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The US National Library of Medicine and National Institutes of Health manage PubMed.gov which comprises of more than 29 million records, papers, reports for biomedical literature, including MEDLINE, life science and medical journals, articles, reviews, reports and books.
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Few rehabilitation methods have proven their efficacy in increasing sensori-motor recovery and/or function of the upper limb (UL) after stroke. Video games (VGs) are promising tools in this indication.
Aesthetics is recognized as a main outcome in idiopathic scoliosis (IS) treatment, but to date, there is no criterion standard for physicians' evaluation. Trunk Aesthetic Clinical Evaluation (TRACE) is a simple 12-point ordinal scale to quantify symmetry as a proxy of aesthetics. TRACE is already diffused worldwide and has been used in clinical research.
Independence in activities of daily living (ADL) is one of the most important aspects in planning treatment for people with Parkinson disease (PD). The Barthel Index (BI) and modified Rankin Scale (mRS) are commonly used in neurological diseases.
Lower-limb functional capacity is impaired in most people with multiple sclerosis (PwMS). Reductions in lower-extremity muscle mechanical function (e.g., muscle strength) appear to have critical implications for lower-limb functional capacity. However, no review has summarized the current knowledge about the importance of muscle strength for functional tasks in PwMS. Expanding the current knowledge would advance the design of both clinical and research interventions aiming to improve functional capacity in ...
The Pediatric Stroke Outcome Measure-Summary of Impressions (PSOM-SOI) measures neurological function across right and left sensorimotor domains (Item A), language production (Item B), language comprehension (Item C), and cognition/behavior (Item D).
The efficacy of spa therapy in osteoarthritis (OA) has ever been demonstrated, with a good level of evidence for pain and disability. The effect of a self-management program with spa therapy on physical activity (PA) level has never been demonstrated.
Sleep disturbances, especially sleep disordered breathing and sleep movement disorders, seem to be highly prevalent among aging polio survivors. They could contribute to late functional deterioration, fatigue, poor quality of life and negative health outcomes, thereby increasing cardiovascular risk.
Knowledge of the characteristics of newly acquired gait in toddlers with cerebral palsy (CP) is limited.
Early detection of consciousness after severe brain injury is critical for establishing an accurate prognosis and planning appropriate treatment.
Cerebral palsy (CP) is a complex syndrome of various sensory, motor and cognitive deficits. Its prevalence has recently decreased in some developed countries and its symptoms have also shifted since the 1960s. From the 1990s, CP has been associated with prematurity, but recent epidemiologic studies show reduced or absent brain damage, which recapitulates developmental coordination disorder (DCD). In previous studies, we developed a rat model based on mild intrauterine hypoperfusion (MIUH) that recapitulated...
High-impact activities are often related to urine leakage in women, so deeper insight into continence mechanisms of pelvic floor muscles (PFMs) while running is needed. Therefore, simultaneous information about the intensity of PFM muscle activity and fibre recruitment behavior at each time point of the gait cycle can help in understanding PFM activity patterns.
Locked-in syndrome (LIS) characterizes individuals who have experienced pontine lesions, who have limited motor output but with preserved cognitive abilities. Despite their severe physical impairment, individuals with LIS self-profess a higher quality of life than generally expected. Such third-person expectations about LIS are shaped by personal and cultural factors in western countries.
Modification of the home environment, together with rehabilitative interventions, is important for maximizing the level of functioning after an individual with disability undergoes rehabilitation in the hospital.
Severe childhood traumatic brain injury (TBI) leads to long-standing executive function and attention deficits, with negative consequences for participation, academic outcome and independence. This study aimed to assess executive function and attention 7 years after severe childhood TBI in comparison with a matched control group and to investigate associated factors.
User satisfaction is a key indicator of healthcare quality.
Increasing evidence suggests that social cognition, especially theory of mind (ToM), is impaired in individuals with multiple sclerosis (MS). ToM appears to be a determining factor for social functioning, but research has shown a connection between ToM and pragmatic language disorders among people with neurological or psychiatric disorders. Yet, pragmatic language remains a domain rarely referenced in MS.