PubMed Journals Articles About "Brown Shoe Company" - Page: 5 RSS

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Showing "Brown Shoe Company" PubMed Articles 101–125 of 492

Differential expression of mRNA-miRNAs related to intramuscular fat content in the longissimus dorsi in Xinjiang brown cattle.

In this study, we examined the role of mRNAs and miRNAs in variations in intramuscular fat content in the longissimus dorsi muscle in Xinjiang brown cattle. Two groups of Xinjiang brown cattle with extremely different intramuscular fat content in the longissimus dorsi were selected for combined of miRNA and mRNA analysis using an RNA-Seq. In total, 296 mRNAs and 362 miRNAs were significantly differentially expressed, including 155 newly predicted miRNAs, 275 significantly upregulated genes, 252 significantl...

The Efficacy of a Lateral Wedge Insole for Painful Medial Knee Osteoarthritis after Prescreening:A Randomized Clinical Trial.

Lateral wedge shoe insoles decrease medial knee loading, but trials have shown no effect on pain in medial knee osteoarthritis (OA). However, insoles' loading effects are inconsistent, and they can increase patellofemoral loading. We hypothesized that insoles would reduce pain in preselected patients.

Dictyoptesterols A-C, ∆-24-oxo cholestane-type sterols with potent PTP1B inhibitory activity from the brown alga Dictyopteris undulata Holmes.

Three new cholestane-type sterols bearing an unusual ∆-24-oxo side chain, namely, dictyoptesterols A-C (1-3), were isolated from the brown alga Dictyopteris undulata Holmes, together with five known strutural analogues (4-8). Their structures were elucidated on the basis of by extensive spectroscopic analysis. The absolute configurations of the steroidal nuclei of the new compounds were proposed by a comparison of NMR data with those of related known compounds as well as biogenetic considerations. All of ...

Exercise Training Induces Depot-Specific Adaptations to White and Brown Adipose Tissue.

Exercise affects whole-body metabolism through adaptations to various tissues, including adipose tissue (AT). Recent studies investigated exercise-induced adaptations to AT, focusing on inguinal white adipose tissue (WAT), perigonadal WAT, and interscapular brown adipose tissue (iBAT). Although these AT depots play important roles in metabolism, they account for only ∼50% of the AT mass in a mouse. Here, we investigated the effects of 3 weeks of exercise training on all 14 AT depots. Exercise induced dep...

Repression of adipose Vascular Endothelial Growth Factor reduces obesity through adipose browning.

Obesity is the results of excessive energy accumulation and associated with many diseases. We previously reported that universal repression of vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) leads to brown-like adipocyte development in white adipose tissues and mice are resistant to obesity. Using an adipose-specific VEGF repression mouse model (aP2-rtTR-krab/VEGF), we show that adipose-specific VEGF repression can repeat the previous phenotypes including adipose browning, increased energy consumption and reducti...

Turf Toe Injury - Current Concepts and an Updated Review of Literature.

Turf toe injuries can be a disabling if not recognized and treated early. A high index of suspicion, based on the mechanism of injury and appropriate imaging, helps in the timely diagnosis. These injuries are frequently known to occur on artificial playing surfaces, because of the increased traction at the shoe-surface interface. Stress and instability testing are key components to assess the need for surgical intervention. Accurate timely diagnosis and treatment can allow full return to physical activities...

Impact of High Fat Diet on Vasoconstrictor Reactivity of White and Brown Adipose Tissue Resistance Arteries.

Blood flow regulation is a critical factor for tissue oxygenation and substrate supply. Increased reactivity of arteries to vasoconstrictors may increase vascular resistance, resulting in reduced blood flow. Here, we aimed to investigate the effect of high fat (HF) diet on stiffness and vasoconstrictor reactivity of white and brown adipose tissue (WAT and BAT) resistance arteries and also investigated the interconversion of both the adipose depots during HF diet condition. Vasoconstrictor reactivity,passive...

Remedying Effects of a Combined Amendment for Paddy Soil Polluted with Cd for Spring and Autumn Rice.

An paddy experiment was conducted to study the remedying effects of a combined amendment(calcium carbonate+diatomite+ferric sulfate) on Cd bioavailability in soil and Cd accumulation in rice for spring and autumn rice planted in a certain Cd contaminated paddy soil in Beishan Town, Changsha, Hunan Province. The results showed that:Application of the combined amendment significantly increased soil pH and CEC values in both cultivated seasons, but decreased soil OM contents for the spring rice. During the ex...

Metabolic Alterations in Patients with Pheochromocytoma.

Metabolic alterations in patients with hormonally active pheochromocytoma/paraganglioma (PPGL) have been described early on in the literature. The initial findings were related to disturbed glucose homeostasis and lipolysis activation, as well as elevated metabolic rates in affected patients. Similarly, from early autopsy reports, the presence of brown adipose tissue had been noted in PPGL patients. In more recent years, changes in body weight, fat mass and distribution have been analyzed in more detail in ...

Janina Scarlet: Therapy Quest: An Interactive Journey Through Acceptance and Commitment Therapy : Little, Brown Book Group, London, 2018, 208 pp, ISBN: 978-1-47213-968-9.

Identification of a piscine reovirus-related pathogen in proliferative darkening syndrome (PDS) infected brown trout (Salmo trutta fario) using a next-generation technology detection pipeline.

The proliferative darkening syndrome (PDS) is an annually recurring disease that causes species-specific die-off of brown trout (Salmo trutta fario) with a mortality rate of near 100% in pre-alpine rivers of central Europe. So far the etiology and causation of this disease is still unclear. The objective of this study was to identify the cause of PDS using a next-generation technology detection pipeline. Following the hypothesis that PDS is caused by an infectious agent, brown trout specimens were exposed t...

Overview of Metatarsalgia.

Metatarsalgia can be viewed as more of a symptom rather than a distinct diagnosis. Timing of forefoot pain during the gait cycle and evaluation of whether the pain is from anatomic abnormalities, indirect overloading, or iatrogenic causes can suggest a specific metatarsalgia etiology. A thorough physical examination of the lower extremity, especially evaluation of the plantar foot, and weight-bearing radiographs are critical for diagnosis and treatment. Nonoperative treatment consists of physical therapy, o...

Effect of Different Placement of Heel Rockers on Lower-Limb Joint Biomechanics in Healthy Individuals.

Rocker shoes are commonly prescribed to healthy and pathologic populations to decrease stress on the lower limbs. An optimal rocker shoe design must consider both toe and heel rockers. Heel rockers are as effective as toe rockers in relieving foot plantar pressures. However, most studies have focused on the position of toe rockers. The aim of this study was to assess the effect of different heel rocker apex placements on lower-limb kinetics and kinematics.

A new treefrog from Cordillera del Cóndor with comments on the biogeographic affinity between Cordillera del Cóndor and the Guianan Tepuis (Anura, Hylidae, ).

The group is a clade of 16 species of large hylids that inhabit cascading Andean streams. They have brown coloration that, in most species, contrasts with bright marks. Herein morphological and genetic evidence is used to describe a new species of the group from Cordillera del Cóndor, a sub-Andean mountain chain that has phytogeographic affinities with the Guianan Tepuis. The new species is characterized by dark-brown coloration with contrasting bright orange flecks and by the presence of an enlarged and ...

The Effects of Resveratrol, Metformin, Cold and Strength Training on the Level of Perilipin 5 in the Heart, Skeletal Muscle and Brown Adipose Tissues in Mouse.

The high accumulation of lipid droplets in the cell is related to metabolic disorders, such as obesity. Perilipin 5 (Plin5), plays an important role in triglyceride hydrolysis in the lipid droplets. In this study, this protein has been evaluated in different tissues and conditions in mice. Fifty male mice were divided into 5 groups and treated for 45 days with Resveratrol, Metformin, strength training, and 4 °C cold. Brown adipose tissue (BAT), gastrocnemius skeletal muscle and heart were isolated for RN...

Influence of lauric acid on the susceptibility of chickens to an experimental Campylobacter jejuni colonisation.

Among the organic acids, lauric acid has shown a high level of in vitro activity against Campylobacter jejuni. The prevalence and intensity of C. jejuni excretion at slaughter often becomes lower with increasing age. In higher-aged broilers on organic farms which often use other breeds, in turn, the prevalence of C. jejuni is sometimes higher at slaughter. The question then arises as to whether a diet with higher lauric acid concentrations, the age alone or the genetic breed might have an effect in the spre...

Distribution and Accumulation of Cadmium in Paddy Soil and Rice Affected by Pollutant Sources Control and Improvement Measures.

The objective of this study was to determine the effect of five scenarios on the accumulation of Cd in the soil-rice system, including the return of straw to the field and the lack of the return, atmospheric deposition control, use of clean water for irrigation, and the use of lime. For the field experiments, three typical paddies were selected and divided into five plots (5 m×6 m) in Xiangtan, Zhuzhou, and Liling in the Hunan province from April to October 2016. The results showed that the application of ...

The brown algal mode of tip growth: Keeping stress under control.

Tip growth has been studied in pollen tubes, root hairs, and fungal and oomycete hyphae and is the most widely distributed unidirectional growth process on the planet. It ensures spatial colonization, nutrient predation, fertilization, and symbiosis with growth speeds of up to 800 μm h-1. Although turgor-driven growth is intuitively conceivable, a closer examination of the physical processes at work in tip growth raises a paradox: growth occurs where biophysical forces are low, because of the increase in c...

Protecting Patient Privacy in Narratives: The Lifespan-Brown Checklist for Appropriate Use of Patient Narratives.

Abacavir Hypersensitivity Reaction Reporting Rates During a Decade of HLA-B*5701 Screening as a Risk Mitigation Measure.

HLA-B*5701 screening identifies patients at increased risk for abacavir (ABC) hypersensitivity reaction (HSR). Screening was adopted in GlaxoSmithKline and ViiV Healthcare clinical trials in 2007 and HIV treatment guidelines in 2008. Company meta-analyses of trials pre-HLA-B*5701 screening reported HSR rates of 4% to 8%. We analyzed the effectiveness of HLA-B*5701 screening on reducing HSR rates using clinical trial, observational (OPERA) cohort, and spontaneous reporting data.

A tolerability assessment of new respiratory protective devices developed for health care personnel: A randomized simulated clinical study.

U.S. health care personnel (HCP) have reported that some respiratory protective devices (RPD) commonly used in health care have suboptimal tolerability. Between 2012 and 2016, the U.S. National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health, and the Veterans Health Administration collaborated with two respirator manufacturers, Company A and B, to bring new RPD with improved tolerability to the U.S. health care marketplace. The purpose of this study was to compare the tolerability of four new prototype RPD to ...

Dietary polyphenols and their roles in fat browning.

Discovery of the presence of brown adipose tissue (BAT) in newborn babies and adult humans, especially constitutively active brown fat or inducible beige fat, has led to the investigation of strategies employing BAT aimed at the development of novel therapeutic avenues for combating obesity and diabetes. Such antiobesity therapeutic tools include pharmaceutical and nutraceutical dietary polyphenols. Although there have been emerging notable advances in knowledge of and an increased amount of research relate...

Correction to: Regulation of human brown adipose tissue by adenosine and A receptors - studies with OHO and CTMSX PET/CT.

The original version of this article contained a mistake in the first sentence of the Results section of the Abstract.

Correction: Thyroid Hormone Activates Brown Adipose Tissue and Increases Non-Shivering Thermogenesis-A Cohort Study in a Group of Thyroid Carcinoma Patients.

[This corrects the article DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0145049.].

Administration of eicosapentaenoic and docosahexaenoic acids may improve the remodeling and browning in subcutaneous white adipose tissue and thermogenic markers in brown adipose tissue in mice.

The role of eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA) and docosahexaenoic acid (DHA) in browning and thermogenesis has not been fully elucidated. Thus, we meant to evaluate the effect of EPA and DHA, administered alone or combined, with the activation of browning markers in subcutaneous white adipose tissue (sWAT), and thermogenic markers in brown adipose tissue (BAT). C57BL/6 adult male mice received a control diet or a high-fructose diet (HFru) for eight weeks, but after the first three weeks, HFru was divided into new...

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