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PubMed Journal Database | Advanced healthcare materials RSS

09:33 EDT 14th August 2018 | BioPortfolio

The US National Library of Medicine and National Institutes of Health manage PubMed.gov which comprises of more than 21 million records, papers, reports for biomedical literature, including MEDLINE, life science and medical journals, articles, reviews, reports and  books.  BioPortfolio aims to publish relevant information on published papers, clinical trials and news associated with users selected topics.

For example view all recent relevant publications on Epigenetics and associated publications and clincial trials.

Showing PubMed Articles 1–25 of 350 from Advanced healthcare materials

Renal Tubular- and Vascular Basement Membranes and their Mimicry in Engineering Vascularized Kidney Tubules.

The high prevalence of chronic kidney disease leads to an increased need for renal replacement therapies. While there are simply not enough donor organs available for transplantation, there is a need to seek other therapeutic avenues as current dialysis modalities are insufficient. The field of regenerative medicine and whole organ engineering is emerging, and researchers are looking for innovative ways to create (part of) a functional new organ. To biofabricate a kidney or its functional units, it is neces...

Embryonic-Like Mineralized Extracellular Matrix/Stem Cell Microspheroids as a Bone Graft Substitute.

Native bone extracellular matrix (ECM) secreted by mesenchymal precursors provides an optimal biological framework, comprising structural collagen proteins and a microenvironment niche, which supports cell attachment and differentiation, and bone growth. Inspired by nature, the embryonic-like mineralized ECM/stem cell microspheroids (MECS) are developed, in which self-assembly of the stem cell microspheroids (CS) and mineralization of the self-produced ECM occur simultaneously. The uniform-sized MECS exhibi...

Pioneering Effects and Enhanced Neurite Complexity of Primary Hippocampal Neurons on Hierarchical Neurotemplated Scaffolds.

In this work, the use of scaffolds is reported, templated from live neurons as an advanced culture platform for primary neurons. Hippocampal neurons cultured on neurotemplated scaffolds exhibit an affinity for templated somas, revealing a preference for micrometric structures amidst nanotopographical features. It is also reported, for the first time, that neurite complexity can be topographically controlled by increasing the density of nanometric features on neurotemplated scaffolds. Neurotemplated scaffold...

Coercivity Determines Magnetic Particle Heating.

Diseased cell treatment by heating with magnetic nanoparticles is hindered by their required high concentrations. A clear relationship between heating efficiency and magnetic properties of nanoparticles has not been attained experimentally yet due to limited availability of magnetic nanoparticles with varying size and composition. Here, versatile flame aerosol technology is used for the synthesis of 21 types of ferro-/ferrimagnetic nanocrystals with varying composition, size, and morphology for hyperthermia...

Acellular Cauda Equina Allograft as Main Material Combined with Biodegradable Chitin Conduit for Regeneration of Long-Distance Sciatic Nerve Defect in Rats.

Autologous nerve grafting (ANG), the gold standard treatment for peripheral nerve defects, still has many restrictions. In this study, the acellular cauda equina allograft (ACEA), which consists of biodegradable chitin conduit and acellular cauda equina, is developed. The cauda equina is able to complete decellularization more quickly and efficiently than sciatic nerves under the same conditions, and it is able to reserve more basal lamina tube. In vitro, ACEA shows superior guidance capacity for the regene...

3D-Plotted Beta-Tricalcium Phosphate Scaffolds with Smaller Pore Sizes Improve In Vivo Bone Regeneration and Biomechanical Properties in a Critical-Sized Calvarial Defect Rat Model.

Due to the difficulty in fabricating bioceramic scaffolds with smaller pore sizes by the current 3D printing technique, the effect of smaller pore sizes (below 400 µm) of 3D printed bioceramic scaffolds on the bone regeneration and biomechanical behavior is never studied. Herein beta-tricalcium phosphate (β-TCP) scaffolds with interconnected smaller pores of three different sizes (100, 250, and 400 µm) are fabricated by 3D plotting. The resultant scaffolds are then implanted into rat critical-sized calva...

Biomimetic Tissue Engineering: Tuning the Immune and Inflammatory Response to Implantable Biomaterials.

Regenerative medicine technologies rely heavily on the use of well-designed biomaterials for therapeutic applications. The success of implantable biomaterials hinges upon the ability of the chosen biomaterial to negotiate with the biological barriers in vivo. The most significant of these barriers is the immune system, which is composed of a highly coordinated organization of cells that induce an inflammatory response to the implanted biomaterial. Biomimetic platforms have emerged as novel strategies that a...

Combatting Infections with Nanomedicine.

Rational Design of Redox-Responsive and P-gp-Inhibitory Lipid Nanoparticles with High Entrapment of Paclitaxel for Tumor Therapy.

An insufficient drug concentration at the target site and drug efflux resulting in poor efficacy is recognized as important obstacles in tumor treatment. Herein, novel lipid nanoparticles (LNPs) with redox-responsive properties based on disulfide bond-contained, quercetin (Qu)-grafted glyceryl caprylate-caprate (Gcc) are introduced (Qu-SS-Gcc LNPs). Qu-SS-Gcc LNPs show good entrapment of paclitaxel (PTX) due to π-π stacking between the aromatic rings of Qu and PTX. In vitro experiments indicate that Qu-SS...

Controlling Nerve Growth with an Electric Field Induced Indirectly in Transparent Conductive Substrate Materials.

Innovative neurostimulation therapies require improved electrode materials, such as poly(3,4-ethylenedioxythiophene) (PEDOT) polymers or IrO mixed ionic-electronic conductors and better understanding of how their electrochemistry influences nerve growth. Amphibian neurons growing on transparent films of electronic (metal) conductors and electronic-ionic conductors (polymers and semiconducting oxides) are monitored. Materials are not connected directly to the power supply, but a dipole is created wirelessly ...

Aggregation-Induced Emission Luminogens: Union Is Strength, Gathering Illuminates Healthcare.

The rapid development of healthcare techniques encourages the emergence of new molecular imaging agents and modalities. Fluorescence imaging that enables precise monitoring and detection of biological processes/diseases is extensively investigated as this imaging technique has strengths in terms of high sensitivity, excellent temporal resolution, low cost, and good safety. Aggregation-induced emission luminogens (AIEgens) have recently emerged as a new class of emitters that possess several notable features...

A Transferrin Triggered Pathway for Highly Targeted Delivery of Graphene-Based Nanodrugs to Treat Choroidal Melanoma.

The synthesis of transferrin (Tf)-modified pegylated graphene (PG) and its application as a highly efficient drug delivery carrier for therapy of Ocular Choroidal Melanoma-1 (OCM-1) cells is presented. For the first reported time, nanoscaled PG is prepared using an environmentally friendly ball-milling technique. The unique 2D nanostructure obtained using this PG synthesis approach offers considerable advantages in terms of drug loading and delivery, as well as the conjugation of Tf to PG providing a more t...

Functional Multichannel Poly(Propylene Fumarate)-Collagen Scaffold with Collagen-Binding Neurotrophic Factor 3 Promotes Neural Regeneration After Transected Spinal Cord Injury.

Many factors contribute to the poor axonal regrowth and ineffective functional recovery after spinal cord injury (SCI). Biomaterials have been used for SCI repair by promoting bridge formation and reconnecting the neural tissue at the lesion site. The mechanical properties of biomaterials are critical for successful design to ensure the stable support as soon as possible when compressed by the surrounding spine and musculature. Poly(propylene fumarate) (PPF) scaffolds with high mechanical strength have been...

Redox-Activated Near-Infrared-Responsive Polyoxometalates Used for Photothermal Treatment of Alzheimer's Disease.

Adjustable structure, excellent physiochemical properties, and good biocompatibility render polyoxometalates (POMs) as a suitable drug agent for the treatment of Alzheimer's disease (AD). However, previous works using POMs against AD just focus on the inhibition of amyloid-β (Aβ) monomer aggregation. In consideration that both Aβ fibrils and reactive oxygen species (ROS) are closely associated with clinical development of AD symptoms, it would be more effective if POMs can disaggregate Aβ fibrils and el...

Stretchable Optomechanical Fiber Sensors for Pressure Determination in Compressive Medical Textiles.

Medical textiles are widely used to exert pressure on human tissues during treatment of post-surgical hematoma, burn-related wounds, chronic venous ulceration, and other maladies. However, the inability to dynamically sense and adjust the applied pressure often leads to suboptimal pressure application, prolonging treatment or resulting in poor patient outcomes. Here, a simple strategy for measuring sub-bandage pressure by integrating stretchable optomechanical fibers into elastic bandages is demonstrated. S...

Antibacterial Activity of Silver Nanoparticles: Structural Effects.

The increase of antibiotic resistance in bacteria has become a major concern for successful diagnosis and treatment of infectious diseases. Over the past few decades, significant progress has been achieved on the development of nanotechnology-based medicines for combating multidrug resistance in microorganisms. Among this, silver nanoparticles (AgNPs) hold great promise in addressing this challenge due to their broad-spectrum and robust antimicrobial properties. This review illustrates the antibacterial mec...

Sub-Micrometer Au@PDA- I Particles as Theranostic Embolism Beads for Radiosensitization and SPECT/CT Monitoring.

Au nanoparticles (3.8 ± 0.6 nm) are assembled to sub-micrometer Au particles (186.3 ± 20.4 nm) and covered with adhesive polydopamine (PDA) as embolism beads (198.8 ± 23.2 nm). Radioactive iodine-125 is labeled to Au@PDA to introduce the function of intra-irradiation. For the therapeutic effects of Au@PDA- I, Au particles sensitize the radiation to MHCC97H hepatoma cells and tumor-bearing mice. At the cellular level, after being treated with a relatively low-dose (5 Gy) γ-ray, Au-sensitized radiotherapy...

Biological Stimulus-Driven Assembly/Disassembly of Functional Nanoparticles for Targeted Delivery, Controlled Activation, and Bioelimination.

Nanoassembly technology has emerged as a powerful tool for targeted drug delivery and provides a basis for fabricating medical theranostic nanosystems. However, it is extremely difficult to concentrate nanoparticles at tumor sites, and the poor target-to-background ratio undoubtedly obstructs the accurate diagnosis and effective therapy of cancerous tissues. Importantly, the addition of biological stimulus-responsive groups to nanoassembly systems can enable a biological stimulus-driven assembly-disassembly...

Bioreactors for Cardiac Tissue Engineering.

The advances in biotechnology, biomechanics, and biomaterials can be used to develop organ models that aim to accurately emulate their natural counterparts. Heart disease, one of the leading causes of death in modern society, has attracted particular attention in the field of tissue engineering. To avoid incorrect prognosis of patients suffering from heart disease, or from adverse consequences of classical therapeutic approaches, as well as to address the shortage of heart donors, new solutions are urgently...

An Intelligent Neural Stem Cell Delivery System for Neurodegenerative Diseases Treatment.

Transplanted stem cells constitute a new therapeutic strategy for the treatment of neurological disorders. Emerging evidence indicates that a negative microenvironment, particularly one characterized by the acute inflammation/immune response caused by physical injuries or transplanted stem cells, severely impacts the survival of transplanted stem cells. In this study, to avoid the influence of the increased inflammation following physical injuries, an intelligent, double-layer, alginate hydrogel system is d...

Real-Time Imaging of Brain Tumor for Image-Guided Surgery.

The completion of surgical resection is a key prognostic factor in brain tumor treatment. This requires surgeons to identify residual tumors in theater as well as to margin the proximity of the tumor to adjacent normal tissue. Subjective assessments, such as texture palpation or visual tissue differences, are commonly used by oncology surgeons during resection to differentiate cancer lesions from normal tissue, which can potentially result in either an incomplete tumor resection, or accidental removal of no...

Mannose and Mannose-6-Phosphate Receptor-Targeted Drug Delivery Systems and Their Application in Cancer Therapy.

In order to overcome the main disadvantages of conventional cancer therapies, which prove to be inadequate because of their lack of selectivity, the development of targeted delivery systems is one of the main focuses in anticancer research. It is repeatedly shown that decorating the surface of nanocarriers with high-affinity targeting ligands, such as peptides or small molecules, is an effective way to selectively deliver therapeutics by enhancing their specific cellular uptake via the binding between a spe...

Inkjet-Spray Hybrid Printing for 3D Freeform Fabrication of Multilayered Hydrogel Structures.

Here, a new bioprinting process by combining drop-on-demand inkjet printing with a spray-coating technique, which enables the high-resolution, high-speed, and freeform fabrication of large-scale cell-laden hydrogel structures is reported. Hydrogel structures with various shapes and composed of different materials, including alginate, cellulose nanofiber, and fibrinogen, are fabricated using the inkjet-spray printing. To manufacture cell-friendly hydrogel structures with controllable stiffness, gelatine meth...

Advances in Controlling Differentiation of Adult Stem Cells for Peripheral Nerve Regeneration.

Adult stems cells, possessing the ability to grow, migrate, proliferate, and transdifferentiate into various specific phenotypes, constitute a great asset for peripheral nerve regeneration. Adult stem cells' ability to undergo transdifferentiation is sensitive to various cell-to-cell interactions and external stimuli involving interactions with physical, mechanical, and chemical cues within their microenvironment. Various studies have employed different techniques for transdifferentiating adult stem cells f...

Antishear Stress Bionic Carbon Nanotube Mesh Coating with Intracellular Controlled Drug Delivery Constructing Small-Diameter Tissue-Engineered Vascular Grafts.

Small-diameter (


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