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Quotation Newborn Behavioral Observation Scale Premature Newborn PubMed articles on BioPortfolio. Our PubMed references draw on over 21 million records from the medical literature. Here you can see the latest Quotation Newborn Behavioral Observation Scale Premature Newborn articles that have been published worldwide.
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Newborn screening for primary congenital hypothyroidism is part of the U.S. Recommended Uniform Screening Panel (1,2). Untreated congenital hypothyroidism can result in cognitive impairment and growth complications (decreased height/length). Initial newborn screening for congenital hypothyroidism is typically performed 24-48 hours after birth. Fourteen states, including Utah, perform a routine second screen at approximately 2 weeks of age.* During 2010-2016, a total of 359,432 infants in Utah were screened ...
Experimental studies suggest that prenatal exposure to endocrine disrupting chemicals interferes with developmental processes in the fetal brain. Yet, epidemiological evidence is inconclusive. In a birth cohort (2008-2010, upstate New York), we quantified concentrations of perfluorooctane sulfonic acid (PFOS), perfluorooctanoic acid (PFOA), and bisphenol A (BPA) in stored newborn dried blood spots using liquid chromatography/tandem mass spectrometry. Mothers reported on children's behavior using the Strengt...
Craniosynostosis is defined as congenital premature fusion of one or more cranial sutures. While the genetic basis for about 30% of cases is known, the causative genes for the diverse presentations of the remainder of cases are unknown. The recently discovered cranial suture stem cell population affords an opportunity to identify early signaling pathways that contribute to craniosynostosis. We previously demonstrated that enhanced BMP signaling in neural crest cells (caA3 mutants) leads to premature cranial...
To gain a better understanding of the neuroplasticity of sympathetic neurons during postnatal ontogenesis, the distribution of neuronal nitric oxide synthase (nNOS) immunoreactivity was studied in sympathetic preganglionic neurons (SPN) in the spinal cord (Th2 segment) of female Wistar rats at different ages (newborn, 10-, 20-, 30-day-old; 2-, 6-month-old; 3-year-old). In all age groups, the majority of nNOS-immunoreactive (IR) neurons was observed in the nucleus intermediolateralis thoracolumbalis pars pri...
We analyzed women and newborn outcome after maternal exposure to BPs. BPs have no teratogenic effect on the 36 analyzed pregnancies compared to unexposed controls matched on women underlying diseases (either systemic disease, either "bone" disease) but some outcome differed: neonatal complications rate in systemic diseases and live birth rate in bone diseases).
The American Board of Pediatrics requires that pediatricians be able to initiate stabilization of a newborn. After residency, 45% of general pediatricians routinely attend deliveries. However, there is no standard approach or tool to measure resident proficiency in newborn resuscitation across training programs. In a national survey, we found a large variability in faculty assessment of the amount of supervision trainees need for various resuscitation scenarios. Objective documentation of trainee performanc...
The objective of this study was to evaluate a filter system to harvest plasma to assess failure of passive transfer (FPT) in newborn calves. Blood samples (n = 227) for serum and plasma harvesting were collected via jugular vein puncture from Holstein calves aged 1 to 7 d from 4 commercial dairy herds in Northeast Germany. Serum IgG concentrations were determined using a sandwich ELISA. Failure of passive transfer was defined as IgG concentrations
Latina women have a high burden of depression and other mental health issues, particularly in the perinatal period. Suboptimal maternal mental health can have adverse developmental and physiological impacts on child growth. The present study examines the impact of unplanned pregnancy and pregnancy relationship status on prenatal maternal depression in a sample of low-income Latina women. We hypothesized that the association between these prenatal stressors and newborn health would be mediated through prenat...
Clinicians who rarely perform neonatal resuscitation exhibit skill deterioration. Telehealth addresses this challenge by facilitating video connections between neonatologists at tertiary care centers and providers at smaller hospitals. However, there is little empirical evidence about the benefits of telehealth programs for neonatal resuscitation. Thus, we conducted a multiple-baseline study to evaluate the effect of video-assisted resuscitation on the transfer of newborns from eight community hospitals tha...
Fetal brains are known to be extremely sensitive to ionizing radiation, which can induce structural and functional defects in the developing brain. However, there is less data on the effects of radiation on newborn brains. To determine the radiation sensitivity in newborn brains, we determined the number of DNA double-strand breaks (DSBs) appearing at later stage post-irradiation in neural stem/progenitor cells (NSPCs) of mouse newborns
Ambiguous genitalia in the newborn can present a diagnostic challenge in medical practice. In most cases, the causes of genitourinary anomalies are not well understood; both genetic and environmental factors are thought to play a role. In this study, we report mosaic SRY gene deletion identified by fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH) analysis in three unrelated newborn male patients with genital anomalies. G-banded chromosomes and microarray analysis were normal for all three patients. One patient had...
Bilious vomiting is often a presenting feature of upper intestinal obstruction in newborn. We present a case of intestinal obstruction in a newborn baby caused by abnormal vascular band arising from portal vein aneurysm in association with a midgut volvulus. Congenital anomalies of portovenous system are very rare, and it usually presents with portal hypertension in late infancy or childhood. In this particular child, the portal vein aneurysm contributed to intestinal obstruction due to both a failure of in...
Recent evidence indicates that continuity models of maternity care result in improved clinical and psychosocial outcomes, but their causal mechanisms are poorly understood. The recent Lancet Series on Midwifery's Quality Maternal and Newborn Care Framework describes five components of quality care and their associated characteristics. As an initial step in developing this Framework into an evaluation toolkit, we transformed its components and characteristics into a topic guide to assess stakeholder percepti...
Genomic sequencing provides many opportunities in newborn clinical care, but the challenges of interpreting and reporting newborn genomic sequencing (nGS) results need to be addressed for its broader and effective application. The BabySeq Project is a pilot randomized clinical trial that explores the medical, behavioral, and economic impacts of nGS in well newborns and those admitted to a neonatal intensive care unit (NICU). Here we present childhood-onset and actionable adult-onset disease risk, carrier st...