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Showing "Signs Symptoms" PubMed Articles 76–100 of 6,100+

Diagnosis and Differential Diagnosis of Peripheral and Central Vestibular Disorders.

The diagnosis of the various peripheral and central vestibular disorders is mainly based on the patient history (time course, type of symptoms, modulating factors, and accompanying symptoms) and a systematic clinical examination of the vestibular, ocular motor, and cerebellar systems (examination for nystagmus, head impulse test, positional maneuvers, Romberg test and examination for central ocular motor signs). The two most important laboratory tests are the "video-head impulse test" and caloric irrigation...

Imaging features of granulomatous mastitis in 36 patients with new sonographic signs.

Idiopathic granulomatous mastitis is a rare relapsing benign inflammatory breast disease with unknown etiology. Its clinical features and imaging signs may mimic inflammatory breast cancer or some other inflammatory breast disease. This may interfere with correct and timely diagnosis and thus impose an additional burden on the costs of diagnosis and therapy, as well as patient anxiety. We aimed to characterize the imaging findings of this disease and introduce two new imaging signs.

Symptomatic secondary syphilis: empirical antimicrobial treatment or await microbiology?

Men who have sex with men (MSM) with symptomatic secondary syphilis present with characteristic symptoms of rash, fever and lymphadenopathy; due to delays in microbiology results and some patients failing to return for treatment, empirical treatment is sometimes offered. We reviewed all patients presenting with secondary syphilis diagnosed on the basis of clinical symptoms and signs and reviewed treatment. Of the 36 patients, 16 MSM (44%; 95% confidence interval (CI) 27.8-60.2%) were treated empirically, wh...

Reliable, Noncontact Imaging Tool for the Evaluation of Meibomian Gland Function: Sirius Meibography.

To investigate the correlation between the clinical grading of the severity of meibomian gland dysfunction (MGD) and meibomian gland area (MGA) loss detected using Sirius meibography in the upper and lower eyelids and to correlate these parameters with dry eye signs and symptoms.

Spanish validation of the self-evaluation of negative symptoms scale SNS in an adolescent population.

Negative symptoms (NS) may be observed in the general population in an attenuated form and in high-risk mental states. However, they have been less studied in the general population than positive symptoms, in spite of their importance at the insidious onset of schizophrenia and their appearance before positive symptoms. This study aimed to analyze the empirical structure of the Spanish version of the Self-Evaluation of Negative Symptoms (SNS) Scale and find its psychometric properties and invariance of meas...

High Frequency Electrotherapy for the Treatment of Meibomian Gland Dysfunction.

To test the safety and efficacy of high frequency electrotherapy (ET) on the clinical signs and symptoms of patients affected by dry eye and meibomian gland dysfunction (MGD).

Idiopathic anaphylaxis yardstick: Practical recommendations for clinical practice.

Anaphylaxis is considered idiopathic when there is no known trigger. The signs and symptoms of idiopathic anaphylaxis (IA) are identical to those of anaphylaxis due to a known cause and can include cutaneous, circulatory, respiratory, gastrointestinal, and neurologic symptoms. IA can be a frustrating disease for patients and healthcare providers. Episodes are unpredictable and differential diagnosis is challenging. Current anaphylaxis guidelines have little specific guidance regarding differential diagnosis...

Extracorporeal membrane oxygenation improves outcomes of accidental hypothermia without vital signs: a nationwide observational study.

Patients with accidental hypothermia without vital signs increasingly receive venoarterial extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (VA-ECMO). However, there is limited knowledge regarding the efficacy of this advanced rewarming method. We aimed to determine whether VA-ECMO improved outcomes in patients with accidental hypothermia without vital signs, using a large nationwide inpatient database in Japan.

Anxiety Symptoms, Depressive Symptoms, and Traditional Chinese Medicine Use in U.S. Chinese Older Adults.

This study examined the association between anxiety symptoms, depressive symptoms, and Traditional Chinese Medicine (TCM) use among U.S. Chinese older adults. Data was obtained from the Population Study of Chinese Elderly in Chicago (N = 3157; mean age = 72.8). Anxiety symptoms were assessed with the Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale (HADS-A). Depressive symptoms were assessed with the Patient Health Questionnaire (PHQ-9). TCM modalities included herbal products, acupuncture, massage therapy, Ta...

Gut microbiota depletion from early adolescence alters adult immunological and neurobehavioral responses in a mouse model of multiple sclerosis.

Emerging evidence indicates that gut microbiota interacts with immune and nervous systems in the host and plays a critical role in the pathogenesis of multiple sclerosis (MS) and many psychiatric disorders such as depression and anxiety. The aim of this study was to explore the influence of gut bacterial depletion from early adolescence on adult immunological and neurobehavioral responses in mice with experimental-autoimmune-encephalomyelitis (EAE). We used an animal model of gut microbiota depletion induce...

Symptoms in noninfectious uveitis in a pediatric cohort: initial presentation versus recurrences.

To describe the prevalence of symptoms with noninfectious uveitis (NIU) in a pediatric cohort and to assess the association between the presence of symptoms with first episode of uveitis (first-U) compared to symptoms at uveitis recurrence.

Daily fluctuations in ocular surface symptoms during the normal menstrual cycle and with the use of oral contraceptives.

Women are more prone to ocular surface symptoms and circulating estrogen levels have been implicated. Fluctuations in estrogen during the menstrual cycle may influence ocular symptoms but existing research is incomplete and conflicting, partly due to paucity of validated questionnaires to assess daily ocular symptoms. This study aimed to evaluate daily fluctuations in ocular symptoms across a complete menstrual cycle and to compare symptoms in normally menstruating women and women using the combined oral co...

Coexistence of lower urinary tract symptoms (LUTS) with depressive symptoms in patients suffering from depressive disorders.

The aim of the present study was to investigate the correlation between lower urinary tract symptoms (LUTS) and severity of depressive symptoms in patients treated for depression.

Seasonal variations in the occurrence of transient global amnesia (TGA).

Transient global amnesia (TGA) is a rare, benign condition characterised by a sudden deficit of anterograde and retrograde memory that usually lasts for a few hours and is not accompanied by other focal neurological symptoms or signs. Its aetiology is still unclear. Various events or activities may trigger TGA. Evidence of seasonal variations in the appearance of TGA is inconsistent.

Evaluating possible acute coronary syndrome in primary care: the value of signs, symptoms, and plasma heart-type fatty acid-binding protein (H-FABP). A diagnostic study.

Additional diagnostic means could be of added value when evaluating possible acute coronary syndrome (ACS) in primary care.

PROMIS 4-Item Measures and Numeric Rating Scales Efficiently Assess SPADE Symptoms Compared to Legacy Measures.

The 5 SPADE symptoms (sleep, pain, anxiety, depression, and low energy/fatigue) are among the most prevalent and disabling symptoms in clinical practice. This study evaluates the minimally important difference (MID) of PROMIS measures and their correspondence with other brief measures to assess SPADE symptoms.

Spinocerebellar ataxia 2 in a family with different phenotypes: Two case reports.

Spinocerebellar ataxia 2 (SCA2) is a genetic disease, mainly characterized by ataxia. A number of other neurological symptoms also have been described, such as Parkinsonism, cognitive dysfunction, autonomic dysfunction, even the signs of motor neuron disease and so on. Mostly, In the same family, clinical performance is the same in most cases. Here, we describe a father and his son who suffered from SCA2, but their first manifestations were different.

Identifying symptom recurrences in primary brain tumor patients using the MDASI-BT and qualitative interviews.

Identifying symptoms experienced throughout the disease trajectory is pivotal to understanding management of patient symptoms. Patient interviews to solicit input from those who have experienced these symptoms is one method to capture this perspective to validate symptoms included in patient reported outcomes (PRO) measures.

Coping and Stress Reactivity as Moderators of Maternal Depressive Symptoms and Youth's Internalizing and Externalizing Symptoms.

Youth's responses to stress are a central feature of risk and resilience across development. The current study examined whether youth coping and stress reactivity moderate the association of current maternal depressive symptoms with youth's internalizing and externalizing symptoms. Mothers (M = 41.58, SD = 6.18) with a wide range of depressive symptoms and their children ages 9-15 (M = 12.25, SD = 1.89, 45.3% girls) completed measures of youth symptoms and coping and automatic responses to s...

International Pediatric Otolaryngology Group (IPOG) consensus recommendations: Diagnosis, pre-operative, operative and post-operative pediatric choanal atresia care.

To provide recommendations to otolaryngologists and allied physicians for the comprehensive management of young infants who present with signs or symptoms of choanal atresia.

Subacute polyarticular arthralgias · swelling of the ankles and right knee · recent travel to the Dominican Republic · Dx?

A 78-year-old woman with a history of anxiety and hypertension presented to our family medicine residency practice in Massachusetts with subacute polyarticular arthralgias that had been present for 2 months. She complained of pain and swelling of both ankles and the right knee. She noted that her symptoms had started on a recent trip to the Dominican Republic, where she developed generalized joint pain and a fever that lasted 1 to 2 weeks and subsequently resolved with the lingering polyarthralgias. She den...

Efficacy and Safety of Transcranial Direct Current Stimulation for Treating Negative Symptoms in Schizophrenia: A Randomized Clinical Trial.

Negative symptoms represent a substantial burden in schizophrenia. Although preliminary studies have suggested that transcranial direct current stimulation (tDCS) is effective for some clusters of symptoms, the clinical benefits for negative symptoms are unclear.

The association between nurse staffing levels and the timeliness of vital signs monitoring: a retrospective observational study in the UK.

Omissions and delays in delivering nursing care are widely reported consequences of staffing shortages, with potentially serious impacts on patients. However, studies so far have relied almost exclusively on nurse self-reporting. Monitoring vital signs is a key part of nursing work and electronic recording provides an opportunity to objectively measure delays in care. This study aimed to determine the association between registered nurse (RN) and nursing assistant (NA) staffing levels and adherence to a vit...

Distress-Related Internalizing Symptoms Interact With Externalizing Symptoms to Predict Alcohol Problems in an Inpatient Adolescent Sample.

Previous research has yielded equivocal findings regarding whether internalizing symptoms are risk factors for adolescent hazardous alcohol use (AU), specifically in the presence of externalizing symptoms. This may be due to the type of internalizing symptoms examined (ie, distress vs fear), and the use of primarily normative rather than clinical samples. Thus, we tested internalizing and externalizing symptom interactions as they relate to adolescent hazardous AU in a high-risk, clinical sample of adolesce...

Role of phosphodiesterase inhibitors in stent-related symptoms: a systematic review and meta-analysis.

Stent-related symptoms are frequent following stent placement for various indications. Use of PDE inhibitors has expanded beyond their classical indication and has been tried in patients with stent-related symptoms. The systematic review was conducted to ascertain the efficacy of PDE inhibitors in ameliorating stent-related symptoms.

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