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PubMed Journal Database | Cadernos de saude publica RSS

02:27 EST 15th November 2019 | BioPortfolio

The US National Library of Medicine and National Institutes of Health manage PubMed.gov which comprises of more than 29 million records, papers, reports for biomedical literature, including MEDLINE, life science and medical journals, articles, reviews, reports and  books.

BioPortfolio aims to cross reference relevant information on published papers, clinical trials and news associated with selected topics - speciality.

For example view all recent relevant publications on Epigenetics and associated publications and clincial trials.

Showing PubMed Articles 1–25 of 495 from Cadernos de saude publica

HTLV: a stigmatizing infection?

HTLV is a virus that affects human T-cells. Brazil is the country of the world with the largest absolute number of HTLV cases. Estimates by the Ministry of Health point to 700,000 to 2 million infected Brazilians. The majority are asymptomatic carriers, but some persons may develop degenerative neurological conditions such as tropical spastic paraparesis, in addition to leukemia and lymphoma. The forms of transmission and clinical manifestations such as progressive motor incapacity, genitourinary disorders,...

Assessment of a method for automatic match classification in probabilistic data linkage.

The objective was to test and assess the accuracy of a scoring method in probabilistic data linkage in order to enable automatic identification of true matches, dispensing with the manual inspection stage. Accuracy study using data from the Breast Cancer Information System (SISMAMA) base in Minas Gerais State, Brazil, from 2009 and 2010. After cleaning and standardization, a 16-step probabilistic linkage of the 2009 and 2010 databases was performed, where each step was inspected manually to obtain a gold st...

Interchangeability of biological products in the Brazilian Unified National Health System (SUS): the main regulatory challenges.

Biological products have sparked a worldwide therapeutic revolution. However, the high cost of these products threatens health systems' sustainability. The development of copies is considered an economic alternative, but due to the products' complexity, many concepts used in generic drugs do not apply. Interchangeability between biologicals poses a regulatory challenge. This essay discusses the main regulatory challenges for establishing criteria for interchangeability between new biologicals and their copi...

Spatial pattern of the environmental exposure to tin in the vicinity of an alloy industry in Volta Redonda, Rio de Janeiro State, Brazil.

Despite being widely used in industry, the literature on tin and its effects in humans is scarce, especially regarding reference values in biological indicators such as blood and urine. Similarly, environmental limits are also rare. This study sought to assess the spatial distribution of hotspots in the environmental exposure to tin in the vicinity of an alloy industry in the south region of the state of Rio de Janeiro, Brazil. The study population consisted of 74 adults. Graphite furnace atomic absorption ...

Keywords and scientific indexing: a critique of the categorization of trans experiences in the health field.

A communication and information strategy in health and preparation for childbirth: a randomized cluster trial (PRENACEL).

PRENACEL is a study that incorporates two innovative approaches to maternal and perinatal health: the need to improve women's level of satisfaction with the birthing experience and an assessment of the impacts of information and communication technologies in health. The approaches involve a communication program via short cellphone text messages, developed for Brazilian pregnant women in prenatal care in the Brazilian Unified National Health System. The analysis aims to determine whether the program contrib...

Socioeconomic status throughout life and body mass index: a systematic review and meta-analysis.

This article aimed to systematically review the association between socioeconomic status according to the life course models and the body mass index (BMI) in adults. A review was performed following the guidelines of the PRISMA. The studies were identified in the MEDLINE/PubMed, LILACS and Web of Science databases. The eligible articles investigated the association between at least one life course model (risk accumulation, critical period or social mobility) and BMI. In order to assess the quality of the se...

Evaluating the effectiveness of an educative workshop for pregnant women using pre and post intervention surveys.

This paper will report the findings of an education intervention performed by a workshop aimed to provide pregnant women with knowledge about pregnancy, delivery, breastfeeding and newborn care. A cross-sectional study, using a pre and post-intervention research design, was performed with 105 pregnant women from an obstetric service for a two-year period. Time points (pre and post) were compared using either Student t test and ANOVA. Significance was set at p ≤ 0.05. After the intervention all items incre...

Overlapping of new leprosy cases in household contact networks in two municipalities in North and Northeast Brazil, 2001-2014.

The study aimed to analyze the magnitude and sociodemographic profile of leprosy cases linked to household contact networks with overlapping of the disease in two Brazilian municipalities (counties), one in the North and the other in the Northeast, from 2001 to 2014. This was a cross-sectional, descriptive, analytical study based on primary and secondary data from new leprosy cases in Picos, Piauí State, and Rolim de Moura, Rondônia State. "Overlapping" was defined as new cases with the occurrence of at l...

The population's perceptions of generic drugs compared to original brand-name drugs in Peruvian hospitals.

The study aimed to investigate the population's perceptions of generic drugs compared to original brand-name drugs in Peruvian hospitals. Participation included 4,914 persons 18 years and older in 13 cities in Peru, categorized as Lima, large cities, and small cities. The study explored socioeconomic and demographic characteristics and perceptions of generics in comparison to brand-name drugs. In determining the associations for each intersection of variables, the authors calculated the prevalence ratios (P...

A territorial approach to physical exercise and sports in children in Córdoba, Argentina.

The spatial category of epidemiology has been simplified to its minimum expression by modern epidemiology. The proposal is to lend meaning to the spatial category and analyze it based on the recreational conditions for children living within the city limits of Córdoba, Argentina. The study aimed to analyze the perceptions of different actors associated with the lives of municipal schoolchildren concerning the possibilities for physical exercise and sports in a neighborhood territory. A qualitative approach...

Prevalence of exposure to occupational noise in Brazilian workers: results of the Brazilian National Health Survey, 2013.

The objectives were to describe the prevalence of occupational exposure to noise and to analyze associated factors in the Brazilian population. This cross-sectional population-based study used data from the Brazilian National Health Survey (PNS, 2013). The sample consisted of 36,442 Brazilians 18 years or older. The outcome variable was self-reported exposure to noise during work. To assess possible factors associated with exposure to noise, we used Pearson's chi-square test and the univariate and multivari...

Budget impact analysis of viscosupplementation for non-surgical treatment of knee osteoarthritis.

Knee osteoarthritis affects 3.8% of the world population and manifests as pain, edema, stiffness, and reduced joint function, impacting the patient's quality of life. Treatment consists of the pharmacological, non-pharmacological, and surgical modalities. Viscosupplementation (intraarticular hyaluronate) has been proposed to relieve symptoms and potentially postpone surgery. This study estimated the budget impact of the association of this drug and non-surgical treatment (standard treatment) from the perspe...

Prenatal care in high-risk pregnancies and associated factors in the city of São Paulo, Brazil.

This study assessed prenatal care in high-risk pregnancies and associated factors in the city of São Paulo, Brazil. This was an evaluative study of 689 pregnant women referred from primary care (PHC) to specialized care in 2016. The type of PHC model was used as the main independent variable: family health units (USF), basic health units (UBS), and UBS/mixed. Multiple logistic regression models with forward selection were used for the outcomes "early initiation of prenatal care" and "shared follow-up betwe...

Thesis supervision as professional work.

Space-time analysis of the effect of air pollution on children's health.

The study aimed to investigate the short-term association between air pollution and emergency treatments for respiratory diseases in children 0 to 6 years of age. This was an ecological space-time study in Greater Metropolitan Vitória, Espírito Santo State, Brazil. A Poisson regression general additive model (GAM) used the number of daily treatments for respiratory diseases as the dependent variable, and the independent variables were daily concentrations of air pollutants (PM10, SO2, NO2, O3, and CO), te...

Facebook recruitment of smokers: comparing gain- and loss-framed ads for the purposes of an Internet-based smoking cessation intervention.

Gain- and loss-framed messages about smoking behavior have commonly been used to promote cessation. However, there are still no clear conclusions as to what kind of message is more effective for motivating smokers to quit. This study compared the effectiveness of loss- and gain-framed messages in the online recruitment of smokers via Facebook Advertising. Loss- and gain-framed messages about smoking were created and released as Facebook ads. Users who clicked on the ads were automatically redirected to the ...

Contributions to the debate on the assessment of scientific research production.

Evaluation of data from the Brazilian Information System on Live Births (SINASC).

This study is a quantitative and qualitative assessment of data from the Brazilian Information System on Live Births (SINASC) in Brazil. Coverage of the data by municipality was estimated as the ratio between reported and estimated live births. Data quality in the SINASC was assessed via probabilistic linkage with the database from the Birth in Brazil study, 2011-2012, and kappa coefficients of agreement were calculated. In 2013, data coverage was high and homogeneous in all states of Brazil. However, the a...

Access to uterine cervical cytology in a health region: invisible women and vulnerable bodies.

This article evaluates access to the Papanicolaou test in the Family Health Strategy (FHS) in municipalities in a health region. Cervical cancer control depends on a well-organized Family Health Strategy, so assessment of access to the Papanicolaou test reflects the quality of care at this level. This is a qualitative study with data produced in 10 focus groups, totaling 70 participants in four municipalities. We analyzed the organizational, symbolic, and technical dimensions of access to the Pap test, with...

The World Health Organization Disability Assessment Schedule 2 (WHODAS 2.0): remarks on the need to revise the WHODAS.

Functioning and disability are concepts in increasing use in clinical settings and in public health. From the public health perspective, the use of functioning as a third health indicator could show more than the frequency of a disease and its death rates, offering information on how the population performs its activities and participation. Clinically, the functioning assessment can provide information for patient-centered health care and specific clinical interventions according to their functioning profil...

Machine learning for predictive analyses in health: an example of an application to predict death in the elderly in São Paulo, Brazil.

This study aims to present the stages related to the use of machine learning algorithms for predictive analyses in health. An application was performed in a database of elderly residents in the city of São Paulo, Brazil, who participated in the Health, Well-Being, and Aging Study (SABE) (n = 2,808). The outcome variable was the occurrence of death within five years of the elder's entry into the study (n = 423), and the predictors were 37 variables related to the elder's demographic, socioeconomic, and heal...

Food security status in times of financial and political crisis in Brazil.

This study sought to describe the changes in the food security status in Brazil before and during its most recent financial and political crisis, as well as to explore associations between food security and socioeconomic factors during the crisis. This cross-sectional study analyzed data from two different sources: the Brazilian National Household Sample Survey for 2004 (n = 112,479), 2009 (n = 120,910), and 2013 (n = 116,192); and the Gallup World Poll for 2015 (n = 1,004), 2016 (n = 1,002), and 2017 (n = ...

Meteorological variables and air pollution and their association with hospitalizations due to respiratory diseases in children: a case study in São Paulo, Brazil.

Urban climate changes, excessive air pollution, and increasing social inequalities have become determinant factors in the high risk of hospitalizations due to respiratory diseases. The current study thus aimed to understand how meteorological factors (air temperature, relative humidity, and precipitation) and air pollution (particulate matter with aerodynamic diameter less than 10µm - PM10) are related to hospitalizations due to respiratory diseases in children in 14 districts in the city of São Paulo, Br...

Effect of educational intervention based on the PRECEDE-PROCEED model on preventive behaviors of cutaneous leishmaniasis among housewives.

Leishmaniasis is an endemic disease in Iran. Since education to prevent the disease is important, this study aimed to determine the effect of educational intervention based on the PRECEDE-PROCEED model on preventive behaviors of cutaneous leishmaniosis among housewives. In this quasi-experimental study, 240 housewives under the coverage of health centers, who lived in the endemic area of Mianshahr, Fasa city, Fars Province, Iran in 2016, were selected (120 people for the experimental group and 120 for the c...


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