PubMed Journals Articles About "Infections" - Page: 4 RSS

18:08 EST 28th January 2020 | BioPortfolio

Infections PubMed articles on BioPortfolio. Our PubMed references draw on over 21 million records from the medical literature. Here you can see the latest Infections articles that have been published worldwide.

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Showing "Infections" PubMed Articles 76–100 of 3,700+

A Case of Consciousness Disturbance Due to Hyperammonemia Associated with Urinary Tract Infections.

We describe the case of a patient with hyperammonemia owing to urinary tract infections. The patient, a 66-year-old-woman, was previously diagnosed with bilateral hydronephrosis. She was admitted to the emergency room with macrohematuria and bilateral lumbar pain, which persisted for 2 days. She was hospitalized with the diagnosis of pyelonephritis. Despite antibiotic treatment, she developed sudden disturbance in consciousness on the 2nd day of illness. To improve the hyperammonemia and metabolic acidosis,...

Predictors of mortality of influenza virus infections in a Swiss Hospital during four influenza seasons: Role of quick sequential organ failure assessment.

Influenza infections have been associated with high morbidity. The aims were to determine predictors of mortality among patients with influenza infections and to ascertain the role of quick Sequential Organ Failure Assessment (qSOFA) in predicting poor outcomes.

Candidalysin Is Required for Neutrophil Recruitment and Virulence During Systemic Candida albicans Infection.

Candidalysin is a cytolytic peptide toxin secreted by Candida albicans hyphae and has significantly advanced our understanding of fungal pathogenesis. Candidalysin is critical for mucosal C albicans infections and is known to activate epithelial cells to induce downstream innate immune responses that are associated with protection or immunopathology during oral or vaginal infections. Furthermore, candidalysin activates the NLRP3 inflammasome and causes cytolysis in mononuclear phagocytes. However, the role ...

Infections caused by extended-spectrum beta-lactamase-producing Enterobacterales after rectal colonisation with ESBL-producing Escherichia coli or Klebsiella pneumoniae.

Infections due to extended-spectrum beta-lactamase-producing Enterobacterales (ESBL-E) are considered infections with a high public health burden. In this study, we aimed to identify incidences of and risk factors for healthcare-associated infections (HAI) after rectal colonisation with ESBL-producing Escherichia coli (ESBL-EC) or Klebsiella pneumoniae (ESBL-KP).

Risk of infection in the first year of life in preterm children: An Austrian observational study.

Newborns, especially preterm infants, have an immature immune system, which, in combination with the required medical interventions necessary for keeping the neonate alive may lead to an increased risk of infection. Even after reaching stability and adapting to the environment, preterm infants have adverse prognoses regarding infections and long-term outcomes compared to their full-term counterparts. The objective of this study was to research differences in the number and severity of infections between pre...

Critically ill patients with community-onset intraabdominal infections: Influence of healthcare exposure on resistance rates and mortality.

The concept of healthcare-associated infections (as opposed to hospital-acquired infections) in intraabdominal infections (IAIs) is scarcely supported by data in the literature. The aim of the present study was to analyse community-onset IAIs (non-postoperative/non-nosocomial) in patients admitted to intensive care units (ICUs), to investigate differences in resistance patterns linked to healthcare exposure and mortality-associated factors. A one-year prospective observational study (17 Spanish ICUs) was pe...

Long-Term Risk of Infections After Treatment of Childhood Leukemia: A Population-Based Cohort Study Using Administrative Health Data.

Infections are a frequent complication during childhood leukemia treatment. Little is known about the infectious risk in survivors. We compared the relative rate (RR) of infections after treatment completion between pediatric leukemia survivors and the general population.

Catheter-Associated Urinary Tract Infections in Adults: Diagnosis, Treatment, and Prevention.

Urinary tract infections (UTIs) are among the most common healthcare-associated infections, and 70%-80% are catheter-associated urinary tract infections (CAUTIs). About 25% of hospitalized patients have an indwelling urinary catheter placed during their hospital stay, and therefore, are at risk for CAUTIs which have been associated with worse patient outcomes. Additionally, hospitals face a significant financial impact since the Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services incentive program penalizes hospital...

Hospital Volume and Postoperative Infections in Total Knee Arthroplasty.

The purpose of this study was to evaluate the associations of hospital volume with revision surgery for infection and superficial incisional infections.

Dissociations of oral foci of infections with infectious complications and survival after haematopoietic stem cell transplantation.

Haematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT) recipients are at increased risk for severe infections. This study examined the associations of common oral infections with survival and infectious complications in HSCT recipients.

Role of hematological parameters in the diagnosis of influenza virus infection in patients with respiratory tract infection symptoms.

The differential diagnoses of patients hospitalized for respiratory infections due to influenza virus vs other pathogens are challenging. Our study investigated whether hematological parameters such as neutrophil (N), lymphocyte (L), platelet (PLT), and neutrophil-to-lymphocyte ratio (NLR) contributed in diagnosing influenza virus infections and in discriminating other respiratory infections.

Peramivir for Influenza A and B Viral Infections: A Pharmacokinetic Case Series.

To describe the peramivir (PRV) pharmacokinetics in critically ill children treated for influenza A or B viral infections.

Multi-level intervention program - A quality improvement initiative to decrease central line-associated bloodstream infections in the pediatric acute and hematology/oncology units.

Central Venous Catheters (CVCs) are placed in pediatric patients that require frequent and/or long-term access for intravenous treatments and increase the risk for Central line-associated bloodstream infections (CLABSIs). The specific aims of the study were to evaluate adherence to the intervention components and rates of Central Line Associated Bloodstream Infections (CLABSIs) over five years.

Multi-drug-resistant Klebsiella pneumoniae in hospital acquired infections: concomitant analysis of antimicrobial resistant strains.

Hospital acquired infections caused by K. pneumoniae are difficult to eradicate since K. pneumoniae carries resistance genes for many antimicrobials, including carbapenems. The study aimed to determine the prevalence of hospital acquired infections caused by multiple drug resistant K. pneumoniae and identify carbapenem and fluoroquinolone resistance by phenotypic and genotypic methods among hospitalized patients.

TLR induces reorganization of the IgM-BCR complex regulating murine B-1 cell responses to infections.

In mice, neonatally-developing, self-reactive B-1 cells generate steady levels of natural antibodies throughout life. B-1 cells can, however, also rapidly respond to infections with increased local antibody production. The mechanisms regulating these two seemingly very distinct functions are poorly understood, but have been linked to expression of CD5, an inhibitor of BCR-signaling. Here we demonstrate that TLR-mediated activation of CD5+ B-1 cells induced the rapid reorganization of the IgM-BCR complex, le...

Incidence and mortality of healthcare-associated infections in hospitalized patients with moderate to severe burns.

This study was to examine the incidence of different types, and isolated pathogens, of healthcare-associated infections (HAIs), and also to determine their prognostic factors for mortality.

Investigation of perioperative work processes in provision of antibiotic prophylaxis: a prospective descriptive qualitative study across surgical specialties in Norway.

Surgical site infections are known postoperative complications, yet the most preventable of healthcare-associated infections. Correct provision of surgical antibiotic prophylaxis (SAP) is crucial. Use of the WHO Safe Surgical Checklist (SSC) has been reported to improve provision of SAP, and reduce infections postoperatively. To understand possible mechanisms and interactions generating such effects, we explored the underlying work processes of SAP provision and SSC performance at the intersection of periop...

The financial burden of acute odontogenic infections: The South Australian experience.

Acute odontogenic infections are a common surgical emergency managed by public hospitals in Australia which cause considerable patient morbidity and occasionally, mortality. Despite posing a significant public health burden, Australian data evaluating the cost of the management of these patients is lacking. This study assessed the patient and treatment variables associated with inpatient management of deep odontogenic infections, and their respective financial impact, at a statewide Oral & Maxillofacial ser...

Forecasting models of infections due to carbapenem-resistant Gram-negative bacteria in an intensive care unit in an endemic area.

To forecast the monthly incidence rates of infections (infections/1000 bed-days, IBD) due to carbapenem-resistant Klebsiella pneumoniae (CRKP), Pseudomonas aeruginosa (CRPA), Acinetobacter baumannii (CRAB) and total Gram-negative bacteria (CRGNB) in an endemic intensive care unit (ICU) during the subsequent year (December 2016-December 2017).

Resistance and tolerance to mixed nematode infections in relation to performance level in laying hens.

Modern chickens have been genetically developed to perform high under optimal conditions. We hypothesized that high-performance is associated with a higher sensitivity to environmental challenges in laying hens. By using nematode infections as an environmental stressor, we assessed performance-level associated host responses in a high (i.e. Lohmann Brown Plus, LB) and in a lower performing, a so-called dual-purpose chicken genotype (i.e. Lohmann Dual, LD). The hens were infected with 1000 eggs of Ascaridia ...

Surgical Management and Outcomes of Cutaneous Mold Infections in Immunocompromised Children.

Cutaneous mold infections occur infrequently but can be life-threatening in immunocompromised children. The literature regarding its surgical management is limited. This study aims to describe the surgical management and outcomes of cutaneous mold infections in immunocompromised children.

The epidemiology and clinical features of rickettsial diseases in North Queensland, Australia: Implications for patient identification and management.

Rickettsial infections are a common cause of hospitalization in tropical settings, although early diagnosis is challenging in the rural locations where these infections are usually seen.

Ophthalmic manifestations of arbovirus infections in adults.

Emerging arbovirus infections have classic symptoms such as fever, arthralgia, or rash. As some of them have ophthalmic symptoms/signs, the main objective is to evaluate whether these findings could help to clarify the clinical diagnosis.

Hepatitis E Virus: Epidemiology, Diagnosis, and Management.

The HEV is a known cause of water-borne outbreaks of acute non-A non-B hepatitis in developing countries, which affects young people and may result in high mortality in pregnant women. In recent decades, however, HEV genotypes 3 and 4 have been known as a cause of sporadic zoonotic infections in older males from swine HEV worldwide. Most acute HEV infections are self-limited. On the other hand, in immunosuppressed patients, including solid organ transplant recipients, chronic HEV infections may exist and pr...

Risk factors for postoperative intracranial infections in patients with pituitary adenoma after endoscopic endonasal transsphenoidal surgery: pneumocephalus deserves further study.

The authors sought to identify the relevance between pneumocephalus and postoperative intracranial infections, as well as bacteriological characteristics and risk factors for intracranial infections, in patients with pituitary adenomas after endoscopic endonasal transsphenoidal surgery.

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