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PubMed Journals Articles About "Billion Benefits Could Delivered BeatNCDs Policy Interventions According" - Page: 6 RSS

14:30 EST 11th November 2019 | BioPortfolio

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Showing "billion benefits could delivered beatNCDs policy interventions according" PubMed Articles 126–150 of 9,100+

Cost-effectiveness of a nurse-delivered, inpatient smoking cessation intervention.

Randomized controlled trials have shown that inpatient tobacco cessation interventions are highly efficacious and cost-effective. However, the degree to which smoking interventions implemented in nonrandomized, real-world practice settings are effective, and consequently, cost-effective, remains unclear. This study evaluated the cost-effectiveness of a nurse-delivered, inpatient smoking cessation intervention, Tobacco Tactics, compared with usual care within the context of an observational, real-world study...


Benefits and harm of paracetamol and ibuprofen in combination for postoperative pain: preplanned subgroup analyses of the multicenter randomized PANSAID trial.

The 'Paracetamol and Ibuprofen in Combination' (PANSAID) trial showed that combining paracetamol and ibuprofen resulted in lower opioid consumption than each drug alone and we did not findan increase in risk of harm when using ibuprofen versus paracetamol. The aim of this subgroup analysis was to investigate differences in benefits and harms of the interventions in different subgroups. We hypothesized the intervention effects would differ in subgroups with different risk of pain or adverse events.

Environmental benefits of engine remanufacture in China's circular economy development.

China has implemented broad strategies aimed at achieving a circular economy, among which are providing subsidies for the remanufacture industry and setting a target of 15% increase in energy efficiency in industrial production across sectors. Here, we examine the environmental implications of these policies in the context of engine remanufacture, using an environmental computable general equilibrium (CGE) model. Results indicate that the subsidy policy and energy efficiency improvement can contribute to bo...


Workshop for priority-setting in Aedes aegypti control interventions in Latin America and the Caribbean: a policy dialogue.

This article presents the results of a dialogue between decision-makers and experts in Latin America and the Caribbean on priority-setting for interventions and studies on Aedes aegypti control. The article is part of a project that included a systematic review of mosquito control strategies and a qualitative study with key informants from the region. Using a collective deliberative process assisted by the results of the above-mentioned projects, a list of priorities was developed by consensus for the imple...

Commercially Available Mobile Apps for Caregivers of People With Alzheimer Disease or Other Related Dementias: Systematic Search.

More than 15 million Americans provide unpaid care for persons with Alzheimer disease or other related dementias (ADRD). While there is good evidence to suggest that caregivers benefit from psychosocial interventions, these have primarily been delivered via face-to-face individual or group format. Alternatively, offering electronic health (eHealth) interventions may assist caregivers in providing quality care while remaining in good health. Research to date has generated little knowledge about what app feat...

Responding to the health needs of migrant farm workers in South Africa: Opportunities and challenges for sustainable community-based responses.

Reflecting global trends, migrant farm workers in South Africa experience challenges in accessing healthcare. On the commercial farms in Musina, a sub-district bordering Zimbabwe, Medécins sans Frontières and the International Organization for Migration both implemented migration-aware community-based programmes that included the training of community-based healthcare workers, to address these challenges. Using qualitative data, this paper explores the experiences that migrant farm workers, specifically t...

Bridging the epidemiology-policy divide: A consequential and evidence-based framework to optimize population health.

Epidemiology is the scientific cornerstone of public health. Its traditional role has been to test scientific hypotheses on causal relationships of exposures with health outcomes, the results of which should in turn be synthesized and lead to evidence-based recommendations and the formation of policy. However, the messy truth is that the path from epidemiology to policy is frequently not a perfectly rational, linear one, and the choices of which scientific hypotheses are pursued and the ways in which they a...

TRICARE For Children: Between Medicaid And Marketplace Plans For Comprehensiveness And Cost Sharing.

TRICARE provides health care benefits to nearly two million children of active duty, retired, National Guard, and reserve service members. Child health advocates and congressional reports have raised questions regarding the adequacy of these benefits, compared with other sources of children's health insurance. To help address these questions, we compared TRICARE benefits with benefits from Medicaid and Marketplace plans because they represent alternative sources of coverage for many of the families enrolled...

PERSPECTIVES: Mental Health Policy in India: Seven Sets of Questions and Some Answers.

This paper frames the state of mental health policy in India in terms of seven sets of questions, and seeks to provide at least partial answers to these questions, based on a meta-analysis of existing research. The context of the analysis is the arguably poor state of mental health care in India, as well as an unprecedented level of policy attention to the issue.

Non-medical prescribing in the United Kingdom National Health Service: A systematic policy review.

Non-medical prescribing was introduced into the United Kingdom (UK) to improve patient care, through extending healthcare professionals' roles. More recent government health service policy focuses on the increased demand and the need for efficiency. This systematic policy review aimed to describe any changes in government policy position and the role that non-medical prescribing plays in healthcare provision.

Defining hard-to-reach populations for vaccination.

Extending the benefits of vaccination to everyone who is eligible requires an understanding of which populations current vaccination efforts have struggled to reach. A clear definition of "hard-to-reach" populations - also known as high-risk or marginalized populations, or reaching the last mile - is essential for estimating the size of target groups, sharing lessons learned based on consistent definitions, and allocating resources appropriately. A literature review was conducted to determine what formal de...

Benefits of current and future policies on emissions of China's coal-fired power sector indicated by continuous emission monitoring.

Emission inventories are critical to understanding the sources of air pollutants, but have high uncertainties in China due in part to insufficient on-site measurements. In this study, we developed a method of examining, screening and applying online data from the country's improving continuous emission monitoring systems (CEMS) to reevaluate a "bottom-up" emission inventory of China's coal-fired power sector. The benefits of China's current national emission standards and ultra-low emission policy for the s...

Causes of Socioeconomic Disparities in Colorectal Cancer and Intervention Framework and Strategies.

Colorectal cancer (CRC) disproportionately affects people from low socioeconomic backgrounds and some racial minorities. Disparities in CRC incidence and outcomes might result from differences in exposure to risk factors such as unhealthy diet and sedentary lifestyle; limited access to risk-reducing behaviors such as chemoprevention, screening, and follow up of abnormal test results; or lack of access to high-quality treatment resources. These factors operate at the individual, provider, health system, comm...

Evaluation of a social protection policy on tuberculosis treatment outcomes: A prospective cohort study.

Tuberculosis (TB) still represents a major public health problem in Latin America, with low success and high default rates. Poor adherence represents a major threat for TB control and promotes emergence of drug-resistant TB. Expanding social protection programs could have a substantial effect on the global burden of TB; however, there is little evidence to evaluate the outcomes of socioeconomic support interventions. This study evaluated the effect of a conditional cash transfer (CCT) policy on treatment su...

Changes in Prescription of Psychotropic Drugs After Introduction of Polypharmacy Reduction Policy in Japan Based on a Large-Scale Claims Database.

In Japan, polypharmacy reduction policy, which reduces the reimbursement of medical cost, was introduced to address unnecessary psychotropic polypharmacy. The rule was applied to the prescriptions of three or more anxiolytics or three or more hypnotics in the policy introduced in 2012. The prescriptions of four or more antidepressants or four or more antipsychotics were added to the rule in the policy revised in 2014. Furthermore, the prescriptions of three or more drugs of anxiolytics, hypnotics, antidepre...

Effects of interventions based on the theory of planned behavior on sugar-sweetened beverage consumption intentions and behavior.

There is increasing concern about the health risks of added dietary sugar, perhaps particularly when consumed in beverages that contain no essential nutrients (e.g., sodas). The purpose of this experiment was to examine the relative and combined efficacy of three interventions based on the theory of planned behavior (TPB) for motivating reductions in sugar sweetened beverage (SSB) consumption. Four-hundred-thirty undergraduates were randomised in a 2*2*2 factorial design. Participants received either inform...

The Role of Inclusion Benefits in Ethics Committee Assessment of Research Studies.

The relationship between risks and benefits is central to the ethics of research involving human participants. Traditionally, to be ethically justifiable, risks should be reasonable in relation to anticipated benefits (if any) to subjects and to the potential social benefits resulting from research. This calculus is being further complicated by findings from an increasing number of social science studies that reveal that prospective and actual research participants frequently describe various types of inclu...

Gap analysis for drug development policy-making: An attempt to close the gap between policy and its implementation.

Most drug development policies in developing countries are enacted without achieving the desired results. This study aims to determine the prioritization of drug development in Indonesia through the evidence-based policymaking process in order to close the distance between stated policy goals and the realization of planned goals.

Air quality changes after Hong Kong shipping emission policy: An accountability study.

On July 1st 2015, Hong Kong became the first city in Asia to implement a policy regulating sulfur dioxide (SO) in shipping emissions. We conducted an accountability study assessing the improvement in ambient air quality and estimating the effect on health outcomes of the policy.

How Should We Decide Whether and When Some Care Is Better Than No Care?

This case of cleft lip and palate repair by a surgical mission team is common. Low-risk, single-procedure surgical interventions requiring minimal follow-up with substantial quality of life improvement are well suited for this type of mission. However, cleft repair can also be quite complex and require multiple surgeries and other care over time, postoperative surveillance, and speech therapy. These benefits and burdens prompt us to investigate, from clinical and ethical perspectives, whether and when some ...

Common Goods for Health: Economic Rationale and Tools for Prioritization.

This paper presents the economic rationale for treating Common Goods for Health (CGH) as priorities for public intervention. We use the concept of market failure as a central argument for identifying CGH and apply cost-effectiveness analysis (CEA) as a normative tool to prioritize CGH interventions in public finance decisions. We show that CGH are consistent with traditional lists of public health core functions but cannot be identified separately from non-CGH activities in such lists. We propose a public f...

The process of prioritization of non-communicable diseases in the global health policy arena.

Although non-communicable diseases (NCDs) are the leading cause of morbidity and mortality worldwide, the global policy response has not been commensurate with their health, economic and social burden. This study examined factors facilitating and hampering the prioritization of NCDs on the United Nations (UN) health agenda. Shiffman and Smith's (Generation of political priority for global health initiatives: a framework and case study of maternal mortality. The Lancet 370: 1370-9.) political priority framew...

Comparison of the Cardiovascular Benefits of Resistance, Aerobic, and Combined Exercise (CardioRACE): Rationale, design, and methods.

The benefits of aerobic exercise (AE) for cardiovascular disease (CVD) have been well documented. Resistance exercise (RE) has been traditionally examined for its effects on bone density, physical function, or metabolic health, yet few data exist regarding the benefits of RE, independent of and combined with AE, for CVD prevention. This randomized controlled trial, "Comparison of the Cardiovascular Benefits of Resistance, Aerobic, and Combined Exercise (CardioRACE)," is designed to determine the relative be...

A Mobile-Based Comprehensive Weight Reduction Program for the Workplace (Health-On): Development and Pilot Study.

There is a growing interest in mobile technology for obesity management. Despite the known effectiveness of workplace-based weight loss programs, there are few studies on mobile phone-delivered interventions.

Violence and Public and Personal Health: Gun Violence.

The rate of death due to guns is higher in the United States than in other high-income countries. More than 200 Americans are murdered or assaulted with a firearm daily. In the United States, more than 300,000 individuals have died from firearm injuries in the past decade. Firearm injuries cost more than $3 billion per year, and deaths from guns cause more than $20 billion in lifetime work loss and medical costs. Risk factors for being a perpetrator of gun violence include a personal history of or exposure ...


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