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Healthcare systems increasingly recognise the importance of service users' perspectives for improving care organisation and delivery. The English Cancer Patient Experience Survey (CPES) is carried out annually, however, its representativeness within cancer types is unknown. We have explored if the CPES results are representative of people with lung cancer.
Lung cancer is the most commonly diagnosed cancer and the leading cause of cancer death in both sexes worldwide. Approximately 50% of those diagnosed with lung cancer will have locally advanced or metastatic disease and will be treated in a palliative setting. Platinum-based combination chemotherapy has benefits in terms of survival and symptom control when compared with best supportive care.
Previous studies have reported mixed results regarding the composition of respiratory microbiota in lung cancer patients. Therefore, relying on previously published studies, we sought to estimate the relative proportion of respiratory microbiota between lung cancer cases and controls.
We sought to assess the relative effects of individual anaplastic lymphoma kinase (ALK) inhibitors for the treatment of non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC).
Epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) exon 20 insertions comprise 4-10 % of EGFR mutations in non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) and are associated with primary resistance to first and second generation EGFR tyrosine kinase inhibitors (TKIs). In vitro and preclinical animal studies have shown that osimertinib exerts antitumor activity against EGFR exon 20 mutation positive NSCLC. We report on a cohort of advanced stage NSCLC patients who harbor an EGFR exon 20 mutation and received osimertinib treatment.
Non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) is the main form of lung cancer, leading to major causes of cancer mortality. It is well known that lncRNAs may be involved in the pathogenesis of cancer, including NSCLC. The aim of this study was to provide a novel therapeutic target of LINC00342 for the therapy of NSCLC.
Pulmonary lymphoepithelioma-like carcinoma (LELC) is a rare type of non-small cell lung cancer. The clinical course and prognosis of advanced LELC are largely unknown. Few reports have discussed multimodality treatment for LELC.
Lung cancer screening with low dose computed-tomography (LDCT) is currently recommended for high-risk populations based on mortality benefit shown in the National Lung Screening Trial (NLST). This study evaluated performance of a community-based lung cancer screening program in a Histoplasma endemic region.
The aim of this study was to assess the relationship between do-it-yourself activities entailing the exposure to carcinogenic substances and the risk of lung cancer.
Stereotactic body radiotherapy (SBRT) can achieve high tumour control with limited toxicity for inoperable early stage non-small-cell lung cancer (NSCLC) patients.
The cost-effectiveness of exercise interventions in lung cancer survivors is unknown. We performed a model-based cost-effectiveness analysis of an exercise intervention in lung cancer survivors.
Independent prognostic value of ultra-sensitive quantification of tumor pre-treatment T790M subclones in EGFR mutated non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) treated by first/second generation TKI, depends on variant allele frequency (VAF): Results of the French cooperative thoracic intergroup (IFCT) biomarkers France project.
T790M mutations inEGFR-mutated non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) account for nearly 50% of acquired resistance mechanisms to EGFR-TKIs. Earlier studies suggested that tumor T790M could also be detected in TKI-naïve EGFR-mutated NSCLC. The aim of the study is to assess the prevalence and clinical significance of quantification of tumor pre-treatment T790M subclones.
To validate the prognostic relevance in NSCLC of potential residual tumor (R) descriptors, including the proposed International Association for the Study of Lung Cancer definition for uncertain resection -R(un).
Nuclear factor erythroid 2-like factor 2 (NRF2) is a master regulator of the antioxidant enzymes and the detoxification proteins that play major roles in redox homeostasis. Although it plays a protective role against tumorigenesis, emerging evidence has shown that the NRF2 pathway is frequently altered in different types of cancer, including lung cancer. NRF2 activation influences many of the hallmarks of cancer and their signaling pathways, mainly apoptosis, proliferation, angiogenesis, metastasis, and met...
Genetic variation has an important role in the development of non-small-cell lung cancer (NSCLC). However, genetic factors for lung cancer have not been fully identified, especially in Chinese populations, which limits the use of existing polygenic risk scores (PRS) to identify subpopulations at high risk of lung cancer for prevention. We therefore aimed to identify novel loci associated with NSCLC risk, and generate a PRS and evaluate its utility and effectiveness in the prediction of lung cancer risk in C...
This study aimed to assess the cost-effectiveness of pembrolizumab monotherapy compared with chemotherapy as first-line treatment in patients with locally advanced or metastatic non-small-cell lung cancer (NSCLC) with different tumor proportion scores (TPS), from perspectives of payers in China.
Lung cancer mortality has been shown to vary by race and ethnicity in cancer registries; however, studies often do not account for smoking status. We sought to summarize the independent contribution of race and ethnicity to survival in US lung cancer patients, accounting for important variables including smoking status.
Tobacco use disorder (TUD), previously known as nicotine dependence, was associated with increased risk of lung cancer. However, little is known about the prevalence of TUD and symptom manifestation in smokers with lung cancer.
Epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) mutation is the most frequently encountered oncogenic driver in lung cancer. Risk factors for EGFR mutation may help prevention, surveillance and diagnosis strategies of EGFR-mutated lung cancer.
Neuropathic pain occurs in 1% of the population and is difficult to manage. This chronic pain causes psychological distress and impacts patient's quality of life, especially in cancer patients. The aim of this study was to show and compare the efficacy of pregabalin and duloxetine, which are reported in the group of first-line treatment at European Federation of Neurological Societies (EFNS) guidelines on the pharmacological treatment of neuropathic pain (2010 revision) in lung cancer patients by using visu...
TRIB3 roles in tumor progression have been revealed with similar or opposite results. Here, we found that TRIB3 expression was highly expressed in lung cancer tissues and correlated with tumor grades and metastasis. Functional experiments showed that TRIB3 knockdown (KD) inhibited lung cancer cell migration, invasion, EMT (epithelial-mesenchymal transition) process and stemness. Mechanistic studies demonstrated that TRIB3 physically interacted with β-catenin and increased the recruitment of β-catenin to t...
Central airway obstruction (CAO) is a life-threatening complication of lung cancer. The prevalence of CAO in lung cancer patients is unknown. We audited CAO burden to inform our local cancer service.
Immune check point inhibitors (ICIs) have changed the treatment paradigm of driver mutation negative non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) and they are increasingly incorporated in first-line treatment. Real-world experience of use of these drugs is limited. We aim to evaluate the real-world experience of use of ICIs in patients with advanced NSCLC.
: Lung cancer is the leading cause of cancer-related deaths, with non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) accounting for approximately 85% of all lung cancer cases. The continued advancement of DNA sequencing technology and the discovery of multiple specific driver mutations underlying many cases of NSCLC are moving clinical intervention toward a more targeted approach. Here we focus on anaplastic lymphoma kinase (ALK), a member of the receptor tyrosine kinase family, as an oncogenic driver in NSCLC. The gene i...
Acquired drug-resistant non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) has strong proliferation ability and is prone to epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT) and subsequent metastasis. Notch pathway mediates cell survival and EMT and is involved in the induction of multidrug resistance (MDR). ZLDI-8 is an inhibitor of Notch activating/cleaving enzyme ADAM-17 we found before. However, the effects of ZLDI-8 on resistant NSCLC was unclear. Here, we demonstrated for the first time that ZLDI-8 could induce apoptosis in lu...