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PubMed Journals Articles About "Billion Benefits Could Delivered BeatNCDs Policy Interventions According" - Page: 5 RSS

04:22 EDT 23rd October 2019 | BioPortfolio

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Showing "billion benefits could delivered beatNCDs policy interventions according" PubMed Articles 101–125 of 9,000+

Cleaner heating choices in northern rural China: Household factors and the dual substitution policy.

Household heating is a major contributor to frequent winter haze in northern China. Transition to cleaner household heating is associated with multiple benefits including improved environmental conditions and health of local residents. This study presents an analysis of data from an indoor survey covering 1030 households in 136 villages of Hebi City in the winter of 2018. The main purpose of this study was to reveal the key factors that affect cleaner heating choices under the national pilot program of the ...


National policies to prevent obesity in early childhood: Using policy mapping to compare policy lessons for Australia with six developed countries.

Interventions for obesity prevention in early childhood (first 5 years of life) are likely to have a significant preventive health impact. This mapping review identified recommended policy options for the Australian Federal Government (AFG) by comparing countries with similar population, income, and language to Australia. Policies were mapped in six countries using two matrices. The first matrix examined policy context, describing obesity prevention governance. The second matrix examined policy content, com...

Post-overdose interventions triggered by calling 911: Centering the perspectives of people who use drugs (PWUDs).

Opioid overdose deaths have increased exponentially in the United States. Bystander response to opioid overdose ideally involves administering naloxone, providing rescue breathing, and calling 911 to summon emergency medical assistance. Recently in the US, public health and public safety agencies have begun seeking to use 911 calls as a method to identify and deliver post-overdose interventions to opioid overdose patients. Little is known about the opinions of PWUDs about the barriers, benefits, or potentia...


Incorporating health impacts into a differentiated pollution tax rate system: A case study in the Beijing-Tianjin-Hebei region in China.

This paper argues for an efficient pollution tax rate system that reflects the differentiation of marginal health damages of the individual emission sources. Although China is the first country in the world to launch a regionally differentiated pollution tax rate program, due to the absence of marginal damage estimation, whether this policy is efficient and equitable remains unknown. In this paper, we build an Integrated Assessment Model to measure the marginal damage of SO2, NOx and PM2.5 emitted from 38 c...

Why Digital Tools Have Not Yet Revolutionized Adolescent Health Research and What We Can Do.

The promise of digital tools and devices for spurring new discoveries in adolescence research is enticing. Notably, this special section draws attention to many of the advantages that mobile and wearable devices offer for ambulatory assessment research, which have now been realized. Despite such progress, digital tools have not yet delivered on their predicted revolution of adolescent health research. I offer four reasons for why digital devices have fallen short of this predicted promise. For each barrier,...

The New Zealand Government Inquiry Into Mental Health And Addiction's recommendations on substance use: some reflections from the science perspective.

The New Zealand Government Inquiry Into Mental Health And Addiction recently tabled its final report, including a substantial set of recommendations. Four of these recommendations focused specifically on interventions and policy for psychoactive substance use (including alcohol and drugs). Based on longstanding involvement in science on alcohol- and other drugs-related health and policy, and similar commission efforts, the authors briefly examine and provide comments on these recommendations from a scientif...

Would Stronger Seat Belt Laws Reduce Motor Vehicle Crash Deaths?: A Semi-Bayesian Analysis.

For policy questions where substantial empirical background information exists, conventional frequentist policy analysis is hard to justify. Bayesian analysis quantitatively incorporates prior knowledge, but is not often used in applied policy analysis.

Smoking topography characteristics during a six-week trial of very low nicotine content cigarettes in smokers with serious mental illness.

A nicotine reduction policy could have major benefits for smokers with serious mental illness (SMI). However, potential unintended consequences, such as compensatory smoking, should be considered to ensure that such a policy does not negatively affect this population. The purpose of this secondary analysis was to examine the impact of smoking very low nicotine content (VLNC) cigarettes for six weeks on smoking topography characteristics, indicators of compensatory smoking, among smokers with SMI.

Interventions to Prevent Nonmelanoma Skin Cancers in Recipients of a Solid Organ Transplant: Systematic Review of Randomized Controlled Trials.

Organ transplant recipients are at high risk of developing skin cancer. The benefits and harms of interventions to prevent nonmelanoma skin cancer in solid organ transplant recipients have not been summarized.

Cash on delivery: Results of a randomized experiment to promote maternal health care in Kenya.

We conducted a randomized controlled experiment to test whether vouchers, cash transfers, and SMS messages were effective in boosting facility delivery rates among poor, pregnant women in rural Kenya. We find a strong effect of the full vouchers and the conditional cash transfers: 48% of women with access to both interventions delivered in a health facility, while only 36% of those with neither did. Amongst women who did not receive a cash transfer, we find that a small copayment dramatically reduced vouche...

Meta-analytic review of dissonance-based eating disorder prevention programs: Intervention, participant, and facilitator features that predict larger effects.

Many trials have provided support for dissonance-based eating disorder prevention programs. This meta-analytic review characterized the average intervention effects and tested whether various intervention, participant, and facilitator features correlated with larger effects to guide implementation of optimally effective versions of this program. We identified 56 trials that evaluated 68 dissonance-based eating disorder prevention programs (7808 participants). Average intervention effect sizes (d) relative t...

From individual Fuzzy Cognitive Maps to Agent Based Models: Modeling multi-factorial and multi-stakeholder decision-making for water scarcity.

Policy making for complex Social-Ecological Systems (SESs) is a multi-factorial and multi-stakeholder decision making process. Therefore, proper policy simulation in a SES should consider both the complex behavior of the system and the multi-stakeholders' interventions into the system, which requires integrated methodological approaches. In this study, we simulate impacts of policy options on a farming community facing water scarcity in Rafsanjan, Iran, using an integrated modeling methodology combining an ...

Piles of Money: "Hemorrhoids" Are a Billion-Dollar Industry.

Two persistent problems confront anyone wishing to gauge the public-health cost and impact of hemorrhoids. First, there is the slipperiness of the term "hemorrhoids," which both patients and physicians use with imprecision. Second, there is endoscopic over-diagnosis of prominent anal cushions as internal hemorrhoids. While these factors both inflate the apparent cost of hemorrhoids, the fact remains that hemorrhoid diagnosis and treatment has become a billion-dollar industry.

Interventions for students with autism in inclusive settings: A best-evidence synthesis and meta-analysis.

Students with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) are increasingly educated alongside typically developing peers in regular education environments. These students have impairments that may hinder their success in inclusive school settings and require individualized supports to improve outcomes. The purpose of this meta-analysis and best-evidence synthesis is to examine the characteristics of interventions for students with ASD in inclusive settings, offer quantitative analysis of intervention effects, examine po...

Effectiveness of home fire safety interventions. A systematic review and meta-analysis.

To assess the effectiveness of Home Fire Safety (HFS) interventions versus other interventions/no interventions/controls on HFS knowledge and behaviour at short-, intermediate- and long-term follow ups.

Therapist and Computer-Based Brief Interventions for Drug Use within a Randomized Controlled Trial: Effects on Parallel Trajectories of Alcohol Use, Cannabis Use, and Anxiety Symptoms.

Despite their high comorbidity, the effects of brief interventions (BI) to reduce cannabis use, alcohol use, and anxiety symptoms have received little empirical attention. The aims of this study were to examine whether a therapist-delivered BI (TBI) or computer-guided BI (CBI) to address drug use, alcohol consumption (when relevant) and HIV risk behaviors, relative to enhanced usual care (EUC), was associated with reductions in parallel trajectories of alcohol use, cannabis use, and anxiety symptoms, and wh...

Therapeutic patient education and self-management support for patients with psoriasis - a systematic review.

Psoriasis is a chronic inflammatory skin condition. Patient education may be one option to improve adherence and coping. The aim of this systematic review is to identify studies evaluating educational interventions for psoriasis patients. The review was conducted following the methods recommended by Cochrane. We searched seven databases, one trial register and three grey literature repositories. Data screening and extraction was performed independently by two reviewers. Cochrane Risk of Bias 2.0, ROBINS-I, ...

Decline and diversity in Swedish seas: Environmental narratives in marine history, science and policy.

Before the mid-twentieth century, there was no comprehensive narrative about empirical conditions in Swedish seas. Around 1970, this view changed profoundly. In line with growing research and the emergence of 'the environment' as a defining concept, conditions in Swedish seas were framed as a 'narrative of decline'. Marine scientists have since recorded more diverse developments than are described by an overall declensionist narrative. Data show trends of interrupted decline, variability and even recovery, ...

Adherence and acceptability of community-based distribution of micronutrient powders in Southern Mali.

Home fortification with micronutrient powders (MNP) has been shown to reduce anaemia, with high overall acceptability and adherence, but there is limited evidence from West Africa. Around 80% of children younger than 5 years are anaemic in Mali, and new interventions are needed. This paper reports on the adherence and acceptability of a community-led MNP intervention targeting children aged 6-59 months in Southern Mali. The MNP were delivered by a multidisciplinary group of community volunteers using comm...

Unit Costs of Delinquent Acts for Use in Economic Evaluations.

Youth mental health interventions aimed at reducing substance use and delinquency in adolescents compete with other types of interventions for reimbursement from public funding. Within the youth mental health domain, delinquent acts impose high costs on society. These costs should be included in economic evaluations conducted from a societal perspective. Although the relevance of these costs is recognized, they are often left out because the unit costs of delinquent acts are unknown.

Review on China's wind power policy (1986-2017).

As an important renewable energy source, wind power plays a key role in mitigating climate change and has become one of the fastest growing clean energies globally. In China, wind energy development has been a vital component of national energy transformation strategy. Over the years, the Chinese government has introduced a series of policies to promote the development of wind power and also to regulate this emerging industry. Base on examining all the key policy documents on wind power issued by the Chines...

Technology-Delivered Psychotherapeutic Interventions in Improving Depressive Symptoms Among People with HIV/AIDS: A Systematic Review and Meta-analysis of Randomised Controlled Trials.

With the increasing popularity of advanced technology, technology-delivered psychotherapeutic interventions (TPIs) may play a promising role in improving depressive symptoms among PLWHA. However, its effectiveness remains unclear. We aimed to synthesise the evidence of the effectiveness of TPIs in improving depressive symptoms of PLWHA using a meta-analytic approach. Seven databases were systematically searched for randomised controlled trials (RCTs) from the inception until August 14, 2018. Random-effects ...

Fatal crashes in the 5 years after recreational marijuana legalization in Colorado and Washington.

Colorado and Washington legalized recreational marijuana in 2012, but the effects of legalization on motor vehicle crashes remains unknown. Using Fatality Analysis Reporting System data, we performed difference-in-differences (DD) analyses comparing changes in fatal crash rates in Washington, Colorado and nine control states with stable anti-marijuana laws or medical marijuana laws over the five years before and after recreational marijuana legalization. In separate analyses, we evaluated fatal crash rates ...

The US Military Health System: Promoting Readiness And Providing Health Care.

The US Military Health System (MHS) is a unique federal health care system with a critical mission: ensuring that America's military personnel are healthy; maintaining a ready medical force in support of operational forces around the world; and delivering a medical benefit to approximately 9.5 million beneficiaries. This article provides an overview of how the MHS relies upon the TRICARE program to deliver both direct care (delivered in military treatment facilities) and purchased care (delivered by networ...

Commentary on "Benefits of Activity-Based Interventions Among Female Adolescents Who Are Overweight and Obese".


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