PubMed Journals Articles About "Identifying Predictors Of Response To Antipsychotics Using A Treatment Algorithm" - Page: 5 RSS

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Showing "Identifying Predictors Response Antipsychotics Using Treatment Algorithm" PubMed Articles 101–125 of 44,000+

Endoscopic treatment of acquired subglottic stenosis in children: Predictors of success.

Subglottic stenosis is a congenital or acquired disease characterized by the narrowing of the airways, from the vocal cords to the lower border of the cricoid cartilage. It is one of the main causes of stridor and respiratory distress in children. More than 90 % of laryngeal stenoses are acquired due to prolonged endotracheal intubation. The pediatric management of subglottic stenosis is complex and may be affected by different factors that have an impact on the final outcome. Treatment may involve endoscop...

Whole-genome methylation profiling from PBMCs in acute-exacerbation COPD patients with good and poor responses to corticosteroid treatment.

Identifying heterogeneity in chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) phenotypes is important for the development of personalized medicine. Genome-wide analysis was used to compare the methylation levels of peripheral blood mononuclear cell (PBMC) samples from 24 acute-exacerbation (AE) COPD patients with good/poor response to corticosteroid therapy and 12 non-COPD controls. Pyrosequencing was employed to validate the genome-wide analysis. In the dataset specific to COPD patients with a good response, e...

Predictors of long-term glycemic remission after 2-week intensive insulin treatment in newly diagnosed type 2 diabetes.

Although several studies suggest that improved β-cell function is a key determinant of glycemic remission in type 2 diabetes, other predictors remain unclear.

Sex differences in mandibular repositioning device therapy effectiveness in patients with obstructive sleep apnea syndrome.

Mandibular repositioning devices (MRDs) are an effective treatment option for obstructive sleep apnea syndrome (OSAS), particularly in patients who refuse or cannot tolerate continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP). However, sex differences in the response to therapy and predictors of response are not clearly defined. This analysis of data from the long-term prospective ORCADES trial compared MRD efficacy in men and women with OSAS.

Early Predictors of the Long-term Response to Therapy in Patients With Crohn Disease Derived From a Time-Intensity Curve Analysis After Microbubble Contrast Agent Injection.

The aim of this study was to identify early predictors of the long-term response to therapy in patients with Crohn disease (CD) from time-intensity curves obtained after microbubble injection.

Dosimetric and radiobiological comparison in different dose calculation grid sizes between Acuros XB and anisotropic analytical algorithm for prostate VMAT.

To investigate feasible treatment planning parameters, we aimed to evaluate the dosimetric and radiobiological impact of the dose calculation algorithm and grid size in the volumetric modulated arc therapy (VMAT) plan for prostate cancer. Twenty patients were selected, and the treatment plans were initially generated with anisotropic analytical algorithm (AAA) and recalculated with Acuros XB (AXB) algorithm. Various dose grids were used for AXB (1, 2, and 3 mm) and AAA (1, 3, and 5 mm) plan. Dosimetric para...

Prevalence, predictors, causes of treatment refusal and abandonment in children with acute lymphoblastic leukaemia over 18 years in North India. Treatment phase affecting factors: A step towards better focussed counselling.

Treatment refusal or abandonment are among the major causes of the survival gap between developed and developing countries.

Monitoring treatment response in chronic pulmonary aspergillosis: role of clinical, spirometric and immunological markers.

The treatment response in chronic pulmonary aspergillosis (CPA) is usually assessed based on the improvement in clinical and imaging findings. Herein, we evaluate serum A.fumigatus-specific IgG, serum galactomannan, weight change and lung function for assessing treatment response in subjects with CPA.

A pilot investigation of neuroimaging predictors for the benefits from pivotal response treatment for children with autism.

Children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) frequently exhibit language delays and functional communication deficits. Pivotal response treatment (PRT) is an effective intervention for targeting these skills; however, similar to other behavioral interventions, response to PRT is variable across individuals. Thus, objective markers capable of predicting treatment response are critically-needed to identify which children are most likely to benefit from this intervention. In this pilot study, we investigated w...

Confidence and accuracy in identification of adverse drug reactions reported by outpatients.

Background Patient reporting of adverse drug reactions (ADRs) could supplement the existing reporting system and contribute to early detection of ADRs. The confidence in ADR identification and their attribution of ADRs were limited to outpatients. Objective To determine the type and frequency of ADRs reported by outpatients, to evaluate confidence and accuracy in ADR identification as well as contributing factors. Setting University hospital in northeastern Thailand Method Cross-sectional study using questi...

Osteochondritis dissecans lesions of the capitellum in overhead athletes: a review of current evidence and proposed treatment algorithm.

To review the most recent literature on osteochondritis dissecans (OCD) lesions of the capitellum in overhead athletes and describe a treatment algorithm based on current best evidence and surgeon experience.

DNA methylation is associated with improvement in lung function on inhaled corticosteroids in pediatric asthmatics.

Asthma is the most common chronic disease in children. Inhaled corticosteroids (ICS) are the first-line treatment for asthma control, but up to one-third of children have a poor treatment response. The mechanism of ICS resistance is poorly understood, and the role of DNA methylation in ICS treatment response is not known. We examined the association between peripheral blood DNA methylation and ICS treatment response in 152 pediatric persistent asthmatics from the Childhood Asthma Management Program. Respons...

Predictors of outcome following tenotomy in patients with recalcitrant epicondylopathy.

Elbow tendinopathies are associated with tenderness, pain and functional disability with ensuing socioeconomic costs. There is lack of consensus regarding the best treatment for patient's recalcitrant to first-line conservative treatments. Percutaneous needle tenotomy is considered a regenerative approach that injures the tendon to elicit a healing response.

The value of immunotherapy in head and neck cancer.

Head and neck squamous cell carcinomas (HNSCC) previously had limited treatment options once patients had progressed on systemic chemotherapy. With recent advances, immunotherapy now plays an important role in the treatment of advanced disease with improved outcomes as compared to cytotoxic chemotherapy. Areas covered: This article reviews the effects of the immune system and how it influences the development and response to HNSCC therapy. We additionally provide a summary of immunotherapy treatments availa...

The economic value of identifying and treating Chagas disease patients earlier and the impact on Trypanosoma cruzi transmission.

The World Health Organization's 2020 Goals for Chagas disease include access to antiparasitic treatment and care of all infected/ill patients. Policy makers need to know the economic value of identifying and treating patients earlier. However, the economic value of earlier treatment to cure and prevent the Chagas' spread remains unknown.

First-year predictors of health-related quality of life changes in short-statured children treated with human growth hormone.

Little attention has been directed towards examining the impact of predictors on change in health-related quality of life (HRQOL) within the course of growth hormone (GH) treatment in pediatric short stature. We aimed to assess changes in HRQOL and its sociodemographic, clinical and psychosocial predictors in children and adolescents diagnosed with growth hormone deficiency (GHD), and born short for gestational age (SGA) before and 12-month after start of GH treatment from the parents' perspective. Results ...

Do baseline WAIS-III subtests predict treatment outcomes for depressed inpatients receiving fluoxetine?

This study aimed to determine whether baseline WAIS-III subtests could be associated with treatment outcomes for patients with major depressive disorder (MDD) receiving a 6-week fluoxetine treatment. A total of 131 acutely ill MDD inpatients were enrolled to receive 20 mg of fluoxetine daily for 6 weeks. Eight WAIS-III subtests were administered at baseline. Symptom severity and functional impairment were assessed at baseline, and again at weeks 1, 2, 3, 4, and 6 using the 17-item Hamilton Depression Rati...

Monitoring of Metabolic, Cardiac, and Endocrine Indicators in Youth Treated With Antipsychotics as Reported by Health Care Professionals.

It is unclear how youth treated with antipsychotics are monitored. The purpose of this study was to assess monitoring of metabolic, cardiac, and endocrine indicators in youth (

Neoadjuvant Management of Early Breast Cancer: A Clinical and Investigational Position Statement.

Neoadjuvant treatment is increasingly one of the preferred therapeutic options for early breast cancer and may have some unique outcomes, such as identifying predictive and prognostic factors of response or increasing the knowledge of individual tumor biology.

Free thyroxine and thyroid-stimulating hormone in severe mental disorders: A naturalistic study with focus on antipsychotic medication.

Disturbances in thyroid function have been associated with use of psychotropic drugs, including antipsychotics. Still, the thyroid function in relation to commonly prescribed antipsychotic drugs and polypharmacy is not fully known. We investigated thyroid function associated with use of antipsychotics in patients with psychotic disorders compared with healthy controls.

Functional outcome and survival following spontaneous intracerebral hemorrhage: A retrospective population-based study.

Accurate and reliable clinical and radiological predictors of intracerebral hemorrhage (ICH) outcomes are needed to optimize treatment of ICH. The aim of this study was to investigate functional outcome and identify predictors of severe disability or death following ICH.

A fast inverse direct aperture optimization algorithm for intensity-modulated radiation therapy.

The goal of this work was to develop and evaluate a fast inverse direct aperture optimization (FIDAO) algorithm for IMRT treatment planning and plan adaptation.

Novel Monte Carlo dose calculation algorithm for robotic radiosurgery with multi leaf collimator: Dosimetric evaluation.

At introduction in 2014, dose calculation for the first MLC on a robotic SRS/SBRT platform was limited to a correction-based Finite-Size Pencil Beam (FSPB) algorithm. We report on the dosimetric accuracy of a novel Monte Carlo (MC) dose calculation algorithm for this MLC, included in the Precision™ treatment planning system.

Other Specified Feeding or Eating Disorders (OSFED): Clinical heterogeneity and cognitive-behavioral therapy outcome.

with the DSM-5 new eating disorders (EDs) diagnostic subtypes were identified within the Other Specified Feeding or Eating Disorders (OSFED) category, which have so far been under-researched. Objectives of this study were to examine differential features among OSFED subtypes, exploring short-term cognitive-behavioral therapy (CBT) response and identifying clinical predictors of therapy outcome.

Prognostic Value of Low Tumor Burden in Patients With Melanoma.

The therapeutic landscape for cutaneous melanoma has dramatically advanced in the last several years with the development, validation, and approval by the US Food and Drug Administration of several new therapies that have proven effective in treating metastatic disease. Considerable effort has been put into identifying prognostic and predictive markers of therapeutic response to better delineate the patient populations most likely to benefit from treatment. Baseline tumor burden has been described as a comm...

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