought to be related to dialysis intensity. We hypothesize women requiring dialysis due to diabetes or lupus will have worse pregnancy outcomes compared with other indications for dialysis.

Pregnancy outcome in women with cerebral palsy: A nationwide population-based cohort study.

Cerebral palsy (CP) is a lifelong disorder with a high rate of comorbidities and complications. We hypothesized that women with CP are at increased risk of adverse pregnancy outcome.

Pregnancy Coercion as a Risk Factor for HIV and Other Sexually Transmitted Infections Among Young African American Women.

Pregnancy coercion (PC), defined as a restriction of women's reproductive autonomy, may be associated with increased HIV and sexually transmitted infection (STI) risk. However, there are few empirical studies defining the association between PC and HIV risk, particularly among vulnerable African American women.

Social and economic factors, maternal behaviours in pregnancy and neonatal adiposity in the PANDORA cohort.

Australian Indigenous women experience high rates of social disadvantage and type 2 diabetes (T2D) in pregnancy, but it is not known how social factors and maternal behaviours impact neonatal adiposity in offspring of women with hyperglycaemia in pregnancy.

Aspirin use during pregnancy and hypertensive disorders in women with various risks.

It is still unclear how well aspirin performs in women with different risks and how the timing of aspirin use influences its efficacy. This study was to evaluate the association between timing of aspirin exposure and hypertensive disorders in pregnant women with various risks in a prospective cohort.

PD-1 and PD-L1 expression on T cell subsets in women with unexplained recurrent pregnancy losses.

Does programmed death-1 (PD-1)/ programmed death ligand-1 (PD-L1) expression on the T cell subsets such as T helper (Th) 1, Th17 and Treg cells differentiate women with recurrent pregnancy losses (RPL) from normal fertile women?

Pregnancy and advanced maternal age - the associations between regular exercise and maternal and newborn health variables.

Despite the associations between delayed childbearing and poorer maternal and perinatal outcomes, little is known about these issues in regular exercisers and in women with healthy lifestyles. The aims of the present study were: 1) compare lifestyle variables and exercise, pregnancy and birth outcomes in women ≥35 years and women

The association of pre-pregnancy body mass and weight gain during pregnancy with macrosomia: a cohort study.

To examine the association of pre-pregnancy body mass and weight gain during pregnancy with macrosomia. From January 2015 to December 2015, a total of 20 477 pregnant women were recruited by probabilistic proportional scale sampling with simple randomization in Sichuan, Yunnan and Guizhou Provinces. Basic information of pregnant women, weight gain during pregnancy and weight of newborn were collected. A multiple logistic regression model was used to assess the association between the pre-pregnancy body mas...

Nutrition for women and children-Are we doing the right things in the right way?

The Guest Editors for the PLOS Medicine Special Issue on Maternal and Child Health & Nutrition discuss the published research in the context of global priorities for women's and children's health.

Effects of maternal lifestyle interventions on child neurobehavioral development: Follow-up of randomized controlled trials.

Obesity is a major public health problem. Children of women who were obese before or during pregnancy are at increased risk for neurobehavioral developmental problems. Whether a maternal lifestyle intervention conducted before and during pregnancy in obese women affects child neurobehavioral development is unknown. This study reports on the follow-up of a subsample of two randomized controlled trials, the Finnish RADIEL (n = 216) and Dutch LIFEstyle (n = 305) trial. Women with a pre-pregnancy BMI ≥29...

Evidence to prevent childhood obesity: The continuum of preconception, pregnancy, and postnatal interventions.

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