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The Gilchrist Institute For The Achievement Sciences PubMed articles on BioPortfolio. Our PubMed references draw on over 21 million records from the medical literature. Here you can see the latest The Gilchrist Institute For The Achievement Sciences articles that have been published worldwide.
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The impetus for the development of a measurement and evaluation committee for Robert Morris University, School of Nursing and Health Sciences (SNHS) was to foster faculty and administration commitment in enhancing the quality of measurement and evaluation processes. Many of the SNHS faculty members had experienced incidents of academic inconsistencies with student examination protocols. The Measurement and Evaluation Team (MET) was charged to define the goals for faculty to utilize evidence-based assessment...
There is some controversy regarding the role of and time devoted to so-called basic sciences in the medical curriculum. In this article, the author argues that nowadays basic sciences are a far less important element of the medical curriculum than in the past, and that in time they will likely be phased out completely. Arguments put forward are the changing role of the medical doctor, evidence that general clinical reasoning skills do not exist, and that the contrary assumption has led to havoc. He conclude...
Researchers from the Ramazzini Institute have reported that lifespan dosing of rats with aspartame treatment is associated with an increased overall incidence of malignant tumors, including leukemias/lymphomas, transitional cell carcinomas of the renal pelvis/ureter, and malignant schwannomas of the peripheral nerves. Other carcinogenicity studies conducted on aspartame have shown no such carcinogenic potential in any organ system. Additional data to assess the carcinogenic potential of aspartame, especiall...
Significant gains in life expectancy have been achieved, but living longer does not necessarily mean the years gained are productive and healthy. Different theories predict different patterns of time trends in old-age disability prevalence.
The manuscript describes the testimony of the Rizzoli Orthopedic Institute about Wilhelm Schulthess, a pioneer in the treatment of spinal deformities.
Volunteering is associated with improved physical and psychological well-being; volunteers feeling more respect for their work may have better well-being than their counterparts.
This study aimed to determine serial changes in self-assessed goal achievement (SAGA) and treatment satisfaction after HoLEP, to identify correlations between the two, and to compare them with results assessed by traditional outcome measures. For a total of 170 patients, outcomes were evaluated serially at postoperative 1-, 3-, 6-, and 12-months using IPSS, OABSS, SAGA questionnaires and uroflowmetry. The SAGA questionnaire consisted of five questions including one open-ended question (self-assessed goals a...
The Joanna Briggs Institute Model for Evidence-Based Healthcare was first conceptualized in 2005. This developmental framework for evidence-based practice situated healthcare evidence, in its broadest sense, and its role and use within complex healthcare settings. The Model was recently reviewed with a view to understanding its utility by health professionals, researchers and policy makers, and the analysis revealed a need to reconsider the composition and language of the Model to ensure its currency on the...
Understanding how components of frailty change over time and how they can be modeled as time-dependent predictors of mortality could lead to better risk prediction in the dialysis population.
Bacterial co-infections and low grade endotoxemia are common in HIV patients. Inflammation due to endotoxin or HIV may influence the expression and activity of transporters. Kidney transporters influence renal drug clearances including many antiretroviral agents. Our objective was to study the effect of endotoxin and HIV on the renal expression of drug transporters in an HIV-transgenic (HIV-Tg) rat model. These rats develop immune dysfunction and AIDS-associated conditions like humans.
To compare the ability of the INTERGROWTH-21st, National Institute of Child Health and Human Development, and WHO fetal growth standards to identify fetuses at risk of adverse perinatal outcomes.
Dear Prof. Civitelli, We thank Dr Gilchrist and colleagues for their letter entitled "Osteoporotic vertebral fracture prevalence varies widely" in which they outline their experience with clinical health ontology applied on a shared repository of clinical notes, radiological images and reports. The purpose of their effort is to "assess whether patients with fractures are receiving appropriate care" and to "streamline the approach to diagnosing and treating those people with vertebral fractures without the u...
Comparison of Ticagrelor with Clopidogrel in Reducing Interleukin-17 and Myeloperoxidase Expression in Thrombus and Improving Postprocedural Coronary Flow in ST-segment Elevation Myocardial Infarction Patients.
This study aimed to explore the effects of ticagrelor (a P2Y12 receptor inhibitor) on interleukin (IL)-17 and myeloperoxidase (MPO) expression in coronary thrombus as well as on the coronary blood flow in ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) patients following percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI).
Alveolar clearance of proteins, such as albumin, plays an essential role in recovery from lung injuries. Albumin is known to be oxidized by reactive oxygen species (ROS), leading to generation of advanced oxidation protein products (AOPP)-albumin in the alveolar lining fluid. In this study, we aimed to characterize the uptake of FITC-labeled AOPP-albumin (FITC-AOPP-albumin) into human alveolar epithelial cell line, A549.
Chronic inflammation has been linked with geriatric-related conditions, including dementia. Inflammatory cytokine levels, including interleukin (IL)-6, IL-10, and tumor necrosis factor (TNF) α, in the blood have been associated with cognitive impairment and decline. However, evidence has been mixed.
Liver fatty acid binding protein (FABP1) is a cytoplasmic polypeptide that transports substrates throughout the cytosol and functions as an antioxidant. A common polymorphic variant, FABP1 T94A has a minor allele frequency of 26-38%, 8.3±1.9% homozygous in the human population. The purpose of this study was to mutate and isolate recombinant rat FABP1 to the T94A variant to evaluate the mutant's antioxidant activity using in vitro studies.
The current role of maxillofacial prosthetic care for head and neck cancer patients is not well understood. Additionally, perceived barriers for service provision are unknown. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the current role of maxillofacial prosthetic care at National Cancer Institute (NCI)-designated comprehensive cancer centers and to identify perceived barriers to care.
Malnutrition after hip fracture is associated with increased rehabilitation time, complications, and mortality. We assessed the effect of intensive 3 month nutritional intervention in elderly after hip fracture on length of stay (LOS).
Foot and ankle joint disorders are serious issues for patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA). We compared the differences between patients with RA whose first symptom involved a foot or ankle joint (FOOT group) versus other joints (non-FOOT group) within the Institute of Rheumatology, Rheumatoid Arthritis (IORRA) cohort in our institute.
Recent research found perfectionistic strivings to predict performance in a novel basketball task among novice basketball players. The current study builds on this research by examining whether this is also the case for performance in a familiar basketball training task among experienced basketball players, and whether achievement goals mediated any observed relationships. Perfectionistic strivings, perfectionistic concerns, and 3 × 2 achievement goals were assessed prior to basketball training perform...