PubMed Journals Articles About "Lysine Metabolic Availability In Children" - Page: 5 RSS

23:52 EST 19th February 2020 | BioPortfolio

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Showing "Lysine Metabolic Availability Children" PubMed Articles 101–125 of 13,000+

Proteostasis in thermogenesis and obesity.

The proper production, degradation, folding and activity of proteins, proteostasis, is essential for any cellular function. From single cell organisms to humans, selective pressures have led to the evolution of adaptive programs that ensure proteins are properly produced and disposed of when necessary. Environmental factors such as temperature, nutrient availability, pathogens as well as predators have greatly influenced the development of mechanisms such the unfolded protein response, endoplasmic reticulum...

Biochemical characterization of archaeal homocitrate synthase from Sulfolobus acidocaldarius.

The hyperthermophilic archaeon, Sulfolobus, synthesizes lysine via the AAA pathway; however, the gene encoding homocitrate synthase, the enzyme responsible for the first and committed step of the pathway, has not yet been identified. In the present study, we identified saci_1304 as the gene encoding a novel type of homocitrate synthase fused with a RAM (Regulation of Amino acid Metabolism) domain at the C terminus in Sulfolobus acidocaldarius. Enzymatic characterization revealed that Sulfolobus homocitrate ...

India: country report on children's environmental health.

Children contribute substantially to the burden of disease in India. Most common are problems with outdoor and household air pollution, with solutions not immediately apparent or implementable. Children are also often exposed to heavy metals, industrial chemicals and pesticides. Despite advances in some regions, many children still do not have adequate access to clean water and improved sanitation. Infectious diseases remain a problem, especially for children living in poverty. The children of these regions...

Eye Conditions in Infants and Children: Community and Home Accommodations for Children With Vision Impairment.

The effects of vision impairment and blindness on children can last a lifetime. Most children with vision impairments need a multidisciplinary team of teachers, child development specialists, and social workers. Blindness often is associated with other risk factors, disease processes, and/or disabilities. In the United States, the Social Security Administration defines children as legally blind when best corrected visual acuity is less than 20/200. The US law concerning accommodations for children with impa...

Identification of lysine methylation in the core GTPase domain by GoMADScan.

RAS is the founding member of a superfamily of GTPases and regulates signaling pathways involved in cellular growth control. While recent studies have shown that the activation state of RAS can be controlled by lysine ubiquitylation and acetylation, the existence of lysine methylation of the RAS superfamily GTPases remains unexplored. In contrast to acetylation, methylation does not alter the side chain charge and it has been challenging to deduce its impact on protein structure by conventional amino acid s...

Risk factor profiles and clinical outcomes for children and adults with pneumococcal infections in Singapore: A need to expand vaccination policy?

Invasive pneumococcal infection is a major cause of morbidity and mortality worldwide despite the availability of pneumococcal vaccines. The aim of this study was to re-evaluate the clinical syndromes, prognostic factors and outcomes for pneumococcal disease in adults and children in Singapore during the period before and after the introduction of the pneumococcal vaccine. We retrospectively analyzed a large cohort of patients admitted to the four main public hospitals in Singapore with S. pneumoniae infect...

Status of the availability and use of next generation sequencing (NGS) in bladder cancer-a questionnaire within the uropathology working group.

Technical advancement and availability of high-throughput analysis has advanced molecular subtyping of most cancers. Thus, new possibilities for precision oncology have emerged.

Inflammatory biomarkers and brain health indicators in children with overweight and obesity: the activebrains project.

Chronic inflammation plays an important role on the pathogenesis of several cardiovascular and metabolic diseases, as well as on brain function and behaviour. The aim of the present study was to examine the associations between inflammatory biomarkers and a wide range of brain health indicators (i.e., academic performance, executive function, behavioural and emotional functioning, and brain volume) in children with overweight/obesity.

Early and advanced stages of Maillard reaction in infant formulas: Analysis of available lysine and carboxymethyl-lysine.

Although the literature on the Maillard reaction in infant formulas is extensive, most studies have focused on model systems, and in only a few cases on real food systems. Therefore, the objective of the present study was to determine the status of the Maillard reaction, both the early and advanced phases, in a variety of commercial infant formulas available on the Swedish market. Ten powder and liquid milk-based infant formulas from three manufacturers were selected to determine available lysine and CML co...

Gender difference in the association between Framingham Risk Score with cardio-metabolic risk factors and psychological distress in patients with metabolic syndrome.

In the current study we aimed to evaluate the gender-specific associations between metabolic and psychological risk factors of cardiovascular disease (CVD) and Framingham Risk Score (FRS) in patients with metabolic syndrome.

Changes in Fast Food Outlet Availability Near Schools: Unequal Patterns by Income, Race/Ethnicity, and Urbanicity.

Previous research has observed income or racial/ethnic inequalities in fast food restaurant availability near schools. The purpose of this study was to investigate changes in fast food restaurant availability near schools between 2000 and 2010 by school neighborhood income, race/ethnicity, and urbanicity.

Further promotion on children injury prevention and control in China.

Injury is an important public health problem that threatening children's health. Researches have been carried out to prevent child injuries in China. Disease burden on injury for children have been moderated, but remained as the first cause of death in Chinese children, so injury prevention among children should still be treated as priority to promote children's health. It is necessary to establish and improve strategies in injury prevention which should be led by the government and correlated institutes, a...

Polyamine biosynthesis in Xenopus laevis: the xlAZIN2/xlODC2 gene encodes a lysine/ornithine decarboxylase.

Ornithine decarboxylase (ODC) is a key enzyme in the biosynthesis of polyamines, organic cations that are implicated in many cellular processes. The enzyme is regulated at the post-translational level by an unusual system that includes antizymes (AZs) and antizyme inhibitors (AZINs). Most studies on this complex regulatory mechanism have been focused on human and rodent cells, showing that AZINs (AZIN1 and AZIN2) are homologues of ODC but devoid of enzymatic activity. Little is known about Xenopus ODC and i...

Temporal Reward Discounting in Children with Attention Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD), and Children with Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD): A Systematic Review.

Children with ADHD and ASD may present differences in the affective-motivational processes. We systematically review the literature regarding temporal discounting in children up to 12 years with ADHD and ASD. Six articles were included, five studies with ADHD children (n = 231), one with ASD children (n = 21), all including typically developing children as controls (n = 210). Five studies (four with ADHD and one with ASD) found greater temporal reward discounting for clinical groups. Occurrence of AD...

The first report on epidemiology of oropharyngeal Kingella kingae carriage in Scandinavian children: K. kingae carriage is very common in children attending daycare facilities in Western Norway.

Kingella kingae colonizes the upper airways in children, and has been recognized as the most common causative agent of osteoarticular infections (OAI) in children below 4 years of age. This is the first Scandinavian study to investigate oropharyngeal K. kingae carriage in healthy children.

Young Children Are Wishful Thinkers: The Development of Wishful Thinking in 3- to 10-Year-Old Children.

Previously, research on wishful thinking has found that desires bias older children's and adults' predictions during probabilistic reasoning tasks. In this article, we explore wishful thinking in children aged 3- to 10-years-old. Do young children learn to be wishful thinkers? Or do they begin with a wishful thinking bias that is gradually overturned during development? Across five experiments, we compare low- and middle-income United States and Peruvian 3- to 10-year-old children (N = 682). Children were...

Stuttering Impact: A Shared Perception for Parents and Children?

Previous research has provided information about how school-aged children perceive their own stuttering; however, less is known about how stuttering is perceived by their parents. The ways that parents view their children's stuttering could influence how the children themselves react to it. This study proceeds to assess how parents' perceptions of the impact of stuttering relate to the perceptions of children.

Music Participation Among School-Aged Children Who Are Hard of Hearing.

Purpose Music is an important part of life for many people. Furthermore, music training has been shown to improve a variety of cognitive functions among children and adults. However, little research exists on how children who are hard of hearing (HH) perceive or participate in music. In particular, it is unknown whether hearing loss limits participation in music activities among school-aged children with mild-to-severe hearing loss. The purpose of this study was to determine whether hearing loss limits part...

'Every day I worry about something': A qualitative exploration of children's experiences of stress and coping.

Most research investigating children's experiences of stress and coping has utilized a quantitative approach. This study aimed to examine children's experiences of stress by conducting interviews with children and their parents.

Exploring support systems for nurses involved with safeguarding children.

Multi-agency working to safeguard children is increasing in the UK. Nurses encounter children who are at risk of, or subject to, abuse and neglect. They are required to be able to recognise indicators that suggest a child may have been abused or neglected and know what actions to take in response as part of their role. Without support to manage the negative effects of their involvement in safeguarding children, nurses can become stressed, and prolonged stress can lead to difficulty engaging in future cases.

The assessment of liver fibrosis in children with obesity on two methods: transient and two dimensional shear wave elastography.

The aim of this study was to assess the liver stiffness values in children with obesity versus healthy children on 2D-SWE and TE taking into account different laboratory parameters. We performed a case-control study on 287 children aged between 3 to 18 years, admitted in a Romanian Pediatric Tertiary Hospital, which we divided according to the body mass index (BMI) into two groups: the study group-77 children with obesity, and control group-210 children with normal weight. All children underwent anamnesis, ...

The Natural Course of Immediate-Type Cow's Milk and Egg Allergies in Children.

Most of children with cow's milk (CM) and hen's egg allergies are known to outgrow their diseases with time, but recent studies have demonstrated that children tend to continue to have allergic symptoms in adolescence and adulthood. The aim of this study was to investigate the natural course of CM and egg allergies in Korean children and analyze prognostic factors.

Metabolic fingerprinting reveals extensive consequences of GLS hyperactivity.

High glutaminase (GLS;EC3.5.1.2) activity is an important pathophysiological phenomenon in tumorigenesis and metabolic disease. Insight into the metabolic consequences of high GLS activity contributes to the understanding of the pathophysiology of both oncogenic pathways and inborn errors of glutamate metabolism. Glutaminase catalyzes the conversion of glutamine into glutamate, thereby interconnecting many metabolic pathways.

LSD1 mediates microbial metabolite butyrate-induced thermogenesis in brown and white adipose tissue.

The gut microbiota regulates thermogenesis to benefit metabolic homeostasis at least partially via its metabolite butyrate, and the underlying mechanisms of this regulation are still unclear. In this study, we aim to investigate the role of lysine specific demethylase (LSD1), a histone demethylase and important regulator of thermogenesis, in mediating gut microbial metabolite butyrate regulation of thermogenesis.

The effect of hearing loss on the use of lexical categories by Hebrew-speaking mothers of deaf children with cochlear implants.

The frequency of use of nouns versus verbs in child-directed speech (CDS) of mothers to their normal hearing (NH) children has been investigated in various languages. Recent studies have shown that CDS to deaf children is affected by hearing loss. Thus, the main aim of the present study was to examine the effect of hearing loss on the use of content words by NH Hebrew-speaking mothers to their deaf children using CIs. The second aim was to compare the use of content words by mothers speaking to CI children ...

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