PubMed Journals Articles About "Sub-chronic Neurostimulation Delivered In The Middle Ear For Tinnitus Suppression" - Page: 5 RSS

08:59 EST 20th January 2019 | BioPortfolio

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Showing "chronic Neurostimulation Delivered Middle Tinnitus Suppression" PubMed Articles 101–125 of 12,000+

HBsAg seroclearance further reduces hepatocellular carcinoma risk after complete viral suppression with nucleos(t)ide analogues.

In treated patients with chronic hepatitis B (CHB) who have achieved complete viral suppression, it is unclear if functional cure as indicated by hepatitis B surface antigen (HBsAg) seroclearance confers additional clinical benefit. We compared the risk of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) and hepatic events in nucleos(t)ide analogue (NA)-treated patients with and without HBsAg seroclearance.

Irreversible effects of long-term chronic smoking on arterial stiffness: An analysis focusing on ex-smokers among otherwise healthy middle-aged men.

Smoking is a modifiable cardiovascular risk factor closely related to arterial stiffness (AS). However, data are lacking regarding the chronic effects of smoking on AS, especially in ex-smoker (ES) who faces remnant cardiovascular risk when compared to never-smokers (NS).

In Vitro Flow Rate Dependency of Delivered Dose and Fine Particle Dose of Salmeterol/Fluticasone Propionate Easyhaler and Seretide Diskus with Patient Flow Rates Collected in a Randomized Controlled Trial.

The Easyhaler device-metered dry powder inhaler containing Salmeterol and Fluticasone propionate (S/F) has been developed for the treatment of patients with asthma and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). We report two studies which evaluated the in vitro flow rate dependence of delivered dose (DD) and fine particle dose (FPD) of S/F Easyhaler versus Seretide Diskus.

Adversarial relationship between combined medial olivocochlear (MOC) and middle-ear-muscle (MEM) reflexes and alarm-in-noise detection thresholds under negative signal-to-noise ratios (SNRs).

The role of auditory efferent feedback from the medial olivocochlear system (MOCS) and the middle-ear-muscle (MEM) reflex in tonal detection tasks for humans in the presence of noise is not clearly understood. Past studies have yielded inconsistent results on the relationship between efferent feedback and tonal detection thresholds. This study attempts to address this inconsistency. Fifteen human subjects with normal hearing participated in an experiment where they were asked to identify an alarm signal in ...

Relationship between maximal respiratory pressures and multiple childbearing in Brazilian middle-aged and older women: A cross-sectional community-based study.

Previous studies show that multiparity and a number of chronic conditions are correlated among women. Also, low respiratory muscle strength has been associated to adverse health outcomes such as chronic lung disease and early mortality. This study aimed to investigate associations between the number of lifetime pregnancies and maximal inspiratory/expiratory pressures.

Effects of lifetime noise exposure on the middle-age human auditory brainstem response, tinnitus and speech-in-noise intelligibility.

Recent animal studies have shown that the synapses between inner hair cells and the dendrites of the spiral ganglion cells they innervate are the elements in the cochlea most vulnerable to excessive noise exposure. Particularly in rodents, several studies have concluded that exposure to high level octave-band noise for 2 h leads to an irreversible loss of around 50% of synaptic ribbons, leaving audiometric hearing thresholds unaltered. Cochlear synaptopathy following noise exposure is hypothesized to degr...

Patient with glossopharyngeal schwannoma of cerebellopontine angle.

We present a case of a man diagnosed with a rare tumour of cerebellopontine angle-glossopharyngeal schwannoma. First symptoms started at the beginning of January 2014, patient complained of tinnitus in his right ear. He had a magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) and it revealed a tumour of cerebellopontine angle. The patient underwent a surgery in September 2014. In this case tinnitus was the only symptoms of glossopharyngeal schwannoma. After surgery patient suffered from hoarseness and mild difficulty in swal...

A randomised controlled trial to test the efficacy of an m-health delivered physical activity and sleep intervention to improve sleep quality in middle-aged adults: The Refresh Study Protocol.

Poor sleep health is common and has a substantial negative health impact. Physical activity has been shown to improve sleep health. Many sleep interventions do not explicitly target physical activity, potentially limiting changes in activity and also sleep. Few intervention target those with poor sleep health but without a diagnosed disorder. This study aims to examine the efficacy of a combined physical activity and sleep intervention to improve sleep quality in middle-aged adults and its effect on physica...

An Unexpected Origin of Fluctuating Pulsatile Tinnitus.

Time dependent neuroprotection of dexamethasone in experimental focal cerebral ischemia: the involvement of NF-κB pathways.

We propose that the neuroprotective effect of glucocorticoid in ischemic damage may be time dependent. The present study was designed to test the proposal and its possible mechanismin cerebral ischemia/reperfusion (I/R) injury model. Reperfusion injury was induced after 120 minutes of middle cerebral artery occlusion (MCAO) in male Sprague-Dawley rats. Atdifferenttimepoints after MCAO, rats were treated with high dose dexamethasone (10mg/kg), and neurological deficit and infarct sizes were measured 2 h, 24 ...

The eNOS-NO pathway attenuates kidney dysfunction via suppression of inflammasome activation in aldosterone-induced renal injury model mice.

Hypertension causes vascular complications, such as stroke, cardiovascular disease, and chronic kidney disease (CKD). The relationship between endothelial dysfunction and progression of kidney disease is well known. However, the relationship between the eNOS-NO pathway and chronic inflammation, which is a common pathway for the progression of kidney disease, remains unexplored. We performed in vivo experiments to determine the role of the eNOS-NO pathway by using eNOS-deficient mice in a hypertensive kidney...

Short-duration multiple-session subthreshold micropulse yellow laser (577 nm) for chronic central serous chorioretinopathy: results at 3 years.

To review the 3-year follow-up results of subthreshold micropulse yellow laser (SMYL) delivered by a short-duration multiple-session method for treatment of chronic central serous chorioretinopathy (CSC).

Improving the Affordability of Prescription Medications for People with Chronic Respiratory Disease. An Official American Thoracic Society Policy Statement.

Mounting evidence indicates that out-of-pocket costs for prescription medications, particularly among low- and middle-income patients with chronic diseases, are imposing financial burden, reducing medication adherence, and worsening health outcomes. This problem is exacerbated by a paucity of generic alternatives for prevalent lung diseases, such as asthma and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, as well as high-cost medicines for rare diseases, such as cystic fibrosis. Affordability and access challenges...

Endoscopic medialization middle turbinoplasty in endoscopic sinus surgery.

Recurrence of sinonasal disease can be caused by many factors, including lateralization of the middle turbinate as a complication of endoscopic sinus surgery (ESS). Different ESS procedures have been tried to prevent this complication. We conducted a prospective study to determine if medialization is an effective means of lateralizing the middle turbinate. Our study population was made up of 142 adults who underwent ESS from July 2013 through December 2014. A total of 235 sides were operated on; the middle ...

A Pilot Randomized Controlled Trial Comparing Mindfulness Meditation, Cognitive Therapy, and Mindfulness-Based Cognitive Therapy for Chronic Low Back Pain.

This pilot trial compared the feasibility, tolerability, acceptability, and effects of group-delivered mindfulness meditation (MM), cognitive therapy (CT), and mindfulness-based cognitive therapy (MBCT) for chronic low back pain (CLBP).

Face Repetition Probability Does Not Affect Repetition Suppression in Macaque Inferotemporal Cortex.

Repetition suppression, which refers to reduced neural activity for repeated stimuli, is typically explained by bottom-up or local adaptation mechanisms. However, recent theories have emphasized the role of top-down processes, suggesting that this response reduction reflects the fulfillment of perceptual expectations. To support this, an influential human functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) study showed that the magnitude of suppression is modulated by the probability of a repetition. No such repet...

Predicting postictal suppression in electroconvulsive therapy using analysis of heart rate variability.

Postictal suppression on an electroencephalogram (EEG) represents electrical silence during electroconvulsive therapy (ECT) and has been considered as a key feature associated with the efficacy of treatment. The present study aimed to predict postictal suppression using heart rate variability (HRV).

Comparative-Effectiveness of Group-Delivered Acceptance and Commitment Therapy vs. Cognitive Behavioral Therapy for Smoking Cessation: A Randomized Controlled Trial.

Preliminary trial data suggests group-delivered Acceptance and Commitment Therapy (ACT) might be effective for smoking cessation. If so, this could offer a viable alternative to mainstream behavioral therapies, such as those grounded in Cognitive Behavioral Therapy (CBT). The goal of the current study was to compare the effectiveness of group-delivered ACT versus group-delivered CBT in a rigorous randomized trial design with long term follow-up.

An audit of chronic oedema within the care home setting.

This articles outlines the important issue of chronic oedema, its definition and the physiology of the three main categories. The care delivered in the care home (nursing) sector was the subject of a printed questionnaire and the results are presented here. They are discussed and the implications for practice and an evidenced-based approach to care delivery are considered. Several conclusions can be drawn from this study but would be strengthened by a larger study. Care for patients with chronic oedema coul...

Mobile health intervention for self-management of adolescent chronic pain (WebMAP mobile): Protocol for a hybrid effectiveness-implementation cluster randomized controlled trial.

Approximately 5-8% of children report severe chronic pain and disability. Although evidence supports pain-self management as effective for reducing pain and disability, most youth do not have access to psychological intervention. Our prior studies demonstrate that an existing internet-delivered pain self-management program (WebMAP) can reduce barriers to care, is feasible, acceptable, and is effective in reducing pain-related disability in youth with chronic pain. The current trial seeks to: 1) determine th...

Human central auditory plasticity: A review of functional near-infrared spectroscopy (fNIRS) to measure cochlear implant performance and tinnitus perception.

Functional near-infrared spectroscopy (fNIRS) is an emerging noninvasive technology used to study cerebral cortex activity. Being virtually silent and compatible with cochlear implants has helped establish fNIRS as an important tool when investigating auditory cortex as well as cortices involved with hearing and language processing in adults and during child development. With respect to this review article, more recently, fNIRS has also been used to investigate central auditory plasticity following hearing ...

Cognitive Behavioral Therapy for Tinnitus Unbound.

Otitis media and respiratory sinus arrhythmia across infancy and early childhood: Polyvagal processes?

Otitis media (OM)-or middle-ear inflammation-is the most widely diagnosed childhood illness, with evidence implicating OM in a range of distal problems (e.g., language delays, attention problems). Polyvagal theory (Porges, 1995, 2007) posits that there also are likely important connections between middle-ear functioning and children's developing parasympathetic nervous systems (PNS). Using prospective longitudinal data from the Family Life Project (n = 748), we tested within- and between-person relations be...

SOI microdosimetry and modified MKM for evaluation of relative biological effectiveness for a passive proton therapy radiation field.

With more patients receiving external beam radiation therapy with protons, it becomes increasingly important to refine the clinical understanding of the relative biological effectiveness (RBE) for dose delivered during treatment. Treatment planning systems used in clinics typically implement a constant RBE of 1.1 for proton fields irrespective of their highly heterogeneous linear energy transfer (LET). Quality assurance tools that can measure beam characteristics and quantify or be indicative of biological ...

The association between the number of chronic health conditions and advance care planning varies by race/ethnicity.

Although a national consensus exists on the need to increase the rates of advance care planning (ACP) for all adults, racial/ethnic differences in ACP have been consistently observed. This study investigated the intersection of racial/ethnic differences and the number of chronic health conditions on ACP among middle-aged and older adults in the United States.

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