PubMed Journals Articles About "Treatment Of Non-Tuberculous Mycobacterial Infections With Interferon Gamma" - Page: 5 RSS

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Showing "Treatment Tuberculous Mycobacterial Infections With Interferon Gamma" PubMed Articles 101–125 of 32,000+

Optimizing therapy in carbapenem-resistant Enterobacteriaceae infections.

In the absence of randomized clinical trial data, questions remain regarding the optimal treatment of carbapenem-resistant Enterobacteriaceae (CRE) infections. CRE have historically been susceptible to polymyxins, tigecycline or aminoglycosides (mostly gentamicin), and these antibiotics have long been considered the drugs of choice for CRE infections, although varying rates of resistance to all have been reported. This review looks at data from clinical studies assessing the outcomes of CRE infections treat...

Outcomes of Stable Multiple Sclerosis Patients Staying on Initial Interferon Beta Therapy Versus Switching to Another Interferon Beta Therapy: A US Claims Database Study.

This study was designed to assess real-world outcomes of patients with multiple sclerosis (MS) who were stable on interferon (IFN) beta therapy in the year prior to switching to another IFN beta therapy versus those who continued on the initial treatment.

Epidemiology of Adults and Children Treated for Nontuberculous Mycobacterial Pulmonary Disease in Japan.

The epidemiological status of nontuberculous mycobacterial pulmonary disease (NTM-PD) remains unclear in the majority of countries, including Japan.

New and Noteworthy in Tuberculosis Diagnostics and Treatment.

People with HIV infection with latent tuberculosis (TB) infection (LTBI) are at a 10-fold greater risk of developing active disease. Interferon gamma release assays and tuberculin skin testing have approximately 65% to 70% specificity for diagnosing LTBI in HIV-infected patients. LTBI can be successfully treated with isoniazid preventive therapy and early antiretroviral therapy (ART). Rapid molecular diagnostics have approximately 88% sensitivity and 98% specificity for identifying active TB. ART should be ...

Severe Infections in Critically Ill Solid Organ Transplant Patients.

Severe infections are among the most common causes of death in immunocompromised patients admitted to the intensive care unit. The epidemiology, diagnosis, and treatment of these infections has evolved in the last decade.

Interferon-stimulated gene 60 (ISG60) constitutes a negative feedback loop in the downstream of TLR3 signaling in hCMEC/D3 cells.

Brain capillary endothelial cells are the component of blood brain barrier, and the first line of defense against viruses invading into brain. We demonstrate that treatment of hCMEC/D3 cells, a human brain capillary endothelial cell line, with a Toll-like receptor 3 (TLR3) agonist polyinosinic-polycytidylic acid (poly IC) induces the expression of interferon (IFN)-stimulated gene 60 (ISG60), and this reaction was mediated by IFN-β. Knockdown of ISG60 increased the poly IC-induced expression of IFN-β and a...

Mass of the thenar eminence hiding idiopathic massive rice bodies formation with a compression of the median nerve: Case report and review of the literature.

Rice bodies are described as fibrin bodies usually found among patients with inflammatory joint diseases, tuberculous arthritis, and tuberculous tenosynovitis, but they are rarely found among non-tuberculosis patients.

Omadacycline: First Global Approval.

Paratek Pharmaceuticals are developing omadacycline (NUZYRA™), a first-in-class orally active aminomethylcycline antibacterial, as a treatment for various bacterial infections. The drug, which is available in intravenous and oral formulations, has a broad spectrum of antibacterial activity and was recently approved in the USA as a treatment for the treatment of community acquired bacterial pneumonia (CABP) and acute bacterial skin and skin structure infections (ABSSSI) in adults. This article summarizes t...

Gamma knife radiosurgery for metastatic brain tumors from cancer of unknown primary.

We retrospectively analyzed treatment efficacy and identified prognostic factors impacting tumor control and survival in patients with brain metastases from cancer of unknown primary (CUP) treated with gamma knife radiosurgery (GKRS).

Analysis of mycobacterial infection-induced changes to host lipid metabolism in a zebrafish infection model reveals a conserved role for LDLR in infection susceptibility.

Changes to lipid metabolism are well-characterised consequences of human tuberculosis infection but their functional relevance are not clearly elucidated in these or other host-mycobacterial systems. The zebrafish-Mycobacterium marinum infection model is used extensively to model many aspects of human-M. tuberculosis pathogenesis but has not been widely used to study the role of infection-induced lipid metabolism. We find mammalian mycobacterial infection-induced alterations in host Low Density Lipoprotein ...

The Expression of Interferon Regulatory Factor 8 in Human Periapical Lesions.

Interferon regulatory factor 8 (IRF8) is a critical transcription factor in innate immune responses that regulates the development and function of myeloid cells. Human periapical lesions are caused by endodontic microbial infections. However, the presence of IRF8 in human periapical lesions remains elusive. This study aims to explore the expression of IRF8 in human periapical lesions and the possible association of IRF8 with macrophages, nuclear factor kappa B (NF-κB) signaling, and the autophagy process.

Interferon-α Is Effective for Treatment of Minimal Residual Disease in Patients with t(8;21) Acute Myeloid Leukemia After Allogeneic Hematopoietic Stem Cell Transplantation: Results of a Prospective Registry Study.

transcript levels were established as a powerful marker for predicting relapse in patients with t(8;21) acute myeloid leukemia (AML). We aimed to identify the efficacy of minimal residual disease (MRD)-directed interferon-alpha (IFN-α) treatment in patients with t(8;21) AML who were positive for MRD after allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (allo-HSCT; =42).

Tuberculous Uveitis Presenting with a Bullous Exudative Retinal Detachment: A Case Report and Systematic Literature Review.

To describe tuberculous uveitis (TU) presenting as a bullous retinal detachment (RD) and to perform a comprehensive literature review on TU with similar features.

Acyclovir-induced thrombocytopaenia in a patient with SLE.

Acyclovir has been used in the treatment of herpes simplex and varicella zoster viral infections for over 30 years. The side effects of oral treatment at standard doses are rare and include headache, diarrhoea, dizziness and malaise. We report a patient with a new diagnosis of systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) who developed thrombocytopaenia within days on a therapeutic dose with acyclovir. Prompt discontinuation of acyclovir and treatment with intravenous immunoglobulin resulted in reversal of the above p...


To describe a novel case of intraocular tuberculosis (TB) arising in a patient undergoing treatment for Vogt-Koyanagi-Harada disease, and to highlight the use of spectral domain optical coherence tomography for helping confirm the diagnosis and monitor treatment response.

Synthesis of new 3-phenylquinazolin-4(3H)-one derivatives as potent antibacterial agents effective against methicillin- and vancomycin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA and VRSA).

Occurrence of infections due to the drug resistant Staphylococcus aureus is on rise necessitating the need for rapid development of new antibacterial agents. In our present work, a series of new 3-phenylquinazolin-4(3H)-one derivatives were designed, synthesized and evaluated for their antibacterial activity against ESKAP (E. coli, S. aureus, K. pneumoniae, A. baumannii, P. aeroginosa) pathogen panel and pathogenic mycobacterial strains. The study revealed that compounds 4a, 4c, 4e, 4f, 4g, 4i, 4o and 4p ex...

A preclinical model for studying herpes simplex virus infection.

Herpes simplex virus (HSV) infections can cause considerable morbidity. Currently, nucleoside analogues such as acyclovir are widely used for treatment. However, HSV infections resistant to these drugs are a clinical problem among immunocompromised patients. To provide more efficient therapy and to counteract resistance, a different class of antiviral compounds has been developed. Pritelivir, a helicase primase inhibitor, represents a promising candidate for improved therapy. Here, we established a HSV-1 in...

Long-term Efficacy of Interferon-Free Antiviral Treatment Regimens in Patients With Hepatitis C Virus-Associated Cryoglobulinemia Vasculitis.

In small-size and short-term studies of hepatitis C virus-associated cryoglobulinemia vasculitis (HCV-CryoVas), patients had a higher rate of response and tolerance to direct-acting antiviral (DAA) agents than interferon-containing regimens. We collected follow-up data from a clinical trial to determine the long-term effectiveness and tolerance of all-oral, interferon-free DAA regimens in patients with CryoVas.

Multi-centre validation of a flow cytometry method to identify optimal responders to interferon-beta in multiple sclerosis.

Percentages of blood CD19 + CD5+ B cells and CD8 + perforin+ T lymphocytes can predict response to Interferon (IFN)-beta treatment in relapsing-remitting multiple sclerosis (RRMS) patients. We aimed to standardize their detection in a multicenter study, prior to their implementation in clinical practice.

Antimicrobial treatment practices among Ugandan children with suspicion of central nervous system infection.

Acute central nervous system (CNS) infections in children in sub-Saharan Africa are often fatal. Potential contributors include late presentation, limited diagnostic capacity and inadequate treatment. A more nuanced understanding of treatment practices with a goal of optimizing such practices is critical to prevent avoidable case fatality. We describe empiric antimicrobial treatment, antibiotic resistance and treatment adequacy in a prospective cohort of 459 children aged two months to 12 years hospitalised...

Low-Dose Gamma Knife Radiosurgery for Acromegaly.

Remission rate is associated with higher dose of Gamma Knife Radiosurgery (GKRS; Gamma Knife: Elekta AB, Stockholm, Sweden) for acromegaly, but the dose ≥25 Gy is not always feasible when the functioning adenoma is close to optic apparatus.

The Intraoperative Portable Gamma Camera Is an Important Adjunct to the Gamma Probe in Identifying Melanoma Sentinel Lymph Nodes.

Interferon-α-induced retinopathy in chronic hepatitis C treatment: summary, considerations, and recommendations.

Interferons are cytokines that regulate the host's response to viral infection, particularly in the setting of the immunologic response to the hepatitis C virus (HCV). While the virus has the ability to evade the host's innate and specific immunity, exogenous interferon-α with combined ribavirin, treatments have been found to achieve a significant sustained viral response in subgroups of patients with chronic HCV. One of the major side effects of interferon-α is an ocular retinopathy characterized by flam...

QuantiFERON-TB Gold In-Tube test in active tuberculosis patients and healthy adults.

Interferon-gamma (IFN-γ) release assays have improved latent tuberculosis (TB) detection and have been considered promising for the diagnosis of TB disease. However, diagnosis efficacy data is limited in high burden countries. The aim of this study was to determine the diagnostic potential of the QuantiFERON-TB Gold In-Tube (QFT-GIT) test for the diagnosis of active TB in an endemic setting for TB. A cross-sectional study was conducted in a group of 102 Thai patients with clinical symptoms and chest x-ray ...

Bacteriological relevance of linezolid versus vancomycin in postoperative empirical treatment of osteoarticular infections: a retrospective single-center study.

Our center replaced vancomycin by linezolid in 2015 for the postoperative empirical treatment of osteoarticular infections (OAI).

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