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PubMed Journal Database | Appetite RSS

23:24 EST 18th February 2019 | BioPortfolio

The US National Library of Medicine and National Institutes of Health manage PubMed.gov which comprises of more than 29 million records, papers, reports for biomedical literature, including MEDLINE, life science and medical journals, articles, reviews, reports and  books.

BioPortfolio aims to cross reference relevant information on published papers, clinical trials and news associated with selected topics - speciality.

For example view all recent relevant publications on Epigenetics and associated publications and clincial trials.

Showing PubMed Articles 1–25 of 504 from Appetite

Weight status moderates stress-eating in the absence of hunger associations in children.

The association between stress and eating remains unclear in children potentially due to factors that may moderate the association. We examined whether weight status or sex moderated associations between response to a stress induction and eating in the absence of hunger (EAH), among low-income children.

Testing potential psychological predictors of attitudes towards cultured meat.

Cultured meat is an emerging food technology that has the potential to resolve many of the social, environmental and ethical issues surrounding traditional factory farming practices. Recently, research has begun to explore consumer attitudes to the product, revealing a number of barriers and demographic predictors. However, our understanding of the psychological mechanisms that underpin attitudes to cultured meat remains limited. In the current study, we draw on an attitude roots model (Hornsey & Fielding, ...

When variety is not the spice of life: The influence of perceived relational self-threat on variety seeking in snack choices.

People often seek variety in food choices because they believe variety offers them many benefits such as giving them a chance to explore new foods while decreasing the likelihood of boredom from eating the same food repeatedly. While much research has explored situational factors that increase variety seeking behavior, we explore a situational factor that decreases variety seeking. Specifically, this research investigates how perceived relational threat affects variety seeking in snack choices. Across three...

Dietary effects on the determinants of food choice: Impulsive choice, discrimination, incentive motivation, preference, and liking in male rats.

The current study sought to understand how long-term exposure to diets high in saturated fat and refined sugar affected impulsive choice behavior, discrimination abilities, incentive motivation, food preferences, and liking of fat and sugar in male rats. The results showed that 8 weeks of dietary exposure impaired impulsive choice behavior; rats exposed to diets high in processed fat or sugar were more sensitive to changes in delay, a marker of impulsivity. For the high-fat group, these deficits in impulsiv...

Cafeteria noise exposure and fruit and vegetable consumption at school lunch: A cross-sectional study of elementary students.

Presently in the U.S., few children meet the recommendation for daily consumption of fruits and vegetables (FV). School feeding programs have shown promise for increasing FV consumption among young children. However, several aspects of the school cafeteria environment have not been examined regarding their relationship with FV consumption. The purpose of this study was to examine the relationship between noise, selected environmental factors previously explored in the literature (i.e., recess/lunch order, t...

Food categorizations among low-income women living in three different urban contexts: The pile sorting method.

Transformations in eating practices are reflected in the multiplicity of competing food-related discourses. These discourses contribute to different food categorizations among individuals. Scientists have long argued that food categorizations may help understanding cultural systems of health beliefs. However, not enough work has been conducted to improve the understanding of the dimensions of food categorizations and their interface with food choices, tastes, and culturally defined food systems. This study ...

Focused attention during eating enhanced memory for meal satiety but did not reduce later snack intake in men: A randomised within-subjects laboratory experiment.

Attending to food during a meal ('attentive eating') may reduce later overeating. However, evidence in support of this comes primarily from studies in women. The aims of the current study were to investigate the effect that attentive eating has on later food intake in men and examine potential underlying mechanisms. Using a within-subjects design, 34 men (BMI M = 23.73 kg/m, SD = 2.93; age M = 29.15, SD = 11.99) consumed a fixed lunchtime meal on two study days. On one study day participan...

A comparison study of meat eaters and non-meat eaters on mind attribution and moral disengagement of animals.

This study aims to explore how the distinction between animals that humans consume (AHCs) and pet animals influence meat eaters' and non-meat eaters' perceived mind attribution on animals and moral disengagement. Following this, a two-way mixed ANOVA with repeated measures on the type of animals being slaughtered and type of eaters was conducted. For meat-eaters, perceived mental capacity ratings for AHCs were lower than pet animals. For non-meat eaters, the difference between these animals was negligible. ...

Food portion size influences accompanying beverage selection in adults.

When trying to reduce food portion size, it is important that meal satisfaction is, as far as possible, preserved. Otherwise, individuals may select accompaniments to the meal (e.g., snacks, beverages) to achieve satisfaction and, in doing so, negate any benefit of the original portion size reduction. This study investigated whether varying portion sizes of food would influence choice of accompanying beverages. That is, when presented with a food portion size that is smaller or larger than their ideal, an i...

Effects of health star labelling on the healthiness of adults' fast food meal selections: An experimental study.

The addition of Health Star Rating (HSR) labelling to menus at fast food outlets is feasible, however how this would impact consumer menu selection remains unclear. The aim of this study was to test whether the addition of HSR labelling to kilojoule (kJ) labelling on menus at fast food outlets would prompt consumers to select healthier meals. Using a between-subjects experimental design, 1007 adults aged 18-49 were allocated to one of four menu labelling conditions: (i) no labelling; (ii) kilojoule labellin...

My Child at mealtime parent self-assessment of food related behaviors: Validation with mealtime behaviors.

My Child at Mealtime (MCMT) is a visually enhanced, self-assessment tool designed to measure parent food related behaviors of low-income caregivers of preschool-aged children. The current study examined the factor structure of MCMT and the correspondence between MCMT parent- and child-centered food related behaviors with observed behaviors during a mealtime with their preschool aged child. Caregivers (N = 175) completed MCMT, and a subsample (n = 60) had a mealtime videotaped in their home. Explorat...

Fussy eating behaviours: Response patterns in families of school-aged children.

Fussy eating is the unwillingness to eat both familiar and novel foods. Childhood fussy eating can be a barrier to a healthful diet and is associated with mealtime stress and conflict. Research has primarily focused on parenting practices in response to fussy eating in pre-schoolers. Less is known about parenting practices and family processes such as setting goals and managing emotions in relation to fussy eating in older children. This research aims to explore how families respond to fussy eating behaviou...

Understanding everyday strategies used to manage indulgent food consumption: A mixed-methods design.

To maintain a healthy body weight or support weight loss efforts, dietary self-management must allow for the limitation of tempting high energy-dense foods. We were interested in people's implementation of day-to-day strategies in order to successfully manage their indulgent food and beverage consumption. Participants from the Swansea area, UK (N = 25; M = 37; 68% male) were divided into four focus groups. The average BMI was within the healthy range (23 kg/m). Each group discussed the approaches ...

A multimodal, naturalistic investigation of relationships between behavioral impulsivity, affect, and binge eating.

While binge eating is associated with both emotion regulation deficits and cognitive control impairments related to impulsivity, thus far research has not examined how dimensions of behavioral impulsivity may influence momentary relationships between affect and binge-eating episodes. The present study utilized multimodal methods to examine the extent to which individual differences in impulsive choice (i.e., delay and probabilistic discounting) and impulsive action (i.e., response inhibition) moderated mome...

Taste the texture. The relation between subjective tactile sensitivity, mouthfeel and picky eating in young adults.

Selective or picky eating can be an obstacle for a varied diet. One reason why people reject certain foods is because they do not like the texture. Several studies show that in children tactile sensitivity is related to pickiness in eating. Children who do not like the feel of sand or of slimy substances with their hands also reject more kinds of food, presumably because the children are more sensitive to the mouthfeel of several food textures. There is however hardly any research on the role of tactile sen...

Adulthood and childhood ADHD in patients consulting for obesity is associated with food addiction and binge eating, but not sleep apnea syndrome.

The exact mechanisms underlying the established association between ADHD and obesity remain unclear. Food addiction and binge eating may contribute to this link. We examined for the first time the association between childhood/adult ADHD and food addiction/binge eating in patients with obesity, as well as the association between ADHD and sleep apnea syndrome.

"I try, I do": Child feeding practices of motivated, low-income parents reflect trade-offs between psychosocial and nutrition goals.

Although there is increased focus on behavior change programs targeting parents to promote healthy child feeding, success of these programs has been limited. To close this gap, we sought to understand parents' goals for child feeding and their motivations, abilities, and contextual environment that challenged or enabled goal achievement, with a focus on parents' own childhood food experiences. We conducted semi-structured qualitative interviews (n = 21) with low-income parents of at least one child aged...

The role of sensory sensitivity in predicting food selectivity and food preferences in children with Tourette syndrome.

Tourette syndrome (TS) is a neurodevelopmental disorder characterised by involuntary, repetitive and non-rhythmic motor and vocal tics. Despite suggestion that diet may affect tics, and the substantial research into children's diet, eating behaviours and sensory processing in comorbid disorders (e.g. ASD), research in TS is lacking. The present study examined differences between children with and without TS in parental reports of child selective eating, food preferences and sensitivity, and aimed to examine...

Dynamics of attentional bias for food in adults, children, and restrained eaters.

Empirical evidence of attentional bias (AB) for food in obese and restrained eaters is contradictory. It has been suggested that AB for food in obese people might reflect both food craving and food-related concerns. Thus, AB for food may be a dynamic process.

Sleep duration and quality are associated with eating behavior in low-income toddlers.

The present study examined whether different sleep health parameters (duration, timing, and quality) are associated with obesity-related eating behaviors including emotional overeating, food responsiveness, enjoyment of food, satiety responsiveness, and eating in the absence of hunger (EAH), during toddlerhood.

Served straight up: Effects of verticality cues on taste evaluations and luxury perceptions.

Based on the embodied cognition framework and research addressing transfer effects between visual perception and taste, the point of departure for this study is the widespread association between vertical orientation and connotations related to luxury and (economic) power. Specifically, this study tests whether vertical orientation not only affects impressions of product luxury, but also influences actual taste evaluations, including perceptions of taste strength (intensity) and taste liking. Results confir...

The impulsive brain: Neural underpinnings of binge eating behavior in normal-weight adults.

Converging evidence suggests that dysfunctional inhibitory control might be at the roots of overeating and binge eating disorder (BED). The majority of these results stems from studies on obese populations, however we hypothesized that potential prodromes might be evident also in non-clinical conditions, when binge eating episodes are present (without a diagnosis of BED) and a normal Body Mass Index is preserved. To explore this issue, brain activity of 42 normal weight individuals with and without binge ea...

The effect of expectation on transcranial direct current stimulation (tDCS) to suppress food craving and eating in individuals with overweight and obesity.

Transcranial direct current stimulation (tDCS) is a neuromodulation technique with potential to treat eating disorders and obesity. As for any potential treatment, it is important to assess the degree to which expectation effects contribute to its reported efficacy. This study assessed the effect of tDCS on amount of food craving and eating while tightly controlling treatment expectation. N = 74 adults with overweight or obesity were informed of the known effects of tDCS to suppress craving and eating. ...

"If I became a vegan, my family and friends would hate me:" Anticipating vegan stigma as a barrier to plant-based diets.

A significant body of literature has developed which examines why meat consumption continues to be so important to Americans. Our paper contributes to this literature by examining how fear of stigmatization may be a barrier to avoiding meat consumption. This is an important subject because there is evidence that suggests that individuals who avoid meat, especially vegans, are stigmatized for disrupting social conventions related to food. In this paper, we present data from series of focus groups in which ve...

Pathways between maternal depression, the family environment, and child BMI z scores.

Modifiable aspects of the family environment that contribute to overweight in younger children have been identified, including parental feeding practices, child eating behaviors, and parenting practices related to eating and household routines. Maternal depression influences many of these factors, yet research examining pathways that may link maternal depression through the family environment to child weight is lacking. The current study examined parental feeding practices, child eating behaviors, and eatin...


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