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A Study Evaluating The Pharmacokinetics Of Ceftobiprole When Taken By Obese Patients PubMed articles on BioPortfolio. Our PubMed references draw on over 21 million records from the medical literature. Here you can see the latest A Study Evaluating The Pharmacokinetics Of Ceftobiprole When Taken By Obese Patients articles that have been published worldwide.
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The inferior border of the femoral head (IBFH) is widely used as a landmark in femoral artery puncture during invasive coronary angiography (ICA). However, application of this technique can be challenging especially in obese patients. This study was performed to investigate the association between body mass index (BMI) and the risk of low puncture in femoral artery puncture.A total of 464 patients (64.8 ± 11.1 years, 55.8% male) who underwent ICA via trans-femoral access were retrospectively reviewed. ...
The effects of body fat mass on the elimination of 2,3,7,8-tetrachlorodibenzo-p-dioxin (TCDD) was examined in mice. When male C57BL/6J mice are fed a high-fat, simple carbohydrate diet (HFD) for 13 weeks, they develop an obese phenotype. In contrast, A/J mice fed a HFD do not become obese. After 13 weeks on a normal diet (ND) or HFD, male C57BL/6J and A/J mice received a single dose by gavage of 0.1 or 5.0 µg of 2,3,7,8-tetrachloro[1,6-3H] dibenzo-p-dioxin ([3H]TCDD) per kg bw. Using classical pharmacokine...
The relationship between higher body mass index (BMI), decreased morbidity and mortality is known as the "obesity paradox", and has been described in cohorts of patients with hypertension, diabetes, heart failure, coronary and peripheral artery diseases, non-cardiac surgery, and end-stage renal disease. Here we investigated the relationship between BMI and short-term outcomes after adult cardiac surgery to explore the existence of an obesity paradoxical effect. A secondary objective was to perform an update...
Older patients have frailty characteristics that impair the transposition of treatment results found in younger patients. Predictive factors are needed to help with treatment choices for older patients. The PRODIGE 20 study is a randomized phase II study that evaluated chemotherapy associated with bevacizumab (BEV) or not (CT) in patients aged 75 years or older.
Airway management in severely obese patients remains a challenging issue for anaesthetists and may lead to life-threatening situations. Supraglottic airway devices, such as the i-gel™ or the AuraGain™, were developed, with the possibility to ventilate the patient or use them as a conduit for endotracheal intubation.
Accurate identification of the cricothyroid membrane (CTM) has paramount importance in the event of a 'cannot intubate, cannot oxygenate' scenario. We sought to determine the ability of anesthesiologists to correctly identify the CTM in obese and non-obese children. Anesthesiologists were asked to mark the entry point of the cricothyroidotomy device with an ultraviolet invisible pen on obese and non-obese (BMI
Effect of Age-Related Factors on the Pharmacokinetics of Lamotrigine and Potential Implications for Dose Optimisation in Epilepsy Patients should read.
Weight-based dosing of intravenous busulfan is widely used in hematopoietic cell transplantation. However, a variety of dosing weights have been described. The objective of this retrospective study was to determine the pharmacokinetic impact of using ideal body weight as the initial dosing weight in obese as compared to non-obese transplant recipients. The secondary objectives were to describe the use of alternative dosing weights, the impact on survival, and the rates of toxicities. The mean steady-state c...
Intravenous magnesium is routinely administered in intensive care units (ICU) to treat arrhythmias after cardiothoracic surgery. There are no data on the pharmacokinetics of continuous magnesium infusion therapy.
Obese patients have a higher risk of developing different metabolic syndromes (MeS), including acute pancreatitis (AP). Although obese individuals are more prone to MeS and more susceptible to local and systemic inflammation in response to AP, thus causing long-lasting hospitalization, higher morbidity and mortality, their underlying mechanisms remain unclear. This study aimed to investigate the relationship between obesity and the outcomes of AP in the rat model of AP.
PurposeMonogenic diabetes accounts for 1-2% of diabetes cases. It is often undiagnosed, which may lead to inappropriate treatment. This study was performed to estimate the prevalence of monogenic diabetes in a cohort of overweight/obese adolescents diagnosed with type 2 diabetes (T2D).MethodsSequencing using a custom monogenic diabetes gene panel was performed on a racially/ethnically diverse cohort of 488 overweight/obese adolescents with T2D in the Treatment Options for Type 2 Diabetes in Adolescents and ...
Obesity and type 2 diabetes mellitus are prevalent all over the world. Obese patients with more visceral fat are more likely to suffer from type 2 diabetes mellitus, hypertension, dyslipidemia and obstructive sleep apnea. Obese patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus have higher risk of obesity and diabetes related complications (especially arteriosclerotic cardiovascular disease). This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.
The purpose of the present two phase 1 studies was to assess the safety, tolerability and pharmacokinetics for topical application of a novel Janus kinase (JAK) inhibitor, JTE-052, in Japanese healthy adult male volunteers and Japanese adult patients with atopic dermatitis (AD). Additionally, exploratory investigation was performed on the efficacy for disease severity and pruritus score in AD patients. In the QBX1-1 study, the cutaneous safety of JTE-052 ointment by a patch test and a photo patch test was a...
Antimicrobial prophylactic dosing of morbidly obese patients may differ from normal weighted individuals due to alterations on drug´s tissue distribution. Drug subcutaneous tissue distribution can be investigated by microdialysis patients and animals. The need of cefazolin prophylactic dose adjustment in obese patients remains under discussion. The paper describes the validation of an HPLC-UV method for cefazolin quantification in plasma and microdialysate samples from clinical and pre-clinical studies. A ...
Understanding the pharmacokinetics in cystic fibrosis (CF) patients is important for dosing. For antibiotics with extensive metabolism, however, a comparison of metabolite formation and elimination between CF-patients and healthy volunteers has never been performed via population modeling. We aimed to compare the population pharmacokinetics of fleroxacin and its N‑oxide and demethyl metabolites between CF-patients and healthy volunteers. Our analysis included eleven adult CF-patients and twelve healthy vo...
Studies have shown that Epworth sleepiness scale (ESS) is not a good tool to predict obstructive sleep apnea (OSA). However, data regarding the accuracy of ESS in the prediction of OSA among morbidly obese patients are scarce.
Roxadustat is an orally active hypoxia-inducible factor prolyl hydroxylase inhibitor for the treatment of anemia in chronic kidney disease. This study investigated the effect of multiple daily oral doses of omeprazole on the pharmacokinetics, safety, and tolerability of a single oral dose of roxadustat.
Type 2 diabetes (T2DM) is associated with structural cortical and subcortical alterations, although it is insufficiently clear if these alterations are driven by obesity or by diabetes and its associated complications. We used FreeSurfer5.3 and FSL-FIRST to determine cortical thickness, volume and surface area, and subcortical gray matter volume in a group of 16 normoglycemic obese subjects and 28 obese T2DM patients without clinically manifest micro- and marcoangiopathy, and compared them to 31 lean normog...
Several factors contribute to the high variability of linezolid plasma exposure in patients. Very recently, it has been suggested that linezolid could be an ABCB1 substrate. Therefore, the present clinical study was aimed at investigating whether ABCB1 polymorphisms could predict linezolid pharmacokinetics in 27 critically ill patients.
The 3 direct-acting antiviral (3D) regimen of ombitasvir/paritaprevir/ritonavir plus dasabuvir has recently been approved in several Asian geographic regions for the treatment of hepatitis C virus (HCV) genotype (GT) 1 infection. The pharmacokinetics of the components of the 3D regimen with or without ribavirin were evaluated in healthy Chinese subjects and HCV GT1b-infected Chinese, South Korean, and Taiwanese patients, with or without cirrhosis, to determine how the drug exposures in Asian populations com...
Obesity is now common among children and adults who are kidney transplant candidates and recipients. It is associated with an increased risk of cardiovascular disease and kidney failure. This also pertains to potential living kidney donors with obesity. Obese patients with endstage renal disease benefit from transplantation as do non-obese patients, but obesity is also associated with more risk. A complicating factor is that obesity is also associated with increased survival on maintenance dialysis in adult...
To compare daptomycin exposures and predicted safety outcomes with a simulated weight-based and fixed dose in morbidly-obese and non-obese subjects METHODS: We performed a nonparametric population pharmacokinetic analysis of daptomycin concentration-time data from a prior obese and non-obese kidney function matched cohort of healthy adult volunteers. Monte Carlo simulations were performed to compare the maximum concentrations (C ), minimum concentrations (C ), and area under the curve (AUC) with the standar...
The aim of our study was to investigate the pharmacokinetics (PK), tissue distribution and toxicity of F11 antibody to semaphorin 3A in mouse models and explore its anti-angiogenic and tumor-inhibitory effect.
The number of elderly individuals with non-valvular atrial fibrillation (NV-AF) requiring long-term anticoagulation is rising. The pharmacokinetics of oral anticoagulants in elderly individuals may differ from that for younger patients. The aim of this study was to assess the dabigatran levels in elderly patients with NV-AF.
Weight loss following bariatric surgery increases risk for biliary stones. This study performed a meta-analysis evaluating cholecystectomy risks in bariatric patients. A systematic review and meta-analysis were performed. We evaluated the incidence rate for biliary complications in patients followed after bariatric surgery. We compared the risks for mortality, complications, and in hospital stay among patient submitted to cholecystectomy before, concomitantly with or after bariatric surgery, as well as pati...