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PubMed Journals Articles About "Brown Shoe Company" - Page: 5 RSS

17:15 EST 14th November 2018 | BioPortfolio

Brown Shoe Company PubMed articles on BioPortfolio. Our PubMed references draw on over 21 million records from the medical literature. Here you can see the latest Brown Shoe Company articles that have been published worldwide.

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Showing "Brown Shoe Company" PubMed Articles 101–125 of 498

Brown adipose tissue, energy expenditure, and biomarkers of cardio-metabolic health among the Yakut (Sakha) of northeastern Siberia.

This study provides the first investigation of non-shivering thermogenesis (NST) and brown adipose tissue (BAT) activity among an indigenous circumpolar population, the Yakut of northeastern Siberia. The study also examines the health significance of BAT activity in this population by testing the relationships between BAT thermogenesis and biomarkers of cardio-metabolic disease risk, such as percent body fat and blood glucose and cholesterol levels.


Effectiveness of simultaneous applications of lime and zinc/iron foliar sprays to minimize cadmium accumulation in rice.

Due to the large area of Cd-contaminated paddy soils worldwide, low-cost measures to reduce the accumulation of Cd in rice plant are necessary. A field experiment was therefore conducted to investigate the reducing effect of lime combined with foliar applications of Zn (ZnSO) or Fe (EDTA·NaFe) on Cd concentrations in brown rice on a Cd-contaminated paddy soil. The results indicated that liming alone or in combination with foliar sprays of Zn or Fe increased the soil pH by 0.27-0.63 units. However, limite...

Interscapular brown adipose tissue denervation does not promote the oxidative activity of inguinal white adipose tissue in male mice.

Brown adipose tissue thermogenesis is a key controller of energy metabolism. In response to cold or other adrenergic stimuli, brown adipocytes increase its substrate uptake and oxidative activity while uncoupling ATP synthesis from the mitochondrial respiratory chain activity. Brown adipocytes are found in classic depots such as in the intrerscapular BAT (iBAT). They can also develop in white adipose tissue (WAT), such as in the inguinal WAT (iWAT), where their presence has been associated with metabolic im...


Exploring the immune response, tolerance and resistance in proliferative kidney disease of salmonids.

Proliferative kidney disease (PKD) of salmonids is a disease of economic and environmental concern caused by the myxozoan parasite Tetracapsuloides bryosalmonae. Finer details of the immune repertoire during T. bryosalmonae infection have been elucidated in rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss). In contrast, there remain many unanswered questions regarding the immune response of the wild fish host in Europe, the brown trout (Salmo trutta) to this parasite. The first aim of this study is to examine the brown t...

GSK126 alleviates the obesity phenotype by promoting the differentiation of thermogenic beige adipocytes in diet-induced obese mice.

A close relationship between epigenetic regulation and obesity has been demonstrated in several recent studies. Histone methyltransferase enhancer of Zeste homolog 2 (Ezh2), which mainly catalyzes trimethylation of histone H3K27 to form H3K27me3 was found to be required for the differentiation of white and brown adipocytes in vitro. Here, we investigated the effects of the Ezh2-specific inhibitor GSK126 in a mouse model of obesity induced by a high-fat diet (HFD). We found that GSK126 treatment reduced body...

From the inside out: a new species of armoured catfish Corydoras with the description of poorly-explored character sources (Teleostei, Siluriformes, Callichthyidae).

A new species of the armoured catfish genus Corydoras is described from the Xingu-Tapajos ecoregion, Brazilian Amazon. The new species can be distinguished from its congeners by having the following combination of features: short mesethmoid, with anterior tip poorly developed, smaller than 50% of bone length; posterior margin of pectoral spine with serrations directed towards spine tip or perpendicularly oriented; infraorbital 2 only in contact with sphenotic; ventral laminar expansion of infraorbital 1 poo...

Diversity and evolution of cytochromes P450 in stramenopiles.

Comparative genomic analysis of cytochromes P450 revealed high diversification and dynamic changes in stramenopiles, associated with transcriptional responsiveness to various environmental stimuli. Comparative genomic and molecular evolution approaches were used to characterize cytochromes P450 (P450) diversity in stramenopiles. Phylogenetic analysis pointed to a high diversity of P450 in stramenopiles and identified three major clans. The CYP51 and CYP97 clans were present in brown algae, diatoms and Nanno...

Retracted: Effect of Cinnamaldehyde on Glucose Metabolism and Vessel Function.

This paper was retracted on the authors' request due to duplicate publication. This experiment was entrusted to a third party called Nanjing Changcong Biology Company, and we found that some of the data reported in the Results figures were duplicated in another published paper. The pdf file of the above-mentioned paper is available from the Editorial Office on request.

Radiographic examination of keel bone damage in living laying hens of different strains kept in two housing systems.

A high prevalence of deviations and fractures of the keel bone is a widespread welfare problem in laying hens. The aim of this study was to experimentally investigate this multifactorial problem throughout the laying period and to compare the prevalence and severity in different layer lines and different housing systems. High performing white (WLA) and brown (BLA) pure bred layer lines and low performing white (R11, G11) and brown layer lines (L68) were kept in both single cages and a floor housing system. ...

Adaptive thermogenesis by dietary n-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids: Emerging evidence and mechanisms.

Brown/beige fat plays a crucial role in maintaining energy homeostasis through non-shivering thermogenesis in response to cold temperature and excess nutrition (adaptive thermogenesis). Although numerous molecular and genetic regulators have been identified, relatively little information is available regarding thermogenic dietary molecules. Recently, a growing body of evidence suggests that high consumption of n-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFA) or activation of GPR120, a membrane receptor of n-3 PUFA, s...

Brown adipose tissue plays a central role in systemic inflammation-induced sleep responses.

We previously identified brown adipose tissue (BAT) as a source of sleep-inducing signals. Pharmacological activation of BAT enhances sleep while sleep loss leads to increased BAT thermogenesis. Recovery sleep after sleep loss is diminished in mice that lack uncoupling protein 1 (UCP-1), and also in wild-type (WT) mice after sensory denervation of the BAT. Systemic inflammation greatly affects metabolism and the function of adipose tissue, and also induces characteristic sleep responses. We hypothesized tha...

Draft genome resources for the phytopathogenic fungi Monilinia fructicola, M. fructigena, M. polystroma and M. laxa, the causal agents of brown rot.

Fungi in the genus Monilinia are known to cause devastating brown rot disease of stone and pome fruits. Here, we report the draft genome assemblies of four important phytopathogenic species: Monilinia fructicola, Monilinia fructigena, Monilinia polystroma, and Monilinia laxa. The draft genome assemblies were 39 Mb (M. fructigena), 42 Mb (M. laxa), 43 Mb (M. fructicola), and 45 Mb (M. polystroma) with as few as 550 contigs (M. laxa). These are the first draft genome resources publicly available for M. laxa, ...

Overcoming the dichotomy of implementing societal flood risk management while conserving instream fish habitat - A long-term study from a highly modified urban river.

Flood Risk Management (FRM) is often essential to reduce the risk of flooding to properties and infrastructure in urban landscapes, but typically degrades the habitats required by many aquatic animals for foraging, refuge and reproduction. This conflict between flood risk management and biodiversity is driven by conflicting directives, such as the EU Floods and Water Framework Directives, and has led to a requirement for synergistic solutions for FRM that integrate river restoration actions. Unfortunately, ...

A slow release brown coal-urea fertiliser reduced gaseous N loss from soil and increased silver beet yield and N uptake.

Increasing crop yield and fertiliser nitrogen (N)-use efficiency is important for productive agricultural systems with a reduced environmental footprint. The aim of this study was to assess the effect of slow release brown coal-urea (BCU) fertiliser on the gaseous N losses, biomass yield and N uptake by silver beet (Beta vulgaris L.) compared to commercial urea. Two soils were amended with urea, BCU 1 (22% N) or BCU 2 (17% N) as N-fertiliser at the rate of 50 or 100 kg N ha. Five gas sampling periods ...

Comparing the temporal process of wood metabolism among white and brown rot fungi by coupling secretomics with enzyme activities.

Wood-degrading fungi use a sequence of oxidative and hydrolytic mechanisms to loosen lignocellulose and then release and metabolize embedded sugars. These temporal sequences have recently been mapped at high resolution using directional growth on wood wafers, revealing previously obscured dynamics as fungi progressively colonize wood. Here, we applied secretomics in the same wafer design to track temporal trends on aspen decayed by fungi with distinct nutritional modes: two brown rot-type (BR) fungi (, ) an...

Evaluation of the potential of ultrasound technology combined with mild temperatures to reduce cadmium content of edible crab (Cancer pagurus).

The consumption of crustaceans is correlated with certain health risks, particularly due to several highly toxic elements they contain, including cadmium (Cd). Although Cd content in one sole crab generally exceeds the total weekly recommended intake of cadmium as established by EFSA (especially in brown meat), efficient modern strategies to reduce Cd content in crabs still have not yet been developed. The objective of this research was therefore to evaluate the potential use of ultrasound technology in com...

Brown and beige fat: From molecules to physiology.

The recent re-discovery of brown adipose tissue (BAT) and even more recent discovery of the browning of white adipose tissue (WAT) in humans have generated intense scientific interest in the role of adipose tissue as potential target against obesity and its metabolic complications. The purpose of this review is to: i) critically evaluate the current evidence on the physiological significance of BAT and the browning of WAT in metabolic function in humans and ii) discuss factors that have been reported to reg...

Kinetics and perception of basketball landing in various heights and footwear cushioning.

The previous studies on basketball landing have not shown a systematic agreement between landing impacts and midsole densities. One plausible reason is that the midsole densities alone used to represent the cushioning capability of a shoe seems over simplified. The aim of this study is to examine the effects of different landing heights and shoes of different cushioning performance on tibial shock, impact loading and knee kinematics of basketball players.

Accommodative esotropia and Brown syndrome in a girl with recessive geleophysic dysplasia.

Solid aneurysmal bone cyst of the humerus mimics metastasis or brown tumor.

Solid aneurysmal bone cyst (ABC) is a rare subtype of ABC that most commonly involves the small bones of the hands or feet. We present a case of a solid ABC of the distal humerus in a 52-year-old man with a history of chronic kidney disease and renal cell carcinoma. On imaging with plain radiographs, CT, and MRI, this expansile lucent lesion with solid internal enhancement had an appearance that overlapped with metastasis or brown tumor of hyperparathyroidism. On 18F-FDG PET-CT, this lesion was hypermetabol...

Does the Size of a Company Make a Difference in the Prevalence of Exposure to Asthmagens and in the Use of Respiratory Protective Equipment?

About half of all workers in high-income countries work in small companies. However, regulatory bodies and researchers predominantly work with large companies because they are more convenient to study and easier to reach. We aimed to estimate the prevalence of exposure to asthmagens and the use of respiratory protective equipment (RPE) by company size.

Neuregulin-4 is an angiogenic factor that is critically involved in the maintenance of adipose tissue vasculature.

Adipose tissue (AT) contains well-developed vascular networks. Pathological AT expansion often accompany the reduction in AT blood vessels, which further exacerbates adipocyte dysfunction due to hypoxia; however, it remains unclear whether AT vascular rarefaction is simply secondary to adipocyte hypertrophy, or if there is an actively regulated pathway that mediates impaired AT angiogenesis in obesity. We searched for growth factors whose expression in AT is down-regulated in obesity; accordingly, we identi...

Effects of Ethanol on Negative Phototaxis and Motility in Brown Planarians (Dugesia tigrina).

The behavioral effects of ethanol in brown planarians were studied in four experiments. In the first two experiments, acute administrations of ethanol increased travel time in a dose-dependent fashion in individual planarians moving away from a light source. Orderly results were obtained using both within-subject and between-group designs. In a third experiment, ethanol dose was arranged by time rather than concentration. Ethanol increased travel time overall, but variability between subjects was considerab...

Differential expression of mRNA-miRNAs related to intramuscular fat content in the longissimus dorsi in Xinjiang brown cattle.

In this study, we examined the role of mRNAs and miRNAs in variations in intramuscular fat content in the longissimus dorsi muscle in Xinjiang brown cattle. Two groups of Xinjiang brown cattle with extremely different intramuscular fat content in the longissimus dorsi were selected for combined of miRNA and mRNA analysis using an RNA-Seq. In total, 296 mRNAs and 362 miRNAs were significantly differentially expressed, including 155 newly predicted miRNAs, 275 significantly upregulated genes, 252 significantl...

Correction: Morphological Characterization and Quantification of the Mycelial Growth of the Brown-Rot Fungus Postia placenta for Modeling Purposes.

[This corrects the article DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0162469.].


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