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A Study Evaluating The Pharmacokinetics Of Ceftobiprole When Taken By Obese Patients PubMed articles on BioPortfolio. Our PubMed references draw on over 21 million records from the medical literature. Here you can see the latest A Study Evaluating The Pharmacokinetics Of Ceftobiprole When Taken By Obese Patients articles that have been published worldwide.
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Weight-based dosing of intravenous busulfan is widely used in hematopoietic cell transplantation. However, a variety of dosing weights have been described. The objective of this retrospective study was to determine the pharmacokinetic impact of using ideal body weight as the initial dosing weight in obese as compared to non-obese transplant recipients. The secondary objectives were to describe the use of alternative dosing weights, the impact on survival, and the rates of toxicities. The mean steady-state c...
Intravenous magnesium is routinely administered in intensive care units (ICU) to treat arrhythmias after cardiothoracic surgery. There are no data on the pharmacokinetics of continuous magnesium infusion therapy.
Multiple studies suggest that hypoxia, together with inflammation, could be one of the phenomena involved in the onset and progression of obesity-related insulin resistance. In addition, dysfunction of adipose tissue in obese subjects with metabolic syndrome is associated with decreased angiogenesis. However, some subjects with a high body mass index do not develop metabolic abnormalities associated with obesity. The aim of the current study was to examine the neovascular properties of visceral adipose tiss...
PurposeMonogenic diabetes accounts for 1-2% of diabetes cases. It is often undiagnosed, which may lead to inappropriate treatment. This study was performed to estimate the prevalence of monogenic diabetes in a cohort of overweight/obese adolescents diagnosed with type 2 diabetes (T2D).MethodsSequencing using a custom monogenic diabetes gene panel was performed on a racially/ethnically diverse cohort of 488 overweight/obese adolescents with T2D in the Treatment Options for Type 2 Diabetes in Adolescents and ...
The purpose of the present two phase 1 studies was to assess the safety, tolerability and pharmacokinetics for topical application of a novel Janus kinase (JAK) inhibitor, JTE-052, in Japanese healthy adult male volunteers and Japanese adult patients with atopic dermatitis (AD). Additionally, exploratory investigation was performed on the efficacy for disease severity and pruritus score in AD patients. In the QBX1-1 study, the cutaneous safety of JTE-052 ointment by a patch test and a photo patch test was a...
Obesity and type 2 diabetes mellitus are prevalent all over the world. Obese patients with more visceral fat are more likely to suffer from type 2 diabetes mellitus, hypertension, dyslipidemia and obstructive sleep apnea. Obese patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus have higher risk of obesity and diabetes related complications (especially arteriosclerotic cardiovascular disease). This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.
Antimicrobial prophylactic dosing of morbidly obese patients may differ from normal weighted individuals due to alterations on drug´s tissue distribution. Drug subcutaneous tissue distribution can be investigated by microdialysis patients and animals. The need of cefazolin prophylactic dose adjustment in obese patients remains under discussion. The paper describes the validation of an HPLC-UV method for cefazolin quantification in plasma and microdialysate samples from clinical and pre-clinical studies. A ...
Roxadustat is an orally active hypoxia-inducible factor prolyl hydroxylase inhibitor for the treatment of anemia in chronic kidney disease. This study investigated the effect of multiple daily oral doses of omeprazole on the pharmacokinetics, safety, and tolerability of a single oral dose of roxadustat.
1. Puerarin has been reported to possess a wide range of pharmacological activities. This study investigated the effects of glycyrrhizin on the pharmacokinetics of puerarin in rats. 2. The pharmacokinetics of orally administered puerarin (50 mg/kg) with or without glycyrrhizin pretreatment (100 mg/kg/day for 7 days) were investigated. The plasma concentration of puerarin was determined using a sensitive and reliable LC-MS/MS method. The pharmacokinetics profiles were calculated and compared. Additionall...
Type 2 diabetes (T2DM) is associated with structural cortical and subcortical alterations, although it is insufficiently clear if these alterations are driven by obesity or by diabetes and its associated complications. We used FreeSurfer5.3 and FSL-FIRST to determine cortical thickness, volume and surface area, and subcortical gray matter volume in a group of 16 normoglycemic obese subjects and 28 obese T2DM patients without clinically manifest micro- and marcoangiopathy, and compared them to 31 lean normog...
Obesity is now common among children and adults who are kidney transplant candidates and recipients. It is associated with an increased risk of cardiovascular disease and kidney failure. This also pertains to potential living kidney donors with obesity. Obese patients with endstage renal disease benefit from transplantation as do non-obese patients, but obesity is also associated with more risk. A complicating factor is that obesity is also associated with increased survival on maintenance dialysis in adult...
The number of elderly individuals with non-valvular atrial fibrillation (NV-AF) requiring long-term anticoagulation is rising. The pharmacokinetics of oral anticoagulants in elderly individuals may differ from that for younger patients. The aim of this study was to assess the dabigatran levels in elderly patients with NV-AF.
The aim of our study was to investigate the pharmacokinetics (PK), tissue distribution and toxicity of F11 antibody to semaphorin 3A in mouse models and explore its anti-angiogenic and tumor-inhibitory effect.
There are limited data of oxycodone pharmacokinetics during pregnancy and on fetal exposure after maternal administration. The present study describes the pharmacokinetics of intravenous oxycodone in pregnant sheep and fetal exposure after intravenous and epidural administration.
To compare daptomycin exposures and predicted safety outcomes with a simulated weight-based and fixed dose in morbidly-obese and non-obese subjects METHODS: We performed a nonparametric population pharmacokinetic analysis of daptomycin concentration-time data from a prior obese and non-obese kidney function matched cohort of healthy adult volunteers. Monte Carlo simulations were performed to compare the maximum concentrations (C ), minimum concentrations (C ), and area under the curve (AUC) with the standar...
Can Teamwork and High-Volume Experience Overcome Challenges of Lymphadenectomy in Morbidly Obese Patients (Body Mass Index of 40 kg/m2 or Greater) with Endometrial Cancer?: A Cohort Study of Robotics and Laparotomy and Review of Literature.
This study aimed to compare surgical outcomes and the adequacy of surgical staging in morbidly obese women with a body mass index (BMI) of 40 kg/m or greater who underwent robotic surgery or laparotomy for the staging of endometrioid-type endometrial cancer.
This study mainly explored the serum level of miR-300 with the risk of knee OA, thereby evaluating their diagnostic ability for treatment of knee osteoarthritis (KOA) patients.
The objective of this study was to apply a pharmacokinetics-pharmacodynamics approach to investigate the free propofol plasma levels in patients undergoing coronary artery bypass grafting under hypothermic conditions compared with the off-pump procedure.
The impact of body mass index (BMI) on postoperative outcomes after curative resection for esophageal cancer has been assessed in many studies worldwide with conflicting conclusions. The aim of this meta-analysis is to evaluate the influence of preoperative BMI on surgical and oncologic outcomes after radical surgery for esophageal cancer, in Western studies. A comprehensive electronic search was performed to identify Western publications reporting BMI and outcomes following surgery for esophageal cancer. A...
To investigate the population pharmacokinetics of teicoplanin in patients treated by the subcutaneous (sc) and/or intravenous (iv) route.
Obesity is associated with several detrimental health consequences, among them an increased risk for development of cancer, and an overall elevated mortality. Multiple factors like hyperinsulinemia, chronic microinflammation and oxidative stress may be involved. The comet assay has been proven to be very sensitive for detection of DNA damage and has been used to explore the relationship between overweight/obesity and DNA damage, but results are controversial. Very few investigations have been performed to c...
Associated childhood obesity risk factors are not well established in developing countries such as Zimbabwe and this information is essential for tailored intervention development. This study aimed to identify prominent risk factors for overweight/obese and overfat/obese among primary school children of Mashonaland West Province in Zimbabwe. A school-based cross-sectional study was conducted using multi-stage random cluster sampling approach (30 × 30). Bivariate and multivariable logistic regression was em...
Acupuncture and electroacupuncture have been proved to be beneficial in weight control among obese women. Acupoint catgut embedding treatment, a derivative type of acupuncture, is considered to be more effective than acupuncture and electroacupuncture in reducing weight. This study is to investigate the therapeutic effects and safety of acupoint stimulation by catgut embedding in obese women. The influence of catgut embedding on obesity-related hormones was also examined.
MINT1526A is a monoclonal antibody that blocks the interaction of integrin alpha 5 beta 1 (α5β1) with its extracellular matrix ligands. This phase I study evaluated the safety and pharmacokinetics of MINT1526A with or without bevacizumab in patients with advanced solid tumors.
Insulin resistance with altered thyroid status in women is observed in type 2 diabetics and varies with advancing age and estrogen profile. We compared thyroid status between premenopausal and postmenopausal women in obese, non obese and overweight type 2 diabetes.