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PubMed Journals Articles About "Silencing Genes Cellular Protein Factories Amplifies Production Http" - Page: 6 RSS

21:01 EST 18th November 2019 | BioPortfolio

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Showing "Silencing Genes Cellular Protein Factories Amplifies Production http" PubMed Articles 126–150 of 32,000+

Genome-wide and functional analyses of tyrosine kinase-like family genes reveal potential roles in development and virulence in mosquito pathogen Pythium guiyangense.

The tyrosine kinase-like (TKL) gene family is widely existed in most eukaryotes and participates in many biological processes, however, has been rarely studied in oomycetes. In this study we performed bioinformatic and experimental analyses to characterize TKLs in Pythium guiyangense, a promising mosquito biological control agent. Our results revealed that TKLs were widely distributed in all the detected oomycetes, but were largely expanded in P. guiyangense in a species-specific expansion manner. The expan...


Discovery of small-molecule modulators of protein-RNA interactions by fluorescence intensity-based binding assay.

Protein-RNA interactions mediate various cellular processes, whose dysregulation has been associated with a list of diseases. Thus, novel experimental tools for monitoring protein-RNA interactions are highly desirable to identify new chemical modulators of these therapeutic targets. Herein, we constructed simple fluorescence intensity-based protein-RNA binding assays by testing multiple environment-sensitive organic fluorophores. We selected the oncogenic interaction between Lin28 and the let-7 microRNA and...

Genetic variants of TSPAN12 gene in patients with retinopathy of prematurity.

Genetic susceptibility to retinopathy of prematurity (ROP) has been reported. However, no virulence genes are currently known for ROP. This study aimed to assess FZD4, LRP5, TSPAN12, and NDP, which are known virulence genes involved in familial exudative vitreoretinopathy, an ailment that shares some symptoms with ROP. After approval from the parents of diseased infants, blood samples from 29 Han patients with ROP were collected for genomic DNA extraction. Direct sequencing was used to assess the four candi...


Caenorhabditis elegans hub genes that respond to amyloid beta are homologs of genes involved in human Alzheimer's disease.

The prominent characteristic of Alzheimer's disease (AD) is the accumulation of amyloid beta (Abeta) proteins in the form of plaques that cause molecular and cellular alterations in the brain. Due to the paucity of brain samples of early-stage Abeta aggregation, animal models have been developed to study early events in AD. Caenorhabditis elegans is a genetically tractable animal model for AD. Here, we used transcriptomic data, network-based protein-protein interactions and weighted gene co-expression netwo...

Analysis of Antiviral Resistance Signaling Pathways by Virus-Induced Gene Silencing in Nicotiana benthamiana.

Owing to the absence of antiviral chemicals, strategies to deploy antiviral resistance in plants are desirable. Deciphering antiviral resistance mechanisms has been extensively promoted by virus-induced gene silencing (VIGS) technique, which decreases the transcriptional level of the gene of interest via RNA silencing machinery triggered by the partial gene fragment inserted into a viral vector. This technique has contributed to addressing the function of a number of host genes, which are involved in signal...

Silencing long non-coding RNA MEG3 accelerates tibia fraction healing by regulating the Wnt/β-catenin signalling pathway.

As fracture healing is related to gene expression, fracture healing is prospected to be implicated in long non-coding RNAs (lncRNAs). This study focuses on the effects of epigenetic silencing of long non-coding RNA maternally expressed gene 3 (lncRNA MEG3) on fracture healing by regulating the Wnt/β-catenin signalling pathway. Genes expressed in fracture were screened using bioinformatics and the subcellular location of MEG3 was determined using FISH. Next, we successfully established tibia fracture (TF) m...

Targeted delivery and endosomal cellular uptake of DARPin-siRNA bioconjugates: Influence of linker stability on gene silencing.

Specific cell targeting and efficient intracellular delivery are major hurdles for the widespread therapeutic use of nucleic acid technologies, particularly siRNA mediated gene silencing. To enable receptor-mediated cell-specific targeting, we designed a synthesis scheme that can be generically used to engineer Designed Ankyrin Repeat Protein (DARPin)-siRNA bioconjugates. Different linkers, including labile disulfide-, and more stable thiol-maleimide- and triazole- (click chemistry) tethers were employed. C...

ProtFus: A Comprehensive Method Characterizing Protein-Protein Interactions of Fusion Proteins.

Tailored therapy aims to cure cancer patients effectively and safely, based on the complex interactions between patients' genomic features, disease pathology and drug metabolism. Thus, the continual increase in scientific literature drives the need for efficient methods of data mining to improve the extraction of useful information from texts based on patients' genomic features. An important application of text mining to tailored therapy in cancer encompasses the use of mutations and cancer fusion genes as ...

Mass spectrometry-based methods for analyzing the mitochondrial interactome in mammalian cells.

Protein-protein interactions are essential biologic processes that occur at inter- and intra-cellular levels. To gain insight into the various complex cellular functions of these interactions, it is necessary to assess them under physiologic conditions. Recent advances in various proteomic technologies allow to investigate protein-protein interaction networks in living cells. The combination of proximity-dependent labeling and chemical cross-linking will greatly enhance our understanding of multi-protein co...

Gene Circuit Compartment on Nano-interface Facilitates Cascade Gene Expression.

Cellular genes that are functionally related to each other are usually confined in specialized subcellular compartments for efficient biochemical reactions. Construction of spatially controlled biosynthetic systems will facilitate the study of biological design principles. Herein, we fabricated a gene circuit compartment by co-anchoring two function-related genes on surface of gold nanoparticles, and investigated the compartment effect on cascade gene expression in a cell-free system. The gene circuit consi...

Screening for Dmrt genes from embryo to mature Macrobrachium rosenbergii prawns.

The doublesex and mab-3 related transcription factor (Dmrt) gene family is known to be related to the sexual regulators doublesex of arthropods and mab-3 of annelids and to hold highly conserved functions in sexual determination and differentiation across phyla. Here, we report a study of the Dmrt gene family in the freshwater prawn Macrobrachium rosenbergii, a crustacean whose sexual differentiation has been widely researched. A wide transcriptomic screen, from the embryo to the adult M.rosenbergii, identi...

The Gene-Silencing Protein MORC-1 Topologically Entraps DNA and Forms Multimeric Assemblies to Cause DNA Compaction.

Microrchidia (MORC) ATPases are critical for gene silencing and chromatin compaction in multiple eukaryotic systems, but the mechanisms by which MORC proteins act are poorly understood. Here, we apply a series of biochemical, single-molecule, and cell-based imaging approaches to better understand the function of the Caenorhabditis elegans MORC-1 protein. We find that MORC-1 binds to DNA in a length-dependent but sequence non-specific manner and compacts DNA by forming DNA loops. MORC-1 molecules diffuse alo...

Role of H3K9me3 heterochromatin in cell identity establishment and maintenance.

Compacted, transcriptionally repressed chromatin, referred to as heterochromatin, represents a major fraction of the higher eukaryotic genome and exerts pivotal functions of silencing repetitive elements, maintenance of genome stability, and control of gene expression. Among the different histone post-translational modifications (PTMs) associated with heterochromatin, tri-methylation of lysine 9 on histone H3 (H3K9me3) is gaining increased attention. Besides its known role in repressing repetitive elements ...

miR-200a mediates protection of thymosin β-4 in cardiac microvascular endothelial cells as a novel mechanism under hypoxia-reoxygenation injury.

Thymosin β-4 (Tβ4) is a ubiquitous protein, which has been suggested to regulate multiple cell signal pathways and a variety of cellular functions. However, the role Tβ4 plays in the cardiac microvascular endothelial cells (CMECs) under myocardial ischemia/reperfusion injury is currently unknown. Here we investigated the effects of Tβ4 on hypoxia/reoxygenation (H/R) induced CMECs injury and its potential molecular mechanism. Cultured CMECs were positively identified by flow cytometry using antibody agai...

Screening of the candidate genes related to low-temperature tolerance of Fenneropenaeus chinensis based on high-throughput transcriptome sequencing.

In order to screen the candidate genes of Fenneropenaeus chinensis related to low-temperature tolerance, this research takes juvenile prawns of F. chinensis (P40) in low temperature stress group (4°C) and normal temperature group (18°C) as experimental materials. The results showed that a total of 127,939 Unigenes with average length of 1,190 bp were obtained by assembly, of which 46% were annotated in the Nr database. A total of 1,698 differentially expressed genes were screened by differential gene expr...

Genetic causes of surfactant protein abnormalities.

Mutations in genes encoding proteins critical for the production and function of pulmonary surfactant cause diffuse lung disease. Timely recognition and diagnosis of affected individuals is important for proper counseling concerning prognosis and recurrence risk.

Cellular and molecular mechanisms of low dose prolactin potentiation of testicular development in cockerels.

The aim of this study was to determine the cellular and molecular mechanisms of prolactin (PRL) in testicular development of prepubertal cockerels. In an in vivo animal experiment, active immunization against PRL severely depressed prepubertal testicular development by significantly reducing testicular weights at both 122 and 164 d of age. The number of elongated spermatids in the seminiferous tubules was also significantly decreased by immunization with 199-residue chicken PRL (cPRL) at age 122 d. Inhib...

Proteomics evaluation of MDA-MB-231 breast cancer cells in response to RNAi-induced silencing of hPTTG.

Breast cancer is the most common cancer in women worldwide. Several genes are up-regulated in breast cancer such as human pituitary tumor transforming gene (hPTTG). This study aims to evaluate cell proliferation and the downstream expression pattern of hPTTG1 gene at the mRNA and protein levels after specific down-regulation of hPTTG1 by siRNA.

Progress and perspective on cyanobacterial glycogen metabolism engineering.

As important oxygenic photoautotrophs, cyanobacteria are also generally considered as one of the most promising microbial chassis for photosynthetic biomanufacturing. Diverse synthetic biology and metabolic engineering approaches have been developed to enable the efficient harnessing of carbon and energy flow toward the synthesis of desired metabolites in cyanobacterial cell factories. Glycogen metabolism works as the most important natural carbon sink mechanism and reserve carbon source, storing a large po...

NusG prevents transcriptional invasion of H-NS-silenced genes.

Evolutionarily conserved NusG protein enhances bacterial RNA polymerase processivity but can also promote transcription termination by binding to, and stimulating the activity of, Rho factor. Rho terminates transcription upon anchoring to cytidine-rich motifs, the so-called Rho utilization sites (Rut) in nascent RNA. Both NusG and Rho have been implicated in the silencing of horizontally-acquired A/T-rich DNA by nucleoid structuring protein H-NS. However, the relative roles of the two proteins in H-NS-media...

Placental growth factor gene silencing mitigates the epithelial‑to‑mesenchymal transition via the p38 MAPK pathway in rats with hyperoxia‑induced lung injury.

Hyperoxia may cause pulmonary fibrosis in neonates and is characterized by the epithelial‑to‑mesenchymal transition (EMT) of alveolar epithelial cells. The placental growth factor (PLGF) gene is a member of the vascular endothelial growth factor family and is highly expressed in lung tissues that have been exposed to hyperoxia. The aim of the present study was to assess the role of PLGF in the EMT of lung tissue. Lung tissue exhibiting low PLGF expression was obtained by injecting rats exposed to hypero...

Low greenhouse gas emissions from oyster aquaculture.

Production of animal protein is associated with high greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions. Globally, oyster aquaculture is increasing as a way to meet growing demands for protein, yet its associated GHG-emissions are largely unknown. We quantified oyster aquaculture GHG-emissions from the three main constituents of GHG-release associated with terrestrial livestock production: fermentation in the animal gut, manure management, and fodder production. We found that oysters release no methane (CH4) and only negligibl...

MHC-I presentation of peptides derived from intact protein products of the pioneer round of translation.

Among the earliest protein products of most cellular genes are those synthesized during the pioneer round of translation (PRT), a key step in nonsense-mediated mRNA decay (NMD) that allows scanning of new transcripts for the presence of a premature termination codon (PTC). It has been demonstrated that at least some PRT degradation products can be targeted to major histocompatibility (MHC)-I presentation. To gain new insight into this putative PRT-to-MHC-I route, we have assembled 2 pairs of reporter genes ...

Alterations in cellular expression in EBV infected epithelial cell lines and tumors.

The Epstein Barr virus (EBV) is linked to the development of two major epithelial malignancies, gastric carcinoma and nasopharyngeal carcinoma. This study evaluates the effects of EBV on cellular expression in a gastric epithelial cell line infected with or without EBV and a nasopharyngeal carcinoma cell line containing EBV. The cells were grown in vitro and as tumors in vivo. The effects on cellular expression were determined using both 2D DIGE proteomics and high throughput RNA sequencing. The data identi...

Template Activating Factor-I α Regulates Retroviral Silencing during Reprogramming.

Reprogramming somatic cells to induced pluripotent stem cells (iPSCs) is accompanied by dramatic changes in epigenetic programs, including silencing of endogenous and exogenous retroviruses. Here, we utilized replication-defective and persistent Sendai virus (SeVdp)-based vectors to monitor retroviral silencing during reprogramming. We observed that retroviral silencing occurred at an early reprogramming stage without a requirement for KLF4 or the YY1-binding site in the retroviral genome. Insertional chrom...


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