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The US National Library of Medicine and National Institutes of Health manage PubMed.gov which comprises of more than 29 million records, papers, reports for biomedical literature, including MEDLINE, life science and medical journals, articles, reviews, reports and books.
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For example view all recent relevant publications on Epigenetics and associated publications and clincial trials.
This study aimed to evaluate the outcomes of posterior pharyngeal fat grafting for the management of velopharyngeal insufficiency using a simplified therapeutic algorithm and a tailored surgical technique.
Attempts to salvage upper and lower extremities have performed more frequently in recent decades, although there are clear cases that cannot be salvaged. The purpose of this retrospective study was to present our experience in using free calcaneus osteocutaneous fillet flap for preserving below-knee amputation stump after traumatic amputations or functional preserving after nonsalvageable lower extremities.
Toxic shock syndrome is a rare but life-threatening complication after breast implant surgery. We describe a 77-year-old woman who developed toxic shock syndrome caused by methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus after breast implant reconstruction. Despite a high fever and markedly increased white blood cell count, suggesting severe infection, she initially had no symptoms of local findings, such as wound swelling and redness of the breast. Soon after diagnosis of toxic shock syndrome and removal of her...
Modern approaches to erectile dysfunction (ED) often entail the use of multimodal medical therapy and surgery; however, with recent advances in microsurgery, new options may exist for patients suffering from ED. This comprehensive review of the literature serves to reevaluate anatomical and physiological principles that mediate erection to improve understanding for reconstructive surgeons hoping to offer new interventions.
Patient perspectives on chaperone use during examinations, especially in surgical subspecialties, are understudied. We aimed to identify specific patient cohorts that desire the presence of chaperones and compare patient and surgeon perspectives, all in an effort to improve quality of care.
Magnetic resonance lymphangiography (MRL) has been proven to be able to visualize pathological lymphatic networks and accompanying complications through subcutaneous injection of commonly used contrast agents. However, no comprehensive prior studies have previously been reported regarding MRL for the evaluation of upper extremity lymphedema in patients with breast cancer-related lymphedema (BCRL). In this study, we establish a novel MRL protocol to characterize the normal and abnormal characteristics of dif...
Complex limb trauma often involves both soft tissue and vascular defects, and is challenging for surgeons. The traditional musculocutaneous flap cannot achieve a 3-dimensional wound repair. Here we report our experience with a single-stage reconstruction and revascularization performed on complex extremity injuries using a free flow-through chimeric anterolateral thigh perforator (ALTP) flap.
Skin graft donor wounds should heal with rapid epithelialization resulting in good aesthetic and minimal donor site morbidity. Several dressing materials are now available for the dressing of the donor sites. Few studies have, however, been done to compare the efficacy of these dressing materials.This study compared the effectiveness of paraffin gauze, hydrocolloid, antimicrobial biguanide foam, and silver hydrofiber dressings on donor site wounds at a tertiary hospital in Kenya.Patients who underwent split...
There have been significant advances in the care of burns over the past decade. As a result of the improved survival of burn patients, attention has shifted to the optimized management of their wounds. Traditionally, autografts have been described as the gold standard treatment in cases of deep second- and third-degree burn wounds; however, they are limited especially in large surface area burns. As such, advancements have been made in the development of biologic dressings, which attempt to mimic the functi...
Peracetic acid (PAA) has been used to sterilize biomaterial scaffolds and allografts before their implantation. Although the antimicrobial effectiveness of PAA is widely known, there are no studies investigating its cytotoxicity on keratinocytes. This study aimed to investigate the cytotoxicity of PAA concentrations on keratinocytes by growing HaCaT cells in culture medium. Different concentrations of PAA (control-untreated, 0.01, 0.1, 1, 10, 100, 200, 400, 800, 1200, 1600, and 2000 ppm) were added to the c...
Pyoderma gangrenosum following free tissue transfer for breast reconstruction is rare. This unusual ulcerative condition is frequently misdiagnosed, leading to inappropriate debridement and escalation of the subsequent wound through pathergy. Once diagnosed, treatment with immunosuppressive agents, including corticosteroids, results in an initial rapid response, but prolonged treatment is required. There is a paucity of literature regarding how to approach future surgery.
The role of the plastic surgeon in wound management after complications from previous spinal surgeries is well established.
Anabolic-androgenic steroids (AAS) are widely implicated in gynecomastia development. Surgery is the definitive treatment for cases persisting after cessation of AAS use. Currently, the relevance of AAS use to the surgical approach of gynecomastia has not been well explored. This study aims to compare patient characteristics, surgical outcomes, and surgical management of gynecomastia correction in AAS users versus nonusers.
Autologous fat transfer has been widely used in breast augment surgery. The breast fat graft is different form facial, it needs megavolume grafts. However, most Asian women are thin, who often encounter the fat resource insufficiency during breast augmentation. In fact, some processing methods do contribute to great loss of potential fat that could have been grafted. How to choose a best processing method to achieve optimal transfer in patients with insufficient fat resources is fairly important.
This is a short clinical report depicting an exceptionally early presentation of radiation-induced angiosarcoma and overview of the literature. This case highlights the need for a high level of clinical suspicion in those patients presenting with unresolving cutaneous skin changes after radiotherapy for breast cancer.Breast-conserving therapy, comprising breast-conserving surgery and adjuvant radiotherapy, has largely replaced mastectomy in the treatment of early-stage breast carcinoma. Breast angiosarcoma ...
In male-to-female gender transition, individuals request a number of interventions, including hormonal therapy, to promote feminizing characteristics. Estrogen-based medication is prescribed to increase breast development, decrease facial hair, promote feminine adipose tissue deposition, and soften skin. Surgical breast augmentation to supplement unsatisfying breast growth after hormonal therapy is a common and well-studied course of management for such transgender patients. In a departure from convention, ...
We aimed to determine whether dorsoulnar incision elevating radial flap and immobilization for the treatment of de Quervain disease have an advantage over simple midline incision and early mobilization, respectively, in terms of tendon subluxation and clinical outcomes. Forty-six patients with de Quervain disease were randomly divided into 2 groups (midline incision vs dorsoulnar incision) and 2 subgroups (immobilization vs early mobilization). Subluxation of intracompartmental tendons was measured in dynam...
Face transplantation is one of the most popular and controversial subjects of plastic surgery today. Although there are various surveys on the subject, there is no study comparing the past and the present social viewpoint and behavioral preferences for face transplantations across the world. In this study, we aimed to investigate the changes in the views of the Turkish society with respect to face transplantation from past to present. For this purpose, 1000 volunteer participants were questioned in terms of...