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10:06 EST 23rd November 2017 | BioPortfolio

The US National Library of Medicine and National Institutes of Health manage PubMed.gov which comprises of more than 21 million records, papers, reports for biomedical literature, including MEDLINE, life science and medical journals, articles, reviews, reports and  books.  BioPortfolio aims to publish relevant information on published papers, clinical trials and news associated with users selected topics.

For example view all recent relevant publications on Epigenetics and associated publications and clincial trials.

Showing PubMed Articles 1–25 of 1,000,000+

Efficient Brain Uptake of Piperine and Its Pharmacokinetics Characterization after Oral Administration.

1. Piperine, the major biological active component in black pepper has been associated with miscellaneous pharmacological effects, especially on central nervous system. To correlates with its neurological activity, a comprehensive pharmacokinetic profile of piperine in brain, plasma and cerebrospinal fluid after oral administration in rats was investigated in the current study. 2. It was noted that piperine could efficiently penetrate and homogeneously distribute into brain with similar pharmacokinetics pro...

DNA methylation profile in chronic myelomonocytic leukemia associates with distinct clinical, biological and genetic features.

Chromosomal abnormalities are detected in 20-30% of patients with chronic myelomonocytic leukemia (CMML) and correlate with prognosis. On the mutation level, disruptive alterations are particularly frequent in chromatin regulatory genes. However, little is known about the consequential alterations in the epigenetic marking of the genome. Here, we report the analysis of genomic DNA methylation patterns of 64 CMML patients and 10 healthy controls, using a DNA methylation microarray focused on promoter regions...

Antithrombotic treatment in peripheral artery disease.

This review treats antithrombotic use for peripheral arterial disease (PAD). In asymptomatic patients, there are no scientific data to support single antiplatelet therapy (SAPT) for primary prophylaxis. In symptomatic PAD, SAPT with aspirin or clopidogrel is indicated. The efficacy of aspirin is controversial. Clopidogrel may be preferred over aspirin. Ticagrelor is not superior to clopidogrel in reducing major adverse cardiovascular events and major adverse limb events, but lowers the risk of ischaemic str...

Sugar-sweetened beverage taxation: an update on the year that was 2017.

Sugar-sweetened beverage tax: the inconvenient truths.

Diverse modes of synaptic signaling, regulation, and plasticity distinguish classes of C. elegans glutamatergic neurons.

Synaptic vesicle release properties vary between neuronal cell types, but in most cases the molecular basis of this heterogeneity is unknown. Here, we compare in vivo synaptic properties of two neuronal classes in the C. elegans central nervous system, using VGLUT-pHluorin to monitor synaptic vesicle exocytosis and retrieval in intact animals. We show that the glutamatergic sensory neurons AWC(ON) and ASH have distinct synaptic dynamics associated with tonic and phasic synaptic properties, respectively. Exo...

Cascaded longitudinal stimulated Raman scattering and frequency doubling process of potassium dihydrogen phosphate crystal.

The cascaded longitudinal stimulated Raman scattering (LSRS) and frequency doubling process was reported for the first time. When potassium dihydrogen phosphate (KDP) crystals were used as the type-I and type-II frequency doublers of picosecond, focused, 1064 nm laser pulses, strong LSRS effects were observed. Three new laser spectrum lines appeared successively, i.e. 558.9, 588.9, and 622.1 nm, which turned out to be excited by frequency doubling laser at 532 nm. The second and third-order nonlinear optica...

Synthesis of oxide-free aluminum nanoparticles for application to conductive film.

Aluminum nanoparticles are considered promising as alternatives to conventional ink materials, replacing silver and copper nanoparticles due to their extremely low cost and low melting temperature. However, a serious obstacle to realizing their use as conductive ink materials is the oxidation of aluminum. In this research, we synthesized the oxide-free aluminum nanoparticles using catalytic decomposition and an oleic acid coating method, and these materials were applied to the conductive ink for the first t...

Crystal identification for a dual-layer-offset LYSO based PET system via Lu-176 background radiation and mean shift algorithm.

Modern positron emission tomography (PET) detectors are made from pixelated scintillation crystal arrays and readout by Anger logic. The interaction position of the gamma-ray should be assigned to a crystal using a crystal position map or look-up table. Crystal identification is a critical procedure for pixelated PET systems. In this paper, we propose a novel crystal identification method for a dual-layer-offset LYSO based animal PET system via Lu-176 background radiation and mean shift algorithm. Single ph...

Rationalizing substituent effects in 1-Azathioxanthone photophysics.

The influence of an electron donating substituent on the photophysical properties of 1-azathioxanthone dyes has been investigated using optical spectroscopy and theoretical models. The motivation behind the study is based on the fact that thioxanthones are efficient triplet sensitizers, and thus promising sensitizers for lanthanide centered emission. By adding an aza group to one of the phenyl ring systems, direct coordination to a lanthanide center becomes possible, which makes azathoixanthones great candi...

Etchant-free Transfer of 2D Nanostructures.

The effective use of the van der Waals 2D materials relies on their successful transfer from the growth substrate onto other target substrates in the form of large films or flakes. In particular, it is important to transfer such atomically thin samples to various substrates with minimal sample damage and exposure to etchants and chemicals to realize their applications. Here we develop a universal transfer method that not only is free of reactive etchants, but also can maintain the film morphology intact wit...

Anatomical robust optimization to account for nasal cavity filling variation during intensity-modulated proton therapy: a comparison with conventional and adaptive planning strategies.

The aim of this study is to develop an anatomical robust optimization method for intensity-modulated proton therapy (IMPT) that accounts for interfraction variations in nasal cavity filling, and to compare it with conventional single-field uniform dose (SFUD) optimization and online plan adaptation. We included CT data of five patients with tumors in the sinonasal region. Using the planning CT, we generated for each patient 25 'synthetic' CTs with varying nasal cavity filling. The robust optimization method...

Proton range verification in homogeneous materials through acoustic measurements.

Clinical proton beam quality assurance (QA) requires a simple and accurate method to measure the proton beam Bragg peak (BP) depth. Protoacoustics, the measurement of the pressure waves emitted by thermal expansion resulting from proton dose deposition, may be used to obtain the depth of the BP in a phantom by measuring the time-of-flight (TOF) of the pressure wave. Rectangular and cylindrical phantoms of different materials (aluminum, lead, and polyethylene) were used for protoacoustic studies. Four differ...

Motion compensation with skin contact control for high intensity focused ultrasound surgery in moving organs.

High Intensity Focused Ultrasound (HIFU) is an emerging therapeutic solution that enables non-invasive treatment of several pathologies, mainly in oncology. On the other hand, accurate targeting of moving abdominal organs (e.g., liver, kidney, pancreas) is still an open challenge. This paper proposes a novel method to compensate the physiological respiratory motion of organs during HIFU procedures, by exploiting a robotic platform for ultrasound-guided HIFU surgery provided with a therapeutic annular phased...

OPTICAL COHERENCE TOMOGRAPHY 2: DIAGNOSTIC TOOL TO STUDY PERIPHERAL VITREORETINAL PATHOLOGIES.

To investigate the utility of new wide-field optical coherence tomography (OCT) device in the evaluation of mid and far retinal periphery and to show its feasibility and advantages in clinical practice.

OUTCOME OF INTRAVITREAL AFLIBERCEPT FOR REFRACTORY PIGMENT EPITHELIAL DETACHMENT WITH OR WITHOUT SUBRETINAL FLUID AND SECONDARY TO AGE-RELATED MACULAR DEGENERATION.

To investigate the outcomes of intravitreal aflibercept in refractory pigment epithelial detachment (PED) with or without subretinal fluid (SRF) in patients with neovascular age-related macular degeneration.

Multiple Sub-Internal Limiting Membrane Hemorrhages With Double Ring Sign in Eyes With Valsalva Retinopathy.

CHOROIDAL THICKNESS CHANGES IN ACUTE ZONAL OCCULT OUTER RETINOPATHY.

To investigate the longitudinal morphologic choroidal changes in eyes with acute zonal occult outer retinopathy.

Three Port Sutureless Posterior Chamber Intraocular Lens Intrascleral Fixation: A Novel Approach.

LONG-TERM INTRAOCULAR PRESSURE AFTER UNCOMPLICATED PARS PLANA VITRECTOMY FOR IDIOPATHIC EPIRETINAL MEMBRANE.

To investigate long-term intraocular pressure trends after uncomplicated pars plana vitrectomy for idiopathic epiretinal membrane.

RETINAL PIGMENT EPITHELIUM-CHOROID GRAFT WITH A PERIPHERAL RETINOTOMY FOR EXUDATIVE AGE-RELATED MACULAR DEGENERATION: Long-Term Outcome.

To investigate the long-term outcome of autologous retinal pigment epithelium -choroid transplantation with a peripheral retinotomy for exudative age-related macular degeneration.

SCLERAL PITS IN CHOROIDEREMIA: Implications for Retinal Gene Therapy.

We report a novel finding on spectral domain optical coherence tomography in patients with choroideremia, which we describe as scleral pits (SCPs).

Outer Retinal Protrusion Toward the Retinal Pigment Epithelium During Retinal Reattachment After Scleral Buckling.

FUNCTIONAL AND ANATOMICAL SIGNIFICANCE OF THE ECTOPIC INNER FOVEAL LAYERS IN EYES WITH IDIOPATHIC EPIRETINAL MEMBRANES: Surgical Results at 12 Months.

To describe the functional and anatomical outcomes of pars plana vitrectomy with epiretinal membrane and internal limiting membrane peel in eyes with and without ectopic inner foveal layers (EIFLs).

RELIABILITY OF CONFOCAL WHITE-LIGHT FUNDUS IMAGING FOR MEASUREMENT OF RETINA PIGMENT EPITHELIAL ATROPHY IN AGE-RELATED MACULAR DEGENERATION.

To assess the reproducibility of confocal white-light color fundus photography (C-CFP) for the measurement of retinal pigment epithelial atrophy in comparison with confocal blue-light fundus autofluorescence (FAF) imaging and flash color fundus photography (F-CFP).


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