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Identifying Predictors Of Response To Antipsychotics Using A Treatment Algorithm PubMed articles on BioPortfolio. Our PubMed references draw on over 21 million records from the medical literature. Here you can see the latest Identifying Predictors Of Response To Antipsychotics Using A Treatment Algorithm articles that have been published worldwide.
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Subglottic stenosis is a congenital or acquired disease characterized by the narrowing of the airways, from the vocal cords to the lower border of the cricoid cartilage. It is one of the main causes of stridor and respiratory distress in children. More than 90 % of laryngeal stenoses are acquired due to prolonged endotracheal intubation. The pediatric management of subglottic stenosis is complex and may be affected by different factors that have an impact on the final outcome. Treatment may involve endoscop...
Identifying heterogeneity in chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) phenotypes is important for the development of personalized medicine. Genome-wide analysis was used to compare the methylation levels of peripheral blood mononuclear cell (PBMC) samples from 24 acute-exacerbation (AE) COPD patients with good/poor response to corticosteroid therapy and 12 non-COPD controls. Pyrosequencing was employed to validate the genome-wide analysis. In the dataset specific to COPD patients with a good response, e...
Although several studies suggest that improved β-cell function is a key determinant of glycemic remission in type 2 diabetes, other predictors remain unclear.
Mandibular repositioning devices (MRDs) are an effective treatment option for obstructive sleep apnea syndrome (OSAS), particularly in patients who refuse or cannot tolerate continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP). However, sex differences in the response to therapy and predictors of response are not clearly defined. This analysis of data from the long-term prospective ORCADES trial compared MRD efficacy in men and women with OSAS.
The aim of this study was to identify early predictors of the long-term response to therapy in patients with Crohn disease (CD) from time-intensity curves obtained after microbubble injection.
To investigate feasible treatment planning parameters, we aimed to evaluate the dosimetric and radiobiological impact of the dose calculation algorithm and grid size in the volumetric modulated arc therapy (VMAT) plan for prostate cancer. Twenty patients were selected, and the treatment plans were initially generated with anisotropic analytical algorithm (AAA) and recalculated with Acuros XB (AXB) algorithm. Various dose grids were used for AXB (1, 2, and 3 mm) and AAA (1, 3, and 5 mm) plan. Dosimetric para...
Prevalence, predictors, causes of treatment refusal and abandonment in children with acute lymphoblastic leukaemia over 18 years in North India. Treatment phase affecting factors: A step towards better focussed counselling.
Treatment refusal or abandonment are among the major causes of the survival gap between developed and developing countries.
The treatment response in chronic pulmonary aspergillosis (CPA) is usually assessed based on the improvement in clinical and imaging findings. Herein, we evaluate serum A.fumigatus-specific IgG, serum galactomannan, weight change and lung function for assessing treatment response in subjects with CPA.
Children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) frequently exhibit language delays and functional communication deficits. Pivotal response treatment (PRT) is an effective intervention for targeting these skills; however, similar to other behavioral interventions, response to PRT is variable across individuals. Thus, objective markers capable of predicting treatment response are critically-needed to identify which children are most likely to benefit from this intervention. In this pilot study, we investigated w...
Background Patient reporting of adverse drug reactions (ADRs) could supplement the existing reporting system and contribute to early detection of ADRs. The confidence in ADR identification and their attribution of ADRs were limited to outpatients. Objective To determine the type and frequency of ADRs reported by outpatients, to evaluate confidence and accuracy in ADR identification as well as contributing factors. Setting University hospital in northeastern Thailand Method Cross-sectional study using questi...
To review the most recent literature on osteochondritis dissecans (OCD) lesions of the capitellum in overhead athletes and describe a treatment algorithm based on current best evidence and surgeon experience.
Asthma is the most common chronic disease in children. Inhaled corticosteroids (ICS) are the first-line treatment for asthma control, but up to one-third of children have a poor treatment response. The mechanism of ICS resistance is poorly understood, and the role of DNA methylation in ICS treatment response is not known. We examined the association between peripheral blood DNA methylation and ICS treatment response in 152 pediatric persistent asthmatics from the Childhood Asthma Management Program. Respons...
Elbow tendinopathies are associated with tenderness, pain and functional disability with ensuing socioeconomic costs. There is lack of consensus regarding the best treatment for patient's recalcitrant to first-line conservative treatments. Percutaneous needle tenotomy is considered a regenerative approach that injures the tendon to elicit a healing response.
Head and neck squamous cell carcinomas (HNSCC) previously had limited treatment options once patients had progressed on systemic chemotherapy. With recent advances, immunotherapy now plays an important role in the treatment of advanced disease with improved outcomes as compared to cytotoxic chemotherapy. Areas covered: This article reviews the effects of the immune system and how it influences the development and response to HNSCC therapy. We additionally provide a summary of immunotherapy treatments availa...
The World Health Organization's 2020 Goals for Chagas disease include access to antiparasitic treatment and care of all infected/ill patients. Policy makers need to know the economic value of identifying and treating patients earlier. However, the economic value of earlier treatment to cure and prevent the Chagas' spread remains unknown.
Little attention has been directed towards examining the impact of predictors on change in health-related quality of life (HRQOL) within the course of growth hormone (GH) treatment in pediatric short stature. We aimed to assess changes in HRQOL and its sociodemographic, clinical and psychosocial predictors in children and adolescents diagnosed with growth hormone deficiency (GHD), and born short for gestational age (SGA) before and 12-month after start of GH treatment from the parents' perspective. Results ...
This study aimed to determine whether baseline WAIS-III subtests could be associated with treatment outcomes for patients with major depressive disorder (MDD) receiving a 6-week fluoxetine treatment. A total of 131 acutely ill MDD inpatients were enrolled to receive 20 mg of fluoxetine daily for 6 weeks. Eight WAIS-III subtests were administered at baseline. Symptom severity and functional impairment were assessed at baseline, and again at weeks 1, 2, 3, 4, and 6 using the 17-item Hamilton Depression Rati...
It is unclear how youth treated with antipsychotics are monitored. The purpose of this study was to assess monitoring of metabolic, cardiac, and endocrine indicators in youth (
Neoadjuvant treatment is increasingly one of the preferred therapeutic options for early breast cancer and may have some unique outcomes, such as identifying predictive and prognostic factors of response or increasing the knowledge of individual tumor biology.
Disturbances in thyroid function have been associated with use of psychotropic drugs, including antipsychotics. Still, the thyroid function in relation to commonly prescribed antipsychotic drugs and polypharmacy is not fully known. We investigated thyroid function associated with use of antipsychotics in patients with psychotic disorders compared with healthy controls.
Accurate and reliable clinical and radiological predictors of intracerebral hemorrhage (ICH) outcomes are needed to optimize treatment of ICH. The aim of this study was to investigate functional outcome and identify predictors of severe disability or death following ICH.
The goal of this work was to develop and evaluate a fast inverse direct aperture optimization (FIDAO) algorithm for IMRT treatment planning and plan adaptation.
At introduction in 2014, dose calculation for the first MLC on a robotic SRS/SBRT platform was limited to a correction-based Finite-Size Pencil Beam (FSPB) algorithm. We report on the dosimetric accuracy of a novel Monte Carlo (MC) dose calculation algorithm for this MLC, included in the Precision™ treatment planning system.
with the DSM-5 new eating disorders (EDs) diagnostic subtypes were identified within the Other Specified Feeding or Eating Disorders (OSFED) category, which have so far been under-researched. Objectives of this study were to examine differential features among OSFED subtypes, exploring short-term cognitive-behavioral therapy (CBT) response and identifying clinical predictors of therapy outcome.
The therapeutic landscape for cutaneous melanoma has dramatically advanced in the last several years with the development, validation, and approval by the US Food and Drug Administration of several new therapies that have proven effective in treating metastatic disease. Considerable effort has been put into identifying prognostic and predictive markers of therapeutic response to better delineate the patient populations most likely to benefit from treatment. Baseline tumor burden has been described as a comm...