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PubMed Journal Database | Biochimie RSS

01:56 EST 22nd February 2020 | BioPortfolio

The US National Library of Medicine and National Institutes of Health manage PubMed.gov which comprises of more than 29 million records, papers, reports for biomedical literature, including MEDLINE, life science and medical journals, articles, reviews, reports and  books.

BioPortfolio aims to cross reference relevant information on published papers, clinical trials and news associated with selected topics - speciality.

For example view all recent relevant publications on Epigenetics and associated publications and clincial trials.

Showing PubMed Articles 1–25 of 386 from Biochimie

Hypoxia increases the rate of renal gluconeogenesis via hypoxia-inducible factor-1-dependent activation of phosphoenolpyruvate carboxykinase expression.

Although up to 25% of glucose released into circulation in the postabsorptive state comes from renal gluconeogenesis, the regulatory mechanisms of this process are still poorly recognized, comparing to hepatic ones. The aim of the present study was to examine if hypoxia-inducible factor-1 (HIF-1) might be involved in the regulation of glucose de novo synthesis in kidneys. It was found that HK-2 cells (immortalized human kidney proximal tubules, capable of gluconeogenesis/glycogen synthesis) cultured with gl...

Modification of cardiac transcription factor Gata6 by SUMO.

SUMOylation, covalent conjugation of small ubiquitin-related modifier (SUMO), has been emerging as a critical posttranslational modification of developmental transcription factors, as well as key regulators in the adult heart. Identifying the SUMOylated targets within cardiac transcription factors will facilitate to unravel the roles of SUMOylation in heart development and disease. Here, we show that Gata6, an essential cardiac transcription factor, can be modified by SUMO in vivo. Mutation of potential SUM...

Critical parameters in surface plasmon resonance biosensor development: the interaction between estrogen receptor and estrogen response element as model.

Estrogenic compounds are contaminants that may be active at low concentrations and are a major concern for environmental quality. They interact with organisms via Estrogen Receptors (ER). Some detection methods which have been developed use the ability of ER to interact with short consensus DNA sequences known as Estrogen Response Elements (ERE). Surface Plasmon Resonance (SPR) based techniques allow detection of interaction without labelled molecule use. Such optical transductors are widely used to convert...

Calreticulin protects insulin against reductive stress in vitro and in MIN6 cells.

Oxidative folding of proinsulin in the endoplasmic reticulum (ER) is critical for the proper sorting and secretion of insulin from pancreatic β-cells. Here, by using non-cell-based insulin aggregation assays and mouse insulinoma-derived MIN6 cells, we searched for a candidate molecular chaperone for (pro)insulin when its oxidative folding is compromised. We found that interaction between insulin and calreticulin (CRT), a lectin that acts as an ER-resident chaperone, was enhanced by reductive stress in MIN6...

Biophysical approaches for exploring lipopeptide-lipid interactions.

In recent years, lipopeptides (LPs) have attracted a lot of attention in the pharmaceutical industry due to their broad-spectrum of antimicrobial activity against a variety of pathogens and their unique mode of action. This class of compounds has enormous potential for application as an alternative to conventional antibiotics and for pest control. Understanding how LPs work from a structural and biophysical standpoint through investigating their interaction with cell membranes is crucial for the rational de...

Neutralization of a bothropic PLA-like protein by caftaric acid, a novel potent inhibitor of ophidian myotoxicity.

Envenoming by snakebite is an important global health issue that has received little attention, leading the World Health Organization to naming it as neglected tropical disease. Several snakebites present serious local symptoms manifested on victims that may not be efficiently neutralized by serum therapy. Phospholipase A-like (PLA-like) toxins are present in Viperidae venoms and are responsible for local myotoxic activity. Herein, we investigated the association between BthTX-I toxin and caftaric acid (CFT...

Moderately elevated first trimester fasting plasma total homocysteine is associated with increased probability of miscarriage. The Reus-Tarragona Birth Cohort Study.

The association between elevated early pregnancy fasting plasma total homocysteine (tHcy) and miscarriage risk was investigated prospectively in participants (n=544) from the Reus-Tarragona Birth Cohort study. Pregnancy was confirmed before 12 gestational weeks (GW) by ultrasound scan and a fasting blood sample collected. Pregnancies with complications other than miscarriages were excluded. Miscarriages were diagnosed by ultrasound scan and gestational age at the time of miscarriage estimated by embryo size...

Metabolic memory and diabetic nephropathy: beneficial effects of natural epigenetic modifiers.

Nephropathy is one of the most frequent complications of chronic diabetes. The main reason for nephropathy despite being hyperglycemia, but it progresses even after good glycemic control has been achieved in diabetic patients. The effects of prior exposure to high blood glucose conditions depend upon the severity and duration of this exposure, indicating a "metabolic memory' phenomenon. Hyperglycemia not only increases oxidative stress but is also alleged to start several biochemical anomalies and alter gen...

Naturally occurring cinnamic acid derivatives prevent amyloid transformation of alpha-synuclein.

In search of the compounds that interfere with amyloid transformation of alpha-synuclein, 9 natural and synthetic cinnamic acid derivatives were studied. They are structurally similar to a half of curcumin, which has pronounced anti-aggregatory and anti-amyloid effects. We have shown that some of these derivatives prevent ovine prion protein amyloidization. Subsequently, thioflavin T binding assay showed that 3 out of 9 studied compounds effectively prevented amyloid transformation of alpha-synuclein with I...

Detection and in vitro studies of Cucurbita maxima phloem serpin-1 RNA-binding properties.

Apart from being a conduit for photoassimilate transport in plants, the phloem serves as a pathway for transport of proteins and RNAs from sites of their synthesis to distant plant parts. As demonstrated for mRNAs and small RNAs such as miRNA and siRNA, their phloem transport is largely involved in responses to environmental cues including stresses and pathogen attacks. RNA molecules are believed to be transported in the phloem in the form of complexes with RNA-binding proteins; however, proteins forming su...

Degenerate consensus sequences in the 3'-untranslated regions of cellular mRNAs as specific motifs potentially involved in the YB-1-mediated packaging of these mRNAs.

The multifunctional protein YB-1 has previously been shown to be the only protein of the cytoplasmic extract of HEK293 cells, which is able to specifically interact with imperfect RNA hairpins containing motifs that are often found in exosomal (e) RNAs. In addition, it has been revealed that similar hairpins formed by degenerate consensus sequences corresponding to three eRNA-specific motifs are responsible for the cooperative binding of YB-1 to RNA in vitro. Here, using the photoactivatable-ribonucleoside ...

Hepatic glycerol metabolism is early reprogrammed in rat liver cancer development.

Evidence shows that oral glycerol supplementation during the early stages of rat liver cancer reduces the growth of preneoplastic lesions. Besides, human hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) cells display decreased expression of glycerol channel aquaporin 9 (AQP9) and also diminished glycerol-3-phosphate (G3P) content. According to this, we analyzed glycerol metabolism during the initial stages of rat liver carcinogenesis. Wistar rats were subjected to a 2-phase model of hepatocarcinogenesis (initiated-promoted, ...

Deciphering the essentiality and function of SxSx motif in Mycobacterium tuberculosis UvrB.

The UvrB subunit is a central component of the UvrABC incision complex and plays a pivotal role in damage recognition, strand excision and repair synthesis. A conserved structural motif (the SxSx motif) present in UvrB is analogous to a similar motif (TxGx) in the helicases of superfamily 2, whose function is not fully understood. To elucidate the significance of the SxSx (Ser143-Val144-Ser145-Cys146) motif in Mycobacterium tuberculosis UvrB (MtUvrB), different variants of MtUvrB subunit were constructed an...

Special issue "Biogenesis and Fate of Lipid Droplets".

Multiple catalytic activities of human 17β-hydroxysteroid dehydrogenase type 7 respond differently to inhibitors.

Cholesterol biosynthesis is a multistep process in mammals that includes the aerobic removal of three methyl groups from the intermediate lanosterol; one from position 14 and two from position 4. During the demethylations at position 4, a 3-ketosteroid reductase catalyses the conversion of both 4-methylzymosterone and zymosterone to 4-methylzymosterol and zymosterol, respectively, restoring the alcoholic function of lanosterol, which is also maintained in cholesterol. Unlike other eukaryotes, mammals also u...

Manipulating and studying triglyceride droplets in microfluidic devices.

Triglyceride is the main lipid class in nature, found as droplets in both living systems and man-made products (such as manufactured foods and drugs). Characterizing triglyceride droplets in situ in these systems is complex due to many environmental interactions. To answer basic research questions about droplet formation, structuration, stability, or degradation, microfluidic strategies were developed, allowing well-controlled droplets to be formed, manipulated, and studied. In this review, these strategies...

The flanking peptides issue from the maturation of the human islet amyloid polypeptide (hIAPP) slightly modulate hIAPP-fibril formation but not hIAPP-induced cell death.

Type 2 diabetes mellitus is a disease characterized by the formation of amyloid fibrillar deposits consisting mainly in human islet amyloid polypeptide (hIAPP), a peptide co-produced and co-secreted with insulin. hIAPP and insulin are synthesized by pancreatic β cells initially as prehormones resulting after sequential cleavages in the mature peptides as well as the two flanking peptides (N- and C-terminal) and the C-peptide, respectively. It has been suggested that in the secretory granules, the kinetics ...

Trans-palmitoleic acid (trans-9-C16:1, or trans-C16:1 n-7): nutritional impacts, metabolism, origin, compositional data, analytical methods and chemical synthesis. A review.

Since the early 2010s, dietary trans-palmitoleic acid (trans-9-hexadecenoic acid, trans-9-C16:1 in the Δ-nomenclature, trans-C16:1 n-7 in the Ω-nomenclature, TPA) has been epidemiologically associated with a lower risk of type 2 diabetes in humans. Thanks to these findings, TPA has become a nutrient of interest. However, there is a lot of unresolved crucial questions about this dietary fatty acid. Is TPA a natural trans fatty acid? What kind of foods ensures intakes in TPA? What about its metabolism? How ...

SIRT1/PGC-1 pathway activation triggers autophagy/mitophagy and attenuates oxidative damage in intestinal epithelial cells.

Oxidative stress leads to intestinal epithelial cells damage, which induces tight junction injury and systemic endogenous stress syndrome. The evidence suggests that SIRT1/PGC-1α pathway is closely associated with oxidative damage. However, the mechanism in protecting intestinal epithelial cells against oxidative stress dependant on autopahgy/mitophagy remains to be elucidated. In the current study, we investigated the functional role of SIRT1/PGC-1α pathway on regulation of autopahgy/mitophagy and tight ...

The Role of Heparin/Heparan Sulphate in the IFN-γ-led Arena.

IFN-γ (Interferon-gamma) is a pleiotropic cytokine. It is often involved in a variety of physiological processes by binding to the cell surface transmembrane receptor (IFN-γR) to initiate a series of signalling pathways that transmit external signals from cell surface receptors to the cell nucleus. Heparan sulphate (HS), a highly sulphated linear polysaccharide, is ubiquitous on the mammalian cell surface and extracellular matrix. Electrostatic interactions can be generated between the highly sulphated HS...

Inactivated AMPK-α2 promotes the progression of diabetic brain damage by Cdk5 phosphorylation at Thr485 site.

Changes in brain energy metabolism in diabetes mellitus, including increased insulin resistance and mitochondrial dysfunction, are critically involved in diabetes-related neurodegeneration, and associate with early cognitive impairment as well. The aim of this study is to detect the specific phosphorylated-Thr485- AMP-activated protein kinase (AMPK-α2), regulated by cyclin-dependent kinase 5 (Cdk5) paly the inhibitory functional role of AMPK-α2, Which is maybe the link to the accelelated diabetic brain da...

Polyamine acetylation and substrate-induced oligomeric states in histone acetyltransferase of multiple drug resistant Acinetobacter baumannii.

Histone acetyltransferase (Hpa2) is an unusual acetyltransferase, with a wide range of substrates; including histones, polyamines and aminoglycosides antibiotic. Hpa2 belongs to GNAT superfamily and GNATs are well known for the formation of homo-oligomers. However, the reason behind their oligomerization remained unexplored. Here, oligomeric states of Hpa2 were explored, to understand the functional significance of oligomerization. Biochemical analysis suggests that Hpa2 exists as dimer in solution and self...

A Twist of FATe: Lipid Droplets and Inflammatory Lipid Mediators.

Lipid droplets are fat storage organelles present in most eukaryotic cells. They consist of a neutral lipid core containing mostly triglycerides and sterol esters and covered by a monolayer of phospholipids, wherein numerous proteins are embedded. In the cell, lipid droplets have a dynamic life cycle, rapidly altering their size, location, lipid and protein composition in response to environmental stimuli and cell state. Lipid droplets are primarily involved in the coordination of lipid metabolism with cell...

Vegetable lecithins: a review of their compositional diversity, impact on lipid metabolism and potential in cardiometabolic disease prevention.

Vegetable lecithins, widely used in the food industry as emulsifiers, are a mixture of naturally occurring lipids containing more than 50% of phospholipids (PL). PL exert numerous important physiological effects. Their amphiphilic nature notably enables them to stabilize endogenous lipid droplets, conferring them an important role in lipoprotein transport, functionality and metabolism. In addition, beneficial effects of dietary lecithin on metabolic disorders have been reported since the 1990s. This review ...

Structural characterization and mechanical properties of chimeric Masp1/Flag minispidroins.

Dragline silk has the highest tensile strength among the seven types of spider silks due to its abundant polyalanine motifs. Whereas the flagelliform spider silk is most extensible as its composed spidroin is rich in GPGGX motifs. Most of the spider silk proteins are composed of an extensive repetitive domain flanked by N- and C-terminal domains. To obtain artificial fibers with considerable strength and extensibility, herein a kind of chimeric minispidroins were constructed whose repetitive domain (R) main...


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