PubMed Journals Articles About "Aerobic Resistance Exercise Training Reverses Dependent Decline Salvage" - Page: 5 RSS

15:14 EST 11th November 2019 | BioPortfolio

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Showing "Aerobic resistance exercise training reverses dependent decline salvage" PubMed Articles 101–125 of 20,000+

Adaptations to high-intensity interval training in skeletal muscle require NADPH oxidase 2.

Reactive oxygen species (ROS) have been proposed as signaling molecules mediating exercise training adaptation, but the ROS source has remained unclear. This study aimed to investigate if increased NADPH oxidase (NOX)2-dependent activity during exercise is required for long-term high-intensity interval training (HIIT) in skeletal muscle using a mouse model lacking functional NOX2 complex due to absent p47phox (Ncf1) subunit expression (ncf1* mutation).

Flexibility exercise training for adults with fibromyalgia.

Exercise training is commonly recommended for adults with fibromyalgia. We defined flexibility exercise training programs as those involving movements of a joint or a series of joints, through complete range of motion, thus targeting major muscle-tendon units. This review is one of a series of reviews updating the first review published in 2002.

Blood flow-restricted training enhances thigh glucose uptake during exercise and muscle antioxidant function in humans.

This study examined the effects of blood-flow-restricted (BFR)-training on thigh glucose uptake at rest and during exercise in humans and the muscular mechanisms involved. Ten active men (~25 y; VO ~50 mL/kg/min) completed six weeks of training, where one leg trained with BFR (cuff pressure: ~180 mmHg) and the other leg without BFR. Before and after training, thigh glucose uptake was determined at rest and during exercise at 25% and 90% of leg incremental peak power output by sampling of femoral arterial an...

The relation between central variables, electromyography signals and peripheral microcirculation during intensive treadmill exercise.

Aerobic exercise under muscle fatigue can lead to muscular damage and injuries. Finding the correlations between central and peripheral microcirculation variables, as well as with electromyography signals of leg muscles during aerobic exercise, may contribute to early muscle fatigue identification. The goal of this study was to characterize the peripheral compensation following intensive exercise for assessment of muscle performance based on non-invasive techniques.

Effects of Exercise Training on Handgrip Strength in Older Adults: A Meta-Analytical Review.

Handgrip strength measurements are feasible with older adults and a reliable indicator for vitality, physical function, and several risk factors in the ageing process. Interventions with exercise training induce a variety of strength, balance, and endurance improvements. The pooled transfer effects of exercise training on handgrip strength has not been investigated to date. Thus, the objective of this meta-analytical review is to examine the effects of different exercise training on handgrip strength in hea...

Moderate-intensity aerobic exercise improves physical fitness in Bethlem myopathy.

Bethlem myopathy is caused by dysfunctional collagen VI assembly, leading to varying degrees of hyperlaxity, contractures and muscle weakness. Previous studies demonstrate that cardiovascular training is safe and beneficial in patients with myopathies. However, exercise exacerbates the dystrophic phenotype in collagen VI-knockout mice.

Blood Flow Restriction Does Not Attenuate Short-Term Detraining-Induced Muscle Size and Strength Losses After Resistance Training With Blood Flow Restriction.

Teixeira, EL, de Salles Painelli, V, Silva-Batista, C, de Souza Barros, T, Longo, AR, Lasevicius, T, Schoenfeld, BJ, Aihara, AY, and de Almeida Peres, B. Blood flow restriction does not attenuate short-term detraining-induced muscle size and strength losses after resistance training with blood flow restriction. J Strength Cond Res XX(X): 000-000, 2019-After a short-term resistance training with blood flow restriction (BFR), we investigated the effects of 12 days of detraining (DET), without an exercise stim...

Low-Load vs. High-Load Resistance Training to Failure on One Repetition Maximum Strength and Body Composition in Untrained Women.

Dinyer, TK, Byrd, MT, Garver, MJ, Rickard, AJ, Miller, WM, Burns, S, Clasey, JL, and Bergstrom, HC. Low-load vs. high-load resistance training to failure on one repetition maximum strength and body composition in untrained women. J Strength Cond Res XX(X): 000-000, 2019-This study examined the effects of resistance training (RT) to failure at low and high loads on one repetition maximum (1RM) strength and body composition (bone- and fat-free mass [BFFM] and percent body fat [%BF]) in untrained women. Twenty...

Influence of the physical exercise on decrease in the gastric emptying e alter in the appetite and food behavior in rats dexamethasone-treatment.

The chronic use of Dexamethasone (Dex) induced hyperglycemia and insulin resistance. On the other hand, physical exercise attenuates the symptoms induced by Dex in many physiological systems. However, the effect of the exercise on the changes in gastric motility induced by dexamethasone remains unknown. We hypothesized that low-intensity aerobic exercise modulates the metabolic effects induced by Dex-treatment by modifying the gastrointestinal function and feeding behavior in rats. Male rats were distribute...

Interval-Walking Improves Glycaemic Control and Body Composition after Cancer Treatment: A Randomized Controlled Trial.

Colorectal cancer patients have increased risk of metabolic diseases including diabetes. Exercise training may counteract metabolic dysregulation, but the impact of exercise training on glycaemic control including post-prandial glycemia has never been explored in colorectal cancer patientsObjective to examine the effects of home-based interval walking on aerobic and metabolic fitness, and quality of life in colorectal cancer patients.

Trampoline Versus Resistance Training in Young Adults: Effects on Knee Muscles Strength and Balance.

: Trampoline parks are becoming popular in many countries, providing recreational facilities for children and adults. This study investigated the effects of trampoline training on knee muscles strength and balance in young adults. : Twenty-six participants (14 males, 12 females) were randomized into trampoline training (TT) and resistance training (RT) groups to undergo a 6-week supervised intervention program (2 × 30 min per week). TT group performed basic trampoline exercises while the RT group performed...

Readiness to Perform Aerobic Activity in Adults With Obesity: A Thematic Analysis of Online Surveys.

Flexible nonlinear periodization (FNLP) was designed to optimize sport-specific resistance training by matching bout demand to pre-exercise mental and physical states ("readiness to train"). Before applying this participant-responsive framework to aerobic prescriptions for inactive adults, operational definitions of readiness are needed. : To identify themes underlying readiness to perform aerobic bouts considered to be low-demand bouts (LDB) and high-demand bouts (HDB) in adults with obesity. : Using Qualt...

Comparison of Rest to Aerobic Exercise and Placebo-Like Treatment of Acute Sport-Related Concussion in Male and Female Adolescents.

To compare a sample of adolescents with SRC who were prescribed rest with two arms of a RCT comparing aerobic exercise to placebo-like stretching. We also compared sex differences across the three approaches to treatment.

Dietary Fuels in Athletic Performance.

Focusing on daily nutrition is important for athletes to perform and adapt optimally to exercise training. The major roles of an athlete's daily diet are to supply the substrates needed to cover the energy demands for exercise, to ensure quick recovery between exercise bouts, to optimize adaptations to exercise training, and to stay healthy. The major energy substrates for exercising skeletal muscles are carbohydrate and fat stores. Optimizing the timing and type of energy intake and the amount of dietary m...

Did you know - why does maximal oxygen uptake increase in humans following endurance exercise training?

It has been appreciated for more than a century that maximal oxygen uptake (VO ) increases with endurance training (ET). A question that has emerged in our community is why that is so? More specifically, what is the main target of biological signals induced by endurance exercise? It must be assumed that mechanical and chemical signals leading to VO improvement do not 'realize' that the ultimate purpose of ET is to increase the aerobic capacity to move faster for prolonged time! Here we propose the main sign...

Testosterone therapy induces molecular programming augmenting physiological adaptations to resistance exercise in older men.

The andropause is associated with declines in serum testosterone (T), loss of muscle mass (sarcopenia), and frailty. Two major interventions purported to offset sarcopenia are anabolic steroid therapies and resistance exercise training (RET). Nonetheless, the efficacy and physiological and molecular impacts of T therapy adjuvant to short-term RET remain poorly defined.

Plasma brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) and sphingosine-1-phosphat (S1P) are NOT the main mediators of neuroprotection induced by resistance training in persons with multiple sclerosis-A randomized controlled trial.

Resistance training (RT) has been shown to elicit neuroprotective effects in persons with multiple sclerosis (pwMS). Brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) and Sphingosine-1-phosphat (S1P) have been put forward as potent mediators of the neuroprotective effects induced by RT. However, while increases have been shown in acute and chronic circulating BDNF levels in pwMS following aerobic exercise alone or in combination with other exercise regimes, no studies have examined this in response to RT. As a novel...

Eccentric and concentric blood flow restriction resistance training on indices of delayed onset muscle soreness in untrained women.

Unaccustomed exercise can result in delayed onset muscle soreness (DOMS), particularly as a result of the eccentric phase of the muscle contraction. Resistance training combined with venous blood flow restriction (vBFR) may attenuate DOMS, but the available information in this regard is conflicting. Therefore, the purpose of this study was to examine the effects of low-load eccentric vBFR (Ecc-vBFR) and concentric vBFR (Con-vBFR) resistance training on indices of DOMS.

Inspiratory muscle training improves performance of a repeated sprints ability test in professional soccer players.

Inspiratory muscle training (IMT) is an important method of attenuating both respiratory and peripheral effort perceptions, consequently improving neuromuscular performance and resulting in greater improvements in exercise capacity than exercise training alone.

Partial Range of Motion Exercise Is Effective for Facilitating Muscle Hypertrophy and Function Through Sustained Intramuscular Hypoxia in Young Trained Men.

Goto, M, Chikako, M, Hirayama, T, Terada, S, Nirengi, S, Kurosawa, Y, Nagano, A, and Hamaoka, T. Partial range of motion exercise is effective for facilitating muscle hypertrophy and function through sustained intramuscular hypoxia in young trained men. J Strength Cond Res 33(5): 1286-1294, 2019-The acute response to and long-term effects of partial range of motion exercise (PRE) and full range of motion exercise (FRE) of elbow extensors were compared in young trained men. The PRE was expected to increase t...

Impact of Bariatric Surgery on Women Aerobic Exercise Capacity.

Bariatric surgery has a considerable positive effect on weight loss and on metabolic and cardiovascular risks. It has therefore been extensively used this last decade to overcome obesity. However, the impact of this surgery on exercise capacity remains unclear. The aim of this study is to clarify the impact of a surgically induced weight loss on aerobic exercise capacity (VOmax) in a specific middle-aged female population.

Aerobic exercise improves food reward systems in obese rats via insulin signalling regulation of dopamine levels in the nucleus accumbens.

The dopaminergic pathway, comprising projections from the ventral tegmental area to the nucleus accumbens, constitutes the core of the brain reward system. Insufficient food reward caused by dopamine signalling dysfunction in the nucleus accumbens is an important contributor to obesity and may be associated with insulin signalling. Aerobic exercise has a positive effect both on preventing and treating obesity. In addition, physical exercise is important in striatal dopamine homeostasis and improves insulin ...

A 2-yr, School-Based Resistance Exercise Pilot Program Increases Bone Accrual in Adolescent Girls.

The current analysis evaluates cumulative benefits after year two (Y2) of a school-based resistance training intervention.

Fibre hypertrophy, satellite cell and myonuclear adaptations to resistance training: Have very old individuals reached the ceiling for muscle fibre plasticity?

In this issue of Acta Physiologica, Karlsen et al. report original data suggesting lack of muscle fibre hypertrophy, myonuclear addition, and satellite cell pool expansion with 12 weeks of resistance training in very old (83-94-years) men and women. These findings further our understanding of muscle remodelling responses to exercise at the most advanced stages of ageing, and spur additional research on the optimization of training protocols to combat muscle loss. This article is protected by copyright. All...

Effect of Pre-training and Post-training Nordic Exercise on Hamstring Injury Prevention, Recurrence, and Severity in Soccer Players.

To investigate the effect of adding Nordic exercise as post-training in decreasing hamstring initial, recurrent injuries rates, and their severity.

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