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PubMed Journals Articles About "Flurbiprofen Flurbiprofen Rifampicin Flurbiprofen Fluconazole Healthy Volunteers" - Page: 4 RSS

02:19 EST 18th January 2019 | BioPortfolio

Flurbiprofen Flurbiprofen Rifampicin Flurbiprofen Fluconazole Healthy Volunteers PubMed articles on BioPortfolio. Our PubMed references draw on over 21 million records from the medical literature. Here you can see the latest Flurbiprofen Flurbiprofen Rifampicin Flurbiprofen Fluconazole Healthy Volunteers articles that have been published worldwide.

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Showing "flurbiprofen flurbiprofen rifampicin flurbiprofen fluconazole Healthy Volunteers" PubMed Articles 76–100 of 5,600+

High rates of death and loss to follow-up by 12 months of rifampicin resistant TB treatment in South Africa.

Treatment success rates of rifampicin resistant (RR)/multi-drug resistant (MDR) tuberculosis (TB) in South Africa range from 43-48%, falling short of the World Health Organization's target of ≥75%. We present rates and assess predictors of attrition by 12 months on treatment.


Trend analysis of leprosy in Morocco between 2000 and 2017: Evidence on the single dose rifampicin chemoprophylaxis.

Morocco has achieved the goal of leprosy elimination as a public health problem several years ago (less than 1 case/ 10 000 habitant). The aim of this study was to analyze trends of leprosy detection during the last 17 years taking into consideration the implementation of single dose rifampicin chemoprophylaxis (SDRC) started in 2012.

Re: 'High interindividual variability in urinary fosfomycin concentrations in healthy female volunteers' by Wijma et al.


Healthy human serum N-glycan profiling reveals the influence of ethnic variation on the identified cancer-relevant glycan biomarkers.

Most glycomics studies have focused on understanding disease mechanisms and proposing serum markers for various diseases, yet the influence of ethnic variation on the identified glyco-biomarker remains poorly addressed. This study aimed to investigate the inter-ethnic serum N-glycan variation among US origin control, Japanese, Indian, and Ethiopian healthy volunteers.

Unimodal and crossmodal extinction of nociceptive stimuli in healthy volunteers.

Nociception, the physiological mechanisms specifically processing information about noxious and potentially painful stimuli, has the double function to warn about potential body damages (interoception) and about the cause of such potential damages (exteroception). The exteroceptive function is thought to rely on multisensory integration between somatic and extra-somatic stimuli, provided that extra-somatic stimuli occur near the stimulated body area. To corroborate this hypothesis, we succeeded to show in h...

Safety, tolerability, and pharmacokinetics of AL-335 in healthy volunteers and hepatitis C virus-infected subjects.

The nucleotide analog AL-335 is a pangenotypic hepatitis C virus (HCV) nonstructural protein (NS)5B inhibitor being evaluated as treatment for chronic HCV infection.

Repurposing azithromycin and rifampicin against Gram-negative pathogens by combination with peptide potentiators.

Gram-negative pathogens are intrinsically resistant to several antibiotics that are not able to penetrate the envelope barrier. The objective of this study was to identify peptides that at low concentrations induce susceptibility to these antibiotics in multidrug-resistant (MDR) Gram-negative strains of clinical relevance. A pairwise screening of 34 diverse peptides and four antibiotics (erythromycin, linezolid, rifampicin and vancomycin) with primary activity against Gram-positive bacteria identified four ...

Impact of Insulin Tregopil and its Permeation Enhancer on Pharmacokinetics of Metformin in Healthy Volunteers: Randomized, Open-label, Placebo Controlled, Crossover Study.

Oral insulin tregopil (IN-105; new drug under development) may be co-administered with oral anti-diabetic drugs such as metformin in type 2 diabetes mellitus patients for optimal glycemic control. IN-105 has sodium caprate excipient, a permeation enhancer, for enhancing absorption in stomach and increasing bioavailability via oral route. Sodium caprate may increase bioavailability of metformin by a similar mechanism. Therefore, it was necessary to study effect of IN-105 on pharmacokinetics of metformin. In ...

Automated Cardiac Valve Tracking for Flow Quantification with Four-dimensional Flow MRI.

Purpose To compare four-dimensional flow MRI with automated valve tracking to manual valve tracking in patients with acquired or congenital heart disease and healthy volunteers. Materials and Methods In this retrospective study, data were collected from 114 patients and 46 volunteers who underwent four-dimensional flow MRI at 1.5 T or 3.0 T from 2006 through 2017. Among the 114 patients, 33 had acquired and 81 had congenital heart disease (median age, 17 years; interquartile range [IQR], 13-49 years), 51 (4...

Comparison of Liver Shear Wave Elastography Measurements using Siemens Acuson S3000, GE LOGIQ E9, Philips EPIQ7 and Toshiba Aplio 500 (Software Versions 5.0 and 6.0) in Healthy Volunteers.

 To compare ARFI-based elastography procedures of the GE LOGIQ E9, Philips EPIQ7, and Toshiba Aplio 500 (versions 5.0 and 6.0) ultrasound scanners with the Siemens Acuson S3000 reference scanner in subjects with healthy livers, taking various impact factors into account.

Evidence for sex difference in the CSF/plasma albumin ratio in ~20 000 patients and 335 healthy volunteers.

Given sex-related differences in brain disorders, it is of interest to study if there is a sex difference in the permeability of the blood-cerebrospinal fluid barrier (BCSFB) and the blood-brain barrier (BBB). The CSF/serum albumin ratio (Q ) is a standardized biomarker that evaluates the function of these barriers. In previous studies, contradictory results have been reported with respect to sex difference using this quotient, possibly because of small population sizes and heterogeneity with respect to age...

Influence of tpmt polymorphisms in mercaptopurine pharmacokinetics in healthy volunteers.

Mercaptopurine is a drug commonly used in the treatment of different types of cancer, especially acute lymphoblastic leukaemia, and autoimmune diseases such as ulcerative colitis or Crohn's disease and in patients receiving organ transplants. It is metabolized by three cytosolic enzymes. One of them, thiopurine-S-methyltransferase (TPMT), is responsible for catalysing the methylation reaction of mercaptopurine to 6-methyl-mercaptopurine, thus inactivating the drug. Individuals with TPMT loss-of-function all...

Increased cerebral blood flow after single dose of antipsychotics in healthy volunteers depends on dopamine D2 receptor density profiles.

As a result of neuro-vascular coupling, the functional effects of antipsychotics in human brain have been investigated in both healthy and clinical populations using haemodynamic markers such as regional Cerebral Blood Flow (rCBF). However, the relationship between observed haemodynamic effects and the pharmacological action of these drugs has not been fully established. Here, we analysed Arterial Spin Labelling (ASL) rCBF data from a placebo-controlled study in healthy volunteers, who received a single dos...

Illusory Angiographic Signs of Significant Iliac Vein Compression in Healthy Volunteers.

Iliac vein compression syndrome can cause severe leg symptoms. In clinical practice, it remains a challenge to differentiate which compression is clinically relevant. The aim of the current study was to assess the general treatment indications and the prevalence of angiographic signs of iliac vein compression in a group of healthy participants.

Gastric motor and sensory function in health assessed by magnetic resonance imaging: Establishment of reference intervals for the Nottingham test meal in healthy subjects.

Current investigations of gastric emptying rarely identify the cause of symptoms or provide a definitive diagnosis in patients with dyspepsia. This study assessed gastric function by magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) using the modular "Nottingham test meal" (NTM) in healthy volunteers (HVs).

Increased activity of linezolid in combination with rifampicin in a murine pneumonia model due to MRSA.

The chloramphenicol/florfenicol resistance gene cfr, which mediates cross-resistance to linezolid and other classes of antimicrobial agents, represents a global therapeutic challenge due to its dissemination among MDR nosocomial pathogens, including MRSA. This study aimed to compare the efficacy of the linezolid/rifampicin combination in a murine pneumonia model caused by cfr-positive and cfr-negative clinical MRSA strains.

Successful fluconazole treatment of catheter-related candidemia caused by Candida haemulonii: report of 2 neonatal cases.

Candida haemulonii forms part of the non-albicans Candida species. The candidemia caused by C. haemulonii is extremely rare but fatal in neonates. We reported the first two neonates with C. haemulonii candidemia in China which were treated with fluconazole and reviewed two papers previously reported. Our report adds further awareness on C. haemulonii candidemia in critical neonates and points out the importance of an early diagnosis and treatment of this fatal infection.

UHPLC-MS/MS method for determination of atorvastatin calcium in human plasma: Application to a pharmacokinetic study based on healthy volunteers with specific genotype.

A rapid, selective and sensitive ultra high performance liquid chromatography coupled with tandem triple quaternary mass spectrometry (UHPLC-MS/MS) method was developed and validated for the quantitative determination of atorvastatin calcium (AC) in human plasma. Separation of AC and rosuvastatin calcium (internal standard, IS) were achieved on a Dikma Leapsil C18 reversed phase column (100 × 2.1 mm, 2.7 μm) with gradient elution using 0.2% (v/v) formic acid in water and acetonitrile as mobile pha...

Molecular types of Cryptococcus neoformans and Cryptococcus gattii in Western Australia and correlation with antifungal susceptibility.

Cryptococcus neoformans and Cryptococcus gattii species complexes have a worldwide distribution; however, there is geographical variation in the prevalence of different molecular types. Additionally, antifungal susceptibility differences between molecular types have been demonstrated. This study investigates the distribution of cryptococcal molecular types among human clinical isolates over a 10-year period from a Western Australian population. Molecular type was determined based on polymorphisms in the pho...

Analysis of distribution and drug resistance of pathogens from the wounds of 1 310 thermal burn patients.

To analyze the distribution and drug resistance of pathogens from the wounds of thermal burn patients, so as to provide reliable basis for the rational use of antibiotics and the effective control over nosocomial infection. Wound samples of 1 310 thermal burn patients admitted into our burn wards from January 2012 to December 2017 were collected and retrospectively analyzed. API bacteria identification panels and automatical bacteria identification equipment were used to identify pathogens. E test was cond...

CMR-derived extracellular volume fraction (ECV) in asymptomatic heart transplant recipients: correlations with clinical features and myocardial edema.

Myocardial interstitial expansion seems to be fundamental to the process of adverse left ventricular remodeling. Recent evidence has shown that the extracellular volume fraction (ECV) derived from cardiovascular magnetic resonance (CMR) can be used as a noninvasive method to quantify myocardial interstitial volume in a range of heart diseases. Our aim was to determine whether ECV is increased in asymptomatic orthotopic heart transplant (HTx) patients and its associations with clinical features and T2 values...

A pilot study of the unilateral centrifugation subjective visual vertical in healthy young people.

To evaluate the data of unilateral centrifugation subjective visual vertical (UC-SVV) in healthy young people.To study the function of utricle. Between Decem ber 2017 and May 2018, thirty-two healthy young volunteers were tested by static subjective visual vertical(SVV) and low velocity UC-SVV with Neuro Kinetics Inc I-portal 6.0 Video nystagmus recording system and NOTC rotating chair system.The static SVV preset angle were -15.00°, 15.00°, -20.00°, 20.00°, -12.00° and 12.00° respectively.UC-SVV tes...

Intestinal phase-II metabolism of quercetin in HT29 cells, 3D human intestinal tissues and in healthy volunteers: a qualitative comparison using LC-IMS-MS and LC-HRMS.

1. Flavonoids are a large class of dietary molecules, among which quercetin is the most ubiquitous, which undergo an extensive intestinal phase-II metabolism. We compared the in vivo metabolism of quercetin in healthy volunteers with two in vitro models, HT29 cells and 3D human intestinal tissues. Supernatants of the in vitro experiments as well as the human intestinal fluids (HIF) were analyzed by LC-IMS-MS and LC-HRMS in a qualitative way. 2. Quercetin glucuronides, sulfates and their methyl conjugates we...

Emerging Candida species isolated from renal transplant recipients: Species distribution and susceptibility profiles.

Candidiasis is a major challenge among renal transplant recipients (RTRs) worldwide and is associated with high morbidity and mortality rates. Fluconazole is the most commonly used agent for Candida infections. However, frequent relapse and treatment failure are still reported among patients affected with this infection. In the present study, Candida species obtained from RTRs were characterized based on conventional and molecular assays. Furthermore, the antifungal susceptibility profiles of these species ...

Effect of cyclosporine coadministration on the pharmacokinetics of eltrombopag in healthy volunteers.

Eltrombopag is indicated in patients with severe aplastic anemia (SAA) refractory to prior immunosuppressive therapy. The combination of eltrombopag and immunosuppressive therapy (such as cyclosporine) is currently being evaluated in patients with treatment-naive SAA. Cyclosporine is a human breast cancer resistance protein (BCRP) inhibitor, and can potentially alter plasma exposure to eltrombopag, a BCRP substrate. This phase 1, open-label, randomized, 3-period, crossover study evaluated the effect of cycl...


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