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PubMed Journal Database | Acta tropica RSS

03:24 EDT 24th August 2019 | BioPortfolio

The US National Library of Medicine and National Institutes of Health manage PubMed.gov which comprises of more than 29 million records, papers, reports for biomedical literature, including MEDLINE, life science and medical journals, articles, reviews, reports and  books.

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For example view all recent relevant publications on Epigenetics and associated publications and clincial trials.

Showing PubMed Articles 1–25 of 538 from Acta tropica

An innovative and user-friendly scoring system for standardised quantitative interpretation of the urine-based point-of-care strip test (POC-CCA) for the diagnosis of intestinal schistosomiasis- a proof-of-concept study.

The point-of-care strip assay for the detection of the schistosome Circulating Cathodic Antigen (POC-CCA) in urine has shown to be a user-friendly and sensitive alternative to stool microscopy for the diagnosis of Schistosoma mansoni infections. However, visual scoring of the test is by definition observer dependent and leads to discussion about the qualitative interpretation, in particular in low intensity infections when test lines tend to be weak. In order to standardise visual scoring, an innovative app...

Vaccination with Recombinant Toxoplasma gondii CDPK3 induces protective immunity against experimental toxoplasmosis.

Toxoplasma gondii, a ubiquitous and obligate intracellular pathogen, belonging to the phylum Apicomplexa, is capable of infecting a broad range of warm-blooded hosts including birds and mammals that is nearly worldwide. Preventive measures for toxoplasmosis are currently lacking and as such, development of novel vaccines is of urgent need. The plant-like calcium-dependent protein kinases (CDPKs) expressed by Toxoplasma gondii, play important roles in cell invasion, gliding motility, egress and some other de...

High prevalence of taeniasis and Taenia solium cysticercosis in children in western Sichuan, China.

Data in China on human Taenia infections, including Taenia solium cysticercosis, is largely lacking. We aimed to determine the prevalence of taeniasis with all three human Taenia species as well as T. solium cysticercosis in primary school-aged children in minority areas of western Sichuan, China. During April 2016 to December 2017, we did a cross-sectional study in five western Sichuan Province primary schools in Liangshan (3 schools), Ganzi (1 school) and Aba (1 school) prefectures. Diagnosis of taeniasis...

Unusual Clinical Manifestations of Dengue Disease - Real or Imagined?

The disease caused by each of the four serotypes of dengue virus (DENV) have plagued humans since last century. Symptoms of dengue virus (DENV) infection range from asymptomatic to dengue fever (DF) to severe dengue disease (SDD). One third of the world's population lives in regions with active urban DENV transmission, and thousands of serologically naïve travelers visit these areas annually, making a significant portion of the human population at risk of being infected. Even though lifelong immunity to th...

Comparison of the clinical signs, pathological and immuohistochemical findings in visceral organs of chickens experimentally infected with Salmonella Zega through three routes.

Salmonella Zega isolated from natural outbreaks that were characterized by high mortality in poultry farms in three Southwestern States of Nigeria was used to inoculate two week-old chicks through different routes in order to determine and compare the clinical signs, pathological and immunohistochemical changes in each route of infection. The birds were divided into 4 groups of 25 each as groups A (orally inoculated), B (intraperitoneally inoculated), C (inoculated per cloaca) and D (uninoculated control). ...

A Patent Perspective on Chikungunya.

Chikungunya is a viral disease caused by chikungunya virus (CHIKV) belonging to the Alphavirus genus and transmitted to humans by mosquitoes of Aedes spp. Nearly 40 countries in Asia, Africa, Europe, and the Americas have documented chikungunya cases. Most recent severe outbreaks have occurred in Indian Ocean islands of Réunion and Mauritius and India. There is no specific drug treatment for the disease, neither is there a standardized vaccine available for prevention of the disease. The present review giv...

Elimination of lymphatic filariasis as a public health problem from the Arab Republic of Egypt.

Lymphatic filariasis (LF) has been known in Egypt since ancient times. By 1930s it was recognized to be a major public health problem in the Nile Delta, and to be caused by Wuchereria bancrofti and transmitted by Culex pipiens. Remarkably, as a result of widespread DEC treatment and intensive vector control by the Ministry of Health and Population (MoHP), the infection rate of LF declined in the 1960s. However, relaxation of these efforts resulted in resurgence of filariasis in the 1980s and 1990s. In 2000,...

High prevalence and genetic diversity of hepatitis B viruses in insectivorous bats from China.

Bats have been identified as the hosts of hepatitis B virus (HBV) in recent years and bats HBV can infect human hepatocyte. We investigated the prevalence and genetic diversity of HBV in bats in China. In this study, a total of 197 insectivorous bats belonging to 10 bat species were captured from karst caves in Mengyin County, Shandong Province and Xianning City, Hubei Province, China. PCR amplification indicated that in total 6.6% (13/197) bats were positive to HBVs. The HBV positive rate in bats was 7.1% ...

Echinococcus granulosus: Insights into the protoscolex F-actin cytoskeleton.

Echinococcus granulosus is a cestode parasite whose cytoskeleton plasticity allows it to enter and develop inside its hosts, completing thus its life cycle. We focused our attention on F-actin organization and distribution in E. granulosus protoscoleces (PSC) in order to contribute to the knowledge of the parasite cytoskeleton. In particular, we addressed some aspects of F-actin rearrangements in PSC at different stages of the evagination/invagination process. The use of light microscopy allowed us to ident...

An observational longitudinal study to evaluate tools and strategies available for the diagnosis of Congenital Chagas Disease in a non-endemic country.

Congenital Chagas Disease (CCD) has become a global health problem. Early diagnosis and treatment is essential for the cure of the disease. Our aim was to evaluate techniques and samples used for the diagnosis of CCD in order to improve diagnostic strategies.

Molecular identification of mosquitoes of the Anopheles maculatus group of subgenus Cellia (Diptera: Culicidae) in the Indonesian Archipelago.

This study reports the molecular differentiation of females of Anopheles maculatus s.l. collected in eight localities on five islands in the Indonesian Archipelago: Hargowilis and Hargotirto villages of Central Java Province, North Kalimantan Province, Sabang off the northern tip of Sumatra Province, Sumba Island of East Nusa Tenggara Province and Sulawesi Province. Analyses based on rDNA (ITS2 and D3) and mtDNA (COII) sequences revealed the presence of An. greeni for the first time in North Kalimantan, and...

Prevalence and risk factors associated with gastrointestinal parasites in ruminant livestock in the Coastal Savannah zone of Ghana.

Gastrointestinal (GIT) parasite infections result in significant economic losses to ruminant livestock production. To determine the prevalence and risk factors associated with GIT parasite infections in livestock from Ghana, a cross-sectional survey was conducted in cattle and small ruminants kept under different management systems in the Coastal Savannah zone from October 2014 to February 2015. Faecal samples were collected from 328 cattle and 502 small ruminants (sheep and goats) and examined by formal et...

A pilot evaluation of alternative procedures for the simplification of LAMP-based malaria diagnosis in field conditions.

Highly-sensitive and field-friendly diagnostic tools are needed for accurate detection of low-density malaria infections. Although loop-mediated isothermal amplification (LAMP) fulfills these conditions, operational challenges are still encountered during pilot population screenings in remote settings when employing Loopamp MALARIA Pan/Pf detection kit (Eiken Chemical Co.). This study evaluates different procedures for the simplification of sample preparation and result reading steps of current LAMP protoco...

Role of Nucleic Acid Amplification assays in monitoring treatment response in Chagas disease: Usefulness in clinical trials.

Chagas disease has become a global health problem due to migration of infected people out of Latin America to non-endemic countries. For more than 40 years, only the nitroimidazole compounds Benznidazole and Nifurtimox, have been used for specific treatment of Trypanosoma cruzi infection with disappointing results, specially due to the long duration of treatment and adverse events in the chronic phase. In the last years, ergosterol inhibitors have been also proposed for specific treatment. Different randomi...

A preliminary study to assess the use of a "Snakes and Ladders" board game in improving the knowledge of elementary school children about taeniasis.

The Snakes and Ladders board game was modified so that it contained information on taeniasis. A quantitative approach was used to evaluate if elementary school children were able to answer correctly more questions about Taenia saginata and Taenia solium transmission and control after playing the game compared to before playing the game. In total, 78 children (9-12 years of age) from Dukuh elementary school in Karangasem District, Bali, Indonesia, were evaluated. The children were asked to complete a pre- an...

Comparison of screening tests without a gold standard - a pragmatic approach with virtual reference testing.

Well-defined diagnostic gold standards are rarely available for the diagnosis of rare diseases such as some tropical infections. Algorithms for reliable test evaluation without gold standard are therefore desirable. On the basis of previous work of Gart & Buck (1966), Rogan & Gladen (1978), and Hui & Walter (1980), a modeling approach for the comparison of diagnostic tests without a gold standard - and thus without reliably characterized reference sample material - is established especially for situations n...

Development of a Next Generation DNA Sequencing-based Multi Detection Assay for detecting and identifying Leishmania parasites, blood sources, plant meals and intestinal microbiome in phlebotomine sand flies.

Leishmaniasis is a disease caused by Leishmania parasites transmitted by phlebotomine sand flies (Diptera: Psychodidae). Human infections with different Leishmania species cause characteristic clinical manifestations; cutaneous or visceral leishmaniasis. Here we describe the development and application of a Miseq Next GenerationSequencing (NGS)-based Multi Detection Assay (MDA) designed to characterize metagenomics parameters pertinent to the sand fly vectors which may affect their vectorial capacity for Le...

Identification of Antigen B (AgB) Gene Polymorphism in Cattle and Sheep Isolates of Echinococcus granulosus and Investigation of Effects on Serological Diagnosis.

Cystic Echinococcosis (CE) is a worldwide common helminth disease caused by the larval form of Echinococcus granulosus. The aim of this study is to determine the genetic differences between distinct isolates of E. granulosus obtained from cattle and sheep and determine the polymorphism of the AgB1 gene by DNA sequence analysis, as well as investigating its relationship with serological response using ELISA and Western Blot tests. For this aim, germinal membranes of hydatid cysts of 30 cattle and 30 sheep ...

Concurrent Schistosoma mansoni and Schistosoma haematobium infections in a peri-urban community along the Weija dam in Ghana:- A Wake up call for effective National Control Programme.

Globally over 200 million people are infected with schistosomiasis, and approximately 80% are caused by just two of five species, Schistosoma haematobium and Schitosoma mansoni that are broadly distributed, and often overlap across sub-Saharan Africa. Like most neglected tropical diseases, mortality is low (an estimated 200,000 deaths annually) and morbidity is considerably high and probably underestimated. Surprisingly, little attention has been given to co-infection with these two species. We have studied...

The association between child Schistosoma spp. infections and morbidity in an irrigated rice region in Mali: a localized study.

Schistosomiasis is one of the neglected tropical diseases endemic to Mali. There has been insufficient investigation of the morbidity burden in highly endemic irrigated rice areas with the ongoing mass drug administration with praziquantel. In February 2005, a year after an initial mass drug administration in 2004, we performed the first cross-sectional survey of schistosomiasis in the Kokry-Bozo village in the Office du Niger rice irrigation region. In the fourteen years since this survey, there has been a...

The reservoir system for Trypanosoma (Kinetoplastida, Trypanosomatidae) species in large Neotropical wetland.

Distinct species of Trypanosoma have been documented sharing the same hosts in different environments in intricate transmission networks. Knowing this, this study investigated the role of different hosts in the transmission cycles of Trypanosoma species in the Pantanal biome. The mammals were sampled from November 2015 to October 2016. We sampled a total of 272 wild mammals from 27 species belonging to six orders and 15 families, and three species of triatomines (n = 7). We found high parasitemias by He...

Multilocus genotyping and risk factor analysis of Giardia duodenalis in dogs in Korea.

Giardia duodenalis (syn. G. intestinalis, G. lamblia), a protozoan parasite that infects most mammals (including humans), has recently been classified into eight different groups/assemblages (A to H) based on host range and genetic characteristics. Assemblages A and B have been reported in humans and in many other animals, including dogs. This study analyzed Giardia infections, implementing multilocus genotyping, including the 18S rRNA, gdh, and β-giardin genes, in sheltered, companion, and special-purpose...

Changing patterns in the distribution of the Mayaro virus vector Haemagogus species in Trinidad, West Indies.

The Mayaro virus disease (MAYVD) is an emerging mosquito borne zoonosis that was first reported on the island of Trinidad in 1954. The viral agent for this disease is known to presently be endemic to Central and South America. The enzootic cycle of the Mayaro virus (MAYV) is not fully characterized, though primates are thought to be the main reservoir with Haemagogus species of mosquitoes as the primary vector. This virus has been responsible for several sporadic cases of infections and limited outbreaks, b...

Tiger in the sun: a report of Aedes albopictus in Jamaica.

This report describes the presence of Aedes albopictus (Skuse) in Jamaica. The adults were found while conducting an ongoing survey of mosquitoes on the island. Specimens were collected using a combination of modified Center for Disease Control (CDC) miniature light traps and BG sentinel traps. A total of six adult female Ae. albopictus mosquitoes were collected at two different locations in October of 2018. This finding increases the number of Aedes mosquito species on the island bringing with it public he...

Molecular, morphological and experimental-infection studies of cercariae of five species in the superfamily Diplostomoidea (Trematoda: Digenea) infecting Biomphalaria straminea (Mollusca: Planorbidae) in Brazil.

Trematodes belonging to the superfamily Diplostomoidea have complex life cycles involving birds, mammals and reptiles as definitive hosts, and gastropods and different groups of invertebrates and vertebrates as intermediate hosts. Molecular studies of these parasites are numerous, but data from larval stages in mollusks remain scarce, particularly in South America. The present study focused mainly on five morphotypes of longifurcate cercariae found in Biomphalaria straminea (Dunker, 1848) from Belo Horizont...


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