PubMed Journals Articles About "Quotation Newborn Behavioral Observation Scale Premature Newborn" - Page: 4 RSS

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Showing "quotation newborn behavioral observation scale Premature Newborn" PubMed Articles 76–100 of 11,000+

Rapid diagnosis of respiratory distress syndrome by oral aspirate in premature newborns.

The stable microbubble test on gastric aspirate and on amniotic fluid has been used for the diagnosis of respiratory distress syndrome in the newborn. However, no study has performed this test on oral aspirates from premature infants. The objective of this study was to evaluate the performance of the stable microbubble test on oral aspirates from preterm newborns to predict respiratory distress syndrome.

Elafin treatment rescues EGFR-Klf4 signaling and lung cell survival in ventilated newborn mice.

Mechanical ventilation with O-rich gas (MV-O) inhibits alveologenesis and lung growth. We showed that MV-O increases elastase activity and apoptosis in lungs of newborn mice; elastase inhibition by elafin suppressed apoptosis and enabled lung growth. In pilot studies, MV-O reduced lung expression of pro-survival factors, pEGFR and Klf4.

Disruption of the Igf2 gene alters hepatic lipid homeostasis and gene expression in the newborn mouse.

Newborns with intrauterine growth-restriction are at increased risk of mortality and life-long co-morbidities. Insulin-like growth factor-II (IGF2) deficiency in humans as well as in mice leads to intrauterine growth restriction and decreased neonatal glycogen stores. The present study aims to further characterize the metabolic and transcriptional consequences of Igf2 deficiency in the newborn. We found that, despite being born significantly smaller than their wild-type (Igf2) littermates, brain size was pr...

Concentrations of perfluoroalkyl substances and bisphenol A in newborn dried blood spots and the association with child behavior.

Experimental studies suggest that prenatal exposure to endocrine disrupting chemicals interferes with developmental processes in the fetal brain. Yet, epidemiological evidence is inconclusive. In a birth cohort (2008-2010, upstate New York), we quantified concentrations of perfluorooctane sulfonic acid (PFOS), perfluorooctanoic acid (PFOA), and bisphenol A (BPA) in stored newborn dried blood spots using liquid chromatography/tandem mass spectrometry. Mothers reported on children's behavior using the Strengt...

Improving immediate newborn care practices in Philippine hospitals: impact of a national quality of care initiative 2008-2015.

To determine whether intrapartum and newborn care practices improved in 11 large hospitals between 2008 and 2015.

Rapamycin rescues BMP mediated midline craniosynostosis phenotype through reduction of mTOR signaling in a mouse model.

Craniosynostosis is defined as congenital premature fusion of one or more cranial sutures. While the genetic basis for about 30% of cases is known, the causative genes for the diverse presentations of the remainder of cases are unknown. The recently discovered cranial suture stem cell population affords an opportunity to identify early signaling pathways that contribute to craniosynostosis. We previously demonstrated that enhanced BMP signaling in neural crest cells (caA3 mutants) leads to premature cranial...

Pilot study of population-based newborn screening for spinal muscular atrophy in New York state.

PurposeTo determine feasibility and utility of newborn screening for spinal muscular atrophy (SMA) in New York State.MethodsWe validated a multiplex TaqMan real-time quantitative polymerase chain reaction assay using dried blood spots for SMA. From January 2016 to January 2017, we offered, consented, and screened 3,826 newborns at three hospitals in New York City and tested newborns for the deletion in exon 7 of SMN1.ResultsNinety-three percent of parents opted in for SMA screening. Overall the SMA carrier ...

Identification of Primary Congenital Hypothyroidism Based on Two Newborn Screens - Utah, 2010-2016.

Newborn screening for primary congenital hypothyroidism is part of the U.S. Recommended Uniform Screening Panel (1,2). Untreated congenital hypothyroidism can result in cognitive impairment and growth complications (decreased height/length). Initial newborn screening for congenital hypothyroidism is typically performed 24-48 hours after birth. Fourteen states, including Utah, perform a routine second screen at approximately 2 weeks of age.* During 2010-2016, a total of 359,432 infants in Utah were screened ...

Urgency to End Newborn Deaths.

Development of nNOS-positive preganglionic sympathetic neurons in the rat thoracic spinal cord.

To gain a better understanding of the neuroplasticity of sympathetic neurons during postnatal ontogenesis, the distribution of neuronal nitric oxide synthase (nNOS) immunoreactivity was studied in sympathetic preganglionic neurons (SPN) in the spinal cord (Th2 segment) of female Wistar rats at different ages (newborn, 10-, 20-, 30-day-old; 2-, 6-month-old; 3-year-old). In all age groups, the majority of nNOS-immunoreactive (IR) neurons was observed in the nucleus intermediolateralis thoracolumbalis pars pri...

Pregnancy and newborn outcomes after exposure to bisphosphonates: a case-control study.

We analyzed women and newborn outcome after maternal exposure to BPs. BPs have no teratogenic effect on the 36 analyzed pregnancies compared to unexposed controls matched on women underlying diseases (either systemic disease, either "bone" disease) but some outcome differed: neonatal complications rate in systemic diseases and live birth rate in bone diseases).

Placental lipoprotein lipase activity is positively associated with newborn adiposity.

Recent data suggest that in addition to glucose, fetal growth is related to maternal triglycerides (TG). To reach the fetus, TG must be hydrolyzed to free fatty acids (FFA) and transported across the placenta, but regulation is uncertain. Placental lipoprotein lipase (pLPL) hydrolyzes TG, both dietary chylomicron TG (CM-TG) and very-low density lipoprotein TG (VLDL-TG), to FFA. This may promote fetal fat accretion by increasing the available FFA pool for placental uptake. We tested the novel hypothesis that...

Creation and validation of tool to assess resident competence in neonatal resuscitation.

The American Board of Pediatrics requires that pediatricians be able to initiate stabilization of a newborn. After residency, 45% of general pediatricians routinely attend deliveries. However, there is no standard approach or tool to measure resident proficiency in newborn resuscitation across training programs. In a national survey, we found a large variability in faculty assessment of the amount of supervision trainees need for various resuscitation scenarios. Objective documentation of trainee performanc...

Newborn with a Hyperextended Knee.

Tinea Capitis in a Newborn.

Acquired Versus Congenital Neonatal Purpura Fulminans: A Case Report and Literature Review.

Neonatal purpura fulminans (PF) is a life-threatening disorder caused by congenital or acquired deficiencies of protein C (PC) or S. PF presents as a cutaneous manifestation of disseminated intravascular coagulation. We describe a case of PF in a newborn with left leg ischemia and undetectable PC levels soon after birth. Despite anticoagulation therapy and PC concentrate, left foot amputation was required. Genetic testing of PROC for congenital PC deficiency was normal. This case highlights the course of PF...

Craniosynostosis: Acrocephalosyndactyly (Apert Syndrome) Diagnosed in a Newborn.

We report a 10 days old newborn with brachycephaly, midfacial hypoplasia, syndactyly and broad distal phalanx of thumb and big toe. At the 20th gestational weeks an enlargement of the left cerebral ventricle and malformation of the fingers of the hands and toes were noticed on a regular ultrasound examination. The aforementioned malformations were observed at birth and at the age of 11 months. The large fontal was closed; the small one was palpable at the tip of the finger. Brachycephaly was evident with hi...

Higher Incidence Rates of Hypothyroidism and Late TSH Rise in Preterm Very-Low-Birth-Weight Infants at a Tertiary Care Center.

Preterm newborns with a very low birth weight (VLBW) of < 1,500 g have an atypical form of hypothyroidism with a delayed rise in TSH, necessitating a second newborn screening specimen collection. The aims of this study were to survey the compliance with second newborn screening to detect delayed TSH rise in VLBW preterm infants at a tertiary care center, and to determine the rate of atypical hypothyroidism.

Lack of partner impacts newborn health through maternal depression: A pilot study of low-income immigrant Latina women.

Latina women have a high burden of depression and other mental health issues, particularly in the perinatal period. Suboptimal maternal mental health can have adverse developmental and physiological impacts on child growth. The present study examines the impact of unplanned pregnancy and pregnancy relationship status on prenatal maternal depression in a sample of low-income Latina women. We hypothesized that the association between these prenatal stressors and newborn health would be mediated through prenat...

High susceptibility of mouse newborns to delayed appearance of DNA double-strand breaks in neural stem/progenitor cells exposed to ionizing radiation.

Fetal brains are known to be extremely sensitive to ionizing radiation, which can induce structural and functional defects in the developing brain. However, there is less data on the effects of radiation on newborn brains. To determine the radiation sensitivity in newborn brains, we determined the number of DNA double-strand breaks (DSBs) appearing at later stage post-irradiation in neural stem/progenitor cells (NSPCs) of mouse newborns

Newborn Screening and Health Communications.

Clarification of INTERGROWTH-21 newborn birthweight standards.

A novel coronary pattern in newborn with d-transposition of the great arteries.

Novel mosaic SRY gene deletions in three newborn males with variable genitourinary malformations.

Ambiguous genitalia in the newborn can present a diagnostic challenge in medical practice. In most cases, the causes of genitourinary anomalies are not well understood; both genetic and environmental factors are thought to play a role. In this study, we report mosaic SRY gene deletion identified by fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH) analysis in three unrelated newborn male patients with genital anomalies. G-banded chromosomes and microarray analysis were normal for all three patients. One patient had...

Intestinal obstruction with a twist: a rare case of congenital portal vein aneurysm causing intestinal obstruction.

Bilious vomiting is often a presenting feature of upper intestinal obstruction in newborn. We present a case of intestinal obstruction in a newborn baby caused by abnormal vascular band arising from portal vein aneurysm in association with a midgut volvulus. Congenital anomalies of portovenous system are very rare, and it usually presents with portal hypertension in late infancy or childhood. In this particular child, the portal vein aneurysm contributed to intestinal obstruction due to both a failure of in...

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