PubMed Journals Articles About "Medial Transposition Split Lateral Rectus Muscle Synergistic Divergence" - Page: 4 RSS

13:00 EST 20th November 2019 | BioPortfolio

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Showing "Medial transposition split lateral rectus muscle synergistic divergence" PubMed Articles 76–100 of 7,700+

Rectus sheath single-injection blocks: a study to quantify local anaesthetic absorption using serial ultrasound measurements and lidocaine serum concentrations.

Rectus sheath blocks are an established option for analgesia following abdominal surgery, but pharmacokinetic data are limited. This study sought to characterise the absorption of lidocaine injectate and the pharmacokinetics of lidocaine after rectus sheath injection.

Anterior Trunk Muscle Shows Mix of Axial and Appendicular Developmental Patterns.

Skeletal muscle in the trunk derives from the somites, paired segments of paraxial mesoderm. Whereas axial musculature develops within the somite, appendicular muscle develops following migration of muscle precursors into lateral plate mesoderm. The development of muscles bridging axial and appendicular systems appears mixed.

Biomechanical behavior of three types of fixation in the two-part proximal humerus fracture without medial cortical support.

The purpose of this study was to evaluate the role of a non-locking plate applied to the anteromedial surface of the proximal humerus on loads at the implant-bone interface of non-locking and locking lateral plate fixation of proximal humeral fractures with a medial gap.

The Effect of Cartilage Lesion in the Lateral Compartment of the Knee on the Surgical Outcome of Medial Open-Wedge High Tibial Osteotomy.

The aim of this study was to identify the effect of cartilage lesion in the lateral compartment of the knee on the surgical outcome of medial open-wedge high tibial osteotomy (MOWHTO). A total of 172 consecutive patients who underwent MOWHTO were evaluated retrospectively. Among the patients who underwent second-look arthroscopic assessment, 30 patients with lateral compartment cartilage lesion (group 1: ≥ grade 2 cartilage lesion according to the International Cartilage Repair Society [ICRS] grading ...

Renal Medullary Carcinoma With Metastasis to the Temporal Fossa and Orbit.

A 22-year-old Hispanic man with sickle cell trait presented with blurred vision, double vision, and pain with OD movement. MRI demonstrated an extra-axial mass centered around the temporal bone with extension into the middle cranial fossa and lateral aspect of the extra-conal right orbit, and mass effect on the lateral rectus muscle. Biopsy of the lesion was consistent with renal medullary carcinoma. CT chest/abdomen/pelvis confirmed a primary tumor in the right kidney. No additional metastases were found. ...

Traumatic Hallux Varus in Association with Agenesis of the Fibular Sesamoid: A Case Study.

Hallux varus is most commonly seen iatrogenically following overaggressive lateral release, removal of the fibular sesamoid, or overaggressive removal of the medial eminence. There are several reported cases of traumatic hallux varus, although this is much less common. We present a case of traumatic hallux varus in a patient who was later found to have bilateral absence of her fibular sesamoids. We postulated that lack of her fibular sesamoid led to weakness of her lateral capsular ligaments, thereby making...

Introducing the Lateral Femoral Condyle Index as a Risk Factor for Anterior Cruciate Ligament Injury.

The asymmetry of the medial and lateral knee compartments contributes significantly to femorotibial biomechanics and pivoting, and it is reported to be a relevant risk factor for an anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) injury.

Emerging Temporal Lobe Dysfunction in People at Clinical High Risk for Psychosis.

Clinical high-risk (CHR) individuals have been increasingly utilized to investigate the prodromal phases of psychosis and progression to illness. Research has identified medial and lateral temporal lobe abnormalities in CHR individuals. Dysfunction in the medial temporal lobe, particularly the hippocampus, is linked to dysregulation of glutamate and dopamine a hippocampal-striatal-midbrain network that may lead to aberrant signaling of salience underpinning the . Similarly, lateral temporal dysfunction may...

The crystal structure of the naturally split gp41-1 intein guides the engineering of orthogonal split inteins from cis-splicing inteins.

Protein trans-splicing catalyzed by split inteins has increasingly become useful as a protein engineering tool. We solved the 1.0 Å-resolution crystal structure of a fused variant from the naturally split gp41-1 intein, previously identified from environmental metagenomic sequence data. The structure of the 125-residue gp41-1 intein revealed a compact pseudo-C2-symmetry commonly found in the Hedgehog/Intein (HINT) superfamily with extensive charge-charge interactions between the split N- and C-terminal int...

Adjusting gait step-by-step: Brain activation during split-belt treadmill walking.

When walking on a split-belt treadmill, where each leg is driven at a different speed, a temporary change is made to the typical steady-state walking pattern. The exact ways in which the brain controls these temporary changes to walking are still unknown. Ten young adults (23±3y) walked on a split-belt treadmill for 30 min on 2 separate occasions: tied-belt control with both belts at comfortable walking speed, and continuous adjustment where speed ratio between belts changed every 15 s F-fluorodeoxyglu...

Transcavernous sinus pituitary gland transposition: how I do it.

Pituitary transposition preserving gland function is possible when approaching superior clival region tumors. Clinical experience along with detailed anatomical knowledge makes this technique safe and effective.

Transforming growth factor beta 1 signaling is altered in the spinal cord and muscle of amyotrophic lateral sclerosis mice and patients.

Gender differences characterize amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS). Because ALS patients have increased circulating levels of transforming growth factor beta 1 (TGFB1), here we analyzed gender and disease progression-related modification of TGFB1 and its related signaling molecules in the spinal cord and skeletal muscle of ALS mice and in muscle biopsies from sporadic ALS patients. At presymptomatic stage, Tgfb1 mRNA expression is reduced in the mouse spinal cord but is increased selectively in the male sk...

Does hamstrings co-contraction constrain knee internal rotation in patients with knee endoprosthesis during decline slope walking?

Medial and lateral hamstrings are known for their capacity to promote internal or external rotation of the knee. Apart from implant geometry, increased co-contraction to a larger share of either the medial or lateral hamstrings has the potential to contribute to the restricted knee internal rotation especially under consideration of cruciate ligament substituting compared to cruciate ligament retaining knee endoprosthesis designs. Hence, the purpose of the study was to evaluate, whether increased co-contrac...

Long-Term Serial Measurement of Muscle Volume in TRAM Flaps Using the Eclipse Treatment Planning System.

Muscle flaps used in reconstructive surgery are known to lose volume over time because of denervation and disuse atrophy. However, there is currently no agreement on a quantitative approach to evaluating volume changes. Here, long-term serial measurement of muscle volume in transverse rectus abdominis musculocutaneous (TRAM) flap breast reconstruction has been conducted using the Eclipse treatment planning system.

Thalamo-cortical coupling during encoding and consolidation is linked to durable memory formation.

Memory formation transforms experiences into durable engrams. The stabilization critically depends on processes during and after learning, and involves hippocampal-medial prefrontal interactions that appear to be mediated by the nucleus reuniens of the thalamus in rodents, which corresponds to the human medioventral thalamus. How this region contributes to durable memory formation in humans is, however, unclear. Furthermore, the anterior-, lateral dorsal-, and mediodorsal nuclei appear to promote mnemonic f...

In Vivo Flattening of the Central Aponeurosis of the Rectus Femoris Due to Knee Extension Torque in Healthy Young and Elderly Individuals With Knee Osteoarthritis.

We aimed to elucidate the relationship between active force production and the curvature of the central aponeurosis (CA) of the rectus femoris in young healthy participants as fundamental data and compare the muscle CA curvature before and after straight leg raising (SLR) training in participants with knee osteoarthritis (OA). Central aponeurosis curvature was determined during submaximal and maximal voluntary contractions (MVCs) using ultrasonography. Twenty-five young healthy female volunteers underwent u...

No effect of triple-pulse TMS medial to intraparietal sulcus on online correction for target perturbations during goal-directed hand and foot reaches.

Posterior parietal cortex (PPC) is central to sensorimotor processing for goal-directed hand and foot movements. Yet, the specific role of PPC subregions in these functions is not clear. Previous human neuroimaging and transcranial magnetic stimulation (TMS) work has suggested that PPC lateral to the intraparietal sulcus (IPS) is involved in directing the arm, shaping the hand, and correcting both finger-shaping and hand trajectory during movement. The lateral localization of these functions agrees with the...

Successful ablation for premature ventricular contraction originating from moderator band of morphologic right ventricle in congenitally corrected transposition of great arteries.

A 54-year-old man with congenitally corrected transposition of great arteries (CCTGA) was referred to our hospital for palpitation. 24-hour Holter ECG showed frequent premature ventricular contraction (PVC) and we performed catheter ablation for this PVC. Pace-mapping was performed in morphologic right ventricle (RV) by transaortic approach. Perfect pace-map was achieved in morphologic RV midpart lateral and ablation at this site could eliminate the clinical PVC. After the ablation, by integrating ablation ...

Evaluation of the split bone technique for lateral ridge augmentation: A retrospective case-control study.

The aim of this retrospective case-control study was the evaluation of the split bone technique with regard to the occurrence of early complications, implant survival rate, and peri-implant bone resorption. The effect of patient-related factors (gender, age, tobacco consumption), implant location, and the implant system used on bone resorption was analyzed.

A biomechanical comparison of two plating techniques in lateral clavicle fractures.

Neer Type IIb lateral clavicle fractures typically lead to dislocation of the medial fragment. Therefore, most surgeons recommend surgical treatment for such a fracture pattern. The use of a locking compression plate with a lateral extension has produced satisfactory results in various studies over recent years. Double-plate fixation is a common technique in the treatment of complex distal radius fractures. The authors use this technique as a routine procedure in the treatment of Neer type IIb fractures. In...

GSK3 regulates hair cell fate in the developing mammalian cochlea.

The development of asymmetric patterns along biologically relevant axes is a hallmark of many vertebrate organs or structures. One example is the sensory epithelium of the mammalian auditory system. Two distinct types of mechanosensory hair cells (inner and outer) and at least six types of associated supporting cells are precisely and asymmetrically arrayed along the radial (medial-lateral) axis of the cochlear spiral. Immunolabeling of developing cochleae indicates differential expression of Glycogen synth...

Phosphorylation of eIF4E is dispensable for skeletal muscle hypertrophy.

The eukaryotic initiation factor 4E (eIF4E) is a major mRNA cap-binding protein that has a central role in translation initiation. Serine 209 (Ser) is the single phosphorylation site within eIF4E and modulates its activity in response to MAPK pathway activation. Previous studies have reported that phosphorylation of eIF4E Ser promotes translation of key mRNAs such as cyclin D1 that regulate ribosome biogenesis. We hypothesized that phosphorylation of Ser is required for skeletal muscle growth in response to...

Repair of Complex Transposition of Great Arteries: Up to 30 Years of Follow-Up.

To characterize treatment of transposition of great arteries with ventricular septal defect and left ventricular outflow tract obstruction (TGA-VSD-LVOTO) in Germany, and to analyze late outcomes.

CMAP decrement by low-frequency repetitive nerve stimulation in different hand muscles of ALS patients.

To study compound muscle action potential (CMAP) decrement by low-frequency repetitive nerve stimulation (RNS) in different hand muscles of amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) patients and the relationship with split hand phenomenon and clinical manifestation.

Antidepressants upregulate c-Fos expression in the lateral entorhinal cortex and hippocampal dorsal subiculum: study in rats.

Neural circuits involved in the development of depression are currently poorlyunderstood. To provide insight into this issue, we evaluated the influence of seven clinically effective antidepressants on neuronal activity in thirty rat brain areas. Drugs belonging to all major groups of antidepressants (imipramine, reboxetine, fluoxetine, bupropion, mirtazapine, agomelatine, and phenelzine) were examined; since antidepressants typically require weeks of continued administration before they achieve a therapeut...

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