PubMed Journal Database | Archives of orthopaedic and trauma surgery RSS

09:08 EDT 27th May 2019 | BioPortfolio

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Showing PubMed Articles 1–25 of 172 from Archives of orthopaedic and trauma surgery

Assessment of the tibial slope is highly dependent on the type and accuracy of the preceding acquisition.

Precise measurement of the tibial slope (TS) is crucial for realignment surgery, ligament reconstruction, and arthroplasty. However, there is little consensus on the ideal assessment. It was hypothesized that the tibial slope changes according to the acquisition technique and both tibial length as well as femoral rotation serve as potential confounders.

The utility and benefit of a newly established postgraduate training course in surgical exposures for orthopedic and trauma surgery.

Limited data exist on specialty surgical cadaver courses for graduates, their skill gain, and whether the course contents are transferable to other surgical disciplines.

Computed tomography versus plain radiography assessment of acetabular fracture reduction is more predictive for native hip survivorship.

Computed tomography (CT) is more accurate than plain pelvic radiography (PXR) for evaluating acetabular fracture reduction. As yet unknown is whether CT-based assessment is more predictive for clinical outcome. We determined the independent association between reduction quality according to both methods and native hip survivorship following acetabular fracture fixation.

Non-fracture stem vs fracture stem of reverse total shoulder arthroplasty in complex proximal humeral fracture of asian elderly.

Fracture stem of the reverse total shoulder arthroplasty (RTSA) was designed for better tuberosity bone healing for the proximal bone defect of complex proximal humeral fractures (PHF). Our purpose was to compare the clinical and radiological outcomes of patients using fracture stem vs non-fracture (conventional) stem of RTSA in complex PHF of elderly patients.

Skip corpectomy and fusion (SCF) versus anterior controllable antedisplacement and fusion (ACAF): which is better for patients with multilevel cervical OPLL?

The aim of this study was to compare the clinical efficacy and radiological outcomes of skip corpectomy and fusion (SCF) with anterior controllable antedisplacement and fusion (ACAF) for treating multilevel ossification of the posterior longitudinal ligament (OPLL).

Sagittal profile has a significant impact on the explantability of well-fixed cemented stems in revision knee arthroplasty: a biomechanical comparison study of five established knee implant models.

Easy revisability is gaining increasingly in importance. The removal of well-fixed cemented stems is very demanding and is often associated with increased operative morbidity. Implant design may be here a decisive impact factor, and the best way to ascertain it is experimentally. Aim of this study is to assess different cemented stems of established knee revision implants in regard to their removal capability.

Partial two-stage exchange at the site of periprosthetic hip joint infections.

In the past 10 years an increasing number of studies about partial two-stage exchange arthroplasty in the management of periprosthetic hip infections have been published. The aim of the present work was to systematically review the current knowledge about this procedure, and critically verify the success as well as the complications of this treatment option.

Staphylococcal resistance profiles in deep infection following primary hip and knee arthroplasty: a study using the NJR dataset.

This study aimed to (1) report the rates of resistance against a variety of antibiotics for pure Staphylococcal infections, and (2) examine the impact of ALBC use at primary surgery has on resistance patterns for patients undergoing first-time revision of primary hip and knee arthroplasty for indication of infection.

Fusion rates for odontoid fractures after treatment by anterior odontoid screw versus posterior C1-C2 arthrodesis: a meta-analysis.

For odontoid fractures, surgical treatment approaches including anterior odontoid screw fixation approach and the posterior C1-C2 arthrodesis approach are generally adopted in practice. However, the choice of different surgical procedures remains controversial. In addition to surgical technique, the fusion rate is an important factor contributing to the clinical efficacy. Therefore, this study was aimed to investigate the discrepancy in fusion rate between these two surgical approaches through synthesizing ...

Denosumab treatment for giant-cell tumor of bone: a systematic review of the literature.

Denosumab is a human monoclonal antibody (mAb) that specifically inhibits tumor-associated bone lysis through the RANKL pathway and has been used as neoadjuvant therapy for giant-cell tumor of bone (GCTB) in surgical as well as non-surgical cases. The purpose of this systematic review of the literature, therefore, is to investigate: (1) demographic characteristics of patients affected by GCTBs treated with denosumab and the clinical impact, as well as, possible complications associated with its use (2) onco...

Minimal invasive posterior correction of Lenke 5C idiopathic scoliosis: comparative analysis of minimal invasive vs. open surgery.

Surgical management of adolescent idiopathic scoliosis in spite of usually favourable outcomes is still a major operation. Therefore, efforts are being undertaken to minimalize the procedure, reduce the surgical trauma and postoperative convalescence. The study was designed to compare posterior minimal invasive surgery using navigation based on intraoperative 3D imaging and standard open instrumented fusion in Lenke 5C idiopathic scoliosis treatment.

Occurrence of never events after total joint arthroplasty in the United States.

Total joint arthroplasty (TJA) is a major orthopedic procedure associated with substantial morbidity and mortality. Never events (NEs) are harmful hospital-acquired conditions (HACs) that are preventable.

Comparison of infection eradication rate of using articulating spacers containing bio-inert materials versus all-cement articulating spacers in revision of infected TKA: a systematic review and meta-analysis.

To assess the infection eradication rate when using two types of articulating spacers (prosthetic articulating spacers and all-cement articulating spacers) in two-stage revision of infected total knee arthroplasty (TKA).

Simultaneous vs staged bilateral total knee arthroplasty: a propensity-matched case-control study from nine fast-track centres.

Limited data exist on patient safety after simultaneous vs staged bilateral total knee arthroplasty (TKA) in matched groups. Hence, the aim of this study was to compare length of stay (LOS), in-hospital complications, 30-day readmissions and mortality after simultaneous and staged bilateral TKA in matched patients.

Cement augmentation of the proximal humerus internal locking system in elderly patients: a multicenter randomized controlled trial.

Cement augmentation of the proximal humerus internal locking system (PHILOS) screws might reduce complication rates in osteoporotic bones. This study compared the risk of mechanical failure during the first year after PHILOS™ treatment of proximal humerus fractures (PHF) without (control group) and with (augmented group) screw augmentation. Secondary objectives were to report shoulder functions, quality of life (QoL), adverse events (AEs), and reoperation rates.

The prevalence of a prominent anterior inferior iliac spine.

Impingement of the prominent anterior inferior iliac spine (AIIS) against the femoral neck has recently been described as another type of impingement. The purpose of this study is to provide a distribution of AIIS types using the classification proposed by Hetsroni and thus report on the prevalence of prominent types.

Anterior inferior tibiofibular ligament avulsion fractures in operatively treated ankle fractures: a retrospective analysis.

There is no consensus about the optimal treatment of anterior inferior ligament avulsion fractures of the ankle. The aim of this study is to provide insights regarding the incidence of anterior inferior ligament avulsion fractures, the association with fracture type, and correlation with treatment.

The ACL-deficient knee and the prevalence of meniscus and cartilage lesions: a systematic review and meta-analysis (CRD42017076897).

The purpose of this systematic review and meta-analysis was to analyze and compare the rate of secondary meniscus and cartilage lesions diagnosed at different time points of ACL reconstruction.

Biomechanical comparison of two biplanar and one monoplanar reconstruction techniques of the acromioclavicular joint.

The purpose of this proof-of-concept study was to investigate the biomechanical performance of two surgical techniques, namely (1) the double Tight-Rope fixation with an additional acromioclavicular FiberTape fixation (DTRC) and (2) the fixation of the clavicle to the acromion and coracoid in a bipodal manner (Bipod) using a Poly-Tape and FiberTape. Both techniques intend to address vertical and horizontal instability after acromioclavicular dislocation. They were compared with the commonly used (3) double ...

Acknowledgement to Reviewers 2018.

Anterior versus posterior approach for the therapy of multilevel cervical spondylotic myelopathy: a meta-analysis and systematic review.

The goal of this meta-analysis is to explore the overall efficacy as well as the safety of anterior versus posterior approach for the therapy of patients with multilevel cervical spondylotic myelopathy based on qualified studies.

Standardization of torsional CT measurements of the lower limbs with threshold values for corrective osteotomy.

Re-establishing anatomic rotational alignment of shaft fractures of the lower extremities remains challenging. Clinical evaluation in combination with radiological measurements is important in pre- and post-surgical assessment. Based on computed tomography (CT), a range of reference values for femoral torsion (FT) and tibial torsion (TT) have historically been reported, which require standardization to optimize the significant intra- and inter-observer variability. The aims of this study were (re-)evaluatio...

Peroneal nerve location at the fibular head: an anatomic study using 3D imaging.

Injuries to the peroneal nerve are a common complication in operative treatment of proximal tibial or fibular fractures. To minimize the risk of iatrogenic injury to the nerve, detailed knowledge of the anatomy of the peroneal nerve is essential. Aim of this study was to present a detailed description of the position and branching of the peroneal nerve based on 3D-images to assist preparation for surgical approaches to the fibular head and the tibial plateau.

Biomechanical comparison of the proximal interphalangeal joint arthrodesis using a compression wire.

Arthrodesis of the proximal interphalangeal joint of the finger is a common procedure for the treatment of osteoarthritis. The aim of this biomechanical study was to compare the primary stability of one, respectively, two compression wires to intraosseous wiring and tension band wiring for the arthrodesis.

Factors predicting the 1-year outcome of collagenase treatment for Dupuytren's disease.

Several studies have investigated the clinical outcome after collagenase treatment for Dupuytren's disease in terms of range of motion of the affected finger. However, good objective clinical outcome defined by a small remaining flexion contracture does not necessarily translate into satisfactory patient-subjective hand function. The aim of the present study was to identify predictors of patient-reported as well as objective clinical outcome in patients 1 year after collagenase treatment for Dupuytren's dis...

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