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PubMed Journal Database | Bioorganic chemistry RSS

04:38 EST 11th December 2019 | BioPortfolio

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Showing PubMed Articles 1–25 of 1,000+ from Bioorganic chemistry

Novel 2-arylbenzothiazole DNA gyrase inhibitors: Synthesis, antimicrobial evaluation, QSAR and molecular docking studies.

A series of new 2-arylbenzothiazole derivatives (4, 5, 6a-j, 7a-i and 8a,b) was synthesized and tested for their antimicrobial activity against different Gram-positive, Gram-negative bacteria and yeast using ciprofloxacin and fluconazole as positive controls for the antibacterial and antifungal activities, respectively. The target compounds showed stronger inhibitory activity against Gram-negative than Gram-positive bacteria. The minimum inhibitory concentration (MIC) values were determined for those compou...

Organic small molecular receptors as fluorimetric/bioimaging probe for extracellular/intracellular zinc sensation.

Design, synthesis, cytotoxicity screening and molecular docking of new 3-cyanopyridines as survivin inhibitors and apoptosis inducers.

Recently, targeting survivin proved to be an attractive strategy for developing anticancer agents. Survivin overexpression is highly correlated with cancer aggressiveness, recurrence and resistance to chemotherapeutic treatment and radiotherapy. Additionally, survivin is overexpressed selectively in most cancer types with a very little expression in completely differentiated cells, which encouraged us to design and synthesize a novel series of 3-cyanopyridine derivatives targeting survivin. The newly synthe...

Fluorinated 3,6,9-trisubstituted acridine derivatives as DNA interacting agents and topoisomerase inhibitors with A549 antiproliferative activity.

A series of new 3,6,9-trisubstituted acridine derivatives with fluorine substituents on phenyl ring were synthesized and their interaction with calf thymus DNA was investigated. Analysis using UV-Vis absorbance spectra provided valuable information about the formation of the acridine-DNA complex. In addition, compounds 8b and 8d were found to display an increased binding affinity (K = 2.32 and 2.28 × 10 M, respectively). Topo I/II inhibition mode assays were also performed, and the results verify t...

Phenylpropanoid and dibenzofuran derivatives from Crataegus pinnatifida with antiproliferative activities on hepatoma cells.

Eleven aromatic compounds, including four pairs of undescribed phenylpropanoids and two undescribed dibenzofurans (1a/1b-4a/4b and 5-6), were isolated from the fruits of C. pinnatifida. Their structures were established by extensive spectroscopic analyses. Their relative and absolute configurations were determined by the assistance of quantum chemical calculations of NMR chemical shifts and electronic circular dichroism (ECD). All isolates were screened for the cytotoxicity against two human hepatoma cell l...

Design, synthesis, and anticancer activity of imidazo2,1-boxazole-based RAF kinase inhibitors.

In the present work, a novel series of B-RAF kinase inhibitors having imidazo[2,1-b]oxazole scaffold was designed and synthesized based on the structures of the well-known B-RAF inhibitors. The twenty two final compounds were tested over A375 and SKMEL28 cell lines to determine the primary cytotoxic activity of these compounds, and their activities were compared with that of sorafenib as a standard. Compounds 11c, 11e, 11o, 11q, 11r, and 11u exhibited higher cellular activity compared to sorafenib with IC v...

Antibacterial, antifungal and antioxidant activity of total polyphenols of Withania frutescens.L.

Our objective in this work is evaluated the antibacterial, antifungal and antioxidant activity of the phytochymic compounds of the roots and leaves of a species Withania frutescens. In the first part, the phenolic compound is determinate by the Folin-Ciocalteau reaction, the richness of the roots in polyphenols (53.33 ± 1.20 mg EGA/g Extract) is six times higher than that of the leaves. The antioxidant test is evaluated by four methods: DPPH test, reducing power test (FRAP), total antioxidant capacit...

Two new unsaturated fatty acids from the mangrove rhizosphere soil-derived fungus Penicillium javanicum HK1-22.

Two new unsaturated fatty acids, 6R,8R-dihydroxy-9Z,12Z-octadecadienoic acid (1) and methyl-6R,8R-dihydroxy-9Z,12Z-octadecadienoate (2), and two known 9Z,12Z-octadecadienoic acid analogues (3, 4) together with a known sesquiterpenoid (5) were isolated from the mangrove rhizosphere soil-derived fungus Penicillium javanicum HK1-22. An acetonide derivative (1a) from 1 was also prepared. The relative configuration of 1 was determined by analysis of the 1D and 2D NOE spectra of 1a. The absolute configuration of ...

Novel triazole-tetrahydroisoquinoline hybrids as human aromatase inhibitors.

Novel thirteen triazole-tetrahydroisoquinoline derivatives (2a-m) were synthesized and evaluated for their aromatase inhibitory activities. Seven triazoles showed significant aromatase inhibitory activity (IC = 0.07-1.9 μM). Interestingly, the analog bearing naphthalenyloxymethyl substituent at position 4 of the triazole ring (2i) displayed the most potent aromatase inhibitory activity (IC = 70 nM) without significant cytotoxicity to a normal cell. Molecular docking also suggested that the dire...

Inhibitory activity of Podospermum canum and its active components on collagenase, elastase and hyaluronidase enzymes.

Present study is aimed to investigate in vitro inhibitory effects of the extract prepared from the aerial parts of Podospermum canum (syn: Scorzonera cana var. jacquiniana) (Asteraceae) on hyaluronidase, collagenase, and elastase enzymes using a bioassay-guided fractionation. Inhibitory effects of the extract, sub-extracts, fractions obtained by column chromatography, and isolated compounds on collagenase, elastase, and hyaluronidase were performed by using in vitro enzyme inhibitory assays based on spectro...

Design, synthesis and biological evaluation of oxygenated chalcones as potent and selective MAO-B inhibitors.

The present study documents the synthesis of oxygenated chalcone (O1-O26) derivatives and their abilities to inhibit monoamine oxidases. All 26 derivatives examined showed potent inhibitory activity against MAO-B. Compound O23 showed the greatest inhibitory activity against MAO-B with an IC value of 0.0021 µM, followed by compounds O10 and O17 (IC = 0.0030 and 0.0034 µM, respectively). In addition, most of the derivatives potently inhibited MAO-A and O6 was the most potent inhibitor with an IC val...

Adapalene inhibits ovarian cancer ES-2 cells growth by targeting glutamic-oxaloacetic transaminase 1.

Glutamic-oxaloacetic transaminase 1 (GOT1) regulates cellular metabolism through coordinating the utilization of carbohydrates and amino acids to meet nutrient requirements for sustained proliferation. As such, the GOT1 inhibitor may provide a new strategy for the treatment of various cancers. Adapalene has been approved by FDA for the treatment of acne, pimples and pustules, and it may also contribute to the adjunctive therapy for advanced stages of liver and colorectal cancers. In this work, we first exam...

Extending the γ-class carbonic anhydrases inhibition profiles with phenolic compounds.

γ-Class carbonic anhydrases (CAs; EC 4.2.1.1) lack of extended inhibition characterization in comparison to α- and β-class isozymes. For this reason, a panel of 22 phenols was investigated here for the inhibition of the γ-CAs from the pathogenic bacteria Burkholderia pseudomallei (BpsCAγ), Porphyromonas gingivalis (PgiCA), Vibrio cholerae (VchCAγ) and from the antarctic bacteria Pseudoalteromonas haloplanktis (PhaCAγ) and Colwellia psychrerythraea (CpsCAγ). The exploration of the chemical space arou...

New 4-N-phenylaminoquinoline derivatives as antioxidant, metal chelating and cholinesterase inhibitors for Alzheimer's disease.

A series of new 4-N-phenylaminoquinoline derivatives were designed, synthesized, and their anticholinesterase activities, 1,1-Diphenyl-2-picrylhydrazyl (DPPH) radical scavenging activity, metal-chelating ability were tested. Among them, compounds 11j, 11k and 11l had comparable inhibition activities to reference drug galantamine both in AChE and in BChE. Especially, compound 11j revealed the most potent inhibition to eeAChE and eqBChE with IC values of 1.20 μM and 18.52 μM, respectively. Furthermore, ...

Synthesis, characterization, anti-proliferative properties and DNA binding of benzochromene derivatives: Increased Bax/Bcl-2 ratio and caspase-dependent apoptosis in colorectal cancer cell line.

3-Amino-1-aryl-1H-benzo[f]chromene-2-carbonitrile derivatives were synthesized from three-component reaction of arylaldehyde, malononitrile and 2-naphthol in the presence of 1, 4-bis(4-ferrocenylbutyl)piperazine as a new catalyst. Cytotoxic potencies of the compounds were tested on HT-29 cells. 3-Amino-1-(4-fluorophenyl)-1H-benzo[f]chromene-2-carbonitrile (4c) was more active among these compounds and was selected for further studies. Apoptosis was investigated by acridine orange/ethidium bromide (AO/EtBr) ...

Exploration of Pd-catalysed four-component tandem reaction for one-pot assembly of pyrazolo1,5-cquinazolines as potential EGFR inhibitors.

A series of pyrazolo[1,5-c]quinazolines as EGFR inhibitors was designed and synthesized by highly efficient and novel multicomponent route involving Pd-catalyzed tandem one-pot four-component reaction. The reaction proceeds with good functional group tolerance under a simple condition with excellent regioselectivity and high efficiency. Target compounds were screened against cancer cell lines MDA-MB-231, A549 and H1299. Of these, 9b and 10b exhibited superior anticancer activity (IC 

Critical evaluation of current Alzheimer's drug discovery (2018-19) & futuristic Alzheimer drug model approach.

Alzheimer's disease (AD), a neurodegenerative disease responsible for death of millions of people worldwide is a progressive clinical disorder which causes neurons to degenerate and ultimately die. It is one of the common causes of dementia wherein a person's incapability to independently think, behave and decline in social skills can be quoted as major symptoms. However the early signs include the simple non-clinical symptoms such as forgetting recent events and conversations. Onset of these symptoms leads...

STAT3-inhibitory activity of sesquiterpenoids and diterpenoids from Curcuma phaeocaulis.

Three new sesquiterpenoids (compounds 4, 5, and 26), along with 23 known sesquiterpenoids (compounds 1-3 and 6-25) and two diterpenoids (compounds 27 and 28), were obtained from Curcuma phaeocaulis, and their chemical structures were determined through nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR), circular dichroism (CD), and high-resolution electrospray ionization (HRESIMS) spectroscopic data, which were compared to the data from previous studies. All isolates were tested for inhibitory activity against interleukin (I...

Synthesis of novel nitroreductase enzyme-activated nitric oxide prodrugs to site-specifically kill bacteria.

The developing antibiotic resistance crisis creates a serious need for new antimicrobial agents. In this work, novel nitroaromatic-protected piperazine diazeniumdiolate (nitric oxide donor) prodrugs are synthesized to release nitric oxide upon enzyme activation to kill bacteria. Antibacterial prodrugs could help reduce side effects due to antibiotics, only releasing the therapeutic where infections are concentrated. The nitroreductase enzyme, which is found almost exclusively in bacteria, reduces the nitroa...

Design, synthesis, biological evaluation, and molecular modeling studies of quinoline-ferulic acid hybrids as cholinesterase inhibitors.

A series of quinoline-ferulic acid hybrids has been designed, synthesized, and evaluated as cholinesterase inhibitors. Most of the compounds showed good inhibitory activities toward both acetylcholinesterase (AChE) and butyrylcholinesterase (BChE). Among them, 10f was found to be the most potent inhibitor against AChE (IC = 0.62 ± 0.17 μm), and 14 was the most potent inhibitor against BChE (IC = 0.10 ± 0.01 μm). Representative compounds, such as 10f and 12g, act in a competitive mann...

Oleanolic acid oxime derivatives and their conjugates with aspirin modulate the NF-κB-mediated transcription in HepG2 hepatoma cells.

The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of new oleanolic acid oxime (OAO) derivatives and their conjugates with aspirin (ASP) on the expression and activation of NF-κB in human hepatoma HepG2 cells. OAO derivatives showed a stronger cytotoxic effect against HepG2 cells compared with their conjugates with aspirin. Moreover, conjugation of OAO with ASP led to enhanced downregulation of NF-κB expression and activation. Among the hybrids with ASP, compounds: 19, 3-(2-acetoxy)benzoyloxyiminoolean-12-e...

Anti-inflammatory evaluation and structure-activity relationships of diterpenoids isolated from Euphorbia hylonoma.

A phytochemical investigation to obtain chemical components with potential anti-inflammatory activity from E. hylonoma led to the isolation of nine new ent-isopimarane diterpenoids (1 and 3-10), a new ent-rosane diterpenoid (11), along with eight known ones (2 and 12-18) using various chromatographic techniques. Compounds 3, 4, 5, and 10 were rare examples of the epoxy-ent-isopimarane. The structures of these new compounds were confirmed by extensive spectroscopic data, crystal X-ray diffraction analysis, a...

Lyophilized extracts from vegetable flours as valuable alternatives to purified oxygenases for the synthesis of oxylipins.

In this work, the whole aqueous extracts of soybean flour and oat flour have been used as valuable alternatives to purified oxygenase enzymes for the preparation of oxylipins derived from (5Z,8Z,11Z,14Z,17Z)-eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA). The lipoxygenase activity in the aqueous extracts of soybean (Glycine max. L.) flour was monitored with linoleic acid as substrate and compared with the commercially available purified enzyme (LOX-1). Oat flour extracts (Avena sativa L.) were evaluated for their peroxygenase...

Design, synthesis and biological evaluation of flexible and rigid analogs of 4H-1,2,4-triazoles bearing 3,4,5-trimethoxyphenyl moiety as new antiproliferative agents.

Several flexible and rigid analogs of 4H-1,2,4-triazoles (compounds 8a-g and 9a-g) bearing trimethoxyphenyl pharmacophoric unit, were designed and synthesized as potential anticancer agents. The in vitro cytotoxic assay indicated that both flexible and rigid analogs (8 and 9, respectively) can potentially inhibit the growth of cancerous cells (A549, MCF7, and SKOV3), with IC values less than 5.0 µM. Furthermore, compounds 10a-l as regional isomers of compounds 9 exhibited remarkable cytotoxic activity wi...

The antiproliferative effect of spectinabilins from Streptomyces spectabilis on hepatocellular carcinoma cells in vitro and in vivo.

Spectinabilin (1), spectinabilin derivative (2), and a new analogue, 2-demethyl-spectinabilin (3) were isolated from the fermentation broth of a soil-borne Streptomyces spectabilis strain. The structure of the new compound was elucidated by a detailed spectroscopic data analysis including data from CD spectra. Spectinabilin (1) demonstrated cytotoxicity against five human cancer cell lines, with IC values ranging from 18.7 ± 3.1 to 34.6 ± 4.7 μM, while derivatives 2 and 3 showed weak cytotoxici...


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