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PubMed Journal Database | Advanced healthcare materials RSS

22:51 EDT 23rd May 2018 | BioPortfolio

The US National Library of Medicine and National Institutes of Health manage PubMed.gov which comprises of more than 21 million records, papers, reports for biomedical literature, including MEDLINE, life science and medical journals, articles, reviews, reports and  books.  BioPortfolio aims to publish relevant information on published papers, clinical trials and news associated with users selected topics.

For example view all recent relevant publications on Epigenetics and associated publications and clincial trials.

Showing PubMed Articles 1–25 of 344 from Advanced healthcare materials

Biological Stimulus-Driven Assembly/Disassembly of Functional Nanoparticles for Targeted Delivery, Controlled Activation, and Bioelimination.

Nanoassembly technology has emerged as a powerful tool for targeted drug delivery and provides a basis for fabricating medical theranostic nanosystems. However, it is extremely difficult to concentrate nanoparticles at tumor sites, and the poor target-to-background ratio undoubtedly obstructs the accurate diagnosis and effective therapy of cancerous tissues. Importantly, the addition of biological stimulus-responsive groups to nanoassembly systems can enable a biological stimulus-driven assembly-disassembly...

Bioreactors for Cardiac Tissue Engineering.

The advances in biotechnology, biomechanics, and biomaterials can be used to develop organ models that aim to accurately emulate their natural counterparts. Heart disease, one of the leading causes of death in modern society, has attracted particular attention in the field of tissue engineering. To avoid incorrect prognosis of patients suffering from heart disease, or from adverse consequences of classical therapeutic approaches, as well as to address the shortage of heart donors, new solutions are urgently...

An Intelligent Neural Stem Cell Delivery System for Neurodegenerative Diseases Treatment.

Transplanted stem cells constitute a new therapeutic strategy for the treatment of neurological disorders. Emerging evidence indicates that a negative microenvironment, particularly one characterized by the acute inflammation/immune response caused by physical injuries or transplanted stem cells, severely impacts the survival of transplanted stem cells. In this study, to avoid the influence of the increased inflammation following physical injuries, an intelligent, double-layer, alginate hydrogel system is d...

Real-Time Imaging of Brain Tumor for Image-Guided Surgery.

The completion of surgical resection is a key prognostic factor in brain tumor treatment. This requires surgeons to identify residual tumors in theater as well as to margin the proximity of the tumor to adjacent normal tissue. Subjective assessments, such as texture palpation or visual tissue differences, are commonly used by oncology surgeons during resection to differentiate cancer lesions from normal tissue, which can potentially result in either an incomplete tumor resection, or accidental removal of no...

Mannose and Mannose-6-Phosphate Receptor-Targeted Drug Delivery Systems and Their Application in Cancer Therapy.

In order to overcome the main disadvantages of conventional cancer therapies, which prove to be inadequate because of their lack of selectivity, the development of targeted delivery systems is one of the main focuses in anticancer research. It is repeatedly shown that decorating the surface of nanocarriers with high-affinity targeting ligands, such as peptides or small molecules, is an effective way to selectively deliver therapeutics by enhancing their specific cellular uptake via the binding between a spe...

Inkjet-Spray Hybrid Printing for 3D Freeform Fabrication of Multilayered Hydrogel Structures.

Here, a new bioprinting process by combining drop-on-demand inkjet printing with a spray-coating technique, which enables the high-resolution, high-speed, and freeform fabrication of large-scale cell-laden hydrogel structures is reported. Hydrogel structures with various shapes and composed of different materials, including alginate, cellulose nanofiber, and fibrinogen, are fabricated using the inkjet-spray printing. To manufacture cell-friendly hydrogel structures with controllable stiffness, gelatine meth...

Advances in Controlling Differentiation of Adult Stem Cells for Peripheral Nerve Regeneration.

Adult stems cells, possessing the ability to grow, migrate, proliferate, and transdifferentiate into various specific phenotypes, constitute a great asset for peripheral nerve regeneration. Adult stem cells' ability to undergo transdifferentiation is sensitive to various cell-to-cell interactions and external stimuli involving interactions with physical, mechanical, and chemical cues within their microenvironment. Various studies have employed different techniques for transdifferentiating adult stem cells f...

Antishear Stress Bionic Carbon Nanotube Mesh Coating with Intracellular Controlled Drug Delivery Constructing Small-Diameter Tissue-Engineered Vascular Grafts.

Small-diameter (

Mechanical Considerations for Electrospun Nanofibers in Tendon and Ligament Repair.

Electrospun nanofibers possess unique qualities such as nanodiameter, high surface area to volume ratio, biomimetic architecture, and tunable chemical and electrical properties. Numerous studies have demonstrated the potential of nanofibrous architecture to direct cell morphology, migration, and more complex biological processes such as differentiation and extracellular matrix (ECM) deposition through topographical guidance cues. These advantages have created great interest in electrospun fibers for biomedi...

Nanomedicine Approaches Against Parasitic Worm Infections.

Nanomedicine approaches have the potential to transform the battle against parasitic worm (helminth) infections, a major global health scourge from which billions are currently suffering. It is anticipated that the intersection of two currently disparate fields, nanomedicine and helminth biology, will constitute a new frontier in science and technology. This progress report surveys current innovations in these research fields and discusses research opportunities. In particular, the focus is on: (1) major ch...

Nanofibered Gelatin-Based Nonwoven Elasticity Promotes Epithelial Histogenesis.

Regarding tissue regeneration, mechanics of biomaterials gains progressive importance. Therefore, this study reports on in situ crosslinked electrospun gelatin nonwoven mats (NWMs) whose distinct modulus of elasticity (ME) promotes epithelial tissue formation in a graded manner. NWMs, comprising fiber diameters in various distributions, yield an ME of about 2.1, 3.2, and 10.9 kPa. A two-step approach of preclinical in vitro validation identifies the elasticity of 3.2 kPa as superior to the other, regarding ...

Broad-Spectrum Neutralization of Pore-Forming Toxins with Human Erythrocyte Membrane-Coated Nanosponges.

Neutralization of bacterial toxins has become a compelling approach to treating bacterial infections as it may pose less selective pressure for the development of bacterial resistance. Currently, the majority of toxin neutralization platforms act by targeting the molecular structure of the toxin, which requires toxin identification and customized design for different diseases. Therefore, their development has been challenged by the enormous number and complexity of bacterial toxins. Herein, biomimetic toxin...

A Silk Cranial Fixation System for Neurosurgery.

Cranial fixation should be safe, reliable, ideally degradable, and produce no hazardous residues and no artifacts on neuroimaging. Protein-based fixation devices offer an exciting opportunity for this application. Here, the preclinical development and in vivo efficacy verification of a silk cranial fixation system in functional models are reported by addressing key challenges toward clinical use. A comprehensive study on this fixation system in rodent and canine animal models for up to 12 months is carried ...

Well-Controlled Cell-Trapping Systems for Investigating Heterogeneous Cell-Cell Interactions.

Microfluidic systems have been developed for patterning single cells to study cell-cell interactions. However, patterning multiple types of cells to understand heterogeneous cell-cell interactions remains difficult. Here, it is aimed to develop a cell-trapping device to assemble multiple types of cells in the well-controlled order and morphology. This device mainly comprises a parylene sheet for assembling cells and a microcomb for controlling the cell-trapping area. The cell-trapping area is controlled by ...

Hierarchical Design of Tissue Regenerative Constructs.

The worldwide shortage of organs fosters significant advancements in regenerative therapies. Tissue engineering and regeneration aim to supply or repair organs or tissues by combining material scaffolds, biochemical signals, and cells. The greatest challenge entails the creation of a suitable implantable or injectable 3D macroenvironment and microenvironment to allow for ex vivo or in vivo cell-induced tissue formation. This review gives an overview of the essential components of tissue regenerating scaffol...

Microphysiological Analytic Platforms (MAPs): Precision Organs on Chip.

An Accessible Organotypic Microvessel Model Using iPSC-Derived Endothelium.

While organotypic approaches promise increased relevance through the inclusion of increased complexity (e.g., 3D extracellular microenvironment, structure/function relationships, presence of multiple cell types), cell source is often overlooked. Induced pluripotent stem cell (iPSC)-derived cells are potentially more physiologically relevant than cell lines, while also being less variable than primary cells, and recent advances have made them commercially available at costs similar to cell lines. Here, the u...

DNA Nanostructure-Based Systems for Intelligent Delivery of Therapeutic Oligonucleotides.

In the beginning of the 21st century, therapeutic oligonucleotides have shown great potential for the treatment of many life-threatening diseases. However, effective delivery of therapeutic oligonucleotides to the targeted location in vivo remains a major issue. As an emerging field, DNA nanotechnology is applied in many aspects including bioimaging, biosensing, and drug delivery. With sequence programming and optimization, a series of DNA nanostructures can be precisely engineered with defined size, shape,...

DNA Nanotubes with Hydrophobic Environments: Toward New Platforms for Guest Encapsulation and Cellular Delivery.

Natural systems combine different supramolecular interactions in a hierarchical manner to build structures. In contrast, DNA nanotechnology relies almost exclusively on DNA base pairing for structure generation. Introducing other supramolecular interactions can expand the structural and functional range of DNA assemblies, but this requires an understanding of the interplay between these interactions. Here, an economic strategy to build DNA nanotubes functionalized with lipid-like polymers is reported. When ...

Photoacoustic-Enabled Self-Guidance in Magnetic-Hyperthermia Fe@Fe3 O4 Nanoparticles for Theranostics In Vivo.

Magnetic nanoparticles have gained much interest for theranostics benefited from their intrinsic integration of imaging and therapeutic abilities. Herein, c(RGDyK) peptide PEGylated Fe@Fe3 O4 nanoparticles (RGD-PEG-MNPs) are developed for photoacoustic (PA)-enabled self-guidance in tumor-targeting magnetic hyperthermia therapy in vivo. In the αv β3 -positive U87MG glioblastoma xenograft model, the PA signal of RGD-PEG-MNPs reaches its maximum in the tumor at 6 h after intravenous administration. This sign...

Functionalized Nanoparticles Efficiently Enhancing the Targeted Delivery, Tumor Penetration, and Anticancer Activity of 7-Ethyl-10-Hydroxycamptothecin.

The enhanced permeability and retention (EPR) effect of tumors is much more complex than initially defined, and it alone is not sufficient for targeted delivery of nanosized agents. Meanwhile, poor tumor penetration is another major challenge for the treatment of solid tumors using nanoparticles. Development of delivery systems for SN38, the active metabolite of CPT-11 in human and a very potent anticancer molecule, has become an attractive research area. PEGx -p(HEMASN38)y (x and y are viable), a prodrug s...

Nitric Oxide Dependent Degradation of Polyethylene Glycol-Modified Single-Walled Carbon Nanotubes: Implications for Intra-Articular Delivery.

Polyethylene glycol (PEG)-modified carbon nanotubes have been successfully employed for intra-articular delivery in mice without systemic or local toxicity. However, the fate of the delivery system itself remains to be understood. In this study 2 kDa PEG-modified single-walled carbon nanotubes (PNTs) are synthesized, and trafficking and degradation following intra-articular injection into the knee-joint of healthy mice are studied. Using confocal Raman microspectroscopy, PNTs can be imaged in the knee-joint...

Designing 3D Biological Surfaces via the Breath-Figure Method.

The fabrication of biointerfaces that mimic cellular physiological environments is critical to understanding cell behaviors in vitro and for the design of tissue engineering. Breath figure is a self-assemble method that uses water droplets condensed from moisture as template and ends up with a highly ordered hexagonal pore array; this approach is used to fabricate various biological substrates. This progress report provides an overview of strategies to achieve topographical modifications and chemical-patter...

Engineering Polymersomes for Diagnostics and Therapy.

Engineered polymer vesicles, termed as polymersomes, confer a flexibility to control their structure, properties, and functionality. Self-assembly of amphiphilic copolymers leads to vesicles consisting of a hydrophobic bilayer membrane and hydrophilic core, each of which is loaded with a wide array of small and large molecules of interests. As such, polymersomes are increasingly being studied as carriers of imaging probes and therapeutic drugs. Effective delivery of polymersomes necessitates careful design ...

pH-Responsive PEG-Doxorubicin-Encapsulated Aza-BODIPY Nanotheranostic Agent for Imaging-Guided Synergistic Cancer Therapy.

Synergistic cancer therapy is of great interest for multiple advantages, such as excellent targeting accuracy, low side effects, and enhanced therapeutic efficiency. Herein, a near-infrared photosensitizer aza-BODIPY (AB) with high singlet oxygen quantum yield (ΦΔ = 82%) is designed and synthesized. With Schiff's base obtained from condensation reaction between doxorubicin (DOX) and polyethylene glycol-benzaldehyde (PEG-CHO) as the polymer matrix, aza-BODIPY is encapsulated to afford hydrophilic nanoparti...


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