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PubMed Journal Database | CNS drugs RSS

02:57 EDT 19th September 2018 | BioPortfolio

The US National Library of Medicine and National Institutes of Health manage PubMed.gov which comprises of more than 21 million records, papers, reports for biomedical literature, including MEDLINE, life science and medical journals, articles, reviews, reports and  books.  BioPortfolio aims to publish relevant information on published papers, clinical trials and news associated with users selected topics.

For example view all recent relevant publications on Epigenetics and associated publications and clincial trials.

Showing PubMed Articles 1–25 of 65 from CNS drugs

Emergency First-Line Anti-Seizure Medication for Seizures and Status Epilepticus: What is Going Wrong, Doctor?

Ocrelizumab: A Review in Multiple Sclerosis.

Ocrelizumab (Ocrevus) is a humanized anti-CD20 monoclonal antibody approved for the treatment of adults with relapsing multiple sclerosis (RMS) or primary progressive multiple sclerosis (PPMS). In the two identically designed, 96-week OPERA I and II trials in patients with RMS, ocrelizumab significantly reduced annualized relapse rates versus interferon β-1a. In the ≥ 120-week ORATORIO trial in patients with PPMS, ocrelizumab significantly reduced the risk of ≥ 12-week confirmed disability prog...

Improvement in Cognitive Function as Measured by NeuroTrax in Patients with Relapsing Multiple Sclerosis Treated with Natalizumab: A 2-Year Retrospective Analysis.

Cognitive impairment affects many patients with multiple sclerosis (MS). NeuroTrax, a computerized cognitive screen that can be administered during routine clinical care, provides a consistent, validated, objective cognitive profile measure with a global cognitive score (GCS) and seven individual domain scores. Natalizumab is an efficacious therapy for relapsing MS, demonstrating reductions in disability worsening and MS disease activity measured by magnetic resonance imaging.

Cancer Risk in Patients with Multiple Sclerosis: Potential Impact of Disease-Modifying Drugs.

In the 1990s, the first disease-modifying therapies (DMTs) for multiple sclerosis (MS) were injectable immunomodulatory (IM) drugs, including four different interferon-β preparations and glatiramer acetate. Since 2000, more than 15 immunosuppressant (IS) drugs have been used, with a more or less specific action on inflammation. These include monoclonal antibodies targeting CTL4, the integrin receptor, the interleukin (IL)-2 receptor, CD19, CD20, CD52, and the sphingosine 1 phosphate family. The associatio...

Antipsychotic-Associated Symptoms of Tourette Syndrome: A Systematic Review.

Although antipsychotics are used to treat Tourette syndrome, there have been reports of paradoxical induction of tics by first- and second-generation antipsychotics.

Amantadine Extended-Release (GOCOVRI): A Review in Levodopa-Induced Dyskinesia in Parkinson's Disease.

Amantadine extended-release (ER) capsules (GOCOVRI) are approved in the USA for the treatment of dyskinesia in patients with Parkinson's disease (PD) receiving levodopa-based therapy, with or without concomitant dopaminergic medications. With a recommended dosage of 274 mg once daily at bedtime, this new formulation of amantadine allows a more gradual time to peak plasma amantadine concentration and higher drug concentrations in the morning and throughout the day, the time period when levodopa-induced dysk...

Discovery and Identification of an Endogenous Metabolite of Tramiprosate and Its Prodrug ALZ-801 that Inhibits Beta Amyloid Oligomer Formation in the Human Brain.

ALZ-801 is an oral, small-molecule inhibitor of beta amyloid (Aβ) oligomer formation in clinical development for Alzheimer's disease (AD). ALZ-801 is a prodrug of tramiprosate with improved pharmacokinetic properties and gastrointestinal tolerability. During clinical studies, we discovered that the primary metabolite of tramiprosate and its prodrug ALZ-801, 3-sulfopropanoic acid (3-SPA), is an endogenous molecule in the human brain and present in the cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) of patients with AD and other...

Antidepressants and Hepatotoxicity: A Cohort Study among 5 Million Individuals Registered in the French National Health Insurance Database.

Hepatotoxicity may be a concern when prescribing antidepressants. Nevertheless, this risk remains poorly understood for serotonin and noradrenaline reuptake inhibitors (SNRIs: venlafaxine, milnacipran, duloxetine) and 'other antidepressants' (mianserin, mirtazapine, tianeptine and agomelatine), particularly in comparison with selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs: fluoxetine, citalopram, paroxetine, sertraline, fluvoxamine, escitalopram), which are by far the most commonly prescribed antidepressant...

Atypical Post-Injection Reactions with Delayed Onset Following Glatiramer Acetate 40 mg: Need for Titration?

Glatiramer acetate (GA) 20 mg/day (GA20) is associated with immediate post-injection reactions (PIRs). For convenience of use, approved GA 40 mg three times weekly (GA40) delivers a similar weekly dose. The dose and concentration of a single GA40 injection are, however, twice as high as for GA20, and post-injection adverse events may differ. Cases of atypical PIRs to GA40 prompted us to systematically monitor such events.

Correction to: Long-Acting Injectable Second-Generation Antipsychotics: An Update and Comparison Between Agents.

1. In Page 244, under General Pharmacokinetic Principles, Column 1-the following sentence should come after reference 21.

MD1003 (High-Dose Pharmaceutical-Grade Biotin) for the Treatment of Chronic Visual Loss Related to Optic Neuritis in Multiple Sclerosis: A Randomized, Double-Blind, Placebo-Controlled Study.

Chronic visual loss is a disabling feature in patients with multiple sclerosis (MS). It was recently shown that MD1003 (high-dose pharmaceutical-grade biotin or hdPB) may improve disability in patients with progressive MS.

The Effect of Glatiramer Acetate on Retinal Nerve Fiber Layer Thickness in Patients with Relapsing-Remitting Multiple Sclerosis: A Longitudinal Optical Coherence Tomography Study.

Optical coherence tomography (OCT) is a technique that allows for the assessment of retinal nerve fiber layer thickness (RNFLT) and total macular volume (TMV), which reflect neuroaxonal integrity within the retina. As such it has been used in multiple sclerosis (MS) to study neurodegeneration. Glatiramer acetate (GA) is a widely used treatment for MS, which is suggested to have a possible neuroprotective role.

Polypharmacy Among Headache Patients: A Cross-Sectional Study.

Polypharmacy can appropriately treat multiple chronic conditions, but it can also increase potential harm. Polypharmacy information for primary headaches is minimal, despite drugs being the main tools to manage headaches.

Antidepressant Efficacy and Tolerability of Ketamine and Esketamine: A Critical Review.

Ketamine and its enantiomer S-ketamine (esketamine) are promising candidates to produce a rapid-onset antidepressant effect in treatment-resistant depression. Ketamine causes continued blockade of the glutamate N-methyl-D-aspartate (NMDA) receptor, though this might not primarily mediate the antidepressant effect. Alternative hypotheses include selectivity for the NMDA receptor subtype containing the NMDA receptor subunit 2B (NR2B), inhibition of the phosphorylation of the eukaryotic elongation factor 2 (eE...

Activation of the Cannabinoid Type 2 Receptor by a Novel Indazole Derivative Normalizes the Survival Pattern of Lymphoblasts from Patients with Late-Onset Alzheimer's Disease.

Alzheimer's disease is a multifactorial disorder for which there is no disease-modifying treatment yet. CB2 receptors have emerged as a promising therapeutic target for Alzheimer's disease because they are expressed in neuronal and glial cells and their activation has no psychoactive effects.

Author Correction to: Pooled Analyses of Phase III Studies of ADS-5102 (Amantadine) Extended-Release Capsules for Dyskinesia in Parkinson's Disease.

An Online First version of this article was made available online at http://link.springer.com/journal/40263/onlineFirst/page/1 on 12 March 2018. An error was subsequently identified in the article, and the following correction should be noted.

ND0701, A Novel Formulation of Apomorphine for Subcutaneous Infusion, in Comparison to a Commercial Apomorphine Formulation: 28-Day Pharmacokinetic Study in Minipigs and a Phase I Study in Healthy Volunteers to Assess the Safety, Tolerability, Pharmacokinetics and Relative Bioavailability.

Subcutaneous apomorphine is used for the treatment of Parkinson's disease (PD); however, infusion site reactions are a common adverse event (AE), which can lead to treatment discontinuation. Apomorphine formulations that are more tolerable and convenient for use are needed.

The Safety of Second-Generation Antipsychotics During Pregnancy: A Clinically Focused Review.

The issue of antipsychotic treatment during pregnancy is subject to substantial uncertainty and some controversy among healthcare providers, specifically pertaining to second-generation antipsychotics (SGAs) that are subject to a large gap in safety data during pregnancy compared with antidepressants. The amount of safety data for the use of SGAs during pregnancy is rapidly increasing, thus constantly changing the level of evidence. We performed a clinically focused review on the safety of SGA during pregna...

Tardive Dyskinesia Associated with Atypical Antipsychotics: Prevalence, Mechanisms and Management Strategies.

All antipsychotics, including the atypical antipsychotics (AAPs), may cause tardive dyskinesia (TD), a potentially irreversible movement disorder, the pathophysiology of which is currently unknown. The prevention and treatment of TD remain major challenges for clinicians. We conducted a PubMed search to review the prevalence and etiology of and management strategies for TD associated with AAPs. TD prevalence rates varied substantially between studies, with an estimated prevalence of around 20% in patients u...

Systematic Review of Combined Pharmacotherapy for the Treatment of Alcohol Use Disorder in Patients Without Comorbid Conditions.

Previous reviews have examined the use of theoretically supported combinations of drugs for the treatment of alcohol use disorder. This review seeks to examine the strengths and limitations of current clinical evidence for the use of combined pharmacological interventions intended to treat alcohol use disorder.

Pregabalin Use Among Users of Illicit Drugs: A Cross-Sectional Survey in Southern Germany.

The antiepileptic drug pregabalin is one of the best-selling pharmaceutical products worldwide. There are increasing concerns about its potential for misuse and dependence especially among patients with former or current substance use disorders (SUDs).

Efficacy and Safety of SHP465 Mixed Amphetamine Salts in the Treatment of Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder in Adults: Results of a Randomized, Double-Blind, Placebo-Controlled, Forced-Dose Clinical Study.

The objective of this randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled study was to evaluate the efficacy and safety of SHP465 mixed amphetamine salts (MAS) in adults with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD).

Erratum to: Health-Related Quality of Life in Patients with Multiple Sclerosis: Impact of Disease-Modifying Drugs.

A Review of Adjunctive CNS Medications Used for the Treatment of Post-Surgical Pain.

Inadequate post-operative pain management can have significant impacts on patients' quality of life. Effective management of acute pain after surgery is important for early mobilization and discharge from hospital, patient satisfaction, and overall well-being. Utilizing multimodal analgesic strategies has become the mainstay of acute post-operative pain management. A comprehensive search was performed, assessing the published or otherwise publically available literature on different central nervous system (...

Achieving Smoking Cessation in Individuals with Schizophrenia: Special Considerations.

Premature mortality due to cardiovascular disease in those with schizophrenia is the largest lifespan disparity in the US and is growing; adults in the US with schizophrenia die, on average, 28 years earlier than those in the general population. The rate of smoking prevalence among individuals with schizophrenia is estimated to be from 64 to 79%. Smokers with schizophrenia have historically been excluded from most large nicotine-dependence treatment studies. However, converging evidence indicates that a ma...


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