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PubMed Journals Articles About "Role Response Perceptions Couples Ongoing Cancer Related Disclosure" - Page: 5 RSS

00:16 EST 13th November 2018 | BioPortfolio

Role Response Perceptions Couples Ongoing Cancer Related Disclosure PubMed articles on BioPortfolio. Our PubMed references draw on over 21 million records from the medical literature. Here you can see the latest Role Response Perceptions Couples Ongoing Cancer Related Disclosure articles that have been published worldwide.

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Showing "Role Response Perceptions Couples Ongoing Cancer Related Disclosure" PubMed Articles 101–125 of 59,000+

Suppression of Elk1 inhibits thyroid cancer progression by mediating PTEN expression.

ETS‑domain containing protein (Elk1) is reported to be a member of the ETS oncogene family, and promotes tumorigenesis in cancer such as bladder, prostate and ovarian. Nevertheless, the role of Elk1 in thyroid cancer progression remains unclear. In the present study, we aimed to investigate the role and underlying molecular mechanism of Elk1 in thyroid cancer. The results indicated that Elk1 was significantly upregulated in thyroid cancer tissues and cells. We found that loss of Elk1 function obviously in...


Meaningful and Accurate Disclosure of Conflict of Interest at the ASTRO National Meeting: A Need for Reassessment of Current Policies.

Conflict of interest (COI) disclosure is essential to research integrity. The average reading comprehension in English is 3.8 words per second (wps). This study examines presenters at the American Society for Radiation Oncology (ASTRO) national meeting over a recent 3-year period to determine whether disclosure is presented accurately and in a manner that allows the audience to comprehend the content.

Nursing Care Providers' Perceptions on Their Role Contributions in Patient Care: An Integrative Review.

The aim of this integrative review was to explore registered nurses', licensed practical nurses', and health care aides' perceptions of their own and each other's role contributions.


Association Between Hepatitis B Infection and Pancreatic Cancer: A Population-Based Analysis in the United States.

The aim of this study was to assess the role of hepatitis B (HepB) infection in the causation of pancreatic cancer and the predictors of pancreatic cancer and related mortality.

The Role of Cardiovascular Magnetic Resonance for Surveillance of Cardiac Performance upon Receipt of Potentially Cardiotoxic Cancer Therapeutics.

Advancements in cancer treatment have resulted in improved cancer-related survival and consequently an increase in the number of cancer survivors. Unfortunately, associated with this increase in cancer-related survivorship, cardiac events have occurred with increasing frequency in cancer survivors. Recognition that cancer survivors are at increased risk for cardiovascular (CV) morbidity has generated interest to develop cardiac imaging techniques that identify subclinical CV disease during receipt of potent...

HIV-related 'conspiracy beliefs': lived experiences of racism and socio-economic exclusion among people living with HIV in New York City.

HIV-related 'conspiracy beliefs' include ideas about the genocidal origin of HIV and the nature and purpose of HIV-related medications. These ideas have been widely documented as affecting myriad health behaviours and outcomes, including birth control use and HIV testing. Most HIV-related research has quantitatively explored this phenomenon, and further qualitative research is necessary to better understand the complexity of these beliefs as articulated by those who endorse them. Moreover, public health in ...

Blood-based biomarkers in breast cancer: From proteins to circulating tumor cells to circulating tumor DNA.

Biomarkers are the key to personalized treatment in patients with breast cancer. While tissue biomarkers are most useful in determining prognosis and upfront predicting response to therapy, circulating protein biomarkers such as CA 15-3 and carcinoembryonic antigen are mainly used in monitoring response to endocrine or chemotherapy in patients with advanced disease. Although several centers measure biomarkers in asymptomatic patients following curative surgery for primary breast cancer, the clinical utility...

Association of IL-36γ with tertiary lymphoid structures and inflammatory immune infiltrates in human colorectal cancer.

IL-1 family cytokines play a dual role in the gut, with different family members contributing either protective or pathogenic effects. IL-36γ is an IL-1 family cytokine involved in polarizing type-1 immune responses. However, its function in the gut, including in colorectal cancer pathogenesis, is not well appreciated. In a murine model of colon carcinoma, IL-36γ controls tertiary lymphoid structure formation and promotes a type-1 immune response concurrently with a decrease in expression of immune checkp...

Current Therapeutic Options for Pancreatic Ductal Adenocarcinoma.

Pancreatic cancer remains the fourth most common cause of cancer-related mortality and is a major health threat. The majority of cases are diagnosed at advanced disease stages, limiting the chances of long-term survival. Several new therapeutic regimens have been introduced into routine clinical practice in recent years and a plethora of novel approaches is currently undergoing preclinical and early clinical evaluation. This review discusses the current standards of care for systemic therapy of pancreatic c...

Assessing Stigma, Disclosure Regret and Posttraumatic Growth in People Living with HIV.

Posttraumatic growth after a diagnosis of HIV is positively associated with adjustment, yet stigma and disclosure regret are negatively associated with adjustment. Research into whether posttraumatic growth is experienced while perceiving stigma and disclosure regret is still growing. This study aimed to determine whether posttraumatic growth maintains a positive relation with life satisfaction after controlling for disclosure regret and perceived stigma. Using a cross-sectional design, a questionnaire meas...

3D Breast Cancer Microtissue reveals the role of tumor microenvironment on the transport and efficacy of free-Doxorubicin in vitro.

The use of 3D cancer models will have both ethical and economic impact in drug screening and development, to promote the reduction of the animals employed in preclinical studies. Nevertheless, to be effective, such cancer surrogates must preserve the physiological relevance of the in vivo models in order to provide realistic information on drugs' efficacy. To figure out the role of the architecture and composition of 3D cancer models on their tumor-mimicking capability, here we studied the efficacy of Doxor...

The role of high-mobility group protein box 1 in lung cancer.

High-mobility group protein box 1(HMGB1)is a ubiquitous highly conserved nuclear protein. Acting as a chromatin-binding factor, HMGB1 binds to DNA and plays an important role in stabilizing nucleosome formation, facilitating gene transcription, DNA repairing, inflammation, cell differentiation, and regulating the activity of steroid hormone receptors. Currently, HMGB1 is discovered to be related to development, progression, and targeted therapy of lung cancer, which makes it an attractive biomarker, and the...

Rationalizing Drug Response in Cancer Cell Lines.

Cancer cell lines (CCLs) play an important role in the initial stages of drug discovery allowing, among others, for the screening of drug candidates. As cancer cell line panels continue to grow in size and diversity, many polymorphisms in genes encoding drug-metabolizing enzymes, transporters and drug targets, as well as disease-related genes have been linked to altered drug sensitivity. Yet, identifying the correlation between this variability and pharmacological responses remains challenging due to the he...

Emerging biomarkers for immune checkpoint inhibition in lung cancer.

Immune checkpoint inhibition with anti-PD-1 therapy has been notably successful in non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) and changed standard practice in multiple settings. However, despite some durable benefits seen, the majority of unselected patients with NSCLC fail to respond to checkpoint inhibitors. Patient selection is crucial and will become even more important in the development of combination therapies with immune checkpoint inhibitors. PD-L1 expression by immunohistochemistry (IHC) has emerged as th...

Access and Disclosure of Personal Health Information: A Challenging Privacy Landscape in 2016-2018.

 To assess the current health data access and disclosure environment for potential privacy-protecting mechanisms that enable legitimate use of personal health information while preserving the rights of individuals. To identify the gaps and challenges between increasing requests and expanding uses of such information and the regulations, technologies, and management practices that permit appropriate access and disclosure while guarding against harmful misuse of such information.

Linking obesity-induced leptin-signaling pathways to common endocrine-related cancers in women.

Obesity is related to many major diseases and cancers. Women have higher rates of obesity and obesity is linked to commonly occurring cancers in women. However, there is a lack of knowledge of the unique mechanism(s) involved in each type of cancer. The objective of this review is to highlight the need for novel experimental approaches and a better understanding of the common and unique pathways to resolve controversies regarding the role of obesity in cancer. In women, there is a link between hormones and ...

Sexual Agreements: A Scoping Review of Measurement, Prevalence and Links to Health Outcomes.

A sexual agreement is a mutual understanding between two partners regarding sexual and relational behaviors both within and outside of their relationship. Sexual agreements have been central to research and programming efforts around HIV prevention, primarily for male couples. A comprehensive scoping review of the primary literature on sexual agreements, including negotiated safety, was performed to identify what is known about sexual agreements among couples (n = 66). Results indicate a wide range of p...

Nab-paclitaxel interrupt cancer-stromal interaction through CXCL10 mediated IL-6 down-regulation in vitro.

Cancer-associated fibroblasts (CAFs), which derived from cancer tissues stroma, interact with cancer cells and play an important role in cancer initiation, growth and metastasis. Nab-paclitaxel (nab-PTX) is the 130nm albumin binding paclitaxel and recommended for many kinds of cancer chemotherapy. It has been reported that nab-PTX stromal disrupting effect during pancreatic cancer treatment. The aim of this study is to illustrate the role of nab-PTX in cancer cells and CAFs interaction. The cancer cells (Mi...

Genomic information and a person's right not to know: A closer look at variations in hypothetical informational preferences in a German sample.

In clinical practice and in research, there is an ongoing debate on how to return incidental and secondary findings of genetic tests to patients and research participants. Previous investigations have found that most of the people most of the time are in favor of full disclosure of results. Yet, the option to reject disclosure, based on the so-called right not to know, can be valuable especially for some vulnerable subgroups of recipients. In the present study we investigated variations in informational pre...

A Paradigm Shift in Cancer Immunotherapy: From Enhancement to Normalization.

Harnessing an antitumor immune response has been a fundamental strategy in cancer immunotherapy. For over a century, efforts have primarily focused on amplifying immune activation mechanisms that are employed by humans to eliminate invaders such as viruses and bacteria. This "immune enhancement" strategy often results in rare objective responses and frequent immune-related adverse events (irAEs). However, in the last decade, cancer immunotherapies targeting the B7-H1/PD-1 pathway (anti-PD therapy), have ach...

The development of an online decision aid to support persons having a genetic predisposition to cancer and their partners during reproductive decision-making: a usability and pilot study.

An online decision aid to support persons having a genetic predisposition to cancer and their partners during reproductive decision-making was developed. A two-phase usability test was conducted among 12 couples (N = 22; 2 persons participated without their partner) at risk for hereditary cancer and 15 health care providers. Couples and health care providers expressed similar suggestions for improvements, and evaluated the modified decision aid as acceptable, easy to use, and comprehensible. The final d...

c-Myc is a major determinant for antitumor activity of Aurora A kinase inhibitor MLN8237 in thyroid cancer.

c-Myc is overexpressed in different types of cancer including thyroid cancer, and is considered undruggable over the decades. There is evidence showing that MLN8237, a kind of Aurora A kinase (AURKA) inhibitor, destabilizes c-Myc proteins in liver cancer cells through disrupting c-Myc/AURKA complex. However, the role of MLN8237 in thyroid cancer remains largely unclear. Our aims were to test therapeutic potential of MLN8237 in thyroid cancer, and to analyze determinant factors affecting the response of thyr...

JLP-JNK signaling protects cancer cells from reactive oxygen species-induced cell death.

Oxidative stress, which can be caused by an overproduction of reactive oxygen species (ROS), often leads to cell death. In recent years, c-Jun NH-terminal kinase (JNK)-associated leucine zipper protein (JLP, also known as SPAG9 or JIP4), a scaffold protein for JNK mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK) signaling pathways, was found to serve as a novel biomarker for cancer. However, although JNK MAPK pathways are reported to be activated in response to various stimuli, including oxidative stress, whether JL...

An Integrative Approach for Deciphering the Causal Associations of Physical Activity and Cancer Risk: The Role of Adiposity.

Higher physical activity levels have been associated with about 10% to 25% reductions in up to 13 cancers. In isolation, these results are suggestive but not compelling enough to conclude causal associations, except for colon and breast cancer. However, knowledge on the relationships between obesity and cancer, between physical activity and overall and visceral adiposity, and between physical activity and obesity-related mediators of cancer risk can inform the epidemiology of physical activity and cancer. E...

ERCC2 Helicase Domain Mutations Confer Nucleotide Excision Repair Deficiency and Drive Cisplatin Sensitivity in Muscle-Invasive Bladder Cancer.

DNA damaging agents comprise the backbone of systemic treatment for many tumor types; however, few reliable predictive biomarkers are available to guide use of these agents. In muscle-invasive bladder cancer (MIBC), cisplatin-based chemotherapy improves survival, yet response varies widely among patients. Here, we sought to define the role of the nucleotide excision repair (NER) gene ERCC2 as a biomarker predictive of response to cisplatin in MIBC.


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