PubMed Journal Database | American journal of otolaryngology RSS

06:47 EDT 24th March 2019 | BioPortfolio

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Showing PubMed Articles 1–25 of 107 from American journal of otolaryngology

The effects of different packing materials on healing and hearing after trauma to middle ear mucosa, an experimental study in rats.

Free thyroid transfer to anterolateral thigh for prevention of radiation induced hypothyroidism: An initial experience.

Radiation induced hypothyroidism (RIHT) is one of the commonest late side effects of radiation therapy and is seen in more than half of patients and affects quality of life significantly. We report our initial experience on feasibility of free microvascular transfer of thyroid gland out of radiation field to prevent development of RIHT.

The relationship between IL-17A and IL-22 expression and clinical severity in patients with moderate/severe persistent allergic rhinitis.

Several reactions leading to numerous effects are regulated by IL-22. However, the relationship between IL-22 and immunopathogensis of allergic rhinitis (AR) has been rarely investigated. The aim of the present study was to investigate the levels of IL-22 and IL-17A in AR patients and their association with clinical severity of persistent allergic rhinitis (PAR).

Bacterial cellulose graft versus fat graft in closure of tympanic membrane perforation.

To compare between results of bacterial cellulose graft myringoplasty and fat graft myingoplasty in patients had mild or moderate size safe perforation.

Molecular and immunologic analysis of laryngeal squamous cell carcinoma in smokers and non-smokers.

Laryngeal squamous cell carcinoma (LSCC) is strongly associated with tobacco use, but recent reports suggest an increasing incidence of LSCC in patients without traditional risk factors, suggesting an alternative etiology of tumorigenesis. The purpose of this study is to characterize this non-smoking population and to compare immunohistochemical markers in tumor specimens from non-smokers and smokers with LSCC.

Computational fluid dynamics analysis of H-uvulopalatopharyngoplasty in obstructive sleep apnea syndrome.

To explore the impact of H-uvulopalatopharyngoplasty (H-UPPP) in obstructive sleep apnea syndrome (OSAS) and gain insights into the potential mechanism underlying improvement by H-UPPP.

Oral core-needle biopsy in the diagnosis of malignant parapharyngeal space tumors.

To confirm the pre-treatment diagnosis of parapharyngeal space malignancy could aid the treatment plan.

Titanium ossicular chain reconstruction in single stage canal wall down tympanoplasty for chronic otitis media with mucosa defect.

To evaluate surgical outcomes for chronic otitis media with mucosa defect underwent titanium ossicular chain reconstruction (OCR) in single stage canal wall down tympanoplasty (CWD).

Prognostic factors and survival outcomes for head and neck cutaneous adnexal cancers.

Malignant cutaneous adnexal tumors (MCAT) are rare and comprise a heterogeneous group of cancers. There have been several studies reviewing prognostic factors of these tumors, but no studies focusing on the head and neck. This study aimed to review a large population based database to evaluate prognostic factors that could impact survival.

Management of spontaneous temporal bone cerebrospinal fluid leak: A 30-year experience.

The goal of this study was to describe the incidence of and our long-term results in the management of spontaneous temporal bone CSF leak and to determine if there is any association with an increase in body mass index (BMI).

Radiographic findings in young adults with asymmetric sensorineural hearing loss.

To evaluate radiographic findings in US Navy recruits found to have asymmetric sensorineural hearing loss (ASNHL) during routine medical screening.

Preemptive intravenous ibuprofen application reduces pain and opioid consumption following thyroid surgery.

The primary aim of this study was to investigate the effects of preemptive a single dose IV ibuprofen on postoperative 48 h opioid consumption and postoperative pain in patients undergoing thyroidectomy.

The fragility of statistically significant results in otolaryngology randomized trials.

The American Academy of Otolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery regards randomized controlled trials as class A evidence. A novel method to determine the robustness of outcomes in trials is the fragility index. This index represents the number of patients whose status would have to change from a non-event to an event to make a statistically significant result non-significant.

Clinical characteristics of internal carotid artery pseudoaneurysms in the sphenoid sinus.

Internal carotid artery (ICA) pseudoaneurysms are associated with high mortality if lack of proper management. Patients with ICA pseudoaneurysms in the sphenoid sinus often visit a hospital's ear, nose and throat (ENT) department due to nasal bleeding. In such cases, simple examination and therapy will lead to misdiagnosis.

Slowly progressive facial paralysis: Intraneural squamous cell carcinoma of unknown primary.

In this report, we present a unique case of intraneural squamous cell carcinoma of unknown primary found within the facial nerve and the proposed algorithms for diagnosis and management of progressive idiopathic facial paralysis.

Unassisted percutaneous tracheostomy: A new flow chart decision making based on simple physical conditions.

Percutaneous dilatation tracheostomy (PDT) has several advantages over traditional surgical tracheostomy. However, it is still performed using bronchoscopy guidance.

Response to letter.

Commentary on letter to editor titled "surgical management of patients with Eagle syndrome".

Clinical features and outcomes in young adults with oral tongue cancer.

To evaluate outcomes and survival in young patients with oral tongue cancer (OTC).

In vitro analysis of growth patterns of invasive fungal species on commonly used endonasal hemostatic agents.

Previous studies have not examined the potential role of endonasal hemostatic agents in facilitating growth of fungal species. We aim to determine the possibility of these to serve as a nutrient source for fungal growth.

Laryngeal inflammatory response to smoke and vape in a murine model.

To build a murine model for tobacco smoke and electronic cigarette vapor exposure to characterize the inflammatory and immune responses in the larynx.

Multi-specialty knowledge on surgical a management: Implementation of an educational initiative.

Deficiencies in airway management knowledge can result in harm, especially in tracheostomy patients. Our objective is to assess the degree of knowledge in different medical specialties, before and after targeted airway education.

Patient preferences regarding the communication of biopsy results in the general otolaryngology clinic.

To determine the preferred methods of communicating biopsy results for patients in our comprehensive otolaryngology clinic, and to examine factors associated with preferring remote vs. in-person communication of results.

Analysis of the role of thyroidectomy and thymectomy in the surgical treatment of secondary hyperparathyroidism.

Parathyroidectomy can be subtotal or total with an autograft for the treatment of renal hyperparathyroidism. In both cases, it may be extended with bilateral thymectomy and total or partial thyroidectomy. Thymectomy may be recommended in combination with parathyroidectomy in order to prevent mediastinal recurrence. Also, the occurrence of thyroid disease observed in patients with hyperparathyroidism is poorly understood and the incidence of cancer is controversial. The aim of the present study was to report...

Poorly differentiated plasmacytoid squamous cell carcinoma: Case report of a rare malignancy.

Plasmacytoid squamous cell carcinoma is an especially aggressive variant of squamous cell carcinoma that has previously been described in the literature as a variant of oral cancers and most extensively, in vulvular [3], transitional cell, and urothelial carcinomas [2,13,15-20]. In this case report, we present a 36-year-old man with 6 to 8 weeks of a progressively enlarging mass over the lateral third of his clavicle, acromion process, and deltoid. The mass was resected, and the supraclavicular defect was...

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