PubMed Journals Articles About "Physical Training Lipid Metabolism" - Page: 5 RSS

23:25 EDT 28th March 2020 | BioPortfolio

Physical Training Lipid Metabolism PubMed articles on BioPortfolio. Our PubMed references draw on over 21 million records from the medical literature. Here you can see the latest Physical Training Lipid Metabolism articles that have been published worldwide.

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Showing "physical training Lipid Metabolism" PubMed Articles 101–125 of 18,000+

Physiologic strain of SCBA confidence course training compared to circuit training and live-fire training.

Firefighting is a dangerous occupation and even training carries substantial risks. Self-contained breathing apparatus confidence courses (SCBACC) are a common type of training.

The effects of a pre-exercise meal on post-exercise metabolism following a session of sprint interval training.

Sprint interval training (SIT) has demonstrated reductions in fat mass through potential alterations in post-exercise metabolism. This study examined whether exercising in the fasted or fed state affects post-exercise metabolism following acute SIT. Ten active males performed a bout of modified SIT (8 x 15 s sprints; 120 s recovery) in both a fasted (FAST) and fed (FED) state. Gas exchange was collected through 3 h post-exercise, appetite perceptions were measured using a visual analog scale, and energy int...

Low high-density lipoprotein cholesterol and high triglycerides lipid profile in neuromyelitis optica spectrum disorder: Associations with disease activity and disability.

Altered lipid metabolism is a feature of systemic autoimmune diseases. Dyslipidemia is associated with the disease activity and progression in patients with multiple sclerosis. However, in neuromyelitis optica spectrum disorder (NMOSD), changes in the lipid profile and the associations between specific lipid levels and disease activity/disability are unknown.

Vegetable lecithins: a review of their compositional diversity, impact on lipid metabolism and potential in cardiometabolic disease prevention.

Vegetable lecithins, widely used in the food industry as emulsifiers, are a mixture of naturally occurring lipids containing more than 50% of phospholipids (PL). PL exert numerous important physiological effects. Their amphiphilic nature notably enables them to stabilize endogenous lipid droplets, conferring them an important role in lipoprotein transport, functionality and metabolism. In addition, beneficial effects of dietary lecithin on metabolic disorders have been reported since the 1990s. This review ...

Effect of mountain ultra-marathon running on plasma angiopoietin-like protein 4 and lipid profile in healthy trained men.

Angiopoietin-like protein 4 (ANGPTL4) regulates lipid metabolism by inhibiting lipoprotein lipase activity and stimulating lipolysis in adipose tissue. The aim of this study was to find out whether the mountain ultra-marathon running influences plasma ANGPTL4 and whether it is related to plasma lipid changes.

Shotgun lipidomics discovered diurnal regulation of lipid metabolism linked to insulin sensitivity in non-diabetic men.

Meal timing affects metabolic homeostasis and body weight, but how composition and timing of meals affect plasma lipidomics in humans is not well studied.

Young Persimmon Fruit Extract Suppresses Obesity by Modulating Lipid Metabolism in White Adipose Tissue of Obese Mice.

Young persimmon fruit (YPF) has recently been reported to have a regulatory effect on lipid metabolism. The aim of this study was to investigate whether the YPF aqueous extract (YPFE) exert an antiobesity effect by modulating lipid metabolism in the white adipose tissue (WAT) of obese C57BLKS/J mice. YPFE (100 or 200 mg/kg body weight/day) or distilled water as a vehicle was orally administered by gavage to 12-week-old obese male mice for 3 weeks ( = 7 for each group). YPFE administration significan...

Effects of a 12-Week Cycling Intervention on Successful Aging Measures in Mid-Aged Adults.

: To compare the effect of 12-weeks of cycling training and competition versus recreational cycling on successful aging across physical, psychological, cognitive, and social functioning domains in mid-aged adults. : Recreational cyclists were randomly assigned to an intervention ( = 13, M age = 47.18 years) and comparison ( = 13, M age = 46.91 years) group. Analysis of Covariance was used on self-reported pre-post data to determine changes across time and differences between groups on outcomes. : Th...

Leucine increases mitochondrial metabolism and lipid content without altering insulin signaling in myotubes.

Elevated circulating branched-chain amino acids (BCAA) such as leucine have been consistently correlated with increasing severity of insulin resistance across numerous populations. BCAA may promote insulin resistance through either mTOR-mediated suppression of insulin receptor substrate-1 or through the accumulation of toxic BCAA catabolites. Although the link between circulating BCAA and insulin resistance has been consistent, it has yet to be concluded if BCAA causally contribute to the development or wor...

Evidence from 3-month-old infants shows that a combination of postnatal feeding and exposures in utero shape lipid metabolism.

We tested the hypothesis that both postnatal feeding and conditions in utero affect lipid metabolism in infants. Infants who experienced restrictive growth conditions in utero and others exposed to maternal hyperglycaemia were compared to a control group with respect to feeding mode. Dried blood spots were collected from a pilot subset of infant participants of the Cambridge Baby Growth Study at 3mo. Groups: (a) a normal gestation (control, n = 40), (b) small for gestational age (SGA, n = 34) and (c...

Effects of exercising before breakfast on the health of T2DM patients - A randomized controlled trial.

This is the first study to examine whether training before breakfast in the overnight-fasted state is more effective in improving the health of patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) than after breakfast in the fed state. Thirty T2DM patients (60±8 years, 33.7±4.6 kg/m ) were randomly assigned to the F group (training in the overnight-fasted state (n=15)) and to the C group (training in the fed state (control group, n=15)). All patients completed an 8-week combined endurance/strength training progr...

Swimming physical training prevented the onset of acute muscle pain by a mechanism dependent of PPARγ receptors and CINC-1.

Regular physical exercise has been described as a good strategy for prevention or reduction of musculoskeletal pain. The Peroxisome Proliferator-Activated Receptor Gamma (PPARγ) has been investigated as a promising target for the control of inflammatory pain. Therefore, the aim of this study was to evaluate whether activation of PPARγ receptors is involved in the reduction of acute muscle pain by chronic exercise and, in this case, whether this process is modulated by inflammatory cytokines. To this end, ...

The Effects of Lower-Extremity Plyometric Training on Soccer-Specific Outcomes in Adult Male Soccer Players: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis.

Plyometric training is a specific form of strength training that is used to improve the physical performance of athletes. An overview of the effects of plyometric training on soccer-specific outcomes in adult male soccer players is not available yet.

Androgens, Body Composition, and Their Metabolism Based on Sex.

Differences between males and females are commonly attributed to sexual hormones. Androgens are responsible for the development of primary and secondary sexual characteristics in males, whereas they influence sexual behaviour, glycaemic control, lipid profile, bone metabolism and erythropoiesis in both sexes. In this chapter, we discuss preclinical and clinical data on sex-specific androgen metabolism and androgen effect on body composition.

A Randomized Controlled Trial of the Lateral Push-Off Skater Exercise for High Intensity Interval Training versus Conventional Treadmill Training.

To examine the therapeutic effects of the lateral push-off skater exercise versus conventional treadmill training on health-related quality of life, cardiorespiratory fitness (CRF), and balance.

Multicomponent Training Changes Blood Pressure and Redox Status in Older Women: Influence of β2 Adrenergic Receptor Haplotypes.

The β2 adrenergic receptor (β2-AR) plays an important role in vascular smooth muscle. However, the interaction between Arg16Gly and Gln27Glu β2-AR polymorphisms, and exercise training has not yet been established. This study evaluated the influence of these β2-AR polymorphisms on body composition, aerobic capacity, blood pressure, lipid profile, nitric oxide, and redox status at baseline and in response to an exercise program in women aged 50-79 years. Genotype and haplotypes were analyzed in associatio...

Transcript profile of skeletal muscle lipid metabolism genes affected by diet in a piglet model of low birth weight.

Dysregulated skeletal muscle metabolism (DSMM) is associated with increased inter- and intramuscular fat deposition in low birth weight (L) individuals. The mechanisms behind DSMM in L individuals are not completely understood but decreased muscle mass and shifts in lipid and carbohydrate utilisation may contribute. Previously, we observed lower fat oxidation in a porcine model of low birth weight. To elucidate the biological activities underpinning this difference microfluidic arrays were used to assess mR...

Creb-Pgc1α pathway modulates the interaction between lipid droplets and mitochondria and influences high fat diet-induced changes of lipid metabolism in the liver and isolated hepatocytes of yellow catfish.

Although the crucial role of lipid droplets (LDs), mitochondria (MT) and their interactions in regulating lipid metabolism are well accepted, the mechanism of LDs-MT interactions in high fat diet (HFD)-induced changes of lipid metabolism remains unknown. Thus, this study was conducted to determine the mechanism of LDs-MT interactions in HFD-induced changes of lipid accumulation. We found that HFD not only up-regulated the expression of key proteins linked with TAG biosynthesis, but also increased the expres...

Association between APOE polymorphisms and lipid profile in Mexican Amerindian population.

Apolipoprotein E (ApoE) is a glycoprotein that plays an important role in lipid homeostasis at both cerebral and systemic levels. Moreover, the differential distribution of APOE gene alleles among different populations, means that ApoE isoforms could have different effects on lipids metabolism. The present study aims to evaluate the relationship between APOE gene alleles and the lipid profile in a Mexican Amerindian (MA) population.

Unraveling the Origin of the Apparent Charge of Zwitterionic Lipid Layers.

The structure of water molecules in contact with zwitterionic lipid molecules is of great biological relevance since biological membranes are largely composed of such lipids. The interaction of the interfacial water molecules with the amphiphilic lipid molecules drives the formation of membranes and greatly influences various processes at the membrane surface as the field that arises from the aligned interfacial water molecules masks the charges of the lipid headgroups from the approaching metabolites. To i...

Beneficial Influence of Mindfulness Training Promoted by Text Messages on Self-Reported Aerobic Physical Activity in Older Adults: A Randomized Controlled Study.

Inactivity is known to have harmful effects on the physical and mental health of older adults. This study used a randomized, parallel trial design to evaluate whether daily text prompts to practice mindfulness would have a positive impact on the time that adults aged 50 years or older spend in aerobic physical activity. The participants were recruited from a certified fitness center and divided into mindfulness and control groups. For 4 weeks, they were exposed to the experimental conditions, with or withou...

Exploration of Habitual Walking Behavior and Home-Based Muscle Power Training in Individuals With Total Knee Arthroplasty.

The purpose of this study was to investigate the effects of a home-based muscle power training program on muscle strength and power, functional performance, and physical activity behavior in individuals at least 6 months posttotal knee arthroplasty.

The Usability of Physical Activity and Cognitive Training Applications in People With Mild Cognitive Impairment.

The aim of the current study is to identify key issues with utility, effectiveness, and appeal of specific electronic applications (apps) for people with mild cognitive impairment (MCI) to guide the design and development of a mobile app, which integrates physical activity and cognitive activities. Sixteen participants age ≥65 were recruited from three assisted living facilities in Alabama. Participants were observed playing a physical activity app and cognitive training app via a tablet on two separate o...

Self-assembly of lipid rafts revealed by fluorescence correlation spectroscopy in living breast cancer cells.

Lipids and proteins in the plasma membrane are laterally heterogeneous and formalised as lipid rafts featuring unique biophysical properties. However, the self-assembly mechanism of lipid raft cannot be revealed even its physical properties and components were determined in specific physiological processes. In this study, two-photon generalised polarisation imaging and fluorescence correlation spectroscopy were used to study the fusion of lipid rafts through the membrane phase and the lateral diffusion of l...

Development in Adolescent Middle-Distance Athletes: A Study of Training Loadings, Physical Qualities, and Competition Performance.

Jones, TW, Shillabeer, BC, Ryu, JH, and Cardinale, M. Development in adolescent middle-distance athletes: a study of training loadings, physical qualities, and competition performance. J Strength Cond Res XX(X): 000-000, 2019-The purpose of this study was to examine changes in running performance and physical qualities related to middle-distance performance over a training season. The study also examined relationships between training loading and changes in physical qualities as assessed by laboratory and f...

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