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PubMed Journal Database | Advanced healthcare materials RSS

13:45 EST 18th November 2018 | BioPortfolio

The US National Library of Medicine and National Institutes of Health manage PubMed.gov which comprises of more than 21 million records, papers, reports for biomedical literature, including MEDLINE, life science and medical journals, articles, reviews, reports and  books.  BioPortfolio aims to publish relevant information on published papers, clinical trials and news associated with users selected topics.

For example view all recent relevant publications on Epigenetics and associated publications and clincial trials.

Showing PubMed Articles 1–25 of 374 from Advanced healthcare materials

Materials Science and Design Principles of Growth Factor Delivery Systems in Tissue Engineering and Regenerative Medicine.

Growth factors (GFs) are signaling molecules that direct cell development by providing biochemical cues for stem cell proliferation, migration, and differentiation. GFs play a key role in tissue regeneration, but one major limitation of GF-based therapies is dosage-related adverse effects. Additionally, the clinical applications and efficacy of GFs are significantly affected by the efficiency of delivery systems and other pharmacokinetic factors. Hence, it is crucial to design delivery systems that provide ...

Nanomechanics of Cells and Biomaterials Studied by Atomic Force Microscopy.

Highly Efficient In Vivo Targeting of the Pulmonary Endothelium Using Novel Modifications of Polyethylenimine: An Importance of Charge.

Pulmonary vascular disease encompasses a wide range of serious afflictions with important clinical implications. There is critical need for the development of efficient, nonviral gene therapy delivery systems. Here, a promising avenue to overcome critical issues in efficient cell targeting within the lung via a uniquely designed nanosystem is reported. Polyplexes are created by functionalizing hyperbranched polyethylenimine (PEI) with biological fatty acids and carboxylate-terminated poly(ethylene glycol) (...

Monolithic and Scalable Au Nanorod Substrates Improve PEDOT-Metal Adhesion and Stability in Neural Electrodes.

Poly(3,4-ethylenenedioxythiophene) or PEDOT is a promising candidate for next-generation neuronal electrode materials but its weak adhesion to underlying metallic conductors impedes its potential. An effective method of mechanically anchoring the PEDOT within an Au nanorod (Au-nr) structure is reported and it is demonstrated that it provides enhanced adhesion and overall PEDOT layer stability. Cyclic voltammetry (CV) stress is used to investigate adhesion and stability of spin-cast and electrodeposited PEDO...

Dynamic PEG-Peptide Hydrogels via Visible Light and FMN-Induced Tyrosine Dimerization.

Photoresponsive hydrogels have become invaluable 3D culture matrices for mimicking aspects of the extracellular matrix. Recent efforts have focused on using ultraviolet (UV) light exposure and multifunctional macromers to induce secondary hydrogel crosslinking and dynamic matrix stiffening in the presence of cells. This contribution reports the design of a novel yet simple dynamic poly(ethylene glycol)-peptide hydrogel system through flavin mononucleotide (FMN) induced di-tyrosine crosslinking. These di-tyr...

Facile Engineering of Long-Term Culturable Ex Vivo Vascularized Tissues Using Biologically Derived Matrices.

Recent advances in tissue engineering and 3D bioprinting have enabled construction of cell-laden scaffolds containing perfusable vascular networks. Although these methods partially address the nutrient-diffusion limitations present in engineered tissues, they are still restricted in both their viable vascular geometries and matrix material compatibility. To address this, tissue constructs are engineered via encapsulation of 3D printed, evacuable, free standing scaffolds of poly(vinyl alcohol) (PVA) in biolo...

Metal-Organic Framework Encapsulation Preserves the Bioactivity of Protein Therapeutics.

Protein therapeutics are prone to lose their structure and bioactivity under various environmental stressors. This study reports a facile approach using a nanoporous material, zeolitic imidazolate framework-8 (ZIF-8), as an encapsulant for preserving the prototypic protein therapeutic, insulin, against different harsh conditions that may be encountered during storage, formulation, and transport, including elevated temperatures, mechanical agitation, and organic solvent. Both immunoassay and spectroscopy ana...

Dual Polymerizations: Untapped Potential for Biomaterials.

Block copolymers with unique architectures and those that can self-assemble into supramolecular structures are used in medicine as biomaterial scaffolds and delivery vehicles for cells, therapeutics, and imaging agents. To date, much of the work relies on controlling polymer behavior by varying the monomer side chains to add functionality and tune hydrophobicity. Although varying the side chains is an efficient strategy to control polymer behavior, changing the polymer backbone can also be a powerful approa...

Micropatterned Scaffolds with Immobilized Growth Factor Genes Regenerate Bone and Periodontal Ligament-Like Tissues.

Periodontal disease destroys supporting structures of teeth. However, tissue engineering strategies offer potential to enhance regeneration. Here, the strategies of patterned topography, spatiotemporally controlled growth factor gene delivery, and cell-based therapy to repair bone-periodontal ligament (PDL) interfaces are combined. Micropatterned scaffolds are fabricated for the ligament regions using polycaprolactone (PCL)/polylactic-co-glycolic acid and combined with amorphous PCL scaffolds for the bone r...

Scalable Production of Therapeutic Protein Nanoparticles Using Flash Nanoprecipitation.

Flash nanoprecipitation (FNP) by fast mixing of drug-containing organic solvent and water in a microchamber is a powerful and scalable technology to produce solid drug nanoparticles with high payload. The embedded therapeutic drugs, however, are largely limited to hydrophobic small molecules. By transferring proteins into organic solvent via hydrophobic ion pairing, the scope of FNP applications is expanded. This platform technology is capable of producing protein nanoparticles with tunable sizes (from ≈3...

Two-Layered and Stretchable e-Textile Patches for Wearable Healthcare Electronics.

Wearable healthcare systems require skin-adhering electrodes that allow maximal comfort for patients as well as an electronics system to enable signal processing and transmittance. Textile-based electronics, known as "e-textiles," is a platform technology that allows comfort for patients. Here, two-layered e-textile patches are designed by controlled permeation of Ag-particle/fluoropolymer composite ink into a porous textile. The permeated ink forms a cladding onto the nanofibers in the textile substrate, w...

Antidiabetic Effect of Abextide, a Long-Acting Exendin-4 Analogue in Cynomolgus Monkeys.

Abextide, synthesized by conjugating an albumin-binding moiety-truncated Evans blue-to glucagon-like peptide 1 receptor (GLP-1R) agonist exendin-4, shows extended drug release and enhanced hypoglycemic effect in diabetic mice. The aim of this study is to evaluate the pharmacodynamics of Abextide in nonhuman primates. Two batches of elderly cynomolgus monkeys with naturally occurring diabetes are used for this study. During the whole experiment period, no abnormalities such as swelling at the injection site,...

Sustained and Bioresponsive Two-Stage Delivery of Therapeutic miRNA via Polyplex Micelle-Loaded Injectable Hydrogels for Inhibition of Intervertebral Disc Fibrosis.

Intervertebral disc degeneration (IDD) is frequently caused by gradual pathological changes inside intervertebral discs (IVDs) and progressive fibrosis. MicroRNA-29 (miR-29) family possesses potent fibrosis suppression capability, but their application for treatment of chronic IDD is limited due to lack of suitable local delivery systems. In this report, given various overexpressed matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs) during IDD, injectable MMP-degradable hydrogels encapsulating MMP-responsive polyplex micelles...

Small-Sized Cationic miRi-PCNPs Selectively Target the Kidneys for High-Efficiency Antifibrosis Treatment.

Small-sized cationic miRi (microRNA-21 inhibitor)-PCNPs (low molecular weight chitosan (LMWC)-modified polylactide-co-glycoside (PLGA) nanoparticles (PLNPs)) with special kidney-targeting and high-efficiency antifibrosis treatment are fabricated through coupling miRi, PLGA, and LMWC. In the miRi-PCNPs, easily degraded miRi is encapsulated in PCNPs and thus prevented from degradation by nuclease. Cytotoxicity, immunotoxicity, and systemic toxicity assays and in vitro and ex vivo fluorescence imaging suggest ...

Bioactive Silk-Based Nerve Guidance Conduits for Augmenting Peripheral Nerve Repair.

Repair of peripheral nerve injuries depends upon complex biology stemming from the manifold and challenging injury-healing processes of the peripheral nervous system. While surgical treatment options are available, they tend to be characterized by poor clinical outcomes for the injured patients. This is particularly apparent in the clinical management of a nerve gap whereby nerve autograft remains the best clinical option despite numerous limitations; in addition, effective repair becomes progressively more...

Label-Free Quantification Proteomics for the Identification of Mesenchymal Stromal Cell Matrisome Inside 3D Poly(Ethylene Glycol) Hydrogels.

Cells modulate the functional properties of their environment by depositing extracellular matrix (ECM) proteins during biological processes in vivo and in vitro. Despite the ECMs central role in tissue formation, its quantification in hydrogels like Matrigel, which have a complex materials-inherent biopolymer composition is exceptionally challenging. Here, the use of protein-free, synthetic poly(ethylene glycol) hydrogels enables the analysis of deposited human bone marrow mesenchymal stromal cells ECM dire...

Protein-Engineered Biomaterials for Cancer Theranostics.

Proteins are an important class of biomaterials promising a variety of applications such as drug delivery, and imaging or therapy, owing to their biodegradability, biocompatibility, as well as inherent biological activities acting as enzymes, recognizing molecules, or therapeutics by themselves. Over the few past decades, different types of proteins with desired properties have been widely explored for biomedical applications. Many therapeutic proteins have now entered clinical use. This review therefore su...

Voltaglue Bioadhesives Energized with Interdigitated 3D-Graphene Electrodes.

Soft tissue fixation of implant and bioelectrodes relies on mechanical means (e.g., sutures, staples, and screws), with associated complications of tissue perforation, scarring, and interfacial stress concentrations. Adhesive bioelectrodes address these shortcomings with voltage cured carbene-based bioadhesives, locally energized through graphene interdigitated electrodes. Electrorheometry and adhesion structure activity relationships are explored with respect to voltage and electrolyte on bioelectrodes syn...

Protein Nanotherapeutics as an Emerging Modality for Cancer Therapy.

Protein drugs are a unique and versatile class of biotherapeutics that have not only high biological activity but also superb specificity. This rapidly evolving biotechnology has rendered it possible to produce various proteins in a large scale and reproducible way. Many proteins have demonstrated striking anticancer activities and have emerged as advanced alternatives to cytotoxic chemotherapeutic agents for cancer therapy. The clinical translation of anticancer proteins with intracellular targets is, neve...

Biomineralization-Inspired Material Design for Bone Regeneration.

Synthetic substitutes of bone grafts, such as calcium phosphate-based ceramics, have shown some good clinical successes in the regeneration of large bone defects and are currently extensively used. In the past decade, the field of biomineralization has delivered important new fundamental knowledge and techniques to better understand this fascinating phenomenon. This knowledge is also applied in the field of biomaterials, with the aim of bringing the composition and structure, and hence the performance, of s...

Bi S -Tween 20 Nanodots Loading PI3K Inhibitor, LY294002, for Mild Photothermal Therapy of LoVo Cells In Vitro and In Vivo.

Although various types of photothermal agents are developed for photothermal cancer therapy, relatively few photothermal agents exhibit high tumor inhibition rate under relatively mild conditions. Herein, a multifunctional Bi S -Tween 20 nanoplatform loaded with PI3K inhibitor LY294002 is designed as a novel photothermal agent for inhibitor and photothermal synergistic therapy of tumors under mild photothermal therapy conditions. The LY294002 of PI3K inhibitor, after being loaded by Bi S -Tween 20 nanodots,...

Novel In Situ Gelling Hydrogels Loaded with Recombinant Collagen Peptide Microspheres as a Slow-Release System Induce Ectopic Bone Formation.

New solutions for large bone defect repair are needed. Here, in situ gelling slow release systems for bone induction are assessed. Collagen-I based Recombinant Peptide (RCP) microspheres (MSs) are produced and used as a carrier for bone morphogenetic protein 2 (BMP-2). The RCP-MSs are dispersed in three hydrogels: high mannuronate (SLM) alginate, high guluronate (SLG) alginate, and thermoresponsive hyaluronan derivative (HApN). HApN+RCP-MS forms a gel structure at 32 ºC or above, while SLM+RCP-MS and SLG+R...

Bioengineering Organs for Blood Detoxification.

For patients with severe kidney or liver failure the best solution is currently organ transplantation. However, not all patients are eligible for transplantation and due to limited organ availability, most patients are currently treated with therapies using artificial kidney and artificial liver devices. These therapies, despite their relative success in preserving the patients' life, have important limitations since they can only replace part of the natural kidney or liver functions. As blood detoxificatio...

Organ-On-A-Chip Platforms: A Convergence of Advanced Materials, Cells, and Microscale Technologies.

Exogenous Amino Acid-Loaded Nanovehicles: Stepping across Endogenous Magnetic Resonance Spectroscopy.

Magnetic resonance spectroscopy (MRS) allows the assessment of metabolic contents and biochemical information in vivo. It provides essential compositional information in the diagnosis and monitoring of central nervous system (CNS) diseases, especially brain tumors. Conventional MRS is usually confined to endogenous metabolites that may lack specificity for certain disease such as differentiating glioma from other tumor and non-tumorous lesions. Therefore, exogenous MRS contrast agents (CAs) that may improve...


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