PubMed Journals Articles About "Skin Health" - Page: 5 RSS

10:08 EST 18th December 2018 | BioPortfolio

Skin Health PubMed articles on BioPortfolio. Our PubMed references draw on over 21 million records from the medical literature. Here you can see the latest Skin Health articles that have been published worldwide.

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Showing "Skin Health" PubMed Articles 101–125 of 21,000+

Evaluation of Gamma Radiation-Induced Biochemical Changes in Skin for Dose Assesment: A Study on Small Experimental Animals.

Researchers have been evaluating several approaches to assess acute radiation injury/toxicity markers owing to radiation exposure. Keeping in mind this background, we assumed that whole-body irradiation in single fraction in graded doses can affect the antioxidant profile in skin that could be used as an acute radiation injury/toxicity marker.

Establishment of Criteria for Skin Decontamination in a Radiation Emergency.

In the event of a radiological or nuclear emergency, internal or external contamination (or both) by radionuclides can occur. In such cases, removal of the radionuclides from the injured skin is important because such surface contamination may induce skin damage such as deterministic effects at very high skin doses (2 to 3 Gy). In addition, internal contamination will occur due to radionuclide absorption through the injured skin. Previous studies have suggested various decontamination criteria. However, tho...

Global Epidemiology and Clinical Spectrum of Rosacea, Highlighting Skin of Color: Review and Clinical Practice Experience.

Among individuals with skin of color, rosacea has been reported less frequently than in those with white skin, but it is not a rare disease. In fact, rosacea may be underreported and underdiagnosed in populations with skin of color because of the difficulty of discerning erythema and telangiectasia in dark skin, as well as underestimation of the susceptibility of more highly pigmented skin to dermatologic conditions like rosacea whose triggers include sun exposure. Many people with skin of color who have ro...

Epidermolysis bullosa: management complexities for paediatric patients.

The genetic skin condition, epidermolysis bullosa (EB) causes the skin to be fragile and blister. As a result, blisters need to be lanced and the skin needs to be dressed with specialist dressings for protection and to promote wound healing.

Host-microbiome interactions and recent progress into understanding the biology of acne vulgaris.

Acne is one of the most common skin diseases worldwide and results in major health care costs and significant morbidity to severely affected individuals. However, the pathophysiology of this disorder is not well understood. Host-microbiome interactions that affect both innate and adaptive immune homeostasis appear to be a central factor in this disease, with recent observations suggesting that the composition and activities of the microbiota in acne is perturbed. Staphylococcus epidermidis and Cutibacterium...

Trends in Maternity Care Practice Skin-to-Skin Contact Indicators: United States, 2007-2015.

Mother-infant skin-to-skin contact (SSC) immediately after birth helps transition infants to the post-uterine environment and increases the likelihood of breastfeeding initiation and duration. This study examines trends in U.S. maternity practices related to SSC, and variations by facility demographics.

pH in Atopic Dermatitis.

Atopic dermatitis (synonym atopic eczema, AD) is a chronic inflammatory skin disorder essentially characterised by a red "itchy" skin rash. The condition is prevalent around the world, affecting 15-30% of children and 2-10% of adults [Odhiambo et al.: J Allergy Clin Immunol 2009;124:1251-1258.e23]. The pathophysiological mechanisms underpinning AD are complex, broadly involving skin barrier dysfunction, an altered immune response (affecting both the adaptive and innate immune systems) and an unfavourable en...

Antiseptic Agents Elicit Short-Term, Personalized and Body Site-Specific Shifts in Resident Skin Bacterial Communities.

Despite critical functions in cutaneous health and disease, it is unclear how resident skin microbial communities are altered by topical antimicrobial interventions commonly used in personal and clinical settings. Here we show that acute exposure to antiseptic treatments elicits rapid but short-term depletion of microbial community diversity and membership. Thirteen subjects were enrolled in a longitudinal treatment study to analyze the effects of topical treatments (ethanol, povidone-iodine, chlorhexidine,...

Roasted barley extract (mugi-cha) containing cyclo (D-Phe-L-Pro) prevents lowering of cutaneous blood flow and skin temperature under air-conditioning - A randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled, crossover study.

Roasted barley extract (RBE), also known as mugi-cha, is a well-known healthy non-caffeinated beverage and its health functionality has been widely reported. Our previous clinical study showed that RBE affects cutaneous blood flow and skin temperature after cold water immersion, and that cyclo (D-Phe-L-Pro) is responsible for its effect. In this study, we investigated whether cyclo (D-Phe-L-Pro)-containing RBE prevents the decrease in cutaneous blood flow and skin temperature in an excessively air-condition...

What‘s the appearance of psoriasis.

Psoriatic disorders are a visual diagnosis. Aside from several subtypes of skin psoriasis, skin appendages such nails are often affected. The burden of disease is defined by the disease activity (extent of affliction of skin) as well as restriction of quality of life. Validated scores are a good tool for the evaluation.

Deepithelialized Skin Reduction Preserves Skin and Nipple Perfusion in Immediate Reconstruction of Large and Ptotic Breasts.

Women with large and/or ptotic breasts are often not considered candidates for nipple-sparing mastectomy (NSM) and/or immediate breast reconstruction given difficulties avoiding ischemic complications and achieving a favorable aesthetic result. We report a novel technique involving deepithelialized skin reduction to simultaneously reduce the skin envelope and preserve perfusion to the skin and nipple in immediate breast reconstruction for women that fit this high-risk anatomic profile.

An objective method to assess the improvements of skin texture roughness after botulinum toxin type a treatment of crow's feet.

Photo-numeric scales could lack precision and objectivity on evaluating the improvements on wrinkles after a treatment with botulinum toxin type A. The authors suggest a new digital evaluation method to analyze its effectiveness.

Detection of tobacco smoke emanating from human skin surface of smokers employing passive flux sampler - GCMS system.

Cigarette smoking is a significant risk factor for higher incidences of numerous adverse health consequences. Related health disorders are also found in non-smokers exposed to secondhand smoke (SHS). To investigate the influence of cigarette smoking and exposure to SHS on the composition of human skin gas, a trace biogas emanating from human skin, dermal emissions of volatile compounds were semi-quantitatively measured for volunteers who smoke a cigarette and those exposed to SHS. This was performed using a...

Treatment of Moderate Acne Vulgaris in Fitzpatrick Skin Type V or VI: Efficacy and Tolerability of Fixed Combination Clindamycin Phosphate 1.2%/Benzoyl Peroxide 3.75% Gel.

Acne vulgaris (acne) is the most common skin disease in patients who have darker skin with most frequent sequelae of post inflammatory hyperpigmentation (PIH).

Store-and-forward teledermatology for the most common skin neoplasms in Ukraine.

Among all malignancies in Ukraine in 2016, the group of non-melanoma skin cancers headed the list in men and made up 21.6%. This group was second in women and made up 17.6%. The diagnostics of skin tumors are becoming increasingly relevant.

Support for the Safe Use of Zinc Oxide Nanoparticle Sunscreens: Lack of Skin Penetration or Cellular Toxicity after Repeated Application in Volunteers.

Zinc oxide is a widely used broad-spectrum sunscreen, but concerns have been raised about the safety of its nanoparticle (NP) form. We studied the safety of repeated application of agglomerated zinc oxide (ZnO) NPs applied to human volunteers over 5 days by assessing the skin penetration of intact ZnO-NPs and zinc ions and measuring local skin toxicity. Multiphoton tomography with fluorescence lifetime imaging microscopy was used to directly visualize ZnO-NP skin penetration and viable epidermal metabolic c...

Age-based health and economic burden of skin and soft tissue infections in the United States, 2000 and 2012.

The aim of this study was to compare the incidence of skin and soft tissue infections (SSTIs) across healthcare settings and analyze direct healthcare expenditures related to SSTIs in 2000 and 2012 in the United States.

Evaluation of the scars' vascularization using computer processing of the digital images.

The application of new techniques of the scars' correction requires the objective evaluation of their vascularization.

Report of the proceedings of a UK skin safety advisory group.

Moisture-associated skin damage, especially incontinence-associated dermatitis, continues to present significant health challenges and requires multidisciplinary input to provide effective prevention and treatment. In the absence of mandatory reporting such damage is under- or wrongfully reported, resulting in a lack of accurate data on prevalence and costs of associated care. In March this year, a multidisciplinary team of experts met in the UK to seek to determine measures to improve patient skin care. Th...

Peer effects in health valuation: the relation between rating of contemporaries' health and own health.

Most health valuation studies assume that individuals' health valuations do not depend on social comparisons. However, there is some evidence that this assumption is not satisfied in practice. This paper tests whether self-rated health by means of a Visual Analogue Scale (VAS) is related to how one perceives the health of one's contemporaries, while accounting for one's health as classified by the EQ-5D classification system.

Minor taxa in human skin microbiome contribute to the personal identification.

The human skin microbiome can vary over time, and inter-individual variability of the microbiome is greater than the temporal variability within an individual. The skin microbiome has become a useful tool to identify individuals, and one type of personal identification using the skin microbiome has been reported in a community of less than 20 individuals. However, identification of individuals based on the skin microbiome has shown low accuracy in communities larger than 80 individuals. Here, we developed a...

Increase in preventive behaviour by organ transplant recipients after sun protection information in a skin cancer surveillance clinic.

Immunosuppressed organ transplant recipients (OTRs) are at greatly increased risk of multiple skin cancers compared with the general population . Since sun exposure amplifies this risk , OTRs should be strongly advised about sun protection in addition to regular skin surveillance. When a new skin surveillance clinic dedicated to high-risk immunosuppressed transplant recipients was established in Brisbane, Australia, to expedite skin cancer treatment, we provided sun protection education and then monitored...

Predicting Chemically Induced Skin Sensitization by Using In Chemico / In Vitro Methods.

Over the recent years development toward assessing skin sensitization hazard has moved toward non-animal testing methods. These methods are based on the key events as described in the OECD Adverse Outcome Pathway (AOP) for skin sensitization initiated by covalent binding to proteins. As these individual methods address mainly one mechanistic event (key event) in the initiation of skin sensitization, combination of different methods are needed to conclude on the skin sensitization hazard. Validated and regul...

Molecular mechanism for P38 signaling pathway in autophagy of skin cancer cell line HS-1.

Abnormal cell autophagy is correlated with aging, neurodegenerative disease, and skin cancer. The signal transduction pathway of autophagy in skin cancer is still unclear. This study aimed to investigate the role of P38 signal pathway-induced cell autophagy in skin cancer onset and potential clinical application value.

Comparison of Skin Cancer Incidence in Caucasian and Non-Caucasian Liver Vs. Lung Transplant Recipients: A Tale of Two Regimens.

Organ transplantation is a significant risk factor for the development of skin cancer. The impact of skin type, immunosuppressive regimens, and photosensitizing agents requires further study.

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