PubMed Journal Database | Acta dermatovenerologica Alpina, Pannonica, et Adriatica RSS

09:43 EDT 21st March 2019 | BioPortfolio

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Showing PubMed Articles 1–25 of 46 from Acta dermatovenerologica Alpina, Pannonica, et Adriatica

Arguments for a national questionnaire-based screening for hidradenitis suppurativa in Denmark.

Hidradenitis suppurativa (HS) is a chronic inflammatory disease. HS patients develop painful subcutaneous nodules, primarily in the intertriginous regions. Early diagnosis is crucial to initiate appropriate treatment, which may prevent disease progression. The cost of treatment increases with disease severity. Studies have found a considerable diagnostic delay in HS. Screening programs may reduce diagnostic delay and allow for better utilization of resources.

The efficacy and safety of omalizumab in refractory chronic spontaneous urticaria: real-life experience in Turkey.

This study used real-world data to evaluate the effectiveness and reliability of omalizumab in treating recalcitrant chronic spontaneous urticaria in Turkish patients.

A systematic literature review of studies reporting human papillomavirus (HPV) prevalence in esophageal carcinoma over 36 years (1982-2017).

A total of 203 reports published between 1982 and 2017 on the association between human papillomaviruses (HPV) and esophageal squamous cell carcinoma (ESCC), originating from 187 studies performed in 32 countries from six continents, were selected and reviewed. The selected studies included a total of 14,788 ESCC cases; the presence of HPV infection was detected in 30.9% of cases (95% CI 30.1-31.6%) and was the highest in regions with the highest incidence of ESCC. Across studies published in the last 6 yea...

Clinical presentation, diagnostic approach, and treatment of hand lipomas: a review.

Lipomas are the most common soft tissue tumors of mesenchymal origin. They can appear anywhere on the body, and in rare cases they may present on the hands. Lipomas represent approximately 1% to 3.8% of all benign tumors in the hands. Typically, lipomas present in the fifth or sixth decade of life, occurring in both men and women. Lipomas may appear anywhere on the hand, often presenting as painless, slow-growing, and mobile masses. Symptoms may develop if local neurovascular structures are compressed. Diff...

Distribution of hepatitis B virus genotypes in Europe and clinical implications: a review.

With an estimated 15 million infected persons in Europe, hepatitis B virus (HBV) infection is still one of the leading causes of chronic liver disease and associated mortality. The HBV infection prevalence in the general population depends on the region and ranges from 0.01% in Scandinavia to 10.3% in Kyrgyzstan. The prevalence of the 10 HBV genotypes (A-J) varies among different parts of the world, with genotypes A and D being most prevalent in Europe. Other HBV genotypes are mainly imported into Europe fr...

Dermoscopy of early non-ulcerated livedoid vasculopathy.

Livedoid vasculopathy is a rare disease related to a hypercoagulable state. It can lead to painful and chronic relapsing ulcerations. We report dermoscopic findings of early, non-ulcerated livedoid vasculopathy in five patients. A mixture of ivory-white atrophic areas with multiple erythematous papules in the center of the lesions is characteristic. With dermoscopy, these papules correspond to glomerular vessels. In the periphery of the lesions some telangiectatic linear vessels complete the picture, althou...

Sparfloxacin-induced photo-onycholysis and photosensitivity characteristically sparing lepromatous skin lesions: an interesting observation.

Sparfloxacin is an antibiotic in the quinolone group of antibacterial agents, which often induce photosensitive skin reactions, more often phototoxic reactions than photoallergic ones, and sometimes associated photo-onycholysis. We present a case of phototoxic dermatitis with photo-onycholysis in a 38-year-old man probably induced by sparfloxacin, which was prescribed to him along with rifampicin and clofazimine because he was suffering from borderline lepromatous leprosy. He developed exaggerated sunburn-l...

Multiorgan involvement of Behçet's disease in a young woman.

Behçet's disease is a rare disorder of unknown etiology that is classified as a systemic vasculitis. The prevalence of the disease is high in countries in the Far East, Mediterranean Basin, and East Asia. Thus, it is also known as the Silk Road Disease. Behçet's disease is characterized by recurrent oral aphthous ulcers, genital sores, and ocular lesions. However, it can present with severe clinical manifestations as a result of cardiovascular system, central nervous system, and gastrointestinal tract inv...

Rapunzel syndrome: a rare form of trichobezoar in the stomach with some extension into the small intestine.

Trichobezoars are gastric foreign bodies rarely found in children. They are mainly composed of swallowed hair. Rapunzel syndrome is a very rare form of trichobezoar characterized by extension of the ingested hair from the stomach into the small intestine or even beyond. Clinical presentation can range from an asymptomatic abdominal mass to severe symptoms: gastric outlet obstruction, perforation of the stomach, and acute pancreatitis. Trichobezoars are usually treated with surgical removal. Here we present ...

Mycobacterium abscessus infection in a spa worker.

Mycobacterium abscessus (M. abscessus) is a non-tuberculous mycobacterium widely present in the natural environment and is now being increasingly identified as a cause of human disease. However, it can cause skin and soft tissue infection following trauma or surgery. We report a case of a skin ulcer associated with M. abscessus in a spa worker. Frequently, contamination with atypical mycobacteria occurs through tap water. However, in most outbreaks the infection source remains unknown. For an early diagnosi...

Acute febrile neutrophilic dermatosis in a patient with Crohn's disease: case report and review of the literature.

Crohn's disease is a chronic inflammatory bowel disease. The disease is characterized by acute exacerbations with diarrhea, abdominal pain, fever, anorexia, intestinal bleeding, and weight loss. Immune-mediated diseases that are frequently associated with Crohn's disease include arthritis, ankylosing spondylitis, sacroiliitis, episcleritis, uveitis, and skin lesions, such as erythema nodosum and pyoderma gangrenosum. The authors present the case of a 22-year-old female patient that was admitted to their hos...

An adverse reaction after hyaluronic acid filler application: a case report.

Among several skin fillers developed in recent decades, hyaluronic acid (HA) fillers have become the material of choice. They are safe, long-lasting, not immunogenic, and cost effective, and they can be removed with hyaluronidase. Unfortunately, early and delayed complications can also occur following HA filler injection. Here we report the case of a hyaluronic filler-related complication in a 50-year-old female patient. The locations affected were the forehead, glabella, and nose. Three days after HA fille...

A proprietary herbal extract against hair loss in androgenetic alopecia and telogen effluvium: a placebo-controlled, single-blind, clinical-instrumental study.

Currently there are only a limited number of drugs available for treatment of androgenetic alopecia and telogen effluvium. However, certain plants and their standardized extracts may provide some clinical benefits against hair loss. We formulated a herbal shampoo and a solution to evaluate their efficacy, safety, and synergy in hair loss.

Human papillomavirus (HPV) infection and vaccination: knowledge and attitudes among healthcare professionals and the general public in Slovenia.

This study evaluates knowledge of and attitudes toward human papillomavirus (HPV) infection and vaccination among healthcare professionals and the general public in Slovenia.

Malassezia infection associated with chronic spontaneous urticaria without angioedema: a report on five cases.

Chronic spontaneous urticaria (CSU) is a challenging condition to treat and it significantly affects quality of life. Bacterial, viral, parasitic, and fungal infections have been associated with triggering and/or perpetuating urticaria in certain individuals. There is a paucity of literature on CSU associated with Malassezia infection.

Four-point injection technique for lip augmentation.

Lip augmentation procedures with hyaluronic acid dermal fillers have become increasingly popular worldwide because full lips are often considered beautiful and youthful. The goal of a lip augmentation procedure is to create smooth lips with adequate volume and a natural appearance. Various techniques for lip augmentation have been utilized and described.

Comparing the diagnostic properties of skin scraping, adhesive tape, and dermoscopy in diagnosing scabies.

Scabies is a contagious skin infestation that mainly presents with itching at night and skin burrows that are visible to the naked eye. Diagnosing scabies with dermoscopy is still a matter of controversy. The aim of our study was to compare the diagnostic properties of adhesive tape, skin scraping, and dermoscopy in diagnosing scabies.

Store-and-forward teledermatology for the most common skin neoplasms in Ukraine.

Among all malignancies in Ukraine in 2016, the group of non-melanoma skin cancers headed the list in men and made up 21.6%. This group was second in women and made up 17.6%. The diagnostics of skin tumors are becoming increasingly relevant.

Hematidrosis (bloody sweat): a review of the recent literature (1996-2016).

Hematidrosis is an eccrine sweat disorder characterized by one or more episodes of spontaneous, bloody sweating from non-traumatized skin. The author carried out a systematic review of all cases of hematidrosis reported in PubMed over the past 20 years. A total of 25 cases were reviewed; 21 were women (84%), the median age was 13 years (range 9-72), and the majority (62%) were from Asia, mainly India. Hematidrosis was located on the face-including the forehead (40%), eyes (40%), and ears (36%)-in 96% of the...

Interleukin-2 and other cytokines in candidiasis: expression, clinical significance, and future therapeutic targets.

Susceptibility to Candida spp. infection is largely determined by the status of host immunity, whether immunocompromised/immunodeficient or immunocompetent. Interleukin-2 (IL-2), a potent lymphoid cell growth factor, is a four-α-helix bundle cytokine induced by activated T cells with two important roles: the activation and maintenance of immune responses, and lymphocyte production and differentiation. We reviewed the roles of cytokines as immune stimulators and suppressors of Candida spp. infections as an ...

Cupping in dermatology: a critical review and update.

Cupping is an ancient procedure that has been practiced for thousands of years. It has been used to treat a variety of medical conditions, including dermatological ones. Cupping has been described in the literature for the treatment of conditions such as acne and eczema. The procedure is fundamentally divided into dry cupping and wet cupping; however, there have been many modern adaptations. Adverse events related to the procedure have been reported in the literature and should be considered by patients. Ho...

Dermatitis neglecta: a challenging diagnosis in psychodermatology.

Dermatitis neglecta is a condition affecting the skin caused by a lack of hygiene. It may be related to psychiatric and neurological disturbances. The appearance of skin lesions results from neglect, which helps distinguish this condition from other similar clinical entities. Resolution of the lesions with adequate cleansing aids a definitive diagnosis.

Concomitant morphea and lichen sclerosus et atrophicus in the same plaque at the site of intramuscular drug injection: an interesting case presentation.

Morphea and lichen sclerosus et atrophicus (LSA) are two diseases that show considerable clinical and histopathological similarity and have been known to coexist in the same patient. Whether the two conditions are different entities or part of the same spectrum has been a topic of debate. This article describes a very rare and interesting case of concomitant morphea and LSA in a 50-year-old female in the same plaque following intramuscular drug injection in the deltoid region of the right arm. The coexisten...

The role of regulatory T cells and anti-inflammatory cytokines in psoriasis.

Psoriasis is a chronic inflammatory disease with a genetic predisposition that can be triggered by environmental factors. Pathogenesis is characterized by activation of the Th1/Th2 axis and abnormalities of the Th17/Treg balance as well as deficiency of anti-inflammatory cytokines (IL-10, TGF-β). Regulatory lymphocytes (Treg), which are involved in homeostasis mechanisms, maintain tolerance and prevent autoimmune disorders. Only a few studies have investigated the presence of Treg marker expression and lev...

Cutaneous squamous cell carcinoma complicating hidradenitis suppurativa: a review of the prevalence, pathogenesis, and treatment of this dreaded complication.

Hidradenitis suppurativa (HS) is a chronic and debilitating skin disorder characterized by the formation of painful abscesses, draining sinus tracts, and scarring, predominantly in skin folds such as the axillae and the perineum. The exact prevalence of HS is unknown because the disease is often underreported, but it has been estimated to be as high as 4.1%. HS is three times more prevalent in women than in men. Various comorbidities have been associated with HS, including inflammatory bowel disease and squ...

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