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PubMed Journals Articles About "Silencing Genes Cellular Protein Factories Amplifies Production Http" - Page: 5 RSS

04:12 EDT 23rd October 2019 | BioPortfolio

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Showing "Silencing Genes Cellular Protein Factories Amplifies Production http" PubMed Articles 101–125 of 32,000+

Methylation-associated miR-193b silencing activates master drivers of aggressive prostate cancer.

Epigenetic silencing of miRNAs is a primary mechanism of aberrant miRNA expression in cancer, and hypermethylation of miRNA promoters has been reported to contribute to prostate cancer initiation and progression. Recent data have shown that the miR-193b promoter is hypermethylated in prostate cancer compared to normal tissue, but studies assessing its functional significance have not been performed. We aimed to elucidate the function of miR-193b and identify its critical targets in prostate cancer. We obser...


Construction and analysis of a diabetic nephropathy related protein-protein interaction network reveals nine critical and functionally associated genes.

Diabetic nephropathy (DN) is one of the common diabetic complications, but the mechanisms are still largely unknown. In this study, we constructed a DN related protein-protein interaction network (DNPPIN) on the basis of RNA-seq analysis of renal cortices of DN and normal mice, and the STRING database. We analyzed DNPPIN in detail revealing nine critical proteins which are central in DNPPIN, and contained in one network module which is functionally enriched in ribosome, nucleic acid binding and metabolic pr...

Microcystin-LR-regulated transcriptome dynamics in ZFL cells.

Microcystin-LR (MC-LR) is a highly toxic hepatotoxin that poses great hazards to aquatic organisms and even human health. The zebrafish liver cell line (ZFL) is a valuable model for investigating toxicity and metabolism of toxicants. However, the toxicity of MC-LR and its effects on gene transcription of ZFL cells remains to be characterized. In this study, we determined the toxicity of MC-LR for ZFL cells and investigated the effects of MC-LR on cellular transcriptome dynamics. The EC of MC-LR for ZFL cell...


Stage-specific functional relationships between Tub1 and Tub2 beta-tubulins in the wheat scab fungus Fusarium graminearum.

The filamentous ascomycete Fusarium graminearum contains two β-tubulin genes TUB1 and TUB2 that differ in functions during vegetative growth and sexual reproduction. To further characterize their functional relationship, in this study we determined the co-localization of Tub1 and Tub2 and assayed their expression levels in different mutants and roles in DON production. Tub1 co-localized with Tub2 to the same regions of microtubules in conidia, hyphae, and ascospores. Whereas deletion of TUB1 had no obvious...

RanBP1-1 Is Involved in the Induction of Disease Resistance via Regulation of Nuclear-Cytoplasmic Transport of Small GTPase Ran.

Plant cells enhance the tolerances to abiotic and biotic stresses via recognition of the stress, activation and nuclear import of signaling factors, up-regulation of defense genes, nuclear export of mRNA and translation of defense proteins. Nuclear pore-mediated transports should play critical roles in these processes, however, the regulatory mechanisms of nuclear-cytoplasmic transport during stress responses are largely unknown. In this study, a regulator of nuclear export of RNA and proteins, NbRanBP1-1 (...

P7 and P8 proteins of High Plains wheat mosaic virus, a negative-strand RNA virus, employ distinct mechanisms of RNA silencing suppression.

High Plains wheat mosaic virus (genus Emaravirus), an octapartite negative-sense RNA virus, encodes two RNA silencing suppressors, P7 and P8. In this study, we found that P7 and P8 efficiently delayed the onset of dsRNA-induced transitive pathway of RNA silencing. Electrophoretic mobility shift assays (EMSA) revealed that only P7 protected long dsRNAs from dicing in vitro and bound weakly to 21- and 24-nt PTGS-like ds-siRNAs. In contrast, P8 bound strongly and relatively weakly to 21- and 24-nt ds-siRNAs, r...

Compromised Mitochondrial Protein Import Acts as a Signal for UPR.

The induction of the mitochondrial unfolded protein response (UPR) results in increased transcription of the gene encoding the mitochondrial chaperone HSP70. We systematically screened the C. elegans genome and identified 171 genes that, when knocked down, induce the expression of an hsp-6 HSP70 reporter and encode mitochondrial proteins. These genes represent many, but not all, mitochondrial processes (e.g., mitochondrial calcium homeostasis and mitophagy are not represented). Knockdown of these genes lea...

Molecular detection of Hsp90 inhibitor suppressing PCV2 replication in host cells.

Porcine Circovirus Type 2 (PCV2) is a pathogen that has the ability to cause devastating disease manifestations in pig populations with major economic implications. Our previous research found that Hsp90 is required for PCV2 production in PK-15 and 3D4/31 cells. The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of Hsp90 inhibitor regulating PCV2 replication and to explore its underlying mechanism. In PK-15 and 3D4/31 cells treated with 17-AAG after viral adsorption, replication of PCV2 was attenuated as ...

Identification of mineralocorticoid receptor target genes in the mouse hippocampus.

Brain mineralocorticoid receptors (MRs) and glucocorticoid receptors (GRs) respond to the same glucocorticoid hormones, but can have differential effects on cellular function. Several lines of evidence suggest that MR-specific target genes must exist, and might underlie distinct effects of the receptors. Our goal was to identify MR-specific target genes in the hippocampus, a brain region where MR and GR are co-localized and play a role in the stress response. Using genome-wide binding of both receptor types...

3-Mercaptopyruvate sulfurtransferase disruption in dermal fibroblasts facilitates adipogenic trans-differentiation.

Transitioning from a differentiated state to a higher-order of plasticity, by partial rather than full reactivation of pluripotency genes, might be a better approach in regenerative medicine. Hydrogen sulfide plays a crucial role in the maintenance and differentiation of mesenchymal stem cells (MSC) that have the potential to differentiate to a diverse group of mesenchymally derived cells. It was shown that these cells show a heavy reliance on cystathionine-β-synthase (CBS)-derived hydrogen sulfide (HS) du...

Nonribosomal peptides in fungal cell factories: from genome mining to optimized heterologous production.

Fungi are notoriously prolific producers of secondary metabolites including nonribosomal peptides (NRPs). The structural complexity of NRPs grants them interesting activities such as antibiotic, anti-cancer, and anti-inflammatory properties. The discovery of these compounds with attractive activities can be achieved by using two approaches: either by screening samples originating from various environments for their biological activities, or by identifying the related clusters in genomic sequences thanks to ...

The effectiveness of chitosan-mediated silencing of PDGF-B and PDGFR-β in the mesangial proliferative glomerulonephritis therapy.

Platelet-derived growth factor-B (PDGF-B) is a growth factor that plays an important role in the progression of mesangial proliferative glomerulonephritis (MsPGN). PDGF-B may contribute to mesangioproliferative changes and is overexpressed in MsPGN. Recently, small interfering RNAs (siRNAs) have been widely used for gene silencing effects in experimental models of renal diseases. Nanoparticle-based therapeutics are preferred for reasons such as increasing therapeutic efficacy and reducing toxic effects caus...

Targeting the Deubiquitinase STAMBPL1 Triggers Apoptosis in Prostate Cancer Cells by Promoting XIAP Degradation.

The zinc metalloprotease STAM-binding protein-like 1 (STAMBPL1) has been identified as a deubiquitinase by specifically cleaving Lys-63-linked polyubiquitin chains, but its cellular function remains unclear. Here we described the potential role of STAMBPL1 in suppression of the intrinsic apoptosis. We observed substantially high amounts of STAMBPL1 proteins in androgen-independent prostate cancer PC3 and DU145 cell lines. STAMBPL1 RNAi depletion triggered caspase-3/-7-dependent apoptosis in PC3 and DU145 ce...

LAPTM5 is transactivated by RUNX2 and involved in RANKL trafficking in osteoblastic cells.

The present study aimed to investigate the role of lysosomal‑associated transmembrane protein 5 (LAPTM5) in osteoclast differentiation induced by osteoblasts. The results demonstrated that the expression levels of LAPTM5 were downregulated following runt‑related transcription factor 2 (RUNX2) silencing and upregulated following RUNX2 overexpression in ST2 cells. Chromatin immunoprecipitation analysis identified the binding of RUNX2 to the LAPTM5 promoter at the ‑1176 to ‑1171 position. Dual‑luci...

The TGFB2-AS1 lncRNA Regulates TGF-β Signaling by Modulating Corepressor Activity.

Molecular processes involving lncRNAs regulate cell function. By applying transcriptomics, we identify lncRNAs whose expression is regulated by transforming growth factor β (TGF-β). Upon silencing individual lncRNAs, we identify several that regulate TGF-β signaling. Among these lncRNAs, TGFB2-antisense RNA1 (TGFB2-AS1) is induced by TGF-β through Smad and protein kinase pathways and resides in the nucleus. Depleting TGFB2-AS1 enhances TGF-β/Smad-mediated transcription and expression of hallmark TGF-...

Manipulation of Synechocystis sp. PCC6803 as a platform for functional identification of genes involved in carotenoid metabolism.

Carotenoids are not only essential light-harvesting/photoprotective pigments for plants, but also essential phytonutrients for human health. Although the carotenoid metabolic pathway is generally shared by photosynthetic organisms, some unique carotenoids are only synthesized in particular species. Eludication of the enzymes that catalyze their biosynthesis is a prerequisite for manipulating their production by transgenic and synthetic biological approaches. Both pigment complementation in Escherichia coli ...

Identification of biomarkers correlated with hypertrophic cardiomyopathy with co-expression analysis.

Hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (HCM) is reported to be the most common genetic heart disease. To identify key module and candidate biomarkers correlated with clinical prognosis of patients with HCM, we carried out this study with co-expression analysis. To construct a co-expression network of hub genes correlated with HCM, the Weighted Gene Co-expression Network Analysis (WGCNA) was performed. Gene Ontology (GO) and Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes (KEGG) enrichment analyses were performed by Database f...

Meta-analysis of mammary RNA seq datasets reveals the molecular understanding of bovine lactation biology.

The understanding of lactation biology at the gene expression level and the identification of candidate genes for milk synthesis and milk components are possible using recent advanced RNA seq technology. The purpose of this study is to understand the milk constituents synthesis, the molecular pathways responsible for milk synthesis and identification of candidate genes for milk production traits using whole mammary transcriptome dataset. We performed a meta-analysis of publically available RNA seq transcrip...

Expression and Relationship of SAMHD1 with Other Apoptotic and Autophagic Genes in Acute Myeloid Leukemia Patients.

SAM domain- and HD domain-containing protein 1 (SAMHD1) is a cellular enzyme which is responsible for blocking replication in viruses and participates in the progression of many cancers.

Four novel biomarkers for bladder cancer identified by weighted gene coexpression network analysis.

Bladder cancer (BC) is one of the most malignancies in terms of incidence and recurrence worldwide. The aim of this study is to find out novel and prognostic biomarkers for patients with BC. First, we identified 258 differentially expressed genes by using GSE19915 from Gene Expression Omnibus database. Second, a total of 33 modules were identified by constructing a coexpression network by using weighted gene coexpression network analysis and yellow module was regarded as the key module. Furthermore, by cons...

Orphan G-protein coupled receptor 183 (GPR183) potentiates insulin secretion and prevents glucotoxicity-induced β-cell dysfunction.

The expression and functional impact of most expression orphan G-protein coupled receptors (GPCRs) in β-cell is not fully understood. Microarray expression indicated that 36 orphan GPCRs are restricted in human islets, while 55 receptors overlapped between human islets and INS-1 cells. GPR183 showed higher expression in diabetic compared to non-diabetic human islets. GPR183 expression co-localized with β-cells while it was lacking in α-cells in human islets. The GPR183 agonist (7α-25-DHC) potentiated ...

HIV-1 Nef-GCC185 interaction regulates assembly of cellular protein complexes at TGN targeting MHC-I downregulation.

HIV-1 Nef downregulates surface MHC-I to protect the infected cells from CTLs-mediated killing. Although MHC-I downregulation has been extensively studied, the Nef-dependent assembly of the multi-protein complex and subsequent pathways activation has not yet been well explored. The present study is aimed for the identification of Nef-mediated sequential recruitment of cellular proteins that constitute the functional multi-protein complex, required for the downregulation of MHC-I.

Comparative analysis of growth performance and liver transcriptome response of juvenile Ancherythroculter nigrocauda fed diets with different protein levels.

This study aimed at investigating the effects of dietary protein levels on the growth and liver transcriptome in juvenile Ancherythroculter nigrocauda. Six semi-purified diets were formulated containing 25 (control), 30, 35, 40, 45, and 50% protein. Each diet was fed to three groups of 35 fish (mean initial weight: 5.86 ± 0.10 g) for 56 days. The rate of weight gain and specific growth rate increased with dietary protein levels from 25% to 40%, but remained unchanged when fed with 45 or 50% dietary...

Production of Lysostaphin by Nonproprietary Method Utilizing a Promoter from Toxin-Antitoxin System.

Lysostaphin is a staphylolytic protein of growing interest from biotechnological and pharmaceutical industry due to its potential use in preventing and combating staphylococcal infections. Here, we describe an optimized method for production of lysostaphin in an inductionless system utilizing constitutive promoter from staphylococcal toxin-antitoxin system PemIK-Sa1. We investigated the influence of ribosome-binding site sequence, Escherichia coli producer strain and growth media on yield and kinetics of r...

Enhancing the Yield and Quality of Influenza Virus-like Particles (VLPs) Produced in Insect Cells by Inhibiting Cytopathic Effects of Matrix Protein M2.

To provide broader protection and eliminate the need for annual update of influenza vaccines, biomolecular engineering of influenza virus-like particles (VLPs) to display more conserved influenza proteins such as the matrix protein M2 has been explored. However, achieving high surface density of full-length M2 in influenza VLPs has been left unrealized. In this study, we show that the ion channel activity of M2 induces significant cytopathic effects in Spodoptera frugiperda (Sf9) insect cells when expressed...


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