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Showing "Study Evaluating Pharmacokinetics Ceftobiprole When Taken Obese Patients" PubMed Articles 101–125 of 81,000+

Pharmacokinetics of Ombitasvir, Paritaprevir, Ritonavir, and Dasabuvir in Healthy Chinese Subjects and HCV GT1b-Infected Chinese, South Korean and Taiwanese Patients.

The 3 direct-acting antiviral (3D) regimen of ombitasvir/paritaprevir/ritonavir plus dasabuvir has recently been approved in several Asian geographic regions for the treatment of hepatitis C virus (HCV) genotype (GT) 1 infection. The pharmacokinetics of the components of the 3D regimen with or without ribavirin were evaluated in healthy Chinese subjects and HCV GT1b-infected Chinese, South Korean, and Taiwanese patients, with or without cirrhosis, to determine how the drug exposures in Asian populations com...

MRI assessment of changes in adipose tissue parameters after bariatric surgery.

Bariatric surgery and other therapeutic options for obese patients are often evaluated by the loss of weight, reduction of comorbidities or improved quality of life. However, little is currently known about potential therapy-related changes in the adipose tissue of obese patients. The aim of this study was therefore to quantify fat fraction (FF) and T1 relaxation time by magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) after Roux-en-Y gastric bypass surgery and compare the resulting values with the preoperative ones. Corre...

Arterial stiffness as a measure of cardiovascular risk in obese adolescents and adolescents with diabetes type 1.

Background Cardiovascular disease (CVD) is the end result of vascular aging and atherosclerosis, having its origins in childhood. The aim of our study was to compare arterial stiffness (AS) and intima-media thickness (IMT) as markers of an early vascular damage between obese adolescents, adolescents with diabetes type 1 (T1D) and lean control subjects. Methods We analyzed AS and IMT in 68 obese adolescents (13.27±2.31 years), 42 adolescents with T1D (14.95±2.35 years) lasting over 5 years and 38 controls ...

Pharmacokinetics, Pharmacodynamics, and Safety of Subcutaneous Bapineuzumab: A Single-Ascending-Dose Study in Patients With Mild to Moderate Alzheimer Disease.

This study was designed to evaluate the safety, tolerability, pharmacokinetics, and pharmacodynamics of single ascending subcutaneous doses of bapineuzumab in patients with mild to moderate Alzheimer disease. Forty patients were randomized across 5 cohorts (5 mg, 10 mg, 20 mg, 40 mg, 80 mg; 8 patients each [bapineuzumab 6; placebo 2]). The incidence of treatment-emergent adverse events (TEAEs) was higher in pooled bapineuzumab cohorts (83%) than in the pooled placebo group (27.7%). Most common TEAEs in...

Validity of the modified shuttle walk test to assess cardiorespiratory fitness after exercise intervention in overweight/obese adults with primary hypertension.

The study aimed to assess whether the Modified Shuttle Walk Test (MSWT) can detect changes in cardiorespiratory fitness (CRF) in overweight/obese people with hypertension (HTN) after an exercise intervention evaluating the equation presented in the previous research by Jurio-Iriarte et al. Participants (N= 248) performed a peak cardiorespiratory exercise test (CPET) and MSWT before and after 16-weeks of different types of aerobic exercise intervention. The formula of Jurio-Iriarte et al. was used to predict...

Influence of visceral fat and blood pressure on changes in blood flow velocity in non-obese individuals.

The aim of this study was to evaluate the impact of different visceral fat (VF) and blood pressure (BP) levels on changes in blood flow velocity (BFV) among non-obese subjects, using a cross-sectional study approach.

Representation of Obese Participants in Obesity-Related Cancer Randomized Trials.

Obesity is a risk factor for numerous cancer types, and may influence cancer treatment outcomes. Underrepresentation of obese patients in obesity-related cancer randomized controlled trials (RCTs) may affect generalizability of results. We aimed to assess the reporting of information about eligibility and enrollment of obese participants in obesity-related cancer RCTs.

Neutrophil elastase and myeloperoxidase mRNA expression in overweight and obese subjects.

Neutrophil elastase and myeloperoxidase enzymes have been implicated in high-fat diet-induced obesity, insulin resistance (IR) and atherosclerosis in animal models. The aim of the present study was to explore neutrophil elastase and myeloperoxidase mRNA expressions in the peripheral blood leukocytes (PBL) in overweight and obese subjects, and to correlate those mRNA expressions with BMI, IR and cardiovascular biomarkers. In this cross-sectional study, 74 apparently healthy subjects including 22 lean, 27 ove...

Cardiac Structure and Function in Morbidly Obese Parturients: An Echocardiographic Study.

The increasing prevalence of obesity worldwide is a major threat to global health. Cardiac structural and functional changes are well documented for obesity as well as for pregnancy, but there is limited literature on morbidly obese parturients. We hypothesized that there are both cardiac structural and functional differences between morbidly obese pregnant women and pregnant women of normal body mass index (BMI).

A Study of Short- and Long-term mRNA Levels of the , and Genes in Obese Mice Induced with High-fat Diet.

Adipocyte gene expression is altered in obese individuals through multiple metabolic and biochemical pathways. In this study, we aimed to examine the expression of resistin (Retn), amylin (Iapp), and dopamine receptor domain 5 (Drd5) genes previously suggested to contribute to the pathogenesis of obesity, albeit controversially. We also aimed to determine the effects on short and long-term mRNA levels of these genes in obese mice, induced with high-fat diet (HFD).

The association of the rs670 variant of APOA1 gene with insulin resistance and lipid profile in morbid obese patients after a biliopancreatic diversion surgery.

A common G-to-A transition (rs670) of the Apoprotein subtype 1 APOA1 gene has been evaluated. The presence of the A allele has been related with increased activity. We investigated the role of this genetic variant (rs670) on lipoprotein levels and anthropometric parameters after biliopancreatic diversion (BPD) surgery in morbid obese patients.

Short Duration AL-335, Odalasvir, With/Without Simeprevir, in Patients With HCV GT1 or 3 Infection Without Cirrhosis.

This open-label, Phase IIa study assessed the safety, pharmacokinetics, and efficacy of direct-acting antiviral agent (DAA) regimens in patients with chronic hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection. Multiple 6-12-week oral regimens of 400-800 mg once daily (QD) AL-335 + 50 mg QD/every other day odalasvir ± 75-150 mg QD simeprevir were evaluated in treatment-naïve, HCV genotype (GT)1/3-infected patients without cirrhosis. Safety/pharmacokinetic parameters, HCV-RNA, and sequencing data were assessed. Treatment r...

Phase I study of the anti-α5β1 monoclonal antibody MINT1526A with or without bevacizumab in patients with advanced solid tumors.

MINT1526A is a monoclonal antibody that blocks the interaction of integrin alpha 5 beta 1 (α5β1) with its extracellular matrix ligands. This phase I study evaluated the safety and pharmacokinetics of MINT1526A with or without bevacizumab in patients with advanced solid tumors.

Abdominal obesity in normal weight versus overweight and obese hemodialysis patients: Associations with nutrition, inflammation, muscle strength, and quality of life.

The biological basis of abdominal obesity leading to more severe outcomes in patients with normal body mass index (BMI) on maintenance hemodialysis (MHD) is unclear. The aim of this study was to compare the properties of abdominal obesity in different BMI categories of patients on MHD.

A Phase 1, Multiple-Dose Study of Vedolizumab in Japanese Patients With Ulcerative Colitis.

Although previous studies have shown that patients with ulcerative colitis may benefit from treatment with vedolizumab, a humanized monoclonal antibody targeting the α β integrin heterodimer, no data exist in Japanese populations. The aim of this phase 1, open-label, multicenter study was to assess the pharmacokinetics, pharmacodynamics, efficacy, and safety of vedolizumab in Japanese patients with ulcerative colitis. Adult patients with confirmed ulcerative colitis received either 150 mg (step 1) or 300...

The influence of heart failure on the pharmacokinetics of cardiovascular and non-cardiovascular drugs: a critical appraisal of the evidence.

Prescribing in heart failure (HF), a common disease state that predominantly affects the older population, is often a challenging task because of the dynamic nature of the condition, requiring frequent monitoring and medication review, the presence of various comorbidities, and the frailty phenotype of many patients. The significant alterations in various organs and tissues occurring in HF, particularly the reduced cardiac output with peripheral hypoperfusion and the structural and functional changes of the...

Circulating Osteonectin and Adipokine Profiles in Relation to Metabolically Healthy Obesity in Chinese Children: Findings From BCAMS.

Background The role of adipokine dysregulation in determining the metabolic fate of obesity is not well studied. We aimed to examine whether the matricellular protein osteonectin and the profiles of certain adipokines could differentiate metabolically healthy obese ( MHO ) versus metabolically unhealthy obese phenotypes in childhood. Methods and Results This study included 1137 obese children and 982 normal-weight healthy ( NWH ) controls recruited from the BCAMS (Beijing Child and Adolescent Metabolic Synd...

Ultrasound-Assisted Technology Versus the Conventional Landmark Location Method in Spinal Anesthesia for Cesarean Delivery in Obese Parturients: A Randomized Controlled Trial.

Spinal anesthesia, which is commonly used in cesarean deliveries, is often difficult to perform in obese parturients because of poorly palpable surface landmarks and positioning challenges. This study aimed to evaluate the benefits of ultrasound-assisted technology for performing spinal anesthesia in obese parturients.

Identification of Cytochrome P450 Polymorphisms in Burn Patients and Impact on Fentanyl Pharmacokinetics: A Pilot Study.

Pain management is critical for burn care. Unfortunately, inter-individual variation in pharmacokinetics (PK) due to burn hypermetabolism and genetic polymorphisms can lead to treatment failures in this at-risk population. Aanalgesics may be affected by genetic polymorphisms affecting cytochrome P450 (CYP) drug metabolizing enzymes. Fentanyl is a common opiate primarily metabolized by CYP3A4 subtypes. Recent studies demonstrate CYP2D6 variants impacting fentanyl pharmacokinetics (PK). Functional CYP polymor...

The Impact of Body Mass Index on the Outcome of Hematopoietic Stem Cell Transplantation in Adults.

This retrospective analysis of 2503 adult (≥20 years of age) allogeneic hematopoietic cell transplantation (HCT) recipients assessed the effect of body mass index (BMI) on transplant outcome. Median patient age was 51.7 years. Both nonmalignant and malignant diagnoses were included. Patients received either a myeloablative (52%) or reduced-intensity (48%) conditioning regimen. Donors were either related (42%) or unrelated (58%). Cord blood recipients were excluded. G-CSF mobilized peripheral blood cells w...

Population Pharmacokinetic Analysis of Gentamicin in Pediatric Extracorporeal Membrane Oxygenation.

Gentamicin pharmacokinetics may be altered in pediatric patients undergoing extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO). Description of gentamicin pharmacokinetics and relevant variables can improve dosing.

Influence of Sex, Age and Weight on Levetiracetam Pharmacokinetics.

Levetiracetam (LEV) is a second-generation antiepileptic drug extensively used in therapeutics. The aim of this study was to evaluate the influence that sex, age and weight exert on LEV pharmacokinetics in clinical practice.

A Phase 1b Trial to Assess the Pharmacokinetics of Ezutromid in Pediatric Duchenne Muscular Dystrophy Patients on a Balanced Diet.

Ezutromid (SMT C1100) is a small-molecule utrophin modulator that was developed to treat Duchenne muscular dystrophy (DMD). Previous clinical trials of this agent revealed lower exposure in DMD patients compared with healthy volunteers, which may reflect differences in diet. This study evaluated the pharmacokinetics of ezutromid in patients with DMD who followed a balanced diet. This was a multicenter, double-blind, placebo-controlled, ascending single and multiple oral dose study. Twelve pediatric patients...

Cost-Effectiveness of Diet and Exercise for Overweight and Obese Knee Osteoarthritis Patients.

The Intensive Diet and Exercise for Arthritis (IDEA) trial showed that an intensive diet and exercise (D+E) program led to a mean 10.6 kg weight reduction and 51% pain reduction in knee osteoarthritis (OA) patients. We investigated the cost-effectiveness of adding this D+E program to treatment for overweight and obese (BMI>27 kg/m ) knee OA patients.

Regulation of blood pressure is influenced by gender: A study in obese Zucker rats.

The present study determined the role of renin-angiotensin system (RAS), endothelin system, and eicosanoid system in the blood pressure (BP) regulation in male and female Zucker rats, and whether the pressor response change similarly in lean and obese animals.

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