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PubMed Journal Database | Acta psychiatrica Scandinavica RSS

21:14 EDT 17th August 2018 | BioPortfolio

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Showing PubMed Articles 1–25 of 131 from Acta psychiatrica Scandinavica

Risk factors for suicide in bipolar disorder: a cohort study of 12 850 patients.

Bipolar disorder carries a high risk of suicide. Identification of risk factors is important. The aim of this study was to study risk factors for suicide in a large cohort of men and women with bipolar disorder.

Stabilization treatment of remitted psychotic depression: the STOP-PD study.

We conducted a 12-week double-blind study of stabilization pharmacotherapy in patients with remitted psychotic depression (PD).

Bipolar disorder type I and II show distinct relationships between cortical thickness and executive function.

Frontal cortical abnormalities and executive function impairment co-occur in bipolar disorder. Recent studies have shown that bipolar subtypes differ in the degree of structural and functional impairments. The relationships between cognitive performance and cortical integrity have not been clarified and might differ across patients with bipolar disorder type I, II, and healthy subjects.

Erratum.

Comorbidity of mental and physical disorders: a key problem for medicine in the 21st century.

Religiosity and psychotic experiences.

Repeated sleep deprivation for a more rapid decrease in depressive symptoms in combined chronotherapy?

Initial severity of major depression and efficacy of new generation antidepressants: individual participant data meta-analysis.

The role of baseline severity as effect modifier in various psychiatric disorders is a topic of controversy and of clinical import. This study aims to examine whether baseline severity modifies the efficacy of various antidepressants for major depression through individual participant data (IPD) meta-analysis.

No differences in olanzapine- and risperidone-related weight gain between women and men: a meta-analysis of short- and middle-term treatment.

A plethora of data deriving from single studies as well as meta-analyses demonstrates that weight gain is associated with the exposure to the majority of antipsychotics (AP). However, potential sex differences have widely evaded the attention of AP treatment trials. It is hypothesised that female patients gain more weight compared with male patients due to their enhanced susceptibility to adverse drug reactions.

N-acetylcysteine for major mental disorders: a systematic review and meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials.

This systematic review and meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials (RCTs) examined the efficacy and safety of adjunctive N-acetylcysteine (NAC), an antioxidant drug, in treating major depressive disorder (MDD), bipolar disorder, and schizophrenia.

Smokin` hot: adolescent smoking and the risk of psychosis.

Daily smoking has been associated with a greater risk of psychosis. However, we are still lacking studies to adjust for baseline psychotic experiences and other substance use. We examined associations between daily smoking and psychosis risk in a 15-year follow-up while accounting for these covariates in a prospective sample (N = 6081) from the Northern Finland Birth Cohort 1986.

Longitudinal relationships among depressive symptoms, cortisol, and brain atrophy in the neocortex and the hippocampus.

Depression is associated with accelerated aging and age-related diseases. However, mechanisms underlying this relationship remain unclear. The aim of this study was to longitudinally assess the link between depressive symptoms, brain atrophy, and cortisol levels.

Psychotic experiences and religiosity: data from the WHO World Mental Health Surveys.

Religiosity is often associated with better health outcomes. The aim of the study was to examine associations between psychotic experiences (PEs) and religiosity in a large, cross-national sample.

Risk factors and peripheral biomarkers for schizophrenia spectrum disorders: an umbrella review of meta-analyses.

This study aimed to systematically appraise the meta-analyses of observational studies on risk factors and peripheral biomarkers for schizophrenia spectrum disorders.

Psychotic (delusional) depression and suicidal attempts: a systematic review and meta-analysis.

It still remains unclear whether psychotic features increase the risk of suicidal attempts in major depressive disorder. Thus, we attempted, through a systematic review coupled with a meta-analysis, to elucidate further whether unipolar psychotic depression (PMD) compared to non-PMD presents higher levels of suicidal attempts.

White matter maturation during 12 months in individuals at ultra-high-risk for psychosis.

The neurodevelopmental hypothesis of psychosis suggests that disrupted white matter (WM) maturation underlies disease onset. In this longitudinal study, we investigated WM connectivity and compared WM changes between individuals at ultra-high-risk for psychosis (UHR) and healthy controls (HCs).

Religiosity and psychological resilience in patients with schizophrenia and bipolar disorder: an international cross-sectional study.

The impact of religious/spiritual activities on clinical outcomes in patients with serious mental illnesses remains controversial, which was addressed in this international cross-sectional study.

The outcomes of adolescent mental disorders.

Risk profiles of personality traits for suicidality among mood disorder patients and community controls.

To examine the associations between personality traits and suicidal ideation (SI) and attempt (SA) in mood disorder patients and community controls.

The antioxidant uric acid and depression: clinical evidence and biological hypotheses.

Neurobiological support to the diagnosis of ADHD in stimulant-naïve adults: pattern recognition analyses of MRI data.

In adulthood, the diagnosis of attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) has been subject of recent controversy. We searched for a neuroanatomical signature associated with ADHD spectrum symptoms in adults by applying, for the first time, machine learning-based pattern classification methods to structural MRI and diffusion tensor imaging (DTI) data obtained from stimulant-naïve adults with childhood-onset ADHD and healthy controls (HC).

Antipsychotic plasma levels in the assessment of poor treatment response in schizophrenia.

Treatment resistance is a challenge for the management of schizophrenia. It is not always clear whether inadequate response is secondary to medication ineffectiveness, as opposed to medication underexposure due to non-adherence or pharmacokinetic factors. We investigated the prevalence of subtherapeutic antipsychotic plasma levels in patients identified as treatment-resistant by their treating clinician.

Diagnostic and genetic overlap of three common mental disorders in structured interviews and health registries.

To investigate whether diagnostic data from structured interviews, primary care and specialist care registries on major depressive disorder (MDD), anxiety disorders (AD) and alcohol use disorder (AUD) identify the same individuals, yield comparable comorbidity estimates and reflect the same genetic influences.

Low estrogen but not high cholesterol induced suicide?

Continuation of lithium after a diagnosis of chronic kidney disease.

To investigate whether continued lithium or anticonvulsant treatment after a first diagnosis of chronic kidney disease (CKD) was associated with progression to irreversible end-stage kidney disease.


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