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Bullous pemphigoid is the most frequent autoimmune bullous disease and mainly affects elderly individuals. Increase in incidence rates in the past decades has been attributed to population aging, drug-induced cases and improvement in the diagnosis of the nonbullous presentations of the disease. A dysregulated T cell immune response and synthesis of IgG and IgE autoantibodies against hemidesmosomal proteins (BP180 and BP230) lead to neutrophil chemotaxis and degradation of the basement membrane zone. Bullous...
Occupational dermatoses are common, especially contact dermatitis. Epidemiological studies on these dermatoses are scarce in Brazil and they are necessary as part of the public policy to protect workers' health.
Skin cancer is common in Brazil and is related to sun exposure, among other risk factors. There are no data on the incidence of malignant skin neoplasm in rural workers in western Paraná.
Tacrolimus, for its activity on modulation of collagen production and fibroblast activity, may have a role in the prevention of hypertrophic scars.
Excessive sun exposure is the major risk factor for skin cancer. Thus, sun exposure behavior is the major focus for prevention of this disease, since it is potentially modifiable. Increasing the knowledge on sun related habits and other skin cancer risk factors is fundamental in the development of preventive programs, especially when directed to young people.
Leprosy is a neglected disease caused by Mycobacterium leprae. Brazil has the second largest number of cases in the world.
Psoriasis and obesity are somewhat related to a low-grade systemic inflammatory response.
Psoriasis is a systemic inflammatory disorder that involves complex pathogenic interactions between the innate and adaptive immune systems. The most accepted mechanism in the etiopathogenesis of psoriasis is the induction of inflammation with keratinocyte hyperproliferation. Granulysin (GNLY) is a cytolytic antimicrobial peptide (AMP) that is secreted together with granzyme and perforin from the granules of human cytotoxic T lymphocytes (CTLs) and natural killer (NK) cells. It has been immunohistochemically...
This study aims to evaluate tissue healing efficacy in burn patients treated with 1% silver sulfadiazine versus other treatments. This is a systematic literature review and meta-analysis of randomized clinical trials performed according to the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyzes (PRISMA) and PICO strategy, registered in the International Prospective Register of Systematic Reviews (PROSPERO) under the number CRD42017081057. The review found 71 studies in MEDLINE/Pubmed, 1 in Cl...
Cutaneous collagenous vasculopathy is a rare acquired idiopathic microangiopathy characterized by progressive development of diffuse asymptomatic telangiectasias and histologically by accumulation of collagen type IV around the affected vessels. It is diagnosed by its clinical history, confirmed by light microscopy with collagen-specific immunostaining. We report a case of a patient with extensive acquired telangiectasias on the left arm, clinically resembling unilateral nevoid telangiectasia. Dilated blood...
Onychocytic matricoma is a newly described tumor of the nail matrix. Clinically, it presents with localized thickening of the nail plate and melanonychia. Histologically, it represents a benign acanthoma of onychocytes. There are 8 cases reported in the literature. A 12-year-old girl presented with localized melanonychia and concurrent thickening of the nail plate restricted to the area of pigmentation affecting the right thumb, with no history of trauma or pain. We report a case of this rare tumor occurrin...
Toxic epidermal necrolysis is a condition with massive keratinocyte apoptosis, and it is associated with high mortality rates. Fulvestrant, an estrogen receptor antagonist, is indicated in the treatment of estrogen receptor-positive metastatic breast cancer in postmenopausal women. To our knowledge, this is the first described case of toxic epidermal necrolysis due to fulvestrant. A 56-year-old woman received 500 mg of intramuscular fulvestrant monthly for metastatic ductal carcinoma of the breast. Five day...
Vegetative chronic genital herpes is an atypical presentation of herpes simplex 2 that it is usually seen in patients coinfected with human immunodeficiency virus. Clinically, it is characterized by extensive ulcers that evolve to chronification and hypertrophic pseudotumor forms. Antiviral drugs are recommended for the treatment, and acyclovir is the most used one. Foscarnet is the treatment of choice to resistant cases, although treatment failure has been reported. We report a male patient, previously dia...
Psoriasis has been associated with various autoimmune diseases, however, its relation to bullous diseases is infrequent. Of these, bullous pemphigoid appears as the main associated entity, even though both conditions differ considerably in demographic and clinical aspects. We report the case of a 42-year-old female patient, with long-standing psoriasis who consulted due to the exacerbation of psoriatic plaques associated with generalized bullous lesions on the skin and oral mucosa, with one-week duration. W...
Nevus sebaceous is the most common type of organoid epidermal nevus, often located on the face, following the Blaschko's lines and with alterations in the ipsilateral central nervous system. Distinct disorders can be distinguished by the type of association with epidermal nevus. Schimmelpenning-Feuerstein-Mims syndrome is a rare multisystem disorder characterized by sebaceous nevus associated with extracutaneous abnormalities affecting the brain, eyes and bones. We report the case of an 8-year-old female pa...
Eccrine porocarcinoma (EPC) is a rare malignant skin tumor. The dermoscopy of invasive EPC reveals focal presence of whitish-pink, structureless areas surrounded by pinkish-white halos. In an eccrine poroma (EP), such areas present diffuse distribution in the "frog- eggs" pattern. We reported an EPC in situ that presents a transitional dermoscopy pattern between EP and invasive EPC. We found a diffuse distribution; whitish-pink, structureless areas surrounded by pinkish-white halos; a central exulceration a...
We report the case of an 8-year-old child with subungual exostosis, whose diagnosis was suspected on the basis of dermoscopic findings and subsequently confirmed by X-ray and histopathology.
Leprosy is a chronic neglected and stigmatizing disease. Due to involvement of the peripheral nerves, it can result in physical disabilities, deformities, and emotional damage if not diagnosed and treated promptly. This is the case of a young patient with testicular pain and swelling and no improvement after a specific therapeutic scheme for tuberculosis. Clinical and laboratory reevaluation revealed hypoesthetic skin patches associated with post-burn crusted ulcers on the left arm, thickening of ulnar nerv...
Atypical fibroxanthoma is a rare superficial fibrohistiocytic tumor. Clinically, it presents itself as a painless, solitary, ulcerated, and slow-growing nodule found mainly on sun-exposed areas - especially of the head and neck - of elderly individuals. The diagnosis is based on histopathological and immunohistochemical features. Immunohistochemical staining plays a critical role for the exclusion of differential diagnoses. Since atypical fibroxanthoma has an indolent clinical course, surgical excision is a...