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PubMed Journal Database | Biochimica et biophysica acta. Proteins and proteomics RSS

12:29 EDT 22nd July 2019 | BioPortfolio

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Showing PubMed Articles 1–25 of 85 from Biochimica et biophysica acta. Proteins and proteomics

Dynamics of the intrinsically disordered protein NUPR1 in isolation and in its fuzzy complexes with DNA and prothymosin α.

Intrinsically disordered proteins (IDPs) explore diverse conformations in their free states and, a few of them, also in their molecular complexes. This functional plasticity is essential for the function of IDPs, although their dynamics in both free and bound states is poorly understood. NUPR1 is a protumoral multifunctional IDP, activated during the acute phases of pancreatitis. It interacts with DNA and other IDPs, such as prothymosin α (ProTα), with dissociation constants of ~0.5 μM, and a 1:1 stoic...

Sustainable synthesis of uridine-5'-monophosphate analogues by immobilized uracil phosphoribosyltransferase from Thermus thermophilus.

Nowadays enzymatic synthesis of nucleic acid derivatives is gaining momentum over traditional chemical synthetic processes. Biotransformations catalyzed by whole cells or enzymes offer an ecofriendly and efficient alternative to the traditional multistep chemical methods, avoiding the use of chemical reagents and organic solvents that are expensive and environmentally harmful. Herein we report for the first time the covalent immobilization a uracil phosphoribosyltransferase (UPRT). In this sense, UPRT from ...

Constant domain-exchanged Fab enables specific light chain pairing in heterodimeric bispecific SEED-antibodies.

Bispecific antibodies promise to broadly expand the clinical utility of monoclonal antibody technology. Several approaches for heterodimerization of heavy chains have been established to produce antibodies with two different Fab arms, but promiscuous pairing of heavy and light chains remains a challenge for their manufacturing.

Monomeric and homotrimeric solution structures of truncated human peroxidasin 1 variants.

Human peroxidasin 1 is a multidomain peroxidase situated in the basement membrane. The iron enzyme with covalently bound heme oxidizes bromide to hypobromous acid which facilitates the formation of distinct sulfilimine cross-links in the collagen IV network and therefore contributes to its mechanical stability. Additional to the catalytically active peroxidase domain peroxidasin comprises a leucine rich repeat domain, four Ig domains and a C-terminal von Willebrand factor type C module (VWC). Peroxidasin ha...

Glycosylation effects on the structure and dynamics of a full-length Cel7A cellulase.

Fungi cellulases are used to degrade cellulose-containing biomass for bioethanol production. Industrial cellulases such as Cel7A from Trichoderma reesei (TrCel7A) are critical in this process. Thus, the understanding of structure and dynamics is crucial for engineering variants with improved cellulolytic activity. This cellulase consists of two domains connected by a flexible and highly glycosylated linker. However, the linker flexibility has hindered the determination of Cel7A complete structure. Herein, b...

Foreword.

A comprehensive comparison of the metazoan tryptophan degrading enzymes.

Tryptophan 2,3-dioxygenase (TDO) and indoleamine 2,3-dioxygenase (IDO) have an independent origin; however, they have distinctly evolved to catalyze the same reaction. In general, TDO is a single-copy gene in each metazoan species, and TDO enzymes demonstrate similar enzyme activity regardless of their biological origin. In contrast, multiple IDO paralogues are observed in many species, and they display various enzymatic properties. Similar to vertebrate IDO2, invertebrate IDOs generally show low affinity/c...

Inhibition of Plasmodium falciparum cysteine protease falcipain-2 by a human cross-class inhibitor serpinB3: A mechanistic insight.

Falcipain-2(FP2), a cysteine protease from Plasmodium falciparum, cleaves host erythrocyte hemoglobin and specific membrane skeleton components during the parasite life cycle. Therefore its inhibition has been considered as an attractive approach to combat the disease. SerpinB3 (SPB3) belongs to the ovalbumin-serpin family and is a potent cross-class inhibitor of cysteine cathepsins L, K, S and papain. This study explored the possibility of inhibition of FP2 by SPB3. It turned out that general proteolytic a...

Characterization of the 20S proteasome of the lepidopteran, Spodoptera frugiperda.

Multiple complexes of 20S proteasomes with accessory factors play an essential role in proteolysis in eukaryotic cells. In this report, several forms of 20S proteasomes from extracts of Spodoptera frugiperda (Sf9) cells were separated using electrophoresis in a native polyacrylamide gel and examined for proteolytic activity in the gel and by Western blotting. Distinct proteasome bands isolated from the gel were subjected to liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry and identified as free core particles...

Assembly of α-synuclein aggregates on phospholipid bilayers.

The spontaneous self-assembly of α-synuclein (α-syn) into aggregates of different morphologies is associated with the development of Parkinson's disease. However, the mechanism behind the spontaneous assembly remains elusive. The current study shows a novel effect of phospholipid bilayers on the assembly of the α-syn aggregates. Using time-lapse atomic force microscopy, it was discovered that α-syn assembles into aggregates on bilayer surfaces, even at the nanomolar concentration range. The efficiency o...

Structural characterization of the N-terminal kinase-interacting domain of an Hsp90-cochaperone Cdc37 by CD and solution NMR spectroscopy.

Cdc37 is a protein kinase-targeting molecular chaperone, which cooperates with Hsp90 to assist the folding, assembly and maturation of various signaling kinases. It consists of three distinct domains: the N-terminal, middle, and C-terminal domain. While the middle domain is an Hsp90-binding domain, the N-terminal domain is recognized as a kinase-interacting domain. The N-terminal domain contains a well-conserved Ser residue at position 13, and the phosphorylation at this site has been shown to be a prerequi...

Cleavage C-terminal to Asp leads to covalent crosslinking of long-lived human proteins.

With age, long-lived proteins in the human body deteriorate, which can have consequences both for aging and disease. The aging process is often associated with the formation of covalently crosslinked proteins. Currently our knowledge of the mechanism of formation of these crosslinks is limited. In this study, proteomics was used to characterize sites of covalent protein-protein crosslinking and identify a novel mechanism of protein-protein crosslinking in the adult human lens. In this mechanism, Lys residue...

Structure-based reconstruction of a Mycobacterium hypothetical protein into an active Δ-3-ketosteroid isomerase.

Protein engineering based on structure homology holds the potential to engineer steroid-transforming enzymes on demand. Based on the genome sequencing analysis of industrial Mycobacterium strain HGMS2 to produce 4-androstene-3,17-dione (4-AD), three hypothetical proteins were predicted as putative Δ-3-ketosteroid isomerases (KSIs) to catalyze an intramolecular proton transfer involving the transformation of 5-androstene-3,17-dione (5-AD) into 4-AD, which were defined as mKSI228, mKSI291 and mKSI753. Activi...

SIRT 1 binding with PKM and NSE and modulate their acetylation and activities.

SIRT1 (Silent mating type information regulation 2 homolog 1) play a neuroprotective effect through deacetylation target proteins in various neuronal diseases. However, the precise mechanisms remain elusive. In this study, we aim to identify those novel interacting partners of SIRT1 in rat brain tissue. By using a pre-clear GST-Pull down assay followed by the LC-MS/MS analysis, we've identified potential SIRT1's interacting partners, which function annotation by GO and KEGG analysis indicating some metaboli...

Immobilization of lipase from Pseudomonas fluorescens on glyoxyl-octyl-agarose beads: Improved stability and reusability.

The lipase from Pseudomonas fluorescens (PFL) has been immobilized on glyoxyl-octyl agarose and compared to the enzyme immobilized on octyl-agarose. Thus, PFL was immobilized at pH 7 on glyoxyl-octyl support via lipase interfacial activation and later incubated at pH 10.5 for 20 h before reduction to get some enzyme-support covalent bonds. This permitted for 70% of the enzyme molecules to become covalently attached to the support. This biocatalyst was slightly more stable than the octyl-PFL at pH 5,...

Pitfalls and opportunities in the characterization of unconventionally secreted proteins by secretome analysis.

Proteins are released from cells by different secretory pathways. The secretory pathway via the ER-Golgi route - realized by a signal sequence - is referred to as "classical secretion". In contrast, alternative secretory pathways were summarized as "unconventional protein secretion". Until now, unconventional protein secretion was lacking attention due to the absence of detailed mechanistic insight and limited experimental access. However, there is a growing number of experimental data showing that a large ...

The cytoplasmic portion of the T3SS inner membrane ring components sort into distinct families based on biophysical properties.

Type III secretion systems are used by many Gram-negative bacteria to inject effector proteins into eukaryotic cells to subvert their normal activities. Structurally conserved portions of the type III secretion apparatus include a: basal body located within the bacterial envelope; an exposed needle with tip complex that delivers effectors across the target cell membrane; and cytoplasmic sorting platform that selects cargo and powers secretion. While structurally conserved, the individual proteins that make ...

Structural features of cold-adapted dimeric GH2 β-D-galactosidase from Arthrobacter sp. 32cB.

Crystal structures of cold-adapted β-D-galactosidase (EC 3.2.1.23) from the Antarctic bacterium Arthrobacter sp. 32cB (ArthβDG) have been determined in an unliganded form resulting from diffraction experiments conducted at 100 K (at resolution 1.8 Å) and at room temperature (at resolution 3.0 Å). A detailed comparison of those two structures of the same enzyme was performed in order to estimate differences in their molecular flexibility and rigidity and to study structural rationalization for the ...

Bacterial functional amyloids: Order from disorder.

The discovery of intrinsic disorderness in proteins and peptide regions has given a new and useful insight into the working of biological systems. Due to enormous plasticity and heterogeneity, intrinsically disordered proteins or regions in proteins can perform myriad of functions. The flexibility in disordered proteins allows them to undergo conformation transition to form homopolymers of proteins called amyloids. Amyloids are highly structured protein aggregates associated with many neurodegenerative dise...

Molecular evolution guided functional analyses reveals Nucleobindin-1 as a canonical E-box binding protein promoting Epithelial-to-Mesenchymal transition (EMT).

Calcium binding proteins (CBPs) function in response to changes in intracellular calcium (Ca) levels by modulating intracellular signaling pathways. Calcium sensors, including Nucleobindins (Nucb1/2) undergo Ca-binding induced conformational changes and bind to target proteins. Nucleobindins possess additional uncharacterized domains including partly characterized EF-hands. We study the molecular evolution of Nucleobindins in eukaryotes emphasizing on the N-terminal DNA binding domain (DBD) that emerged as ...

Functional analyses of dipeptide and pentapeptide insertions on Theileria annulata enolase by site-directed mutagenesis and in silico approaches.

Theileria annulata enolase (TaENO) could be assessed as a druggable target for tropical theileriosis treatment. The parasite enzyme plays an important role in many cellular functions and carries some structural differences like dipeptide (EK) and pentapeptide (EWGYC) insertions from the host enzyme, Bos taurus enolase. In this study, the functional effects of these insertions on TaENO activity were analyzed by in vitro site-directed mutagenesis and in silico molecular docking analyses for the first time in ...

The roles of Ser-36, Asp-132 and Asp-201 in the reaction of Pseudomonas fluorescens Kynureninase.

Kynureninase from Pseudomonas fluorescens (Pfkynase) catalyzes the pyridoxal-5'-phosphate (PLP) dependent hydrolytic cleavage of L-kynurenine to give anthranilate and L-alanine. Asp-132 and Asp-201 are located in the structure near the pyridine NH of the PLP, with Asp-201 forming a hydrogen bond. Mutation of Asp-132 to alanine and glutamate and Asp-201 to glutamate results in reduced catalytic activity with L-kynurenine and β-benzoyl-L-alanine, but not O-benzoyl-l-serine. D132A, D132E D201E and S36A mutant...

Kinase activity of casein kinase 1 delta (CK1δ) is modulated by protein kinase C α (PKCα) by site-specific phosphorylation within the kinase domain of CK1δ.

Members of the casein kinase 1 (CK1) family are involved in regulation of crucial cellular pathways including chromosomal segregation, DNA repair, and apoptosis. Therefore, the activity of CK1 isoforms needs to be tightly regulated in order to avoid pathogenesis of proliferative diseases. Regulation of cellular CK1 activity is mainly mediated by (auto-) phosphorylation within its C-terminal regulatory domain. Cellular kinases, among them protein kinase A (PKA), checkpoint kinase 1 (Chk1), protein kinase C ...

α-Synuclein aggregation at low concentrations.

Aggregation of the neuronal protein α-synuclein into amyloid fibrils is a hallmark of Parkinson's disease. The propensity of α-synuclein to aggregate increases with the protein concentration. For the development of efficient inhibitors of α-synuclein aggregation, it is important to know the critical concentration of aggregation (the concentration of monomeric protein, below which the protein does not aggregate).


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